Lying Lunatic Leftist Watermelon (Green On The Outside and Red on The Insider) Obama’s EPA Proposes Rules Are Illegal and Challenged By States — Your Electrical Bills Are Going To Skyrocket — Wind and Solar 5 Times More Expensive and Subsidized! — Progressives War on Jobs, Free Enterprise Market Capitlalism and American Workers — Pull The Plug On Progressives! — Videos

Posted on January 2, 2016. Filed under: Articles, Blogroll, College, Communications, Congress, Constitution, Corruption, Crime, Demographics, Diasters, Economics, Education, Employment, Energy, Environment, Federal Government Budget, Fiscal Policy, Fraud, Macroeconomics, Natural Gas, Nuclear Power, Oil, Private Sector, Public Sector, Radio, Unemployment, Unions, Video, Wealth, Welfare, Wisdom, Work, Writing | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

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Obama’s 1010 Plan No Pressure — Really?

EPIC GREEN FAIL!!!!

Obama: My Plan Makes Electricity Rates Skyrocket

President Obama/EPA New Energy Rules

States sue EPA over costly impact of regulations

Senator Blunt Discusses Harmful Effects Of EPA’s Clean Power Plan 8/4/15

EPA Regulatory Overreach – Impacts on American Competitiveness

McKinley Discusses Impacts of EPA Power Plant Rule

Wayne’s Story: New EPA Regulations Jeopardize Kansas Jobs

Wilbur Ross on Trump, EPA rules

Murray Energy CEO sues over new EPA rules

Attorney General Ken Paxton Announces Fight Against EPA’s Carbon Rul

EPA’s Proposed 111(d) Rule for Existing Power Plants: Legal and Cost Issues

ECO:nomics: How Much Will EPA Carbon Rules Affect Global Emissions?

‘One one-hundredth of a degree?’ EPA’s McCarthy admits Obama regs have no measurable climate impact

James Delingpole: Great Britain, the Green Movement, and the End of the World

MAJOR REDUCTIONS IN CARBON EMISSIONS ARE NOT WORTH THE MONEY 4 /14- Intelligence Squared U.S.

The Truth about CO2

Is CO2 a pollutant?

Trees Are the Answer

ManBearPig, Climategate and Watermelons: A conversation with author James Delingpole

“Slap in the Face” Award: The White House/EPA Attack On Coal

Obama plot to black out 40 percent of US power supply

EPA Rule Calling For Power Plant Carbon Emissions To Be Cut By 30% By 2030 – Cavuto

Neil Cavuto & Bob Murray: Here Come Skyrocketing Electric Rates – Really

‘Clean Coal’ Fails to Capture World’s Attention

16 States Plan to Fight Obama’s New EPA Demands

EPA Proposes Methane Reduce Plan

EPA to Introduce New Rules to Cut Methane Emissions

U.S. Green Groups Urge Methane Rules For Oil And Gas Industry

Obama’s Anti-Coal Agenda Will Raise Consumer Prices and Unemployment

Whitfield: Obama’s Assault on Coal Will Lead to An 80 Percent Electricity Rate Hike

Krauthammer: Obama shuts down coal industry, kills jobs, raises electric rates – offers algae

Obama Plans to make Green Energy Affordable by Making Gasoline and Coal Unaffordable

Obama’s War on Jobs

Climate Change in 12 Minutes – The Skeptic’s Case

Dr David Evans: Global Warming is Manmade? (1 of 2)

Dr David Evans: Global Warming is Manmade? (2 of 2)

George Carlin on Global Warming

George Carlin – Death

Obama’s climate agenda on trial

By Devin Henry

 

A slate of major environmental rules rolled out by the Obama administration in 2015 will face serious challenges in the new year, as opponents look to beat back the president’s ambitious policies — a core piece of his legacy.

In the lead-up to the landmark Paris climate talks in December — an event that yielded a first-of-its-kind global agreement to cut carbon emissions — the Obama administration released a series of sweeping new environmental rules, each garnering both condemnation and deep-pocketed opposition from interest looking to torpedo the regulations in 2016.

As Obama enters the final year of his presidency, much of his focus on environmental issues will be implementing and preserving the work he’s already done. If 2015 was the year he pushed his environmental agenda forward, 2016 could be the year he looks to preserve it.

Here are some of the biggest regulations Obama finalized or proposed last year, and how they’ll be litigated in 2016.

Clean Power Plan

The most notable environmental rule issued in 2015 was the climate rule for power plants, an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulation designed to cut carbon emissions from the power sector.

The rule is the centerpiece of Obama’s climate change agenda, and the biggest promise he took with him to the United Nations climate talks. It’s designed to cut carbon emissions from existing power plants by 32 percent from 2005 levels by 2030.

Environmentalists hailed the rule, but it has met with scorching opposition from Republicans, commodity groups, businesses and utilities. Opponents have argued that, while the rule will cut carbon emissions, it will do so at the expense of jobs and American energy bills, which could go up as states shift to cleaner energy mixes.

Dozens of opponents sued against the rule the day in October that it hit the Federal Register, arguing the EPA went beyond its legal authority in assigning states carbon reduction targets.

“EPA’s rule is flatly illegal and one of the most aggressive executive branch power grabs we’ve seen in a long time,” West Virginia Attorney General Patrick Morrisey said. “The EPA cannot do what it intends to do legally.”

The EPA defended the rule as one with “strong scientific and legal foundations” and has sought to protect it from the lawsuits. Opponents want federal judges to issue a stay on the rule and, with legal filings on the matter due on Dec. 23, the first judicial skirmish over the rule is set for early 2016.

Clean Water Rule

A federal court dealt a blow to another EPA rule in 2015 when it blocked implementation of a new rule setting regulatory authority over small waterways.
The so-called “Waters of the United States” rule looks to clarify which streams, wetlands and other smaller waterways the federal government has regulatory authority over.

But opponents of the rule — Republicans, red states and the agriculture industry among them — argue the rule is overly-broad and an unjust expansion of federal power. They sued against the regulation, and two federal courts issued separate injunctions against it in 2015, ruling that opponents have a strong case and could win when their challenges move forward.

The EPA and Army Corps. of Engineers have maintained that the rule is legal and plans to fight the lawsuits against it. The stay didn’t overturn the rule: the courts need to go through the process of making a full ruling on it, and the appeals process could eventually bring the water rule to the Supreme Court.

Ozone

When the Obama administration finalized a new standard for acceptable concentrations of surface-level ozone particles, neither industrial groups nor public health and environmental coalitions were pleased.

Businesses and manufacturers sued over the new 70-parts-per-billion standard in December, arguing that the new standard would be hard to implement and lead to billions of dollars in compliance costs.

“The EPA’s ozone regulation, which could be one of the most expensive in history, is unworkable and overly burdensome for manufacturers and America’s job creators,” said Linda Kelly, the senior vice president and general counsel for the National Association of Manufacturers.

Greens and health officials defended the EPA’s ability to issue the new rule, which came out in October. But they filed lawsuits of their own, arguing regulators should have finalized a standard even stricter than the one they landed on.

“This standard leaves kids, seniors and asthmatics without the protection doctors say they need from this dangerous pollutant,” Earthjustice attorney David Baron said. “The EPA has a duty to set standards that assure our air is safe to breathe. We say they violated that duty here.”

Even before the ozone rule was released, both sides said they expected to sue over the final standard, citing their dueling lawsuits against the EPA the last time it updated the rule, in 2008.

Neither side succeeded then, and the rule stood.

Beyond legal challenges, the power plant, water and ozone rules could all face challenges from congressional Republicans, as well.

While legislative measures stopping the rules are dead with Obama in office, Republicans showed last year that they were willing to try using the appropriations process to block them anyway.

Key Republicans, including Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.), have said they plan to exhaust their legislative options for blocking the regulations even with Obama in office. But McConnell acknowledged in October that lawmakers’ hands are likely tied for now, despite passing a since-vetoed Congressional Review Act resolution against the power plan.

“Our options to stop [the Clean Power Plan] are quite limited,” McConnell said then. “We do have the possibility of a CRA. The weakness of that, obviously, is that even though we can pass it through here with a simple majority, [Obama is] likely to veto it.”

Methane emissions

The Obama administration led off 2015 promising to take action on methane emissions from oil and natural gas drilling sites.

The EPA proposed rules in August to require drillers use new technologies to track and block accidental and purposeful leaks when producing and transmitting oil and gas. The proposal kicked up a potential fight with the gas industry.

Greens have said a strong methane rule is one of the last major climate initiatives Obama can effectively push through during his final term in office. Methane has about 25 times the global warming power of carbon dioxide, and a push to cut down on leaks will compliment Obama’s work on carbon emissions elsewhere, they say.

Drillers, though, are skeptical of the rule, saying they are already taking steps to cut methane leaks on their own. They support EPA’s opt-in programs for cutting methane emissions, but warn that actual regulations could “undermine American competitiveness” in the oil and gas sector.

“EPA’s proposal for additional methane regulations on oil and gas wells and transmission are duplicative and costly,” Howard Feldman, the senior director of regulatory and scientific affairs at the American Petroleum Institute, said in December. “They could also undermine the progress our industry has made lowering greenhouse gas emissions.”

Republicans, too, have opposed new methane rules, with House Natural Resources Committee chairman Rob Bishop (R-Utah) calling the proposal “another unprecedented attack” on oil and gas interests.

The agency hopes to finalize the rule by the spring.

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Obama’s Oil Spill Speech: The Crisis Creator Is Not A Crisis Manager–Obama’s Plan For More Government Intervention Into The Economy Will Destroy Even More Jobs and Wealth–Stop Spreading Socialist Sludge!

Posted on June 15, 2010. Filed under: Blogroll, Communications, Demographics, Economics, Education, Employment, Energy, Federal Government, Fiscal Policy, government, government spending, history, Investments, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, Monetary Policy, People, Philosophy, Politics, Quotations, Rants, Raves, Regulations, Resources, Science, Security, Strategy, Talk Radio, Taxes, Technology, Video, War, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

 

 

June 15th 2010 Presidential Address to the Nation BP Oil Spill Disaster – Part 1/2

June 15th 2010 Presidential Address to the Nation BP Oil Spill Disaster – Part 2/2

Charles Krauthammer on Obama’s Oil Address

 

Focus Group Reacts to Obama’s Address


 

CNN Crew On Obama’s Oval Office Speech About The Gulf Oil Spill

MSNBC Trashes Obama’s Address this evening

Jindal To Feds: Hold BP Accountable

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rJusfyN-7ZY&feature=related

Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal Contradicts Obama; Says More Could be Done 

National Guard Oil Spill

Crime Inc. Obama, Joel Rogers & Van Jones in : Collusion, Knowledge of the Lie 

 

MAJOR REDUCTIONS IN CARBON EMISSIONS ARE NOT WORTH THE MONEY DEBATE: Peter Huber

The Free-Market Case for Green

The American people want the oil leak to be plugged and the oil spill to be contained.

The American people want the 30 million unemployed American citizens to find full time jobs and the illegal aliens living and working in the United States to go home.

The American people want affordable or cheap electricity, heating and gasoline for transportation.

The American people do not want more more taxes to subsidize wind and solar power and ethanol production that cannot compete with very cheap coal and nuclear electrical power  generation and gasoline for transportation.

Let consumer sovereignty and the free markets determine the best and cheapest way to produce electricity and move vehicles.

More government intervention into the private sector and the economy  in the form of more government regulations, spending, taxes and national debt is not the answer–it is the problem–and it is getting worse not better.

The President is calling for a new energy tax that would only raise the price to consumers of electricity, heating oil and gasoline for transportation as well as the cost of all consumer goods that use electricity, heating oil and gasoline to produce these goods and services.

China and India are expanding their electrical power generation by building coal-fired and nuclear powered plants.

Neither wind nor solar power are competitive in terms of price.

The Federal Government does not know what it is doing.

Let the oil companies drill for more oil and natural gas on land and off the coast.

If they make mistakes, make them pay for their mistakes through litigation.

The Obama Depression: Lessons Learned–Deja Vu!

The government does not create wealth or jobs.

Only the private sector creates wealth and jobs.

The government redistributes wealth and destroys jobs by irresponsible spending, taxes, and regulations.

Time to vote out of office the Progressive Radical Socialists of the Democratic Party led by President Barack Obama.

The job you save may be your own.

Do not listen to President Obama–he is inexperienced and incompetent–a lame duck President not up for the job.

The talker is clueless as to what needs to be done to create jobs and stop the Gulf of Mexico oil spill from spreading.

While President Obama can read a prepared speech, he is not a leader that the American people will follow.

The American people will correct their mistakes by replacing the progressive radical socialists in Congress, the Senate and the White House by voting them out of office in the next two elections.

The count down has started for a regime change.

American Citizens Alliance Party–A CAP On Government Spending, Taxes, Debt and Regulations-The Third Party Base–Tea Party Patriots–Videos

Background Articles and Videos

Gulf Faces Long Road to Restoration From Oil Spill

AIM: Bloggers Briefing with Steven Hayward

Michael Savage – BP Mess, Treasonous Washington Post

 

Shields and Brooks on Obama’s Oil Leak Rhetoric, Responsibility

Euro Trash Brits Condemn an ‘Anti-BP Obama as they Cut Corners Nightmare well

Government Intervention, Regulatory Policy, and the Financial Crisis

The Environment with Steven Hayward

 

Arthur Brooks: 70% of Americans Favor Free Enterprise

George Carlin – Saving the Planet

Related Posts On Pronk Palisades

The Obama Depression: Lessons Learned–Deja Vu!

American Citizens Alliance Party–A CAP On Government Spending, Taxes, Debt and Regulations-The Third Party Base–Tea Party Patriots–Videos

Heritage Foundation 2010 Budget Charts–Federal Spending

Heritage Foundation 2010 Budget Charts–Federal Revenue

Heritage Foundation 2010 Budget Charts–Federal Debt and Deficits

Heritage Foundation 2010 Budget Charts–Federal Entitlements

Barack Obama–A Reader Not A Leader!

Obama’s Oil Spill Speech–Deja Vu–Jimmy Carter Crisis of Confidence Speech July 15, 1979 aka The Malaise Speech–Videos

The Empty Suit or Hollow Man–Barrack Obama–An Legend In His Own Mind

Collectivism: Socialism, Communism, Progressivism and Fascism

The Battle For The World Economy–Videos

Walter Block–Videos

Thomas DiLorenzo–The Economic Model of the Fascist State–Videos

G. William Domhoff: Who Runs America–Videos

Jonah Goldberg–Liberal Fascism–Videos

Paul Edward Gottfried–Fascism, Anti-Fascism, and the Welfare State–Videos

G. Edward Griffin- On Individualism vs. Collectivism–Videos

Robert Higgs–The Complex Path of Ideological Change–Videos

Mark Levin–Liberty and Tyranny: A Conservative Manifesto–Videos

Jeffrey Miron–Obamaomics–Videos

Gary North–Keynes and His Influence–Take The North Challenge–Videos

George Gerald Reisman–Why Nazism Was Socialism and Why Socialism Is Totalitarian–Videos

Today’s Progressives–Obama’s Radical Socialist Democratic Party

The Racist Test for Judge Sonya Sotomayor and President Obama–Racism Unmasked!

Calling and Raising The Stakes for Race Card Players–Obama and Sotomayor

George Soros: Government Interventionist and Global Socialist–Obama’s Puppeter Master–Videos

George Soros: Barack Obama’s Money Man and Agenda Puppeter

The Cloward-Piven Strategy Of The Progressive Radical Socialists: Wrecking The U.S. Economy By Massive Government Dependence, Spending, Deficits, Debts, Taxes And Regulations!

President Barack Obama’s Role Model–President Franklin D. Roosevelt–The Worse President For The U.S. and World Economies and The American People–With The Same Results–High Unemployment Rates–Over 25 Million American Citizens Seeking Full Time Jobs Today–Worse Than The Over 13 Million Seeking Jobs During The Worse of The Great Depression!

Progressives

Progressive Radical Socialist Health Care Plan Written In Prison By Convicted Felon Richard Creamer!

Obamanomics–New Deal Progressive Radical Socialist Interventionism

Eugenics, Planned Parenthood, Population Control, and Designer Babies–Videos

The Great Depression and the Current Recession–Robert Higgs–Videos

The Obama Depression: Lessons Learned–Deja Vu!

Lord Christopher Monckton–Climate Change–Treaty–Videos

Progressive Radical Socialist Canned Criticism of American People: Danger, Profits, and Wrong Thinking

The Battle For The World Economy–Videos

Broom Budget Busting Bums: Replace The Entire Congress–Tea Party Express and Patriots–United We Stand!

Obama’s Civilian National Security Force–Youth Corp Wave–Friendly Fascism Faces–Cons–Crooks–Communists–Communities–Corps!

Obama’s Hidden Agenda and Covert Cadre of Marxists, Communists, Progressives, Radicals, Socialists–Far Left Democrats Destroying Capitalism and The American Republic

Yuri Bezmenov On KGB Soviet Propaganda and Subversion–Videos

The Bloody History of Communism–Videos

Obama Youth–Civilian National Security Force–National Socialism–Hitler Youth–Brownshirts– Redux?–Collectivism!

American Progressive Liberal Fascism–The Wave of The Future Or Back To Past Mistakes?

Today’s Progressives–Obama’s Radical Socialist Democratic Party

President Obama–Killer of The American Dream and Market Capitalism–Stop The Radical Socialists Before They Kill You!

The Progressive Radical Socialist Family Tree–ACORN & AmeriCorps–Time To Chop It Down

It Is Official–America On The Obama Road To Fascism–Thomas Sowell!

President Obama and His Keynesian Spending Cult of The Fascist Democrat Radicals–FDRs

Economists

The Battle For The World Economy–Videos

Frederic Bastiat–The Law–Videos

Walter Block–Videos

Walter Block–Introduction To Libertarianism–Videos

Yaron Brook–Videos

Thomas DiLorenzo–The Economic Model of the Fascist State–Videos

Richard Ebeling–America’s New Road to Serfdom and the Continuing Relevance of Austrian Economics –Videos

Paul Edward Gottfried–Fascism, Anti-Fascism, and the Welfare State–Videos

David Gordon–Five Best Books on the Current Crisis–Video

David Gordon–The Confused Literature of Globalization–Videos

Friedrich Hayek–Videos

Henry Hazlitt–Economics In One Lesson–Videos

Robert Higgs–The Complex Path of Ideological Change–Videos

Robert Higgs–The Great Depression and the Current Recession–Videos

Robert Higgs–Why Are Politicians Always Trying to Scare Us?–Videos

Jörg Guido Hülsmann–The Ethics of Money Production–Videos

Jörg Guido Hülsmann–The Life and Work of Ludwig von Mises–Videos

Milton Friedman–Videos

Milton Friedman on Education–Videos

Milton Friedman–Debate In Iceland–Videos

Milton Friedman–Free To Choose–On Donahue –Videos

Israel Kirzner–On Entrepreneurship–Vidoes

Liberal Fascism–Jonah Goldberg–Videos

Ludwig von Mises–Videos

Robert P. Murphy–Videos

Robert P. Murphy–Government Stimulus: Repeating the mistakes of the Great Depression–Videos

Gary North–Keynes and His Influence–Take The North Challenge–Videos

The Fountainhead, Atlas Shrugged and The Ideas of Ayn Rand

George Gerald Reisman–Why Nazism Was Socialism and Why Socialism Is Totalitarian–Videos

Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr–How Empires Bamboozle the Bourgeoisie–Videos

Murray Rothbard–Videos

Murray N. Rothbard–Introduction to Economics: A Private Seminar–Videos

Murray Rothbard–Libertarianism–Video

Rothbard On Keynes–Videos

Murray Rothbard– What Has Government Done to Our Money?–Videos

Peter Schiff–Videos

Schiff, Forbers and Bloomberg Nail The Financial Crisis and Recession–Mistakes Were Made–Greed, Arrogance, Stupidity–Three Chinese Curses!

Larry Sechrest–The Anticapitalists: Barbarians at the Gate–Videos

L. William Seidman on The Economic Crisis: Causes and Cures–Videos

Amity Shlaes–Videos

Julian Simon–Videos

Julian Simon–The Ultimate Resource II: People, Materials, and Environment–Videos

Thomas Sowell and Conflict of Visions–Videos

Thomas Sowell On The Housing Boom and Bust–Videos

Econ Talk With Thomas Sowell–Videos

Peter Thiel–Videos

Thomas E. Woods, Jr.–Videos

Thomas E. Woods–The Economic Crisis and The Federal Reserve–Videos

Tom Woods–Lectures On Liberty–Videos

Thomas E. Woods–The Market Economy–Videos

Tom Woods On Personal Rights and Property Ownership

Tom Woods–Smashing Myths and Restoring Sound Money–Videos

Tom Woods–Who Killed The Constitution

Tom Wright On The FairTax–Videos

Banking Cartel’s Public Relations Campaign Continues:Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke On The Record

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Solar Energy with Photovoltaics Articles and Videos

Posted on September 13, 2008. Filed under: Blogroll, Climate, Economics, Links, Politics, Rants, Raves, Resources, Science, Taxes, Technology, Video | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

 The following is some background information on solar energy with photovoltaics.

Keep in mind that both solar energy and wind generated energy combined produced less than 1% of the electricity produced in the United States.

The reason is that electricity produced by coal, nuclear, natural gas, and hyro are cheaper and therefore produce over 96% of the electricity in the United States.

 

solar energy

 

Introduction to Solar Photovoltaics

 

SOLAR — POWER OF THREE

 

The secret of Solar Energy revealed!

 

Solar Panels – How It’s Made

 

525,600+ Minutes Per Year

 

Advanced Photovoltaic Solar Power Films, The Next Generation

 

Energy expert discusses the future of solar power
 
 

 

 

How do Photovoltaics Work?

by Gil Knier

“Photovoltaics is the direct conversion of light into electricity at the atomic level. Some materials exhibit a property known as the photoelectric effect that causes them to absorb photons of light and release electrons. When these free electrons are captured, an electric current results that can be used as electricity.

The photoelectric effect was first noted by a French physicist, Edmund Bequerel, in 1839, who found that certain materials would produce small amounts of electric current when exposed to light. In 1905, Albert Einstein described the nature of light and the photoelectric effect on which photovoltaic technology is based, for which he later won a Nobel prize in physics. The first photovoltaic module was built by Bell Laboratories in 1954. It was billed as a solar battery and was mostly just a curiosity as it was too expensive to gain widespread use. In the 1960s, the space industry began to make the first serious use of the technology to provide power aboard spacecraft. Through the space programs, the technology advanced, its reliability was established, and the cost began to decline. During the energy crisis in the 1970s, photovoltaic technology gained recognition as a source of power for non-space applications. …”

http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2002/solarcells.htm 

 

Timeline of solar cells

“The timeline of solar cells begins in the 1800s when it is observed that the presence of sunlight is capable of generating usable electrical energy. Solar cells have gone on to be used in many applications. They have historically been used in situations where electrical power from the grid is unavailable. …”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_solar_cells

 

 

Nanoscience at Work: Creating Energy from Sunlight

“…Paul Alivisatos, co-leader of Berkeley Lab’s Helios Project, is the Associate Director for Physical Sciences and director of the Materials Sciences Division at Berkeley Lab. In the Helios Project, Alivisatos will use nanotechnology in the efficient capture of sunlight and its conversion to electricity to drive economical fuel production processes. He is an authority on artificial nanostructure synthesis and inventor of the quantum dot technology. His talk was presented May 14, 2007. …”

 

NOVA Saved By the Sun (Solar NanoPaint)

 

Nanotechnology and photovoltaics


 

Nanotechnology for Alternative Energy Sources


 

Solar Energy Breakthrough New Technology

 

Spray-On Solar-Power Cells Are True Breakthrough

 

Best Solar Energy Commercial Ever

 

 National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s (NREL): Photovoltaic (PV) research

 http://www.nrel.gov/pv/

 

 PVJapan 2008 Expo

 

Photovoltaics

“…Photovoltaics (PV) is the field of technology and research related to the application of solar cells for energy by converting sunlight directly into electricity. Due to the growing need for solar energy, the manufacture of solar cells and photovoltaic arrays has expanded dramatically in recent years. [1] [2] [3] Photovoltaic production has been doubling every two years, increasing by an average of 48 percent each year since 2002, making it the world’s fastest-growing energy technology. At the end of 2007, according to preliminary data, cumulative global production was 12,400 megawatts. [4] Roughly 90% of this generating capacity consists of grid-tied electrical systems. Such installations may be ground-mounted (and sometimes integrated with farming and grazing) [5] or built into the roof or walls of a building, known as Building Integrated Photovoltaic or BIPV for short.[6] Financial incentives, such as preferential feed-in tariffs for solar-generated electricity and net metering, have supported solar PV installations in many countries including Germany, Japan, and the United States.[7] …”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photovoltaics 

 

Photovoltaic economics

“Some important terms related to photovoltaic system economics are presented herein. The most important PV economic parameters are energy payback time – EPBT, buy-back rates and the total costs of installing a PV system. Investments into renewable energies, particular into PV and wind technologies are another economics related areas.

The cost of a PV system is measured in price-per-peak-watt (€/Wp for example). “Peak Watt” is defined as the power at standard test conditions (solar insolation 1000 W/m2, AM of 1.5 and temperature 25°C). Photovoltaic system costs encompass both module and BOS costs. Module costs typically represents only 40-60% of total PV system costs. Typically the cost of installing a photovoltaic system having a power of 1 kW ranges from 4500 € to 6500 €/kWp (2003). Approximately about half of this investment would be for the PV modules, and the inverter, PV array support structures, electrical cabling, equipment and installation would account for the rest. Please note that BOS and installation costs can vary significantly. For example: when costs for site preparation, laying a foundation, system design and engineering, permitting, as well as assembly and installation labour are higher, total installation costs are higher also. The life cycle cost (LCC) of a PV system may also include costs for site preparation, system design and engineering, installation labour, permits and operation and maintenance costs. Photovoltaic systems have an anticipated 30-year lifetime. Operation and maintenance costs, ranging between 0,02 to 0,1 cents/kWh. However, these costs can vary significantly, ranging between as low as 0.01 €/kWh to 0.10 €/kWh. The higher reported costs included maintenance costs for generators in remote hybrid PV systems, as well as capital replacement costs due to environmental factors such as extreme temperatures and vandalism. The most significant replacement cost will likely be the battery. Some studies report that operation and maintenance costs are well correlated to the system size, so 2% of total hardware costs operation and maintenance costs is expected. …”

http://www.pvresources.com/en/economics.php

 

160 Years of Photovoltaic Technology

“Most people are surprised to learn that photovoltaic technology actually dates back over 160 years. The basic science was first discovered in 1839 but the pace of advancement really accelerated in three major thrusts in the 20th century. …”

http://www.sunlightelectric.com/pvhistory.php 

 

Which Solar Panels Work Well For Residential Use?

 

What Affects Solar Panel Costs

 

Will The Price Of Solar Panels Come Down Anytime Soon?

 

Payback Time for A Solar Panel System

 

Colorado Solar Panel Residential vs Commercial

 

Daniel Kammen – Renewable Energy and Economies of Scale

 

Made in Germany | Solar Technology as an Export Hit

 

Learn about Solar Energy and Solar Panel Installation…

 

PV financial incentives

“…The political purpose of PV financial incentives is to grow the photovoltaics industry even where the cost of PV is significantly above grid parity, to allow it to achieve the economies of scale necessary to reach grid parity. The policies are implemented to promote national energy independence, high-tech job creation and reduction of CO2 emissions. When smart meters are used to manage demand and peak usage coincides with hot summer days, PV power can compete more closely with fossil fuels and the need for subsidy through feed-in laws is reduced. …”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PV_financial_incentives

 

Related Posts On Pronk Palisades

 

Al Gore 2.0 and The Coming Renewable Energy Ice Age–The Big Chill

National Center for Policy Analysis–A Global Warming Primer

Global Warming is The Greatest Hoax, Scam and Disinformation Campaign in History

Global Warming Videos

Global Warming Books

Global Warming Sites

Al Gore: Agent of Influence or Useful Idiot of Disinformation

Al Gore: Agent of Influence and Planetary Propeller Head!

Al Gore’s Little White Lie: Man-Made Global Warming Causing Polar Bears To Drown 

Al Gore’s Big Whopper–Sea Levels Rise By 2100: Gore 20 Feet vs IPCC 2 Feet? 

Clinton’s Cap and Trade Tax on The American People for Consuming Electricity and Driving Cars, SUVs and Trucks!

Facing Fundamental Facts

Presidential Election 2008: American Elites Vs. American People

Let Them Eat Cake Act: American Elites Killing and Starving The American People

The Heidelberg Appeal: Beware of False Gods and Prophets 

Going Deep–Cool–Deep Ocean Water (DOW)–Ocean Power!

Saving The World: The Importance of Getting The Priorities Right

McCain: Cut–Drill–Victory vs. Obama: Increase–Talk–End 

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