The Lie That Failed–Ben Bernanke and The Federal Reserve Monetization Of Treasury Debt With Quantitative Easing–Robbing The American People–Videos

Posted on December 6, 2010. Filed under: Banking, Blogroll, Culture, Demographics, Economics, Education, Federal Government, Fiscal Policy, government, Investments, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, Monetary Policy, Money, People, Philosophy, Politics, Taxes, Technology, Video, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , |

Fed Chairman Bernanke On The Economy

60 minutes Ben Bernenke Interview December 5 2010

Quantitative Easing Only Tool Left for Fed

Quantitative Easing Explained

Quantitative Easing — How Does it Work in the Real World?

Quantitative Easing, the Fed, Finance, and Inflation — QE

Quantitative Easing Bernanke — History & Objectives of QE

Quantitative Easing (QE) 2010 — 2011 Why is the Fed printing money?

Quantitative Easing Explained — Who Gets Fed’s Printed Money?

QE2: Quantitative Easing Investing & Stock Market Consequences

Kroszner Interview on Bernanke’s CBS Appearance – Video – Bloomberg.flv

 

Jim Rogers on QE2 – ‘It has never worked’

 

Federal Reserve Debt Monetization Explained.

 

“Looks Like Magic” – Ron Paul on the Fed’s Money Machine

 

Peter Schiff : Dollar not mighty any more

 

CNBC: Fed’s Big Gamble–What Could Go Wrong?

 

Peter Schiff Proves He Is A Baboon By Claiming QE2 A Government Conspiracy To Support Treasuries

 

Peter Schiff : It’s Scary How Clueless Bernanke Is!

 

The FED’s magic with money

 

FED Was Liquefying The World

 

Peter Schiff : Dollar not mighty any more

 

Fed Bank Documents Revealed

 

Background Articles and Videos

Introduction to Monetary Policy

The Chairman Part 1

 

The Chairman Part 2

 

 

 

 

FED using foreign banks to monetize debt behind closed doors

 

Reply to Quantitative Easing Explained

 

Black Friday, the Federal Reserve, & The Global House Of Cards

Money supply

 

“…Empirical measures

Money is used as a medium of exchange, in final settlement of a debt, and as a ready store of value. Its different functions are associated with different empirical measures of the money supply. There is no single “correct” measure of the money supply: instead, there are several measures, classified along a spectrum or continuum between narrow and broad monetary aggregates. Narrow measures include only the most liquid assets, the ones most easily used to spend (currency, checkable deposits). Broader measures add less liquid types of assets (certificates of deposit, etc.)

This continuum corresponds to the way that different types of money are more or less controlled by monetary policy. Narrow measures include those more directly affected and controlled by monetary policy, whereas broader measures are less closely related to monetary-policy actions.[6] It is a matter of perennial debate as to whether narrower or broader versions of the money supply have a more predictable link to nominal GDP.

The different types of money are typically classified as “M”s. The “M”s usually range from M0 (narrowest) to M3 (broadest) but which “M”s are actually used depends on the country’s central bank. The typical layout for each of the “M”s is as follows:

Type of money M0 MB M1 M2 M3 MZM
Notes and coins (currency) in circulation (outside Federal Reserve Banks, and the vaults of depository institutions) V[8] V V V V V
Notes and coins (currency) in bank vaults V[8] V
Federal Reserve Bank credit (minimum reserves and excess reserves) V
traveler’s checks of non-bank issuers V V V V
demand deposits V V V V
other checkable deposits (OCDs), which consist primarily of negotiable order of withdrawal (NOW) accounts at depository institutions and credit union share draft accounts. V[9] V V V
savings deposits V V V
time deposits less than $100,000 and money-market deposit accounts for individuals V V
large time deposits, institutional money market funds, short-term repurchase and other larger liquid assets[10] V
all money market funds V
  • M0: In some countries, such as the United Kingdom, M0 includes bank reserves, so M0 is referred to as the monetary base, or narrow money.[11]
  • MB: is referred to as the monetary base or total currency.[8] This is the base from which other forms of money (like checking deposits, listed below) are created and is traditionally the most liquid measure of the money supply.[12]
  • M1: Bank reserves are not included in M1.
  • M2: represents money and “close substitutes” for money.[13] M2 is a broader classification of money than M1. Economists use M2 when looking to quantify the amount of money in circulation and trying to explain different economic monetary conditions. M2 is a key economic indicator used to forecast inflation.[14]
  • M3: Since 2006, M3 is no longer tracked by the US central bank.[15] However, there are still estimates produced by various private institutions. (M2 +large deposits and other large, long-term deposits)
  • MZM: Money with zero maturity. It measures the supply of financial assets redeemable at par on demand.

The ratio of a pair of these measures, most often M2/M0, is called an (actual, empirical) money multiplier.Fractional-reserve banking

Main article: Fractional-reserve banking

The different forms of money in government money supply statistics arise from the practice of fractional-reserve banking. Whenever a bank gives out a loan in a fractional-reserve banking system, a new sum of money is created. This new type of money is what makes up the non-M0 components in the M1-M3 statistics. In short, there are two types of money in a fractional-reserve banking system[16][17]:

  1. central bank money (physical currency, government money)
  2. commercial bank money (money created through loans) – sometimes referred to as private money, or checkbook money[18]

In the money supply statistics, central bank money is MB while the commercial bank money is divided up into the M1-M3 components. Generally, the types of commercial bank money that tend to be valued at lower amounts are classified in the narrow category of M1 while the types of commercial bank money that tend to exist in larger amounts are categorized in M2 and M3, with M3 having the largest.

Reserves are deposits that banks have received but have not loaned out. In the USA, the Federal Reserve regulates the percentage that banks must keep in their reserves before they can make new loans. This percentage is called the minimum reserve requirement. This means that if a person makes a deposit for $1000.00 and the bank reserve mandated by the FED is 10% then the bank must increase its reserves by $100.00 and is able to loan the remaining $900.00. The maximum amount of money the banking system can legally generate with each dollar of reserves is called the (theoretical) money multiplier, and, following the formula for the sum of an infinite convergent geometric series, can be calculated as the reciprocal of the minimum reserve. For example, with a reserve of 20%, the money multiplier would be 5, as 20% divided into 100% makes 5.

Example

Note: The examples apply when read in sequential order.

M0

  • Laura has ten US $100 bills, representing $1000 in the M0 supply for the United States. (MB = $1000, M0 = $1000, M1 = $1000, M2 = $1000)
  • Laura burns one of her $100 bills. The US M0, and her personal net worth, just decreased by $100. (MB = $900, M0 = $900, M1 = $900, M2 = $900)

M1

  • Laura takes the remaining nine bills and deposits them in her checking account at her bank. (MB = $900, M0 = 0, M1 = $900, M2 = $900)
  • The bank then calculates its reserve using the minimum reserve percentage given by the Fed and loans the extra money. If the minimum reserve is 10%, this means $90 will remain in the bank’s reserve. The remaining $810 can only be used by the bank as credit, by lending money, but until that happens it will be part of the banks excess reserves.
  • The M1 money supply increased by $810 when the loan is made. M1 the money has been created. ( MB = $900 M0 = 0, M1 = $1710, M2 = $1710)
  • Laura writes a check for $400, check number 7771. The total M1 money supply didn’t change, it includes the $400 check and the $500 left in her account. (MB = $900, M0 = 0, M1 = $1710, M2 = $1710)
  • Laura’s check number 7771 is accidentally destroyed in the laundry. M1 and her checking account do not change, because the check is never cashed. (MB = $900, M0 = 0, M1 = $1710, M2 = $1710)
  • Laura writes check number 7772 for $100 to her friend Alice, and Alice deposits it into her checking account. MB does not change, it still has $900 in it, Alice’s $100 and Laura’s $800. (MB = $900, M0 = 0, M1 = $1710, M2 = $1710)
  • The bank lends Mandy the $810 credit that it has created. Mandy deposits the money in a checking account at another bank. The other bank must keep $81 as a reserve and has $729 available for loans. This creates a promise-to-pay money from a previous promise-to-pay, thus the M1 money supply is now inflated by $729. (MB = $900, M0 = 0, M1 = $2439, M2 = $2439)
  • Mandy’s bank now lends the money to someone else who deposits it on a checking account on yet another bank, who again stores 10% as reserve and has 90% available for loans. This process repeats itself at the next bank and at the next bank and so on, until the money in the reserves backs up an M1 money supply of $9000, which is 10 times the M0 money. (MB = $900, M0 = 0, M1 = $9000, M2 = $9000)

M2

  • Laura writes check number 7774 for $1000 and brings it to the bank to start a Money Market account (these do not have a credit-creating charter), M1 goes down by $1000, but M2 stays the same. This is because M2 includes the Money Market account in addition to all money counted in M1.

Foreign Exchange

  • Laura writes check number 7776 for $200 and brings it downtown to a foreign exchange bank teller at Credit Suisse to convert it to British Pounds. On this particular day, the exchange rate is exactly USD $2.00 = GBP £1.00. The bank Credit Suisse takes her $200 check, and gives her two £50 notes (and charges her a dollar for the service fee). Meanwhile, at the Credit Suisse branch office in Hong Kong, a customer named Huang has £100 and wants $200, and the bank does that trade (charging him an extra £.50 for the service fee). US M0 still has the $900, although Huang now has $200 of it. The £50 notes Laura walks off with are part of Britain’s M0 money supply that came from Huang.
  • The next day, Credit Suisse finds they have an excess of GB Pounds and a shortage of US Dollars, determined by adding up all the branch offices’ supplies. They sell some of their GBP on the open FX market with Deutsche Bank, which has the opposite problem. The exchange rate stays the same.
  • The day after, both Credit Suisse and Deutsche Bank find they have too many GBP and not enough USD, along with other traders. Then, To move their inventories, they have to sell GBP at USD $1.999, that is, 1/10 cent less than $2 per pound, and the exchange rate shifts. None of these banks has the power to increase or decrease the British M0 or the American M0; they are independent systems.

The Federal Reserve previously published data on three monetary aggregates, but on 10 November 2005 announced that as of 23 March 2006, it would cease publication of M3.[15] Since the Spring of 2006, the Federal Reserve only publishes data on two of these aggregates. The first, M1, is made up of types of money commonly used for payment, basically currency (M0) and checking account balances. The second, M2, includes M1 plus balances that generally are similar to transaction accounts and that, for the most part, can be converted fairly readily to M1 with little or no loss of principal. The M2 measure is thought to be held primarily by households. As mentioned, the third aggregate, M3 is no longer published. Prior to this discontinuation, M3 had included M2 plus certain accounts that are held by entities other than individuals and are issued by banks and thrift institutions to augment M2-type balances in meeting credit demands; it had also included balances in money market mutual funds held by institutional investors. The aggregates have had different roles in monetary policy as their reliability as guides has changed. The following details their principal components[19]:

  • M0: The total of all physical currency, plus accounts at the central bank that can be exchanged for physical currency.
  • M1: The total of all physical currency part of bank reserves + the amount in demand accounts (“checking” or “current” accounts).
  • M2: M1 + most savings accounts, money market accounts, retail money market mutual funds,and small denomination time deposits (certificates of deposit of under $100,000).
  • M3: M2 + all other CDs (large time deposits, institutional money market mutual fund balances), deposits of eurodollars and repurchase agreements.

When the Federal Reserve announced in 2005 that they would cease publishing M3 statistics in March 2006, they explained that M3 did not convey any additional information about economic activity compared to M2, and thus, “has not played a role in the monetary policy process for many years.” Therefore, the costs to collect M3 data outweighed the benefits the data provided.[15] Some politicians have spoken out against the Federal Reserve’s decision to cease publishing M3 statistics and have urged the U.S. Congress to take steps requiring the Federal Reserve to do so. Libertarian congressman Ron Paul (R-TX) claimed that “M3 is the best description of how quickly the Fed is creating new money and credit. Common sense tells us that a government central bank creating new money out of thin air depreciates the value of each dollar in circulation.”[20] Some of the data used to calculate M3 are still collected and published on a regular basis.[15] Current alternate sources of M3 data are available from the private sector.[21] However, some would argue[citation needed] that since the Federal Reserve has even less control over the fluctuations of M3 than over those of M2, it is unclear why this number is relevant to monetary policy.

As of 4 November 2009 the Federal Reserve reported that the U.S. dollar monetary base is $1,999,897,000,000. This is an increase of 142% in 2 years.[22] The monetary base is only one component of money supply, however. M2, the broadest measure of money supply, has increased from approximately $7.41 trillion to $8.36 trillion from November 2007 to October 2009, the latest month-data available. This is a 2-year increase in U.S. M2 of approximately 12.9%.[23] …”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Money_supply

 

 

Related Posts On Pronk Palisades

Ron Paul Blasts Federal Reserve For Being “Out of Control” and Bailing Out U.S. and Foreign Banks–Videos

Food Prices Rising–Videos

The Crisis of Credit Visualized–Videos

The Collapse of The U.S. Dollar From Federal Government Deficit Spending And Monetization Of Debt–Videos

Bubble Bernanke–Videos

Quantitative Easing 2–The Shot Heard Around The World–The Coming Currency Wars!

Milton Friedman On The Federal Reserve’s Printing Money Or Quantitative Easing Monetary Policy To Increase Inflation and Reduce Unemployment–Absolutely Not!

The Day The Dollar Crashes–What’s Next? What’s Next? What’s Next?–Videos

Federal Reserve’s Nonconventional Monetary Policy of Quantitative Easing–Printing Money and The Coming Inflation–Videos

Paul Craig Roberts On The Federal Reserve’s Quantitative Easing (QE2) Monetary Policy And The Impotence of Elections–Videos

Why We Are In So Much Debt–Videos

Federal Reserve Monetizes U.S. Government Treasury Debt By Printing Money–Quantitative Easing (QE2)–Devalues U.S Currency–Banks Steal American People’s Purchasing Power!

The Obama Depression Deepens–Federal Reserve Executes–QE II Plan–”Operation Pawnshop”–$2,500 Billion In Quantitative Easing–Money Printing–Will It Be Enough?

The Ruling Establishment’s Robbery Of The American People–Deflation–Inflation–Hyperinflation–Bust–Bailout–Boom–Bubble–The Fall Of The American Republic–The Rise of One World Government and Currency–Videos

The American People Paid Off The Bets (Credit Default Swaps) Of Wall Street Investment Banks–Videos

The Massive Fraud In Mortgages Continues–Crooks and Corrupt Politicians In Charge–Videos

Quantitative Easing–Videos

Deflation, Inflation and Uncertainty–Videos

The Trillion Dollar Bet–Videos

U.S. Labor Force Participation Rate Normally Between 66%-67.5% Hits New Twenty-Five Year Low of 64.5%!

October, 2010 U.S. Unemployment Rates–9.6% (U3) and 17.0% (U-6) With 14,843,000 and 26,163,00 Americans Respectively Seeking Work–Higher Than Great Depression!

Obama Depression: 20 Months Of Unemployment Over 8% For Official U-3 Rate and Over 15% For Total U-6 Rate–Over 26 Million Americans Looking For A Full Time Job and 41.8 Million On Food Stamps!–Followed By 36 More Months Of Over 8% Official Unemployment U-3 Rate and 15% Total Unemployment U-6 Rate!

The Ascent of Money–Videos

Niall Ferguson–”The Ascent of Money–Videos

G. Edward Griffin- On Individualism vs. Collectivism–Videos

Creature from Jekyll Island: The Federal Reserve System–Videos

Heritage Foundation 2010 Budget Charts–Federal Spending

Heritage Foundation 2010 Budget Charts–Federal Revenue

Heritage Foundation 2010 Budget Charts–Federal Debt and Deficits

Heritage Foundation 2010 Budget Charts–Federal Entitlements

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )

Liked it here?
Why not try sites on the blogroll...