Edward Snowden — Videos

Posted on September 21, 2016. Filed under: American History, Blogroll, Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), College, Communications, Computers, Computers, Congress, Constitution, Corruption, Crime, Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), Documentary, Drones, Education, External Hard Drives, Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Federal Government, Foreign Policy, Freedom, government spending, history, Investments, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, Literacy, media, Media Streamers, Mobile Phones, Money, National Security Agency (NSA), National Security Agency (NSA_, People, Philosophy, Photos, Police, Political Correctness, Politics, Psychology, Raves, Raymond Thomas Pronk, Regulations, Resources, Spying, Strategy, Systems, Talk Radio, Technology, Television, Terrorism, Video, War, Wealth, Weapons, Welfare, Wisdom, Work, Writing | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

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‘State of Surveillance’ with Edward Snowden and Shane Smith (FULL EPISODE)

DOCUMENTARY: Edward Snowden – Terminal F (2015)

Edward Snowden Live From Russia

Edward Snowden Speaks About Hillary Clinton Emails, Trump And Freedom

The Truth About Edward Snowden

America’s Surveillance State (Full, Pt. 1-6)

NSA Secrets Uncovered Snowden Coverup 2015 FULL Documentary

The Silent Order NSA Sees Everything Hears Everything Documentary HD

NSA Whistleblower: Everyone in US under virtual surveillance, all info stored, no matter the post

NSA Whistleblower William Binney: The Future of FREEDOM

People Who Control America ? Mind Blowing Documentary HQ

The New World Order – Fall of the Republic 2016 Freedom or Slavery

Enemy of the State – Will Smith, Gene Hackman, Jon Voight Movies

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Lawrence of Arabia The Battle For The Arab World — Videos

Posted on July 30, 2015. Filed under: Blogroll, Documentary, Faith, Islam, Islam, Law, liberty, Life, Links, Philosophy, Photos, Religion, Sunni, Terrorism, Video, War, Wealth, Weapons, Wisdom, Writing | Tags: , , , , |

PBS. Lawrence of Arabia The Battle For The Arab World 1 of 2

PBS. Lawrence of Arabia The Battle For The Arab World 2 of 2

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Queen Hillary — Radical Hag in Drag — Clinton Is The One — Game of Thrones — Hillary Clinton Scandals: The Gift That Keeps On Giving — Phony Psychopath President — Obama’s Third Term — Give Me A Break — Run Jerry Run — California Governor Jerry Brown — Videos

Posted on April 12, 2015. Filed under: American History, Articles, Blogroll, College, Comedy, Communications, Constitution, Corruption, Crime, Crisis, Culture, Data, Demographics, Documentary, Drones, Education, Entertainment, Faith, Family, Federal Communications Commission, Federal Government, Foreign Policy, Freedom, government, government spending, history, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, Missiles, Movies, Narcissism, Nuclear, People, Philosophy, Photos, Politics, Press, Psychology, Radio, Rants, Raves, Strategy, Talk Radio, Video, War, Wealth, Weapons of Mass Destruction, Welfare, Wisdom, Writing | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Project_1

The Pronk Pops Show Podcasts

Pronk Pops Show 444: April 13, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 443: April 9, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 442: April 8, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 441: April 6, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 440: April 2, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 439: April 1, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 438: March 31, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 437: March 30, 2015 

Pronk Pops Show 436: March 27, 2015 

Pronk Pops Show 435: March 26, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 434: March 25, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 433: March 24, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 432: March 23, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 431: March 20, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 430: March 19, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 429: March 18, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 428: March 17, 2015 

Pronk Pops Show 427: March 16, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 426: March 6, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 425: March 4, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 424: March 2, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 423: February 26, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 422: February 25, 2015 

Pronk Pops Show 421: February 20, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 420: February 19, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 419: February 18, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 418: February 16, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 417: February 13, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 416: February 12, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 415: February 11, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 414: February 10, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 413: February 9, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 412: February 6, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 411: February 5, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 410: February 4, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 409: February 3, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 408: February 2, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 407: January 30, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 406: January 29, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 405: January 28, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 404: January 27, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 403: January 26, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 402: January 23, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 401: January 22, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 400: January 21, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 399: January 16, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 398: January 15, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 397: January 14, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 396: January 13, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 395: January 12, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 394: January 7, 2015

Pronk Pops Show 393: January 5, 2015

Story 1: Queen Hillary — Radical Hag in Drag — Clinton Is The One — Game of Thrones  — Hillary Clinton Scandals: The Gift That Keeps On Giving — Phony Psychopath President — Obama’s Third Term — Give Me A Break — Run Jerry Run — California Governor Jerry Brown — Videos

“Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men.”

~Lord ActonQueen-Hillary-Clinton

2014-cartoon-funny-queen-hillary-clinton-thinks-about-runnin Cartoonist Gary Varvel: Hillary's "dead broke" commenthillary-elitehillary_queen2Bruce Plante Cartoon: Hillary Clinton's emailsborkehillary-clinton-what-difference-does-it-make-burying-benghazi-groundwork-2016-political-cartoonwopper2016_Hillary-Clintontransparencyhillary baggageebatesdrawinghillary-clinton-witchhillary_clinton_boobs_bill_cleavagehillary close upgame of thrones

Hillary Clinton Election Video Cold Open – SNL

Hillary Clinton Cold Open – SNL

Darrell Hammond as Bill Clinton

Reagan, Clinton, Ford, Bush I and Bush II Explain it all to Obama

Hillary Clinton: ‘I’m Running for President’

Hillary Clinton announces presidential run

Hillary Clinton Camp Announces Her 2016 Presidential Run

Finally: Hillary Makes 2016 Run Official

Hillary Clinton says she’s running for president in 2016

Hillary Clinton is running for president in 2016

Romney: ‘Hillary Clinton Is Just Not Trustworthy’

Benghazi Gate – Rand Paul and Hillary Clinton – Question & Answer

Rand Paul asks Hillary Clinton About Involvement in Transferring Weapons to Turkey out of Libya

Clinton on talking points: ‘What difference at this point does it make?’

‘What Difference, Does it Make?’ – Hillary Clinton at Benghazi Hearing

PJTV: Afterburner: What Difference Does It Make?

PJTV — Young Hillary Clinton Supporters Struggle to Name Her Achievements

Dummies On The Street (DOTS)

THE CRIMINAL ARROGANCE OF HILLARY CLINTON

Hillary the Scandals

Hillary Clinton Exposed, Movie She Banned From Theaters Full Movie

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1mYW5nmS9ps

Exposed: Hillary Clinton’s Sex Scandal

The real story behind the Clinton scandals

Genius Quotes of Frank Underwood, House of Cards Seven Minutes

Bill Clinton Loves ‘House Of Cards & ‘Scandal’ | Overheard On The Hill | msnbc

THE CLINTON MURDERS

Will Jerry Brown Challenge Hillary? Dick Morris TV: Lunch ALERT!

Bill Clinton Versus Jerry Brown 1992

Why Is Hillary Clinton Even Running?

Victor Davis Hanson

I. Who Else?

One, there is no other credible Democrat who could run for presidency. The senior party leadership — Harry Reid, Nancy Pelosi, Al Gore, John Kerry, and Dianne Feinstein — is shrill and buffoonish. They all have either tried before and failed, or are ossified has-beens — or both. There are no up-and-coming governors with distinguished records of executive success. There are no young charismatic Democratic senators — other than the well-preserved, 65-year-old Harvard populist Elizabeth Warren — out to make a name, who can speak well and mirror image a Ted Cruz, Rand Paul, or Mario Rubio. Congressional-district gerrymandering that encourages ethnic chauvinism and hard-left polarization has almost ensured that there will not be another minority star, like Barack Obama, who can win crossover votes and statewide office as a springboard to the White House.

 

II. Her Turn

Two, Hillary Clinton, like a Walter Mondale, Bob Dole or John McCain, believes that it is finally her turn. In her case she lost in 2008 and loyally served the man who defeated and often humiliated her (“you’re likable enough, Hillary” Obama condescendingly remarked during a debate of Democratic presidential candidates in January of 2008).

She feels that she was robbed of a sure nomination by the upstart Obama, who cut in front of the line with his inane “hope and change” banalities and subtle race carding, as if racial chauvinism must always trump gender pandering. She blew a huge lead in the primaries, licked her wounds, and now it is time for the party to unite loyally behind her the way she did with Obama.

III. First Woman

Three, she thinks she can win largely on the issue of being the first woman president in the manner that Barack Obama milked his racially iconic status in lieu of a record. Her supporters believe that they can reignite the old wars: the Republican war on women, war on minorities, war on immigrants, war on the environment, war on the poor, war on everybody — and thereby galvanize the supposedly oppressed, as in 2008-2012, to register, turn out, and vote in lockstep in record numbers. Thereby they will more than make up for the millions of independents and white, blue-collar so-called Reagan Democrats that she will lose by such racial and gender histrionics.

V. Money, Money, Money…

Four, Hillary Clinton assumes that she can buy her way to the White House and trump even the Obama shakedowns of the one-percent elite. No one grubs money better than the Clintons, who have turned a so-so presidential foundation into a money-laundering machine for their global jetting and politicking.

Both Bill and Hillary have an uncanny insight into the very wealthy of Hollywood, Silicon Valley, Wall Street, the Upper West Side, and the Florida coast. They understand the formula: when many of the rich become very rich they no longer worry about high tax rates, either on the assurance that they have the capital and know-how to avoid them, or in the belief that that a 50% federal and state rate could hardly eat away much of their enormous pile. Huge federal redistributionist policies may fail and hurt the minorities and poor, but for now they are felt to be about the only insurance that the gates of the rich will not be stormed or their private schools and neighborhoods flooded.

The Clintons rightly sense that the one-percenters in certain fleeting moments feel awfully bad about their privilege. Thus they will feel much better about indulging their endless material appetites, if they give large tax-deductible contributions to the spread-the-wealth, help-the-helpless shtick of elite Democrats. The lifestyles of Hill and Bill over the last two decades reassure wealthy liberals that it is OK to wallow in the material good life as long as you pay occasional penance for such indulgence — and there is no better atonement than helping Hillary Clinton out in 2016 to speak truth to power. After all, with students facing $1 trillion in aggregate debt, Clinton marched into UCLA, check-listed some liberal nostrums for 30 minutes and walked away with $300,000 without a complaint — or about $165 in scarce university dollars for each second of her pieties. In other words, Hillary is running because she has invested enough in the past that the money will be harvested as never before in a presidential race.
: http://pjmedia.com/victordavishanson/why-is-hillary-clinton-even-running/#ixzz3XFPKX8o3

‘Everyday Americans need a champion’: Wealthy Hillary Clinton finally enters formal race to be president with video telling middle class voters ‘the deck is still stacked in favor of those at the top’ of the economy

  • ‘Americans have fought their way back from tough economic times,’ says the multimillionaire politician in a launch video
  • Her chief of staff stepped on her big moment with an email to donors saying, ‘I wanted to make sure you heard it first from me’
  • Clinton’s press office left an embarrassing typo in its press announcement, saying that she had ‘fought children and families all her career’ 
  • Official campaign website is full of biographical material but includes no policy statements or issue platforms 
  • Republican Party fires its opening salvo: ‘Americans need a president they can trust and voters do not trust Hillary Clinton’
  • Hillary will start her ‘listening tour’ in Iowa and New Hampshire without huge fanfare, and then have a more formal launch event in May
  • Wunderkind campaign manager, 35, was a child when she was first lady and didn’t live through her defining White House scandals

Hillary Rodham Clinton is running for president, leaning on a message of middle-class rescue and claims that America’s economy is ‘still stacked in favor of those at the top,’ according to a campaign video that went online Sunday afternoon.

‘I’m getting ready to do something,’ Clinton says in the brief ad, following a series of clips of ordinary-looking Americans describing what they’re ‘getting ready’ for.

‘I’m running for president,’ she says.

‘Everyday Americans need a champion, and I want to be that champion.’

That message is a daring one, given Clinton’s wealth. When she left the U.S. State Department in 2013, her financial disclosure report showed that her combined net worth with her husband was between $5.2 and $25.5 million. Millions more rolled in when she published her memoirs.

She famously claimed last year that she and former president Bill Clinton were ‘dead broke’ whenthey left the White House in 2001 – when they moved into a palatial home in a tree-lined New York City suburb.

Clinton’s chief of staff John Podesta pushed a similar ‘middle-class’ message, but stepped on her announcement with his own email to a group of donors.

HILLARY'S TURN: Mrs Clinton is launching a second bid for president and would become America's first female commander-in-chief if things go her way

HILLARY’S TURN: Mrs Clinton is launching a second bid for president and would become America’s first female commander-in-chief if things go her way

PITCH: The former First Lady announced her run with a video that showed her interacting with citizens

PITCH: The former First Lady announced her run with a video that showed her interacting with citizens

DIVERSITY: The video makes a point of featuring same-sex couples, Hispanic citizens, parents and the elderly

DIVERSITY: The video makes a point of featuring same-sex couples, Hispanic citizens, parents and the elderly

SOFT LAUNCH: Hillary Clinton chief of staff John Podesta pre-empted Hillary's big moment with an email to donors saying that the former first lady was running for the White House

SOFT LAUNCH: Hillary Clinton chief of staff John Podesta pre-empted Hillary’s big moment with an email to donors saying that the former first lady was running for the White House

SECOND TIME'S THE CHARM? Hillary crashed and burned in 2008 when Barack Obama, a little-known senator, streaked past her in Iowa and never looked back

SECOND TIME’S THE CHARM? Hillary crashed and burned in 2008 when Barack Obama, a little-known senator, streaked past her in Iowa and never looked back

‘I wanted to make sure you heard it first from me — it’s official: Hillary’s running for president,’ Podesta wrote.

He said the former secretary of state ‘is hitting the road to Iowa to start talking directly with voters. There will be a formal kickoff event next month.’

‘We need to make the middle class mean something again,’ Podesta’s email closed. ‘We can do this.’

From her mother’s own childhood – in which she was abandoned by her parents – to her work going door-to-door for the Children’s Defense Fund to her battling to create the Children’s Health Insurance Program, she’s fought children and families all her career.
Clinton’s press office left an embarrassing typo in its press announcement, saying that she had ‘fought children and families all her career’

Podesta leads the Podesta Group, one of Washington’s most powerful lobbying firms. He was a senior adviser to President Barack Obama until February.

Clinton, too, is part of the upper-crust of America’s wealth pool, earning millions since she left public office.

The campaign’s internal schedule had called for a 12:00 p.m. tweet linked to a video, revealing the worst-kept secret in America to more than 3 million online followers. In reality, the big reveal was nearly two and a half hours late.

Clinton is entering the 2016 race without a splashy announcement of the kind that Republicans are staging for cheering throngs this month.

That strategy will help her skirt the kind of uncomfortable media questions that tend to dog anyone named Clinton.

There will be no press conferences, no grand speeches until at least early May, and few interviews.

Also missing: Her campaign website includes a lengthy biography but no discussion of issues, no policy platforms and no staked-out ideological territory.

Hillary for America, the official campaign organization, said in a statement that Clinton is ‘committed to spending the next 6 to 8 weeks in a “ramp up” period where her team will start to build a nation-wide grassroots organization, and she will spend her time engaging directly with voters.’

‘In May, once her supporters in all 50 states are organized for house parties or to watch over live-streams,’ the statement said, ‘Hillary will hold her first rally and deliver the speech to kick off her campaign.

In a sign of her campaign’s fundraising trajectory – her insiders are said to be eyeing a staggering $2.5 billion war chest – a political action committee called HillaryPAC had its first solicitation email out 18 minutes before the campaign’s own press release.

That announcement to reporters, perhaps finished in haste, included an embarrassing mistake in the omission of a key word.

Hillary, it said, has ‘fought children and families all her career.’

‘I’m running for President’: Hillary Clinton enters 2016 race

BAGGAGE: Mrs. Clinton's time in the Obama administration may be her albatross, including her stewardship of the State Department before, during and after the 2012 terror attacks in Benghazi, Libya 

BAGGAGE: Mrs. Clinton’s time in the Obama administration may be her albatross, including her stewardship of the State Department before, during and after the 2012 terror attacks in Benghazi, Libya

TRANSCRIPT: HILLARY’S LAUNCH VIDEO – ‘GETTING STARTED’

Most of Clinton’s video announcement is composed of hopeful stories told by ordinary Americans – exactly the image she wants to project:

WOMAN TENDING A GARDEN: ‘It’s spring, so we’re starting to get the gardens ready, and my tomatoes are legendary here in my own neighborhood.’

MOTHER #1: ‘My daughter is about to start kindergarten next year, and so we’re moving so she can belong to a better school.’

LATINO MAN: ‘My brother and I are starting our first business.’

MOTHER #2: ‘After five years of raising my children, I am now going back to work.’

YOUNG WOMAN: ‘Every day we’re trying to get more and more ready and more prepared.’

HER HUSBAND: ‘Baby boy, coming your way.’

FEMALE STUDENT: ‘Right now I’m applying for jobs. It’s a look into what the real world will look like after college.’

SAME-SEX COUPLE: ‘I’m getting married this summer to someone I really care about.’

AFRICAN-AMERICAN CHILD: ‘I’m gonna be in the play, and I’m going to be in a fish costume. [Sings] From little tiny fishes…’

OLDER WOMAN: ‘I’m getting ready to retire soon. Retirement means reinventing yourself in many ways.’

WOMAN: ‘Well, we’ve been doing a lot of home renovations.’

HER HUSBAND: ‘But most importantly, we just want to teach our dog to quit eating the trash.’

WOMAN: ‘And so we have high hopes for 2015 that that’s going to happen.’

FACTORY WORKER: ‘I’ve started a new career recently. This is a fifth generation company, which means a lot to me. This country was founded on hard work, and it really feels good to be a part of that.’

HILLARY CLINTON: ‘I’m getting ready to do something too. I’m running for president. Americans have fought their way back from tough economic times. But the deck is still stacked in favor of those at the top.

‘Everyday Americans need a champion, and I want to be that champion. So you can do more than just get by. You can get ahead, and stay ahead. Because when families are strong, America is strong.

‘So I’m hitting the road to earn your vote, because it’s your time. And I hope you’ll join me on this journey.’

Clinton, the presumptive Democratic favorite, has a storied and rocky relationship with the press, one that sometimes brings out snippiness, mistrust and a temper that her handlers are loath to provoke.

But ‘Hillary’ sports a one-name celebrity ID, like Madonna or Beyonce; she doesn’t need the TV time to build name-recognition.

Republicans were quick on the trigger with their opening salvos.

‘Americans need a president they can trust and voters do not trust Hillary Clinton,’ Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus said in a statement.

‘Over decades as a Washington insider, Clinton has left a trail of secrecy, scandal, and failed policies that can’t be erased from voters’ minds.’

‘The Clintons believe they can play by a different set of rules and think they’re above transparency, accountability, and ethics,’ Priebus said. ‘Our next president must represent a higher standard, and that is not Hillary Clinton.’

Ted Cruz, the fire-breathing Texas GOP senator who was the first major party candidate to join the race, blasted her in a Web video of his own.

‘Hillary Clinton represents the failed policies of the past,’ he said in the brief online ad, referring dismissively to the ‘Obama-Clinton foreign policy.’

‘There’s going to be a very clear choice to make in 2016. Does America want a third Obama term or are we ready for strong conservative leadership to make America great again?’

Carly Fiorina reacts to Hillary Clinton’s President announcement

Carly Fiorina reacts to Hillary…

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3035748/Everyday-Americans-need-champion-Wealthy-Hillary-Clinton-enters-race-president.html

Hillary Clinton camp announces her 2016 presidential run

With an announcement on social media, she picks up where she left off 7 years ago.

By Hillary Clinton on Sunday formally announced her second run for the White House, declaring on a new campaign website that “everyday Americans need a champion.” As part of the eagerly anticipated digital launch, Clinton debuted a slogan “New Adventures. Next Chapters.” and posted a video that hit on what are expected to be major themes of her campaign — middle-class empowerment and social equality issues.

Clinton’s camp previewed other parts of her kick-off. John Podesta, Clinton’s campaign chairman, on Sunday emailed supporters and alumni of Clinton’s 2008 presidential bid, saying that Clinton is hitting the road in Iowa to talk to voters. He also said that there will be a formal kickoff event next month.

The announcement marks an end to the first, awkward phase of Clinton’s roll-out — a non-campaign that has frustrated Democrats who were anxious for her to turn the ignition switch on a presidential run that the party is deeply invested in. “For months I’ve been getting calls from people who donate good money, asking when are we having an event, who are we writing a check to,” said Jay Jacobs, a prominent New York Democrat, and a longtime Clinton friend and fundraiser. “It’s completely topsy-turvy. The groundswell has been percolating for so long. This thing had to get going, I can’t imagine we could have waited much longer.” Clinton is the first candidate in the thin Democratic field to formally announce a 2016 run, and is unlikely to face any real challenge until the general election. Former Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley, former Virginia Sen. Jim Webb and Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders – the most likely candidates to run in a primary – would face a steep uphill climb against Clinton. Two party stalwarts who might pose a bigger threat, Vice President Joe Biden and Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren, have given few signals they are planning to enter the race. The Republican field is shaping up more quickly, with Sens. Ted Cruz and Rand Paul holding splashy events in recent weeks to declare their campaigns. Sen. Marco Rubio is due to hold his own kick-off event at the Freedom Tower in Miami on Monday evening, which threatens to be overshadowed by the intense media coverage of Hillary Clinton’s launch. For the past year, the former secretary of state has been treated like a candidate while lacking the structure around her to support one. That has led to some rusty moments as Clinton has sometimes painfully re-entered public life, outside of the State Department’s protective bubble. The missteps began on her high-profile international book tour. When pressed during an interview with Diane Sawyer last June about why she was spending her time delivering highly paid speeches, Clinton delivered a tin-eared answer: She said that she and President Bill Clinton were “dead broke” when they left the White House. Clinton — who has raked in more than $5 million on the paid speaking circuit since leaving Foggy Bottom and earned a reported $14 million advance on her latest book deal — admitted later that she regretted the comment and that it was “inartful.” But it fueled an emerging GOP storyline that she is out of touch with ordinary Americans. She was the subject of bruising headlines again last month after the New York Times reported that Clinton had relied solely on a private email server during her tenure at the State Department. Supporters were willing to give her the benefit of the doubt that she wasn’t hiding official documents. But they were less forgiving of her clunky response.

“It took eight days to provide a pretty straight forward simple answer,” said one Clinton insider, referring to her press conference at the United Nations, where she finally addressed the issue. “All of us thought, why didn’t you give that a day and a half after?”

Other Clinton backers considered the past year a useful proving ground. “She was bound to be rusty,” one insider said. “She’d been insulated and protected.” Clinton’s time on the paid speaking circuit has enabled her to hone a campaign stump speech: in recent months, she has been highlighting her decades-long record fighting for women’s rights and supporting equal pay and legislation like paid sick leave. The speeches, in controlled environments filled with supporters, have provided Clinton with the opportunity for a soft launch before entering the fray. As expected, Clinton’s formal entrance into the race immediately unleashed Republican attacks. Former Florida governor Jeb Bush, who is expected to launch his own campaign in the coming weeks, released a video Sunday morning linking Clinton to Obama’s presidency. “We must to do better than the Obama-Clinton foreign policy that has damaged relationships with our allies and emboldened our enemies,” Bush said. “Better than their failed, big-government policies that grow our debt and stand in the way of real economic growth and prosperity.” Rand Paul also jumped in, jabbing at both Clinton’s use of private email and the foreign money that has freely flowed to the Clinton Foundation. “It’s going to be hard for her to say she’s for women’s rights when she’s accepting money from sort of stone-age sort of regimes that really abuse the rights of women,” said Paul on CBS’ “Face the Nation.” She faces some skepticism from the left, too, for her perceived closeness to Wall Street and her husband’s deregulatory moves during his presidency. On Sunday, New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio, a progressive who managed Clinton’s successful 2000 Senate campaign, declined a chance to endorse her. “Like a lot of people in this country, I want to see a vision,” de Blasio said on Meet the Press. When asked if he was endorsing Clinton, he demurred: “Not until I see — and I would say this about any candidate — till I see an actual vision of where they want to go.” In assembling a campaign team and vision — for an effort many close to Clinton estimate will raise and spend $1.5-to-$2 billion — Clinton has been careful to learn from the mistakes that marred her 2008 bid against Barack Obama. In a mission statement handed out to the team Saturday, campaign manager Robby Mook outlined how important it will be for the team to operate as a unified team, and as a diverse “family.” The memo’s point was clear: Mook and senior staffers are determined to set a collaborative tone — a sharp contrast from the last campaign, when Clinton’s operation was crippled by infighting and discord among the top aides. The memo also reminded staffers of one of the campaign’s animating themes: that the election “is not about Hillary Clinton and not about us — it’s about the everyday Americans who are trying to build a better life for themselves and their families.” That point was lost during the 2008 run, which carried the scent of coronation and when even Clinton’s first official announcement had a imperious and self-centered ring to it: “I’m in, and I’m in to win.” Even as Clinton seeks a fresh start, she has many supporters who have been waiting for her to run again since the day she lost. “There are 18 million people who have been ready since June 3, 2008,” said Jeffrey Campagna, who served on Clinton’s 2008 finance committee and LGBT steering committee. The official announcement “means everybody can press send — everybody has mailing lists, everybody has social networks.” President Obama, Clinton’s one-time rival, offered support Saturday at a press conference in Panama. “She was a formidable candidate in 2008,” Obama said. “She was a great supporter of mine in the general election. She was an outstanding secretary of state. She is my friend. I think she would be an excellent president. And I’m not on the ballot. So I’m not gonna step on her lines.” He added: “The one thing I can say is she’s going to be able to handle herself very well in a conversation or debates around foreign policy. And her track record with respect to domestic policy is I think one that cares about working families.” Many of Clinton’s allies admit they would have preferred a shorter campaign, and would have liked to delay her official entry into the race for as long as possible, but they realize that has become impossible as the anticipation of her run got ahead of her. “The race has already begun, the coverage has already begun, she has to be part of the debate right now,” said New York labor leader Stuart Appelbaum, president of the Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union, a labor group that endorsed Clinton in 2008. “It’s going to be long and intense.” Clinton’s official announcement also marks the official end for Ready for Hillary, the independent super PAC that for two years has been building grassroots support for Clinton’s run. “People have wanted it to be real for two years,” said Tracy Sefl, a senior advisor to Ready for Hillary. And while some supporters have expressed skepticism in recent days about a digital launch, fearing it would do little to humanize Clinton, Sefl said she supported the approach. “There is something symbolic and also very real about going to the middle of the country to talk about the middle class and issues that people care about, which don’t have to do with Beltway/Acela corridor stuff,” she said. “She’s going to the middle of the country to talk about the middle class. It seems perfect.”

http://www.politico.com/story/2015/04/hillary-clinton-2016-election-presidential-launch-116888.html

Second shot: Hillary Clinton running again for president

By KEN THOMAS and LISA LERER Hillary Rodham Clinton jumped back into presidential politics on Sunday, announcing her much-awaited second campaign for the White House. “Everyday Americans need a champion. I want to be that champion,” she said. As she did in 2007, Clinton began her campaign for the 2016 Democratic nomination with a video. But rather than follow it with a splashy rally, she instead plans to head to the early-voting states of Iowa and New Hampshire, looking to connect with voters directly at coffee shops, day care centers and some private homes. “So I’m hitting the road to earn your vote. Because it’s your time. And I hope you’ll join me on this journey,” Clinton said at the end of a video, which features a series of men, women and children describing their aspirations. This voter-centric approach was picked with a purpose, to show that Clinton is not taking the nomination for granted. Only after about a month of such events will Clinton will give a broader speech outlining more specifics about her rationale for running. The former secretary of state, senator and first lady enters the race in a strong position to succeed her rival from the 2008 campaign, President Barack Obama. Her message will focus on strengthening economic security for the middle class and expanding opportunities for working families. The campaign is portraying her as a “tenacious fighter” who can get results and work with Congress, business and world leaders. Clinton’s strategy, described ahead of the announcement by two senior advisers who requested anonymity to discuss her plans, has parallels to the approach Obama took in 2012. He framed his re-election as a choice between Democrats focused on the middle class and Republicans who sought to protect the wealthy and return to policies that led the country into recession. Clinton will face pressure from the progressive wing of her party to adopt a more populist economic message focused on income inequality. Some liberals remain skeptical of Clinton’s close ties to Wall Street donors and the centrist economic policies of her husband’s administration. They have urged her to back tougher financial regulations and tax increases on the wealthy. “It would do her well electorally to be firmly on the side of average working people who are working harder than ever and still not getting ahead,” said economist Robert Reich, a former labor secretary during the Clinton administration who has known Hillary Clinton for nearly five decades.

The GOP did not wait for her announcement to begin their campaign against her. The party’s chairman, Reince Priebus, has outlined plans for a broad effort to try to undermine her record as secretary of state while arguing that her election would be like giving Obama a “third term.” Republicans have jumped on Clinton’s use of a personal email account and server while she was secretary of state, as well as her handling of the 2012 terrorist attack in Benghazi, Libya. Former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush, in his own online video, said Sunday: “We must do better than the Obama-Clinton foreign policy that has damaged relationships with our allies and emboldened our enemies.” Kentucky Sen. Rand Paul, who launched his presidential campaign last week, also pointed to the Clinton family’s foundation, which has drawn criticism from Republicans for raising money from foreign governments. Paul said it was hypocritical for the foundation to accept money from Saudi Arabia, which places public restrictions on the movement and activity of women, while Clinton carries forward with her long-standing effort to improve in women’s rights. “I would expect Hillary Clinton if she believes in women’s rights, she should be calling for a boycott of Saudi Arabia,” Paul said on NBC’s “Meet the Press.” “Instead, she’s accepting tens of millions of dollars.” Clinton is the first Democrat to get into the race, but there are some lower-profile Democrats considering challenging her, including former Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley, former Virginia Sen. Jim Webb and former Rhode Island Gov. Lincoln Chafee. The party’s nominee will have to overcome history to win election. In the last half-century, the same party has held the White House for three consecutive terms only once, during the administrations of Republicans Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush. http://apnews.myway.com/article/20150412/us–dem_2016-clinton-26aa04a860.html The 2016 campaign is likely to be the most expensive in history, with total spending on both sides expected to well exceed the $1 billion spent four years ago. This weekend, Clinton campaign fundraisers escalated their outreach to Democratic donors, who largely back her bid, with a flurry of phone calls urging them to donate as soon as possible. Clinton’s formal entrance into the race also triggered the start of more aggressive fundraising by Democratic outside super political action committees such as Priorities USA Action that have been reorganized to promote her campaign. http://apnews.myway.com/article/20150412/us–dem_2016-clinton-26aa04a860.html

Grandmama Mia!

WHEN my brother Michael was a Senate page, he delivered mail to John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon, who had offices across the hall from each other.

He recalled that Kennedy never looked up or acknowledged his presence, but Nixon would greet him with a huge smile. “Hi, Mike,” he’d say. “How are you doing? How’s the family?”

It seemed a bit counterintuitive, especially since my dad, a D.C. police inspector in charge of Senate security, was a huge Kennedy booster. (The two prominent pictures in our house were of the Mona Lisa and J.F.K.) But after puzzling over it, I finally decided that J.F.K. had the sort of magnetism that could ensorcell big crowds, so he did not need to squander it on mail boys. Nixon, on the other hand, lacked large-scale magnetism, so he needed to work hard to charm people one by one, even mail boys.

Hillary Clinton has always tried to be more like the Democratic president she lived with in the White House, to figure out how he spins the magic. “I never realized how good Bill was at this until I tried to do it,” she once told her adviser, Harold Ickes. But she ends up being compared with the Republican president she investigated as a young lawyer for the House Judiciary’s Watergate investigation.

Her paranoia, secrecy, scandals and disappearing act with emails from her time as secretary of state have inspired a cascade of comparisons with Nixon.

Pat Buchanan, a former Nixon adviser, bluntly told Jason Zengerle recentlyin New York magazine: “She reminds me of Nixon,” another pol who’s more comfortable behind the scenes than grinding it out in the arena.

As Hillary finally admits the axiomatic — she wants to be president — she will take the Nixon approach, trying to charm people one by one in the early states for 2016, an acknowledgement that she cannot emulate the wholesale allure of Bill Clinton or Barack Obama.

That reality hit her in 2008, when throngs waited hours to get in to hear The One. “Enough with the speeches and the big rallies,” a frustrated Hillary cried out to a Cincinnati crowd.

She wants to avoid the coronation vibe this time, a member of her orbit told Politico’s Glenn Thrush, even though Martin O’Malley, a potential rival, objected that “the presidency of the United States is not some crown to be passed between two families” and The Onion reported her campaign slogan is “I deserve this.”

Hillary’s team plans to schedule low-key events where she can mingle with actual voters. “I think it’s important, and Hillary does, too, that she go out there as if she’s never run for anything before and establish her connection with the voters,” Bill Clinton told Town & Country for a cover story.

The Big Dog, who got off his leash last time in South Carolina, said he will start small as well, noting: “My role should primarily be as a backstage adviser to her until we get much, much closer to the election.”

Democratic strategists and advisers told The Washington Post’s Anne Gearan and Dan Balz that “the go-slow, go-small strategy” plays to her strengths, “allowing her to meet voters in intimate settings where her humor, humility and policy expertise can show through.”

As the old maxim goes, if you can fake humility, you’ve got it made. Butseeing Rahm and Hillary do it in the same season might be too much to take.

President Obama has said: “If she’s her wonderful self, I’m sure she’s going to do great.” But which self is that?

Instead of a chilly, scripted, entitled policy wonk, as in 2008, Hillary plans to be a warm, spontaneous, scrappy fighter for average Americans. Instead of a woman campaigning like a man, as in 2008, she will try to stir crowds with the idea of being the first woman president. Instead of haughtily blowing off the press, as in 2008, she will make an effort to play nice.

SECOND SHOT: HILLARY CLINTON RUNNING AGAIN FOR PRESIDENT

Hillary Rodham Clinton jumped back into presidential politics on Sunday, announcing her much-awaited second campaign for the White House. “Everyday Americans need a champion. I want to be that champion,” she said.

As she did in 2007, Clinton began her campaign for the 2016 Democratic nomination with a video. But rather than follow it with a splashy rally, she instead plans to head to the early-voting states of Iowa and New Hampshire, looking to connect with voters directly at coffee shops, day care centers and some private homes.

“So I’m hitting the road to earn your vote. Because it’s your time. And I hope you’ll join me on this journey,” Clinton said at the end of a video, which features a series of men, women and children describing their aspirations.

This voter-centric approach was picked with a purpose, to show that Clinton is not taking the nomination for granted. Only after about a month of such events will Clinton will give a broader speech outlining more specifics about her rationale for running.

The former secretary of state, senator and first lady enters the race in a strong position to succeed her rival from the 2008 campaign, President Barack Obama.

Her message will focus on strengthening economic security for the middle class and expanding opportunities for working families. The campaign is portraying her as a “tenacious fighter” who can get results and work with Congress, business and world leaders.

“Americans have fought their way back from tough economic times. But the deck is still stacked in favor of those at the top. Everyday Americans need a champion and I want to be that champion,” she said in the video.

“So you can do more than just get by. You can get ahead and stay ahead. Because when families are strong, America is strong.”

Clinton’s strategy, described ahead of the announcement by two senior advisers who requested anonymity to discuss her plans, has parallels to Obama’s approach in 2012. He framed his re-election as a choice between Democrats focused on the middle class and Republicans who sought to protect the wealthy and return to policies that led the country into recession.

Clinton will face pressure from the progressive wing of her party to adopt a more populist economic message focused on income inequality. Some liberals remain skeptical of Clinton’s close ties to Wall Street donors and the centrist economic policies of her husband’s administration. They have urged her to back tougher financial regulations and tax increases on the wealthy.

“It would do her well electorally to be firmly on the side of average working people who are working harder than ever and still not getting ahead,” said economist Robert Reich, a former labor secretary during the Clinton administration who has known Hillary Clinton for nearly five decades.

The GOP did not wait for her announcement to begin their campaign against her. The party’s chairman, Reince Priebus, has outlined plans for a broad effort to try to undermine her record as secretary of state while arguing that her election would be like giving Obama a “third term.”

Republicans have jumped on Clinton’s use of a personal email account and server while she was secretary of state, as well as her handling of the 2012 terrorist attack in Benghazi, Libya.

Former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush, in his own online video, said Sunday: “We must do better than the Obama-Clinton foreign policy that has damaged relationships with our allies and emboldened our enemies.”

Kentucky Sen. Rand Paul, who launched his presidential campaign last week, also pointed to the Clinton family’s foundation, which has drawn criticism from Republicans for raising money from foreign governments.

Paul said it was hypocritical for the foundation to accept money from Saudi Arabia, which places public restrictions on the movement and activity of women, while Clinton carries forward with her long-standing effort to improve in women’s rights.

“I would expect Hillary Clinton if she believes in women’s rights, she should be calling for a boycott of Saudi Arabia,” Paul said on NBC’s “Meet the Press.” `’Instead, she’s accepting tens of millions of dollars.”

Clinton is the first Democrat to get into the race, but there are some lower-profile Democrats considering challenging her, including former Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley, former Virginia Sen. Jim Webb and former Rhode Island Gov. Lincoln Chafee.

The party’s nominee will have to overcome history to win election. In the last half-century, the same party has held the White House for three consecutive terms only once, during the administrations of Republicans Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush.

The 2016 campaign is likely to be the most expensive in history, with total spending on both sides expected to well exceed the $1 billion spent four years ago. This weekend, Clinton campaign fundraisers escalated their outreach to Democratic donors, who largely back her bid, with a flurry of phone calls urging them to donate as soon as possible.

Clinton’s formal entrance into the race also triggered the start of more aggressive fundraising by Democratic outside super political action committees such as Priorities USA Action that have been reorganized to promote her campaign.

http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/U/US_DEM_2016_CLINTON?SITE=AP&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT&CTIME=2015-04-12-10-39-06

Five Reasons Why Hillary Wins in 2016

by MYRA ADAMS

Many voters will hold their noses but still pull the lever for Clinton. As Hillary Clinton famously said, “What difference at this point does it make?”

The difference is that half of Americans believe the other half are insane if they vote the Clintons back into the White House. The sane voters know that Hillary Clinton is not trustworthy and represents all that is wrong with Washington.

We know that she carries more baggage than an airport luggage carousel. Hillary is a 20th-century politician, and as of yesterday her lame new 21st-century video message is, “I’m hitting the road to earn your vote because it’s your time, and I hope you’ll join me on this journey.” (Perhaps instead she should run for president of Greyhound?)

Even our Democratic friends cannot name a single real accomplishment by Hillary Clinton.

We all know that if she were a man, she would be long past her political expiration date. But despite all that (topped off by her botched announcement), here are five reasons why Hillary Clinton is likely to be elected the 45th president of the United States. Any one of these five factors gives her a huge advantage over whoever the Republican nominee may be, and, taken together, they make her victory almost inevitable (barring some major campaign catastrophe).

First Female President Hillary’s official announcement video was devoid of a clear campaign message — but does she really need one other than, “It’s time for a woman president”?

Running as a historic candidate will be her default position — with her mantra being that “It’s time,” rather than that it’s her time. And she will downplay, of course, the fact that her last attempt was hijacked by the first African-American nominee. Writing as a Republican baby-boomer woman, I cannot emphasize enough how emotionally rewarding it would be for Democratic and Independent baby-boomer women to elect the first female president.

Older women feel this way too — my 89-year-old mother in her nursing home recently spoke these exact words: “It’s time for a woman president.” And those raised on girl power — women aged 50 and younger, who twice helped elect President Obama — are the most rah-rah for “It’s time.” For the record, in 2012 53 percent of all voters were women. In that election, President Obama won this group by an 11-point margin — 55 to 44 percent — over GOP nominee Mitt Romney. Hillary is banking on surpassing those numbers just by having her name on the ballot. Therefore, any Republican pundit or pollster who downplays the true meaning and potential of Hillary’s historic candidacy is being untruthful, or has his head in the sand. The Electoral College Is the GOP’s Worst Enemy Our constitutionally mandated Electoral College has evolved to a point where it is slanted in favor of the Democratic party’s nominee. If Hillary is indeed the 2016 Democratic nominee, all she has to do to win the necessary 270 electoral votes is sustain the historic equation outlined in my November National Review piece “Breaking the Blue Barrier.”

That equation is: 1992 + 1988 + Florida = a Democrat in the White House. That first number represents the ten states with a total of 152 electoral votes that have been won by every Democratic presidential nominee since 1992.

The second number represents the nine states with a total of 90 electoral votes that have been won by every Democratic presidential nominee since 1988. Together, those states command 242 electoral votes.

Thus, if Hillary follows the Electoral College precedent that has held since 1992 and also wins Florida, with its 29 electoral votes (or any combination of states yielding 28 votes), Bill Clinton would be elected First Dude. (Mothers, hide your daughters!) Florida, need I remind you, was won by Obama, though by small margins, in both 2008 and 2012, ensuring that in 2016 Mrs. Clinton will become a de facto resident of the Sunshine State. Obama’s Third Term

There has been much talk about Hillary either winning or losing Obama’s “third term.” My theory is that she will find a way to take only what she needs and jettison the rest. And what she needs is Obama’s winning voter coalition of women, African-Americans, Hispanics, Asians, voters aged 18 to 44, voters with incomes under $50,000, and those belonging to a union. It is no coincidence that Hillary’s high command is stacked with seasoned veterans from Obama’s two campaigns who are adept at delivering these voter groups.

Additionally, the CEO of Hillary 2016 is John Podesta, who was President Bill Clinton’s chief of staff, and who was “counselor to the president” in Obama’s White House until he stepped down in February. Podesta, known as one of Washington’s fiercest political operators, was also the mastermind behind Obama’s excessive use of executive orders. Now, Republicans, get ready for some astounding news: President Obama’s current job approval rating stands at 45.3 percent, with a 50.3 percent disapproval rating, according to Real Clear Politics.

These are highly respectable approval numbers for a seventh presidential year, which explains the following paragraph from yesterday’s New York Times: “Mrs. Clinton and her team have decided that, on balance, the risk of lining up near Mr. Obama’s record is worth taking.

Rather than run from Mr. Obama, she intends to turn to him as one of her campaign’s most important allies and advocates — second only, perhaps, to her husband, the other president whose record will hover over her bid.” This brings us to Hillary’s advantage number four: Bill Clinton’s Third Term Revolting as that sounds to Republican ears, here is a Washington Post headline from March 13: “Bill Clinton is incredibly popular. How much will that help Hillary’s 2016 campaign?”

The piece reported: “Bill Clinton is almost certainly the most popular person in American politics. A new NBC-Wall Street Journal poll showed that 56 percent of people have a positive view of the former president while just 26 percent hold a negative one.”

The article continues, referring to Bill Clinton: “‘The campaigner in chief is always more an asset than anything,’ said Jef Pollock, a New York–based Democratic pollster. ‘He’s good for money, he’s good for strategy, and he’s good for turnout. That’s the holy trinity of good campaigning.’”

Therefore, Hillary will have the unusual advantage of running for both Bill Clinton’s and Barack Obama’s “third term.” Watch her switch back and forth between the achievements (real or imagined) of the former and current presidents whenever it makes good political sense.

In turn, the 42nd and 44th presidents will each campaign and fundraise for Hillary in places and to groups where they are most popular. You can just hear each of them say, “A vote for Hillary is a vote for me,” and the crowd will go wild. Republicans and the General-Election Curse In five out of the past six presidential elections, starting with 1992, Republicans have lost the popular vote.

The key for a 2016 GOP victory will be to nominate a candidate who can attract a winning coalition of voter groups beyond those won by Mitt Romney in 2012.

Here are the groups won by Romney over Obama:

• Whites: 59 to 39 percent • Men: 52 to 45 percent

• Voters aged 45 to 64: 51 to 47 percent • Voters aged 65 and over: 56 to 44 percent

• College graduates: 51 to 47 percent (interestingly, Romney lost postgraduate-educated voters to Obama 42 to 55 percent)

• Voters with incomes between $50,000 and $90,000: 52 to 46 percent.

• Voters with incomes of $100,000 and over: 54 to 44 percent. MORE HILLARY CLINTON ON THE ROAD WITH HILLARY CLINTON SNL’S HILLARY ANNOUNCEMENT VIDEO SPOOF INCLUDED A BILL CAMEO HOW TO DEFEAT HILLARY

The trouble is that older, whiter, richer male college graduates — the kind of voters who show up for midterm elections and vote Republican — are overwhelmed by the sheer number of female, younger, poorer, less educated, and less white voters who tend to flood the polls in presidential-election years.

And, as I mentioned earlier, Clinton will target these same voter groups as she tries to assemble the coalition that gave Obama his two victories.

Finally, anything can happen, and much will, between now and November 8, 2016. However, these five factors will likely form the foundation of Hillary Clinton’s victory (even though many of her voters will be holding their noses). In addition, many low-information voters will pull the Clinton lever because they have been led to believe that a Republican alternative is far more dangerous than letting Bill and Hill back in the White House.

Now, friends, please don’t shoot the messenger. Just tell me why I am wrong.

http://www.nationalreview.com/article/416867/five-reasons-why-hillary-wins-2016-myra-adams

The Pronk Pops Show Podcasts Portfolio

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Snippers — Videos

Posted on January 28, 2015. Filed under: American History, Blogroll, Communications, Culture, Documentary, Entertainment, Films, Foreign Policy, government, government spending, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Movies, People, Philosophy, Photos, Politics, Rifles, Television, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom, Writing | Tags: , , , , |

Sniper: Inside The Crosshairs (Full Documentary)

Stalingrad Snipers 2011 English full movie

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Niall Ferguson — The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of The World, Financial Crisis, Empire, Descent of Money and Beyond The War of The World — Videos

Posted on December 24, 2014. Filed under: American History, Banking, Blogroll, Books, College, Communications, Computers, Corruption, Crisis, Documentary, Education, Employment, Federal Government, Federal Government Budget, Fiscal Policy, Freedom, government, government spending, history, History of Economic Thought, Law, liberty, Life, Links, Macroeconomics, media, Microeconomics, Monetary Policy, Money, Money, People, Philosophy, Photos, Politics, Psychology, Rants, Raves, Tax Policy, Technology, Video, War, Wealth, Welfare, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

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Conversations with History: Niall Ferguson

war of the world

The War of the World — Episode 1

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Niall Ferguson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Not to be confused with Niels Ferguson.
Niall Ferguson
Born Niall Campbell Douglas Ferguson
18 April 1964 (age 50)
Glasgow, Scotland
Nationality British
Fields International history, economic history, American and British imperial history
Institutions Harvard University
Stanford
New York University
New College of the Humanities
Jesus College, Oxford
Alma mater Magdalen College, Oxford
Known for Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World
Influences Thomas Hobbes, Norman Stone,A. J. P. Taylor, Kenneth Clark,Adam Smith, Friedrich Hayek,Milton Friedman, John Maynard Keynes, David Landes
Spouse Sue Douglas (1987–2011)
Ayaan Hirsi Ali (2011–present)

Niall Campbell Douglas Ferguson (/ˈnl ˈfɜr.ɡə.sən/; born 18 April 1964)[1] is a Scottish historian. He is the Laurence A. Tisch Professor of History at Harvard University. He is also a Senior Research Fellow of Jesus College, University of Oxford, a Senior Fellow of the Hoover Institution, Stanford University and visiting professor at the New College of the Humanities. His specialties are international history, economic history, particularly hyperinflation and the bond markets, and British and Americanimperialism.[2] He is known for his provocative, contrarian views.[3]

Ferguson’s books include Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World, The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World and Civilization: The West and the Rest, all of which he has presented as Channel 4 television series.

In 2004, he was named as one of the 100 most influential people in the world by Time magazine. Since 2011,[dated info] he has been a contributing editor for Bloomberg Television[4][5] and a columnist for Newsweek.

Ferguson was an advisor to John McCain’s U.S. presidential campaign in 2008, and announced his support for Mitt Romney in 2012 and has been a vocal critic of Barack Obama.[6][7]

Early life

Ferguson was born in Glasgow, Scotland, on 18 April 1964. His father was a doctor and his mother a physics teacher.[8][9] He attended The Glasgow Academy.[10] He was brought up as, and remains, an atheist.[11]

Ferguson cites his father as instilling in him a strong sense of self-discipline and of the moral value of work, while his mother encouraged his creative side.[12] His journalist maternal grandfather encouraged him to write.[12] Unable to decide on studying an English or a history degree at university, Ferguson cites his reading of War and Peace as persuading him towards history.[9]

University of Oxford

Ferguson received a Demyship (half-scholarship) at Magdalen College, Oxford.[13] While there he wrote the 90 minute student film ‘The Labours of Hercules Sprote’ and became best friends with Andrew Sullivan, based on a shared affinity for right-wing politics and punk music.[14] He had become a Thatcherite by 1982, identifying the position with “the Sex Pistols‘ position in 1977: it was a rebellion against the stuffy corporatism of the 70s.”[9] While at university “He was very much a Scot on the make … Niall was a witty, belligerent bloke who seemed to have come from an entirely different planet,” according to Simon Winder.[14]Ferguson has stated that “I was surrounded by insufferable Etonians with fake Cockney accents who imagined themselves to be working-class heroes in solidarity with the striking miners. It wasn’t long before it became clear that the really funny and interesting people on campus were Thatcherites.”[14]

He graduated with a first-class honours degree in history in 1985.[13] He received his D.Phil from Magdalen College in 1989, and his dissertation was entitled “Business and Politics in the German Inflation: Hamburg 1914–1924”.[15]

Career

Academic career

Ferguson is a Senior Research Fellow of Jesus College, University of Oxford, and a Senior Fellow of the Hoover Institution, Stanford University. He is a resident faculty member of the Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies, and an advisory fellow of the Barsanti Military History Center at the University of North Texas.

In May 2010, he announced that the Education Secretary Michael Gove in the UK’s Conservative/Lib Dem government had invited him to advise on the development of a new history syllabus—”history as a connected narrative”—for schools in England and Wales.[17][18] In June 2011, he joined other academics to set up the New College of the Humanities, a private college in London.[19]

Fellow academics have questioned Ferguson’s commitment to scholarship. Benjamin Wallace-Wells, an editor of The Washington Monthly, comments that

The House of Rothschild remains Ferguson’s only major work to have received prizes and wide acclaim from other historians. Research restrains sweeping, absolute claims: Rothschild is the last book Ferguson wrote for which he did original archival work, and his detailed knowledge of his subject meant that his arguments for it couldn’t be too grand.”[20]

John Lewis Gaddis, a Cold War era historian, characterised Ferguson as having unrivaled “range, productivity and visibility” at the same time as criticising his work as being “unpersuasive”. Gaddis goes on to state that “several of Ferguson’s claims, moreover, are contradictory”.[21]

Marxist historian Eric Hobsbawm has praised Ferguson as an excellent historian.[22] However, he has also criticised Ferguson, saying, on the BBC Radio programme Start the Week, that he was a “nostalgist for empire”.[23] Ferguson responded to the above criticisms in a Washington Post “Live Discussions” online forum in 2006.[24] [clarification needed]

Business career

In 2007, Ferguson was appointed as an investment management consultant by GLG Partners, focusing on geopolitical risk as well as current structural issues in economic behaviour relating to investment decisions.[25] GLG is a UK-based hedge fund management firm headed by Noam Gottesman.[26]

Career as commentator

In October 2007, Ferguson left The Sunday Telegraph to join the Financial Times where he was a contributing editor.[27][28] He also writes for Newsweek.[17]

Ferguson has often described the European Union as a disaster waiting to happen,[29] and has criticised President Vladimir Putin of Russia for authoritarianism. In Ferguson’s view, certain of Putin’s policies, if they continue, may stand to lead Russia to catastrophes equivalent to those that befell Germany during the Nazi era.[30]

Books

The Cash Nexus

In his 2001 book, The Cash Nexus, which he wrote following a year as Houblon-Norman Fellow at the Bank of England,[28] Ferguson argues that the popular saying, “money makes the world go ’round”, is wrong; instead he presented a case for human actions in history motivated by far more than just economic concerns.

Colossus and Empire

In his books Colossus and Empire, Ferguson presents a reinterpretation of the history of the British Empire and in conclusion proposes that the modern policies of the United Kingdom and the United States, in taking a more active role in resolving conflict arising from the failure of states, are analogous to the ‘Anglicization’ policies adopted by the British Empire throughout the 19th century.[31][32] In Colossus, Ferguson explores the United States’ hegemony in foreign affairs and its future role in the world.[33][34]

War of the World

The War of the World, published in 2006, had been ten years in the making and is a comprehensive analysis of the savagery of the 20th century. Ferguson shows how a combination of economic volatility, decaying empires, psychopathic dictators, and racially/ethnically motivated (and institutionalised) violence resulted in the wars and the genocides of what he calls “History’s Age of Hatred”. The New York Times Book Reviewnamed War of the World one of the 100 Notable Books of the Year in 2006, while the International Herald Tribune called it “one of the most intriguing attempts by an historian to explain man’s inhumanity to man“.[35]Ferguson addresses the paradox that, though the 20th century was “so bloody”, it was also “a time of unparalleled [economic] progress”. As with his earlier work Empire,[36] War of the World was accompanied by aChannel 4 television series presented by Ferguson.[37]

The Ascent of Money

Published in 2008, The Ascent of Money examines the long history of money, credit, and banking. In it he predicts a financial crisis as a result of the world economy and in particular the United States using too much credit. Specifically he cites the ChinaAmerica dynamic which he refers to as Chimerica where an Asian “savings glut” helped create the subprime mortgage crisis with an influx of easy money.[38] While researching this book, in early 2007, he attended a conference in Las Vegas where a hedge fund manager stated there would never be another recession, Ferguson stood up and challenged him on it. Later the 2 agreed a 7 to 1 bet, that there would be another recession, for $14,000, with Ferguson paying that amount if he lost and winning $98,000. “I said, ‘Never is a very bad timeframe,'” Ferguson said. “‘Let’s say five years.'” Ferguson collected his winnings as he knew having researched the book and written several papers on economics in history, so knew another recession would definitely occur and with this bet placed a timeline of it occurring before 2012.[39]

Civilization

Published in 2011, Civilization: The West and the Rest examines what Ferguson calls the most “interesting question” of our day: “Why, beginning around 1500, did a few small polities on the western end of the Eurasian landmass come to dominate the rest of the world?” He attributes this divergence to the West’s development of six “killer apps” largely missing elsewhere in the world – “competition, science, the rule of law, medicine, consumerism and the work ethic”.[17] A related documentary Civilization: Is the West History? was broadcast as a six-part series on Channel 4 in March and April 2011.[40]

Opinions and research

World War I

In 1998, Ferguson published the critically acclaimed The Pity of War: Explaining World War One, which with the help of research assistants he was able to write in just five months.[13][14] This is an analytic account of what Ferguson considered to be the ten great myths of the Great War. The book generated much controversy, particularly Ferguson’s suggestion that it might have proved more beneficial for Europe if Britain had stayed out of the First World War in 1914, thereby allowing Germany to win.[41] Ferguson has argued that the British decision to intervene was what stopped a German victory in 1914–15. Furthermore, Ferguson expressed disagreement with the Sonderweg interpretation of German history championed by some German historians such as Fritz Fischer, Hans-Ulrich Wehler, Hans Mommsen and Wolfgang Mommsen, who argued that the German Empire deliberately started an aggressive war in 1914. Likewise, Ferguson has often attacked the work of the German historian Michael Stürmer, who argued that it was Germany’s geographical situation in Central Europe that determined the course of German history.

On the contrary, Ferguson maintained that Germany waged a preventive war in 1914, a war largely forced on the Germans by reckless and irresponsible British diplomacy. In particular, Ferguson accused the British Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey of maintaining an ambiguous attitude to the question of whether Britain would enter the war or not, and thus confusing Berlin over just what was the British attitude towards the question of intervention in the war.[42] Ferguson accused London of unnecessarily allowing a regional war in Europe to escalate into a world war. Moreover, Ferguson denied that the origins of National Socialismcould be traced back to Imperial Germany; instead Ferguson asserted the origins of Nazism could only be traced back to the First World War and its aftermath.

Ferguson attacked a number of ideas which he called “myths” in the book. They are listed here, (with his counter-arguments in parentheses):

  • Germany was a highly militarist country before 1914. (Ferguson argued that Germany was Europe’s most anti-militarist country when compared to countries like Britain and France.)[43]
  • The naval threat posed by Germany drove Britain into an informal alliance with France and Russia before 1914. (Ferguson argues that the British decided to align themselves with Russia and France seeing them as more influential and powerful than Germany.)[44]
  • British policy was due to a legitimate fear of Germany. (Ferguson shows how Germany posed no significant threat to Britain and British fears were driven by propaganda and economic self interest.)[45]
  • The pre-1914 arms race was consuming increasingly larger portions of national budgets at an unsustainable rate. (Ferguson demonstrates using actual budget information of the European powers that the only limitations on more military spending before 1914 were political, not economic.)[46]
  • That World War I was an act of aggression on the part of Germany that provoked the British to stop Germany from conquering Europe. (Ferguson infers that if Germany had been victorious over France and Russia, something like the European Union would have been created in 1914. It would have been for the best if Britain had chosen to opt out of war in 1914, as Germany just wanted its “place in the sun.”)[47]
  • Most people were enthusiastic when the war started in 1914. (Ferguson claims that most Europeans were saddened by the start of war, especially when it dragged on long after it was supposed to end.)[48]
  • That propaganda was successful in making men wish to fight. (Ferguson states that propaganda was not nearly as effective as most experts argue.)[49]
  • The Allies utilized their economic resources to the fullest. (Ferguson argues that the allies made poor use of their vast economic resources such as those coming from their colonies as well as corruption in the war time governments. France and Britain both possessed huge colonial possessions that offered a plethora of resources as well as man power.)[50]
  • That the British and the French possessed better armies than the central powers. (Ferguson claims that the German Army was superior, with better equipment and leadership.)[51]
  • The Allies were better at killing Germans throughout the war. (Ferguson statistically shows that the Germans were actually far superior in exacting casualties than the Allies, this is due to German strategy and use of poison gas.)[52]
  • The majority of soldiers hated fighting in the war due to intolerable conditions. (Ferguson asserts that most soldiers fought due to nationalism and a sense of duty.)[53]
  • The British treated German prisoners more humanely than the Germans did. (Ferguson cites numerous occasions in which British officers ordered the killing of German prisoners of war.)[54]
  • Germany was faced with reparations that could not be paid except at the expense of the German economy. (Ferguson attempts to prove that Germany could have paid reparations if they had been willing.)[55]

Another controversial aspect of The Pity of War is Ferguson’s use of counterfactual history also known as “speculative” or “hypothetical” history. In the book, Ferguson presents a hypothetical version of Europe being, under Imperial German domination, a peaceful, prosperous, democratic continent, without ideologies like communism or fascism.[56] In Ferguson’s view, had Germany won World War I, then the lives of millions would have been saved, something like the European Union would have been founded in 1914, and Britain would have remained an empire as well as the world’s dominant financial power.[56]

Rothschilds

Ferguson wrote two volumes about the prominent Rothschild family:

  • The House of Rothschild: Volume 1: Money’s Prophets: 1798–1848[57]
  • The House of Rothschild: Volume 2: The World’s Banker: 1849–1999[58]

The books won the Wadsworth Prize for Business History and were also short-listed for the Jewish Quarterly-Wingate Literary Award and the American National Jewish Book Award.[28]

Counterfactual history

Ferguson sometimes champions counterfactual history, also known as “speculative” or “hypothetical” history, and edited a collection of essays, titled Virtual History: Alternatives and Counterfactuals (1997), exploring the subject.

Ferguson likes to imagine alternative outcomes as a way of stressing the contingent aspects of history. For Ferguson, great forces don’t make history; individuals do, and nothing is predetermined. Thus, for Ferguson, there are no paths in history that will determine how things will work out. The world is neither progressing nor regressing; only the actions of individuals determine whether we will live in a better or worse world.

His championing of the method has been controversial within the field.[59]

In a 2011 review of Ferguson’s book Civilization: The West and the Rest, Noel Malcolm (Senior Research Fellow in History at All Souls College at Oxford University) stated that: “Students may find this an intriguing introduction to a wide range of human history; but they will get an odd idea of how historical argument is to be conducted, if they learn it from this book.”[60]

Henry Kissinger

In 2003, former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger provided Ferguson with access to his White House diaries, letters, and archives for what Ferguson calls a “warts-and-all biography” of Kissinger.[61]

Colonialism

Ferguson is critical of what he calls the “self-flagellation” that he says characterises modern European thought.

“The moral simplification urge is an extraordinarily powerful one, especially in this country, where imperial guilt can lead to self-flagellation,” he told a reporter. “And it leads to very simplistic judgments. The rulers of western Africa prior to the European empires were not running some kind of scout camp. They were engaged in the slave trade. They showed zero sign of developing the country’s economic resources. Did Senegal ultimately benefit from French rule? Yes, it’s clear. And the counterfactual idea that somehow the indigenous rulers would have been more successful in economic development doesn’t have any credibility at all.”[17]

Richard Drayton, Rhodes Professor of Imperial History at the University of London, has stated that it is correct to associate “Ferguson with an attempt to ‘rehabilitate empire’ in the service of contemporary great power interests”.[62]

Bernard Porter attacked Empire in The London Review of Books as a “panegyric to British colonialism”.[63] Ferguson in response to this drew Porter’s attention to the conclusion of the book, where he writes: “No one would claim that the record of the British Empire was unblemished. On the contrary, I have tried to show how often it failed to live up to its own ideal of individual liberty, particularly in the early era of enslavement, transportation and the ‘ethnic cleansing’ of indigenous peoples.” Ferguson argues however that the British Empire was preferable to the alternatives:

‘The 19th-century empire undeniably pioneered free trade, free capital movements and, with the abolition of slavery, free labour. It invested immense sums in developing a global network of modern communications. It spread and enforced the rule of law over vast areas. Though it fought many small wars, the empire maintained a global peace unmatched before or since. In the 20th century too the empire more than justified its own existence. For the alternatives to British rule represented by the German and Japanese empires were clearly – and they admitted it themselves – far worse. And without its empire, it is inconceivable that Britain could have withstood them.’[63]

Exchange with Pankaj Mishra

In November 2011 Pankaj Mishra reviewed Civilisation: The West and the Rest unfavourably in the London Review of Books.[64] Ferguson demanded an apology and threatened to sue Mishra on charges of libel due to allegations of racism.[65]

Islam and “Eurabia”

Matthew Carr wrote in Race & Class that

“Niall Ferguson, the conservative English [sic] historian and enthusiastic advocate of a new American empire, has also embraced the Eurabian idea in a widely reproduced article entitled ‘Eurabia?’,”[66]

in which he laments the ‘de-Christianization of Europe’ and its culture of secularism that leaves the continent ‘weak in the face of fanaticism’.” Carr adds that

“Ferguson sees the recent establishment of a department of Islamic studies in his Oxford college as another symptom of ‘the creeping Islamicization of a decadent Christendom”,

and that in a 2004 lecture at the American Enterprise Institute entitled ‘The End of Europe?’,[67]

“Ferguson struck a similarly Spenglerian note, conjuring the term ‘impire’ to depict a process in which a ‘political entity, instead of expanding outwards towards its periphery, exporting power, implodes – when the energies come from outside into that entity’. In Ferguson’s opinion, this process was already under way in a decadent ‘post-Christian’ Europe that was drifting inexorably towards the dark denouement of a vanquished civilisation and the fatal embrace of Islam.”[68]

Iraq War

Ferguson supported the 2003 Iraq War, and he is on record as not necessarily opposed to future western incursions around the world.

“It’s all very well for us to sit here in the West with our high incomes and cushy lives, and say it’s immoral to violate the sovereignty of another state. But if the effect of that is to bring people in that country economic and political freedom, to raise their standard of living, to increase their life expectancy, then don’t rule it out”.[17]

Economic policy

In its 15 August 2005 edition, The New Republic published “The New New Deal”, an essay by Ferguson and Laurence J. Kotlikoff, a professor of economics at Boston University. The two scholars called for the following changes to the American government’s fiscal and income security policies:

  • Replacing the personal income tax, corporate income tax, Federal Insurance Contributions Act tax (FICA), estate tax, and gift tax with a 33% Federal Retail Sales Tax (FRST), plus a monthly rebate, amounting to the amount of FRST that a household with similar demographics would pay if its income were at the poverty line. See also: FairTax
  • Replacing the old age benefits paid under Social Security with a Personal Security System, consisting of private retirement accounts for all citizens, plus a government benefit payable to those whose savings were insufficient to afford a minimum retirement income
  • Replacing Medicare and Medicaid with a Medical Security System that would provide health insurance vouchers to all citizens, the value of which would be determined by one’s health
  • Cutting federal discretionary spending by 20%

In November 2012, Ferguson stated in a video with CNN that the U.S. has enough energy resources to move towards energy independence and could possibly enter a new economic golden age due to the related socio-economic growth—coming out of the post-world economic recession doldrums.[69]

Ferguson was an attendee of the 2012 Bilderberg Group meeting, where he was a speaker on economic policy.[70]

Exchanges with Paul Krugman

In May 2009, Ferguson became involved in a high-profile exchange of views with economist Paul Krugman (2008 Nobel Laureate in Economics) arising out of a panel discussion hosted by PEN/New York Review on 30 April 2009, regarding the U.S. economy. Ferguson contended that the Obama administration’s policies are simultaneously Keynesian and monetarist, in an “incoherent” mix, and specifically claimed that the government’s issuance of a multitude of new bonds would cause an increase in interest rates.[71]

Krugman argued that Ferguson’s view is “resurrecting 75-year old fallacies” and full of “basic errors”. He also stated that Ferguson is a “poseur” who “hasn’t bothered to understand the basics, relying on snide comments and surface cleverness to convey the impression of wisdom. It’s all style, no comprehension of substance.”[72][73][74][75]

In 2012, Jonathan Portes, the director of the National Institute of Economic and Social Research, said that subsequent events had shown Ferguson to be wrong: “As we all know, since then both the US and UK have had deficits running at historically extremely high levels, and long-term interest rates at historic lows: as Krugman has repeatedly pointed out, the (IS-LM) textbook has been spot on.”[76]

Later in 2012, after Ferguson wrote a cover story for Newsweek arguing that Mitt Romney should be elected in the upcoming US presidential election, Krugman wrote that there were multiple errors and misrepresentations in the story, concluding “We’re not talking about ideology or even economic analysis here – just a plain misrepresentation of the facts, with an august publication letting itself be used to misinform readers. The Times would require an abject correction if something like that slipped through. Will Newsweek?”[77] Ferguson denied that he had misrepresented the facts in an online rebuttal.[78] Matthew O’Briencountered that Ferguson was still distorting the meaning of the CBO report being discussed, and that the entire piece could be read as an effort to deceive.[79]

In 2013, Ferguson, naming Dean Baker, Josh Barro, Brad DeLong, Matthew O’Brien, Noah Smith, Matthew Yglesias and Justin Wolfers, attacked “Krugman and his acolytes,” in his three-part essay on why he hates Paul Krugman,[80] whose title is originally made by Noah Smith.[81]

Remarks on Keynes’ sexual orientation

At a May 2013 investment conference in Carlsbad, California, Ferguson was asked about his views on economist John Maynard Keynes‘s quotation that “in the long run we are all dead.” Ferguson stated that Keynes was indifferent to the future because he was gay and did not have children.[82]

The remarks were widely criticised for being offensive, factually inaccurate, and a distortion of Keynes’ ideas.[83][84]

Ferguson posted an apology for these statements shortly after reports of his words were widely disseminated, saying his comments were “as stupid as they were insensitive”.[85] In the apology, Ferguson stated: “My disagreements with Keynes’s economic philosophy have never had anything to do with his sexual orientation. It is simply false to suggest, as I did, that his approach to economic policy was inspired by any aspect of his personal life.”[86]

Personal life

Ferguson married journalist Susan Douglas, whom he met in 1987 when she was his editor at the Daily Mail. They have three children.[87]

In February 2010, news media reported that Ferguson had separated from Douglas and started dating former Dutch MP Ayaan Hirsi Ali.[88][89][90] Ferguson and Douglas divorced in 2011.

Ferguson married Hirsi Ali in September 2011[91] and Hirsi Ali gave birth to their son in December 2011.[92][93][94]

Ferguson dedicated his book Civilization to “Ayaan”. In an interview with The Guardian, Ferguson spoke about his love for Ali, who, he writes in the preface, “understands better than anyone I know what Western civilisation really means – and what it still has to offer the world”.[17] Ali, he continued,

…grew up in the Muslim world, was born in Somalia, spent time in Saudi Arabia, was a fundamentalist as a teenager. Her journey from the world of her childhood and family to where she is today is an odyssey that’s extremely hard for you or I [sic] to imagine. To see and hear how she understands western philosophy, how she understands the great thinkers of the Enlightenment, of the 19th-century liberal era, is a great privilege, because she sees it with a clarity and freshness of perspective that’s really hard for us to match. So much of liberalism in its classical sense is taken for granted in the west today and even disrespected. We take freedom for granted, and because of this we don’t understand how incredibly vulnerable it is.[17]

Ferguson’s self confessed workaholism has placed strains on his personal relations in the past. Ferguson has commented that:

…from 2002, the combination of making TV programmes and teaching at Harvard took me away from my children too much. You don’t get those years back. You have to ask yourself: “Was it a smart decision to do those things?” I think the success I have enjoyed since then has been bought at a significant price. In hindsight, there would have been a bunch of things that I would have said no to.[12]

Ferguson was the inspiration for Alan Bennett‘s play The History Boys (2004), particularly the character of Irwin, a history teacher who urges his pupils to find a counterintuitive angle, and goes on to become a television historian.[8] Bennett’s character “Irwin” gives the impression that “an entire career can be built on the trick of contrariness.”[8]

Bibliography

Publications

As contributor

  • “Let Germany Keep Its Nerve”, The Spectator, 22 April 1995, pages 21–23[95]
  • “Europa nervosa”, in Nader Mousavizadeh (ed.), The Black Book of Bosnia (New Republic/Basic Books, 1996), pp. 127–32
  • “The German inter-war economy: Political choice versus economic determinism” in Mary Fulbrook (ed.), German History since 1800 (Arnold, 1997), pp. 258–278
  • “The balance of payments question: Versailles and after” in Manfred F. Boemeke, Gerald D. Feldman and Elisabeth Glaser (eds.), The Treaty of Versailles: A Reassessment after 75 Years (Cambridge University Press, 1998), pp. 401–440
  • “‘The Caucasian Royal Family’: The Rothschilds in national contexts” in R. Liedtke (ed.), ‘Two Nations’: The Historical Experience of British and German Jews in Comparison (J.C.B. Mohr, 1999)
  • “Academics and the Press”, in Stephen Glover (ed.), Secrets of the Press: Journalists on Journalism (Penguin, 1999), pp. 206–220
  • “Metternich and the Rothschilds: A reappraisal” in Andrea Hamel and Edward Timms (eds.), Progress and Emancipation in the Age of Metternich: Jews and Modernisation in Austria and Germany, 1815–1848(Edwin Mellen Press, 1999), pp. 295–325
  • “The European economy, 1815–1914” in T.C.W. Blanning (ed.), The Short Oxford History of Europe: The Nineteenth Century (Oxford University Press, 2000), pp. 78–125
  • “How (not) to pay for the war: Traditional finance and total war” in Roger Chickering and Stig Förster (eds.), Great War, Total War: Combat and Mobilization on the Western Front (Cambridge University Press, 2000), pp. 409–34
  • “Introduction” in Frederic Manning, Middle Parts of Fortune (Penguin, 2000), pp. vii–xviii
  • “Clashing civilizations or mad mullahs: The United States between informal and formal empire” in Strobe Talbott (ed.), The Age of Terror (Basic Books, 2001), pp. 113–41
  • “Public debt as a post-war problem: The German experience after 1918 in comparative perspective” in Mark Roseman (ed.), Three Post-War Eras in Comparison: Western Europe 1918-1945-1989 (Palgrave-Macmillan, 2002), pp. 99–119
  • “Das Haus Sachsen-Coburg und die europäische Politik des 19. Jahrhunderts”, in Rainer von Hessen (ed.), Victoria Kaiserin Friedrich (1840–1901): Mission und Schicksal einer englischen Prinzessin in Deutschland (Campus Verlag, 2002), pp. 27–39
  • “Max Warburg and German politics: The limits of financial power in Wilhelmine Germany”, in Geoff Eley and James Retallack (eds.), Wilhelminism and Its Legacies: German Modernities, Imperialism and the Meaning of Reform, 1890–1930 (Berghahn Books, 2003), pp. 185–201
  • “Introduction”, The Death of the Past by J. H. Plumb (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), pp. xxi–xlii
  • “Globalization in historical perspective: The political dimension”, in Michael D. Bordo, Alan M. Taylor and Jeffrey G. Williamson (eds.), Globalisation in Historical Perspective (National Bureau of Economic Research Conference Report) (University of Chicago Press, 2003)
  • “Introduction to Tzvetan Todorov” in Nicholas Owen (ed.), Human Rights, Human Wrongs: Oxford Amnesty Lectures (Amnesty International, 2003)
  • “The City of London and British imperialism: New light on an old question”, in Youssef Cassis and Eric Bussière (eds.), London and Paris as International Financial Centres in the Twentieth Century (Oxford University Press, 2004), pp. 57–77
  • “A bolt from the blue? The City of London and the outbreak of the First World War”, in Wm. Roger Louis (ed.), Yet More Adventures with Britainnia: Personalities, Politics and Culture in Britain (I.B. Tauris, 2005), pp. 133–145
  • “The first ‘Eurobonds’: The Rothschilds and the financing of the Holy Alliance, 1818–1822”, in William N. Goetzmann and K. Geert Rouwenhorst (eds.), The Origins of Value: The Financial Innovations that Created Modern Capital Markets (Oxford University Press, 2005), pp. 311–323
  • “Prisoner taking and prisoner killing in the age of total war”, in George Kassemiris (ed.), The Barbarization of Warfare (New York University Press, 2006), pp. 126–158
  • “The Second World War as an economic disaster”, in Michael Oliver (ed.), Economic Disasters of the Twentieth Century (Edward Elgar, 2007), pp. 83–132
  • “The Problem of Conjecture: American Strategy after the Bush Doctrine”, in Melvyn Leffler and Jeff Legro (eds.), To Lead the World: American Strategy After the Bush Doctrine (Oxford University Press, 2008)

Television documentaries

BBC Reith Lectures

Niall Ferguson recording the third of his 2012 BBC Reith Lecture atGresham College

In May 2012 the BBC announced Niall Ferguson was to present its annual Reith Lectures – a prestigious series of radio lectures which were first broadcast in 1948. These four lectures, titled The Rule of Law and its Enemies, examine the role man-made institutions have played in the economic and political spheres.[96]

In the first lecture, held at the London School of Economics, titled The Human Hive, Ferguson argues for greater openness from governments, saying they should publish accounts which clearly state all assets and liabilities. Governments, he said, should also follow the lead of business and adopt the Generally Accepted Accounting Principlesand, above all, generational accounts should be prepared on a regular basis to make absolutely clear the inter-generational implications of current fiscal policy. In the lecture, Ferguson says young voters should be more supportive of government austerity measures if they do not wish to pay further down the line for the profligacy of the baby boomergeneration.[97]

In the second lecture, The Darwinian Economy, Ferguson reflects on the causes of the global financial crisis, and erroneous conclusions that many people have drawn from it about the role of regulation, such as whether it is in fact “the disease of which it purports to be the cure”.

The Landscape of Law was the third lecture, delivered at Gresham College. It examines the rule of law in comparative terms, asking how far the common law‘s claims to superiority over other systems are credible, and whether we are living through a time of ‘creeping legal degeneration’ in the English-speaking world.

The fourth and final lecture, Civil and Uncivil Societies, focuses on institutions (outside the political, economic and legal realms) designed to preserve and transmit particular knowledge and values. It asks whether the modern state is quietly killing civil society in the Western world, and what non-Western societies can do to build a vibrant civil society.

The first lecture was broadcast on BBC Radio 4 and the BBC World Service on Tuesday, 19 June 2012.[98] The series is available as a BBC podcast.[99]

See also

References

Notes

  1. Jump up^ Biography Niall Ferguson
  2. Jump up^ “Harvard University History Department — Faculty: Niall Ferguson”. History.fas.harvard.edu. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  3. Jump up^ “Turning Points”. The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September2013.
  4. Jump up^ “Niall Ferguson Says China `Hard Landing’ Unlikely”. bloomberg.com. 29 September 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  5. Jump up^ “Spain Bank Crisis Is Not Over, Niall Ferguson Says”. bloomberg.com. 11 June 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  6. Jump up^ “Why Obama Needs to Go,” Newsweek, 9 August 2012
  7. Jump up^ “Newsweek’s anti-Obama cover story: Has the magazine lost all credibility?” The Week, 21 August 2012
  8. ^ Jump up to:a b c Smith, David (18 June 2006). “Niall Ferguson: The empire rebuilder”. The Observer (Guardian News and Media).
  9. ^ Jump up to:a b c Templeton, Tom (18 January 2009). “This much I know: Niall Ferguson, historian, 44, London”. The Observer (Guardian News and Media).
  10. Jump up^ Tassel, Janet (2007). “The Global Empire of Niall Ferguson”.Harvard Magazine. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  11. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall (4 January 2008). “Niall Ferguson on Belief”. Big Think. Retrieved 17 June 2012. Recorded on: October 31, 2007
  12. ^ Jump up to:a b c Duncan, Alistair (19 March 2011). “Niall Ferguson: My family values”. The Guardian (Guardian News and Media).
  13. ^ Jump up to:a b c Niall Ferguson, Senior Fellow Hoover Institution, 30 November 2011
  14. ^ Jump up to:a b c d Robert Boynton Thinking the Unthinkable: A profile of Niall Ferguson The New Yorker, 12 April 1999
  15. Jump up^ Dissertation Abstracts International: The Humanities and Social sciences 53. University Microfilms. 1993. p. 3318.
  16. Jump up^ “LSE IDEAS appoints Professor Niall Ferguson to chair in international history”. London School of Economics. 25 March 2009. Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 17 June2012. Philippe Roman Chair in History and International Affairs, for 2010–2011
  17. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g William Skidelsky (20 February 2011). “Niall Ferguson: ‘Westerners don’t understand how vulnerable freedom is'”. The Observer (Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 24 February 2011.
  18. Jump up^ Higgins, Charlotte (31 May 2010). “Empire strikes back: rightwing historian to get curriculum role”. guardian.co.uk (Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 31 May 2010.
  19. Jump up^ Cook, Chris (5 June 2011). “Star professors set up humanities college”. Financial Times. Retrieved 17 June 2012.(registration required)
  20. Jump up^ Benjamin Wallace-Wells Right Man’s Burden Washington Monthly, June 204
  21. Jump up^ “The Last Empire, for Now”. New York Times. 25 July 2004. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  22. Jump up^ Globalisation, democracy and terrorism, Eric Hobsbawm (Abacus 2008)
  23. Jump up^ Start the Week BBC Radio 4, 12 June 2006
  24. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall (7 November 2006). “Book World Live”. The Washington Post. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
  25. Jump up^ “Meet The Hedge Fund Historian”. Forbes.com. 30 September 2007. Retrieved 20 December 2008.
  26. Jump up^ “GLG Company Description”. Retrieved 20 December2008.[dead link]
  27. Jump up^ Tryhorn, Chris (23 October 2007). “Niall Ferguson joins FT”.MediaGuardian (Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 20 May 2010.
  28. ^ Jump up to:a b c “Niall Ferguson: Biography”. Retrieved 14 July 2008.[dead link]
  29. Jump up^ “The End of Europe?”. American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. 4 March 2004.
  30. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall (1 May 2005). “Look back at Weimar – and start to worry about Russia”. The Telegraph. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  31. Jump up^ Porter, Andrew (April 2003). “Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World”. Reviews in History. Institute of Historical Research, University of London. Retrieved 17 February 2011.
  32. Jump up^ Wilson, Jon (8 February 2003). “False and dangerous: Revisionist TV history of Britain’s empire is an attempt to justify the new imperial order”. guardian.co.uk (Guardian News and Media). Retrieved17 February 2011.
  33. Jump up^ Waslekar, Sundeep (July 2006). “A Review of: Colossus by Prof Niall Ferguson”. StrategicForesight.com. Strategic Foresight Group. Retrieved 17 February 2011.[dead link]
  34. Jump up^ Roberts, Adam (14 May 2004). “Colossus by Niall Ferguson: An empire in deep denial”. The Independent. Retrieved 17 February2011.
  35. Jump up^ “100 Notable Books of the Year”. The New York Times. 22 November 2006. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
  36. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall. “Empire and globalisation”. Channel 4. Retrieved14 July 2008.[dead link]
  37. ^ Jump up to:a b “The War of the World”. Channel 4. Retrieved 14 July2008.[dead link]
  38. Jump up^ McRae, Hamish (31 October 2008). “The Ascent of Money, By Niall Ferguson”. The Independent. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  39. Jump up^ http://belfercenter.hks.harvard.edu/publication/18873/spotlight.html?breadcrumb=%2Fexperts%2F946%2Fsasha_talcott%3Fback_url%3D%252Fpublication%252F18738%252Fharvard_kennedy_schools_john_p_holdren_named_obamas_science_advisor%26back_text%3DBack%2520to%2520publication%26page%3D3
  40. Jump up^ “Civilization: Is the West History?”. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
  41. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 460–461
  42. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 154–156
  43. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 27–30
  44. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 52–55
  45. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 68–76
  46. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 87–101 & 118–125
  47. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 168–173
  48. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 197–205
  49. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 239–247
  50. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 267–277
  51. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 310–317
  52. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 336–338
  53. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 357–366
  54. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 380–388
  55. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 412–431
  56. ^ Jump up to:a b Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 168–173 & 460–461
  57. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall (1999). The House of Rothschild: Money’s Prophets, 1798–1848. Volume 1. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-024084-5.
  58. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall (2000). The House of Rothschild: The World’s Banker 1849–1998. Volume 2. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-028662-4.
  59. Jump up^ Kreisler, Harry (3 November 2003). “Conversation with Niall Ferguson: Being a Historian”. Conversations with History. Regents of the University of California. Retrieved 15 July 2008.
  60. Jump up^ Malcolm, Noel (13 March 2011). “Civilisation: The West and the Rest by Niall Ferguson: review”. The Daily Telegraph. The patient testing of evidence must give way to startling statistics, gripping anecdotes and snappy phrase-making. Niall Ferguson is never unintelligent and certainly never dull. Students may find this an intriguing introduction to a wide range of human history; but they will get an odd idea of how historical argument is to be conducted, if they learn it from this book
  61. Jump up^ Hagan, Joe (27 November 2006). “The Once and Future Kissinger”. New York Magazine. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
  62. Jump up^ “Letters: The British empire and deaths in Kenya”. The Guardian. 16 June 2010.
  63. ^ Jump up to:a b Tell me where I’m wrong London Review of Books, 19 May 2005
  64. Jump up^ Mishra, Pankaj (3 November 2011). “Watch this man (review of ‘Civilisation’ by Niall Ferguson)”. London Review of Books 33 (21): 10–12. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  65. Jump up^ Beaumont, Peter (26 November 2011). “Niall Ferguson threatens to sue over accusation of racism”. The Guardian. Retrieved4 September 2012.
  66. Jump up^ Niall Ferguson The way we live now: 4-4-04; Eurabia? New York Times, 4 April 2004
  67. Jump up^ Niall Ferguson The end of Europe?[dead link] American Enterprise Institute Bradley Lecture, 1 March 2004
  68. Jump up^ Carr, M. (2006). “You are now entering Eurabia”. Race & Class 48: 1–0. doi:10.1177/0306396806066636. edit
  69. Jump up^ “Top News Today | New age of U.S. prosperity? | Home | cnn.com”. Home.topnewstoday.org. 23 November 2012. Retrieved15 September 2013.
  70. Jump up^ http://www.bilderbergmeetings.org/participants2012.html
  71. Jump up^ Joe Weisenthal (6 May 2013). “Niall Ferguson’s Horrible Track Record On Economics”. Business Insider. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
  72. Jump up^ Paul Krugman (2 May 2009). “Liquidity preference, loanable funds, and Niall Ferguson (wonkish)”. New York times.
  73. Jump up^ Paul Krugman (22 May 2009). “Gratuitous ignorance”. New York Times.
  74. Jump up^ The Conscience of a Liberal
  75. Jump up^ Paul Krugman (17 August 2009). “Black cats”. New York Times.
  76. Jump up^ Portes, Jonathan (25 June 2012). “Macroeconomics: what is it good for? [a response to Diane Coyle]”. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  77. Jump up^ Kavoussi, Bonnie. “Paul Krugman Bashes Niall Ferguson’s Newsweek Cover Story As ‘Unethical'”. The Huffington Post. Retrieved28 August 2012.
  78. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall. “Ferguson’s Newsweek Cover Rebuttal: Paul Krugman Is Wrong”. The Daily Beast. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  79. Jump up^ O’Brien, Matthew. “The Age of Niallism: Ferguson and the Post-Fact World”. The Atlantic. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  80. Jump up^ Niall Ferguson, Krugtron the Invincible, Part 1, Krugtron the Invincible, Part 2, Krugtron the Invincible, Part 3
  81. Jump up^ Noah Smith, KrugTron the Invincible
  82. Jump up^ Paul Harris (4 May 2013): Niall Ferguson apologises for remarks about ‘gay and childless’ Keynes The Guardian, retrieved 7 May 2013
  83. Jump up^ Blodget, Henry. “Harvard’s Niall Ferguson Blamed Keynes’ Economic Philosophy On His Being Childless And Gay”.
  84. Jump up^ Kostigen, Tom. “Harvard Professor Trashes Keynes For Homosexuality”.
  85. Jump up^ Harris, Paul (4 May 2012). “Niall Ferguson apologises for remarks about ‘gay and childless’ Keynes”. guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 5 May2013.
  86. Jump up^ Niall Ferguson (5 May 2013): An Unqualified Apology Homesite, retrieved 7 May 2013
  87. Jump up^ Lynn, Matthew (23 August 2009). “Professor Paul Krugman at war with Niall Ferguson over inflation”. Times Online. Retrieved25 October 2009.(subscription required)
  88. Jump up^ Gray, Sadie (14 February 2010). “PROFILE: Niall Ferguson”.Times Online.(subscription required)
  89. Jump up^ Hale, Beth (8 February 2010). “The historian, his wife and a mistress living under a fatwa”. Mail Online (Associated Newspapers).
  90. Jump up^ “Niall Ferguson and Ayaan Hirsi Ali”. The Independent. 25 February 2010.
  91. Jump up^ Eden, Richard (18 December 2011). “Henry Kissinger watches historian Niall Ferguson marry Ayaan Hirsi Ali under a fatwa”. The Telegraph. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  92. Jump up^ Numann, Jessica (30 December 2011). “Ayaan Hirsi Ali (42) bevalt van een zoon”. Elsevier. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  93. Jump up^ “Ayaan Hirsi Ali gives birth to baby boy”. DutchNews.nl (online magazine). 30 December 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
  94. Jump up^ “Ayaan Hirsi Ali is bevallen van zoon Thomas”. Volkskrant. 30 December 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
  95. Jump up^ “Brad DeLong : Keynesian Economics: The Gay Science?”. Delong.typepad.com. 7 May 2013. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  96. Jump up^ “BBC News — Historian Niall Ferguson named 2012 BBC Reith Lecturer”. Bbc.co.uk. 11 May 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  97. Jump up^ Niall, Prof (17 June 2012). “BBC News — Viewpoint: Why the young should welcome austerity”. Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  98. Jump up^ BBC Radio 4 – The Reith Lectures
  99. Jump up^ BBC – Podcasts and Downloads – Reith Lectures

General references

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AQ (**NEWBIES**)  ARS Jargon Dictionary.
          ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
<a href="http://www.xemu.demon.co.uk/clam/dict2.html">online version</a>

INTRODUCTION.

The Scientology "religion" has its own complex internal jargon, which it
is often necessary to use in discussing their beliefs and evil policies.
You'll probably need to tackle this before you can understand a lot of
the discussion on alt.religion.scientology.

This dictionary gives (mostly) one line definitions of few enough terms
to be comprehensible in a single reading without too much tedium. A
slightlybetter version is at http://www.xemu.demon.co.uk/clam/dict.html
and a comprehensive one   at http://www.ncf.carleton.ca/~av282/terms.htm

Neither of these can cover every last acronym for jobs and divisions, of
course, nor substitute for eventually reading up  fuller explanations of
some of the subjects discussed.  Here is the dictionary:

[A][B][C][D][E]_[F][G][H][I][J]_[K][L][M][N][O]_[P][Q][R][S][T][UVW][XYZ
[A]=====================================================================
ACK(-KNOWLEDGEMENT) of communication; "OK", "Thank you", etcetera.
ADMIN(-ISTRATION) cult bureacracy, laid down in great detail.
AFFINITY, cult word for love or liking.
ARC / Affinity Reality Communication: signifies "rapport".
ARCX/ARC BREAK: argument, cross puposes, abscence of rapport.
ARS / Alt Religion Scientology: newsgroup, mainly critical, about CoS.
ACT / Alt Clearing Technology: newsgroup for independent scientologists.
ARS-CC (Central Committe) secret cabal which is of course plotting all
 activity on ARS financed by drug companies & the Markab Confederacy.
AUDITING: scientology confessional ritual; AUDITOR administers it.

[B]---------------------------------------------------------------------
BANK, MEMORY- or REACTIVE MIND, stores up hurtful memories (ENGRAMS).
BARRATRY (English word) bringing lengthy and vexatious lawsuits.
BASH: favourite FREEZONE word for "criticise", to discourage analysis.
BEINGNESS: being something.  Similarly DOINGNESS, HAVINGNESS.
BIG WIN: maginificent achievement, usually spiritual i.e. imaginary.
BILLION YEAR CONTRACT, for many lifetimes, signed in the SEA ORG q.v.
BLOW: depart suddenly (fifties slang), leave the cult.
BODY THETANS: degraded spirits parasitic on the bodies of others.
BRIDGE (TO TOTAL FREEDOM) progress through levels of Scn enlightenment.

[C]---------------------------------------------------------------------
CULT AWARENESS NETWORK,formerly anti-cult organisation taken over by Scn
CASE(-STATE), your progress in Scn, seen as a sort of psychotherapy.
C/S, CASE SUPERVISOR, person supervising AUDITORS and their clients.
CLAMS: Hubbard says humans evolved from them, hence nickname for Scienos
CLEAR: having achieved the first main step to Scn enlightenment.
COGNITION: sudden new insight, the desired end point of an  AUDITING 
 process; the Cog for CLEAR is "I am mocking up my reactive mind".
COMMODORE: HUBBARD, a rank he awarded himself; also CommodeDoor etc.
CoS/Church of $cientology (abbreviation).

[D]---------------------------------------------------------------------
DAMNATION NAVY: sarcastic nickname for the SEA ORG(after Salvation Army)
DEAD AGENT: to respond to argument with frenzied personal attack on the   
 speaker to discredit them. DECLARE someone an S.P.; excommunicate them.
DIANETICS: original psychotherapy form of Scn, before it got religion.
DISCONNECTION: being told by Scn to cut links with friends or family.
DM, DAVID(*)MISCAVIGE--the symbol signifies buttocks round a 
 puckered anus--current leader of Scn; also POODLE-BOY, TIDYBOWL MAN &c.
DYNAMICS are in order 1self 2family 3tribe...8the_infinite; 
 "2D" means (as an activity) sex or (as a person) partner. 

[E]---------------------------------------------------------------------
ED/EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR: head of an ORG (q.v.)
E-METER: skin resistance meter used to detect reaction in AUDITING.
ENGRAM: a remembered moment of pain inhibitting future actions.
ENTURBULATE: cult word for annoy, harrass, disturb.
EP/END PHENOMENON: desired end result of a Scn AUDITING process.
ETHICS: discipline applied for low production / department applying it.
EXTERIORISE: leave the body and act as a spirit.

========================================================================
\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/
[F]=====================================================================
FAIR GAME: to subject an enemy of Scn to harassment & dirty tricks.
FSM/Field Staff Member: Scn travelling salesman on 15% commission.
FLAG: centre of command, formerly on Hubbard's ship, now in Florida.
FLUB: to fail, or cock it up; a failure, a cockup (50s slang)
FLUNK!you have failed, start again! (50s american slang)
F/N, FLOATING NEEDLE on the E-METER indicates calm contentment.
FREEZONE, FREEZONER: independent scientology, scientologist outside CoS.

[G]---------------------------------------------------------------------
G.I./GROSS INCOME statistic for an ORG--what $cientology is all about.
G.O./GUARDIANS OFFICE: dirty tricks department, now renamed O.S.A.
GRADES or levels within Scn (specifically grades 0..7 lead up to CLEAR).
GREEN VOLUMES are directives on ADMIN, red volumes directives on TECH.

[H]---------------------------------------------------------------------
HANDLE: favourite cult word for "deal with" (a person, situation, etc).
HAT: a job function; HATTED assigned or trained for a hat.
HCO/Hubbard Communications Office. HCO-PL/Policy Letter would be 
 on ADMIN, HCO-B/Bulletin would be on TECH.
HUBBARD, L. RON: f(L)ounder of Scientology; also PHATSO, EL ROTUNDO etc.
'HO (OF BABBLE-ON): Scn trained attack-lawyer Helena Kobrin (ARS usage).

[I][J]------------------------------------------------------------------
IMPLANT: delusion implanted in us by the forces of evil.
INCIDENT, or ENGRAM, pain memory; INCIDENT2, that described in O.T.3
INDICATE: produce a reaction on the E-METER; informally, to "ring true".
INVALIDATE: belittle, diminish, make less capable.

========================================================================
\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/
[K]=====================================================================
KoX/Knight of XEMU(q.v),title taken by critics after demon figure in Scn
KR /Knowledge Report: ratting on your colleagues in writing.
KSW/Keep Scn. Working: key directive("no deviation from orthodoxy").

[L]---------------------------------------------------------------------
LAZARUS,'Bot (computer program)detects cancelation of any article on ARS
LINES, Scn training & services; ON-LINES consuming training & services.

[M]---------------------------------------------------------------------
MARKAB, a star in Polaris from which the forces of evil supposedly come.
MAA ,Master At Arms, responsible for ETHICS in a SEA ORG unit.
MEATBALL: derogatory FREEZONE term for a materialist, opp. of DreamBall.
MEST,Matter, Energy Space and Time: the illusory physical universe.
ML=MUCH LOVE, sign-off favoured by HUBBARD and some Scienos.
MOCK UP: imagine, visualise, mentally create.
M/U--Misunderstood Word,  supposedly source of all failure to understand
 or agree cult texts; a way of stopping thought & discouraging questions

[N]---------------------------------------------------------------------
NARCONON, Scn drug rehabilitation front group to scam medicaid funding.
N.E.D,NEW ERA DIANETICS, is DIANETICS revised to include past lives &c.
N.E.D. for OTs (NOTS), now replaces O.T.LEVELS 4 through 7.

[O]---------------------------------------------------------------------
OPERATION SNOW WHITE, an operation by the G.O. to infiltrate government
 departments and steal files hostile to Scn.
OPERATION FOOT-BULLET, alleged operation by Scn to get sympathy by  
 shooting themselves in the foot through disastrous public relations.
ORG(-ANISATION), a Scn local operation or "church" and its building.
O.S.A./OFFICE OF SPECIAL AFFAIRS, dirty tricks dept formely the G.O.;
 insiders sometimes pronounce it "OhZer" rather than as separate letters
O.T.  /OPERATING THETAN, a THETAN (soul, spirit) able to leave the body
 at will and attain godlike powers; O.T.LEVELS, I..VIII, courses 
 supposed to produce this state.    O.T.3 in paricular introduces XEMU 
 and the key idea of BODY THETANS.
OUT-ETHICS, in breach of disciple;  OUT-2D breach of discipline re sex.

========================================================================
\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/
[P][Q]==================================================================
PC/PRE-CLEAR: subject receiving AUDITING to reach the state of CLEAR.
PT /PRESENT TIME: Scns aim to live unreflectively in PT.
PTS/POTENTIAL TROUBLE SOURCE (for the cult); member in touch with 
 an evil influence or SUPPRESSIVE PERSON.
PURIFICATION RUNDOWN: a step taken early in the grades which involves
 lots of sweating in saunas and dangerously high doses of vitamin pills.

[R]---------------------------------------------------------------------
RAW MEAT: chumps, punters, potential recruits.
R(-OUTINE) 2, processes to exteriorise the spirit from the body;
 R2-45, R2 process#45, exteriorising by use of a large calibre pistol.
R(-OUTINE) 6, that used in the clearing course; but the related R6
 IMPLANT turns up in O.T.3 etcetera and is the source of christianity.
RUD(-IMENT)S:  preliminary questions to deal with current upsets or
 concerns before proceeding with the main part of AUDITING.
RUN, "run an (auditing) process on a PreClear", take then through the
 steps or questions. RUN-DOWN complete set of steps or questions.
REG(-ISTRAR): salesperson in an Org;  REG someone, sell them courses.
RICE & BEANS, punishment diet on R.P.F.
RPF/REHABILITATION PROJECT FORCE, punishment duty (in the SEA ORG)
RTC/RELIGIOUS TECHNOLOGY CENTRE, body to enforce CoS copyrights.

[S]---------------------------------------------------------------------
SAINT HILL MANOR, the UK HQ, formerly Hubbard's residence in England.
SCAMIZDAT, samizdat (self-publishing) about scams, a person{s} who 
 distributed Scn secret crud anonymously all over the Internet.
SCIENTOLOGY--means "science of knowing"--a quack therapy disguised 
 as a religion, devised in 1950 by a conman called L.Ron HUBBARD.
SEA ORG: originally the Org (parish) based round Hubbard on his ship
 the Apollo, now a sort of religious SS in paramiltary naval uniforms.
SOURCE: Hubbard;  ON-SOURCE: correct in accord with Hubbard's writings.
SP/SUPPRESSIVE PERSON: enemy, excommunicated; a title taken on freely
 by critics who award SP-Levels for achievement in mockery of O.T.LEVELS
SQUIRREL: heretic, FREEZONER, scientologist independent of the "church".
STAT(-SISTIC)S of production, by which eveything is measured.

[T]---------------------------------------------------------------------
TECH(-NOLOGY), the beliefs and quack therapies of Scientology.
THETAN, soul or spirit; THETA = good vibes;  ENTHETA = bad vibes.
TONE SCALE: along which various emotions are arranged. Critics, gays, 
 and other meanies are at "TONE 1.1". TONE 40 = popeyed and screaming
 orders like a loon (supposedly, in total control of the situation).
TRs/TRAINING ROUTINES: staring without speaking and other drills
 prepartory to giving or receiving AUDITING.

========================================================================
\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/
[UVW]===================================================================
WALL OF FIRE, destruction of the world by fire in INCIDENT2 of O.T.3
WOG, derogatory Scn name for non-believers (in British English it is
 equivalent to n****r for Arabs and Indians, after the golliwog doll)

[XYZ]-------------------------------------------------------------------
XEMU, galactic tyrant and chief villain in INCIDENT2 of O.T.3; Hubbard
 sometimes spells it XENU, & variously pronounces it ZEE-MYOO or ZEE-MOO

========================================================================

http://www.faqs.org/faqs/scientology/jargon/

Scientology

Scientology is a body of beliefs and related practices created by L. Ron Hubbard (1911–1986), starting in 1952, as a successor to his earlier self-help system, Dianetics.[4] Hubbard characterized Scientology as a religion, and in 1953 incorporated the Church of Scientology in Camden, New Jersey.[5][6]

Scientology teaches that people are immortal beings who have forgotten their true nature.[7] Its method of spiritual rehabilitation is a type of counselling known as auditing, in which practitioners aim to consciously re-experience painful or traumatic events in their past in order to free themselves of their limiting effects.[8] Study materials and auditing courses are made available to members in return for specified donations.[9] Scientology is legally recognized as a tax-exempt religion in the United States and some other countries,[10][11][12][13] and the Church of Scientology emphasizes this as proof that it is a bona fide religion.[14] In other countries, notably Canada, France, Germany, and the United Kingdom, Scientology does not have comparable religious status.

A large number of organizations overseeing the application of Scientology have been established,[15] the most notable of these being the Church of Scientology. Scientology sponsors a variety of social-service programs.[15][16] These include the Narconon anti-drug program, the Criminon prison rehabilitation program, the Study Tech education methodology, a volunteer organization, a business-management method, and a set of moral guidelines expressed in a booklet called The Way to Happiness.[17]

The Church of Scientology is one of the most controversial new religious movements to have arisen in the 20th century. It has often been described as a cult that financially defrauds and abuses its members, charging exorbitant fees for its spiritual services.[9][18][19] The Church of Scientology has consistently used litigation against such critics, and its aggressiveness in pursuing its foes has been condemned as harassment.[20][21] Further controversy has focused on Scientology’s belief that souls (“thetans”) reincarnate and have lived on other planets before living on Earth,[22] and that some of the related teachings are not revealed to practitioners until they have paid thousands of dollars to the Church of Scientology.[23][24] Another controversial belief held by Scientologists is that the practice of psychiatry is destructive and abusive and must be abolished.[25][26] …”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientology

How CULTS and DOCTRINES work. Scientology  Freemasonry   Evangelicals Fascism Communism Capitalism

Robert Anton Wilson: Aleister Crowley [FULL]

In Search Of The Great Beast 666

Aleister Crowley -Documentary Part 1

Aleister Crowley -Documentary Part 2

Aleister Crowley – BBC Documentary Part 3

Aleister Crowley – Documentay Part 4

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American History–New York: A Documentary Film — Videos

Posted on July 19, 2012. Filed under: Agriculture, American History, Art, Babies, Blogroll, Books, Business, College, Communications, Culture, Demographics, Diasters, Economics, Education, Employment, Energy, Federal Government, Foreign Policy, government, government spending, history, Immigration, Inflation, Investments, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Rants, Raves, Regulations, Strategy, Talk Radio, Taxes, Technology, Unemployment, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , |

History of New York Documentary Part 1

History of New York Documentary Part 2

History of New York Documentary Part 3

History of New York Documentary Part 4

History of New York Documentary Part 5

History of New York Documentary Part 6

History of New York Documentary Part 7

History of New York Documentary Part 8

History of New York Documentary Part 9

History of New York Documentary Part 10

History of New York Documentary Part 11

History of New York Documentary Part 12

History of New York Documentary Part 14

History of New York Documentary Part 15

History of New York Documentary Part 16

History of New York Documentary Part 17

History of New York Documentary Part 18

New York: A Documentary Episode 3 Sunshine And Shadow

New York: A Documentary Episode 4 Power and People

New York: A Documentary Episode 5 Cosmopolis

New York: A Documentary Episode 6 A City of Tomorrow

New York: A Documentary Episode 7 City and the World

 

New York: A Documentary Episode 8 Center of the World

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The John Birch Society Documentary–Videos

Posted on September 6, 2011. Filed under: American History, Banking, Blogroll, Business, College, Communications, Economics, Education, Employment, Federal Government, Fiscal Policy, government spending, history, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, Microeconomics, Monetary Policy, Money, People, Philosophy, Politics, Private Sector, Public Sector, Rants, Raves, Regulations, Strategy, Talk Radio, Taxes, Unemployment, Unions, Video, War, Wealth, Weapons, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Documentary on the John Birch Society

Mind blowing speech by Robert Welch in 1958 predicting Insiders plans to destroy America

Ron Paul Endorses The John Birch Society

Dr. Ron Paul, Texas congressman and 2008 Republican presidential candidate, was the featured speaker Saturday evening, October 4 on the final day of the John Birch Society’s 50th Anniversary Celebration. The topic of his keynote address was “Restoring the Republic: Lessons From a Presidential Campaign,” in which he lectured the audience on how our republic can be restored with groups such as the John Birch Society (JBS) and his own Campaign for Liberty leading the way.

Stand up for Freedom – Part 5- Ezra Taft Benson

Stand up for Freedom – Part 6 – Ezra Taft Benson

Stand up for Freedom – Part 7 – Ezra Taft Benson

Background Articles and Videos

G. Edward Griffin – The Collectivist Conspiracy

An Idea Whose Time Has Come – G. Edward Griffin – Freedom Force International – Full

G. Edward Griffin   The Dangerous Servant   A Discourse on Government

Stand up for Freedom – Part 1 – Ezra Taft Benson

Stand up for Freedom – Part 2 – Ezra Taft Benson

Stand up for Freedom – Part 3 – Ezra Taft Benson

Stand up for Freedom – Part 4 – Ezra Taft Benson

Stand up for Freedom – Part 5- Ezra Taft Benson

Stand up for Freedom – Part 6 – Ezra Taft Benson

Stand up for Freedom – Part 7 – Ezra Taft Benson

Socialized Healthcare, Evil, Freedom Destroying, by Ezra Taft Benson

Mormon History: LDS (Mormon) Prophet Ezra Taft Benson 1/2

Mormon History: LDS (Mormon) Prophet Ezra Taft Benson 2/2

Ezra Taft Benson became the thirteenth President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on November 10, 1985.

President Benson was born August 4, 1899, in Whitney, Idaho, and was the oldest of eleven children. When he was a youth, his father was called on a mission. The family worked hard to keep up the farm while he was gone, but his father’s example touched the children, and all eleven served at least one full-time mission.

In 1918, Ezra Taft Benson enlisted in the army just as World War I was ending. He then pursued a career in farming and took courses from Utah State University in agriculture. In 1921, he was called on a mission to England. Following his mission, Ezra Taft Benson attended Brigham Young University, where he was named the most popular man on campus and graduated with honors.

On September 10, 1926, Benson married Flora Smith Amussen, a woman with many talents. She had won the women’s singles tennis championship in college and had served a mission to Hawaii. Together, they had six children.

In 1929, President Benson was appointed to be the Franklin County agricultural agent and helped farmers solve agricultural problems. In 1930, he was appointed to serve as the executive secretary of the Idaho Cooperative Council, and he remained in this office for five years. He left in 1936 for additional graduate study at the University of California. When he returned in 1938, he was called to be a Stake President. In 1939, Ezra Taft Benson was asked to be the executive secretary of the National Council of Farmer Cooperatives at its headquarters in Washington, D.C.

On July 26, 1943, Elder Benson was called as an apostle. He was called in 1945 to oversee the European mission and help the people who were suffering from the war. In ten months he delivered 92 boxcar loads of food, clothing, bedding, and medical supplies. He also helped reopen the missions in Europe.

In 1952, President Benson accepted a cabinet position under Dwight D. Eisenhower as the Secretary of Agriculture. He served in this position for eight years. His presence in politics helped the Church become accepted throughout the world. In 1973, Ezra Taft Benson became the president of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, and in 1985 became the President of the Church. He was 86 years old. President Benson emphasized the importance of reading the Book of Mormon, missionary work, and strengthening families. He served as president until his death in 1994.

The John Birch Society

“…History

Formed by Robert Welch in December 1958, The John Birch Society takes its name from the legendary World War II Army Captain John Birch. The organization’s overall goal, never altered in the 50-plus years of its existence, has always been to create sufficient understanding amongst the American people about both their country and its enemies, so that they could protect freedom and ensure continuation of the nation’s independence.

Always an education and action organization, the Society has never deviated from its opposition to communism and any other form of totalitarianism, certainly including the steady drift toward total government currently arising from within our own shores. But the positive promise of what can be built in an atmosphere of freedom has always been more of a motivation for members than any negative fear of what must be opposed.

While the Society has always focused on combating — or occasionally applauding — actions taken by government, the organization was also built on a moral foundation. Its motto proclaims the long-range goal of “Less government, more responsibility, and – with God’s help – a better world.” How much “less” government? Officials point to the U.S. Constitution and claim that adherence to its many limitations on power would result in the federal government being 20 percent its size and 20 percent its cost.

As for “more responsibility,” the Society insists that the Ten Commandments should guide all personal and organizational conduct. Agreeing with numerous pronouncements of our nation’s Founders, Society members believe that national freedom cannot long endure without moral restraint.

Soon after its creation, enemies discovered the Society’s potential to arouse and inform a generally sleeping population. At that point, there arose a totally unfair and withering smear campaign painting the organization and its members with an array of nasty and completely false charges, none of which ever had any validity.

With a membership made up of Americans of all races, colors, creeds, and national origins, the Society is currently enjoying a surge in activity, a large growth in acceptance, and increased hope for a future marked by less government and more responsibility. It is that combination that surely will, with God’s help, lead to the better world desired by all men and women of good will. …”

http://www.jbs.org/about-jbs/history

The Communist Attack on the John Birch Society

(Cleon Skousen, 1963.)

http://www.zeios.com/OurRepublic/Article/27

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C. Bradley Thompson–Neoconservatism: An Obituary for an Idea–Videos

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Son Of Al Qaeda–Videos

Posted on May 2, 2011. Filed under: Blogroll, Communications, Crime, Culture, Entertainment, Films, government, government spending, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Raves, Regulations, Religion, Video, War, Wealth | Tags: , , , , , |

Son Of Al Qaeda ( part 1 ) ( 1. Meet The Khadrs )

 

Son Of Al Qaeda ( part 1 ) ( 2. Meet The Khadrs )

 

Son of Al Qaeda ( part 2 )(1.Life With Bin Laden’s Family)

 

Son of Al Qaeda (part 2) 2.Life With Bin Laden’s Family)

 

Son of Al Qaeda (part 3) 1. The Black Sheep

 

Son of Al Qaeda (part 3) 2. The Black Sheep

 

Son of Al Qaeda (part 4) 1. Working For The CIA

 

Son of Al Qaeda (part 4) 2. Working For The CIA

 

Son of Al Qaeda (part 5) 1. A More Dangerous Assignment

 

Son of Al Qaeda (part 5) 2. A More Dangerous Assignment

 

Son of Al Qaeda (part 6) Return To Canada

 

 

 

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A History of Britain–Episodes 5 King Death, 6 Burning Convictions, 7 The Body of The Queen, and 8 The British Wars–Videos

Posted on October 3, 2010. Filed under: Blogroll, Communications, Culture, government, government spending, history, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, Music, People, Philosophy, Politics, Quotations, Raves, Religion, Taxes, Video, War, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , |

A History Of Britain: Episode 5 King Death 1

 

A History Of Britain: Episode 5 King Death 2

 

A History of Britain: Episode 5 King Death 3

 

A History of Britain: Episode 5 King Death 4

 

A History of Britain: Episode 5 King Death 5

 

A History of Britain: Episode 5 King Death 6

 

A History of Britain: Episode 6 Burning Convictions 1

 

A History of Britain: Episode 6 Burning Convictions 2

 

A History of Britain: Episode 6 Burning Convictions 3

 

A History of Britain: Episode 6 Burning Convictions 4

 

A History of Britain: Episode 6 Burning Convictions 5

 

A History of Britain: Episode 6 Burning Convictions 6

 

A History of Britain: Episode 7 The Body of The Queen 1

 

A History of Britain: Episode 7 The Body of The Queen 2

 

A History of Britain: Episode 7 The Body of The Queen 3

 

A History of Britain: Episode 7 The Body of The Queen 4

 

A History of Britain: Episode 7 The Body of The Queen 5

 

A History of Britain: Episode 7 The Body of The Queen 6

 

A History of Britain: Episode 8  The British Wars 1

 

A History of Britain: Episode 8  The British Wars 2

 

A History of Britain: Episode 8  The British Wars 3

 

A History of Britain: Episode 8  The British Wars 4

 

A History of Britain: Episode 8  The British Wars 5

 

A History of Britain: Episode 8  The British Wars 6

Background Articles and Videos

A History of Britain 

“…A History of Britain is a BBC documentary series written and presented by Simon Schama, first transmitted in the United Kingdom from 30 September 2000.

A study of the history of the British Isles, each of the 15 episodes allows Schama to examine a particular period and tell of its events in his own style. All the programmes are of 59 minutes’ duration and were broadcast over three series, ending 18 June 2002.

The series was produced in conjunction with The History Channel and the executive producer was Martin Davidson. The music was composed by John Harle, whose work was augmented by vocal soloists such as Emma Kirkby and Lucie Skeaping. Schama’s illustrative presentation was aided by readings from actors, including Lindsay Duncan, Michael Kitchen, Christian Rodska, Samuel West and David Threlfall. …”

“…The following summaries are taken from the BBC DVD.

1. “Beginnings”

Covering the period 3100 BC – 1000 AD. Simon Schama starts his story in the stone age village of Skara Brae, Orkney. Over the next four thousand years Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Vikings, Danes, and Christian missionaries arrive, fight, settle and leave their mark on what will become the nations of Britain.

2. “Conquest”

Broadcast 7 October 2000 and covering 1000–87. 1066 is not the best remembered date in British history for nothing. In the space of nine hours whilst the Battle of Hastings raged, everything changed. Anglo-Saxon England became Norman and, for the next 300 years, its fate was decided by dynasties of Norman rulers.

3. “Dynasty”

Broadcast 14 October 2000 and covering 1087–1216. There is no saga more powerful than that of the warring dynasty – domineering father, beautiful, scheming mother and squabbling, murderous sons and daughters, (particularly the nieces). In the years that followed the Norman Conquest, this was the drama played out on the stage of British history.

 4. “Nations”

Broadcast 21 October 2000 and covering 1216–1348, this is the epic account of how the nations of Britain emerged from under the hammer of England’s “Longshanks” King Edward I, with a sense of who and what they were, which endures to this day.

5. “King death”

Broadcast 28 October 2000 and covering 1348–1500. It took only six years for the plague to ravage the British Isles. Its impact was to last for generations. But from the ashes of this trauma an unexpected and unique class of Englishmen emerged.

6. “Burning convictions”

Broadcast 4 November 2000 and covering 1500–58. Here Simon Schama charts the upheaval caused as a country renowned for its piety, whose king styled himself Defender of the Faith, turns into one of the most aggressive proponents of the new Protestant faith.

7. “The body of the Queen”

Broadcast 8 November 2000 and covering 1558–1603. This is the story of two queens: Elizabeth I, the consummate politician, and Mary, Queen of Scots, the Catholic mother. It is also the story of the birth of a nation.

8. “The British wars”

Broadcast 8 May 2001 and covering 1603–49. The turbulent civil wars of the early seventeenth century would culminate in two events unique to British history; the public execution of a king and the creation of a republic. Schama tells of the brutal war that tore the country in half and created a new Britain – divided by politics and religion and dominated by the first truly modern army, fighting for ideology, not individual leaders.

9. “Revolutions”

Broadcast 15 May 2001 and covering 1649–89. Political and religious revolutions racked Britain after Charles I’s execution, when Britain was a joyless, kingless republic led by Oliver Cromwell. His rule became so unpopular that for many it was a relief when the monarchy was restored after his death, but Cromwell was also a man of vision who brought about significant reforms.

10. “Britannia incorporated”

Broadcast 22 May 2001 and covering 1690–1750. As the new century dawned, relations between Scotland and England had never been worse. Yet half a century later the two countries would be making a future together based on profit and interest. The new Britain was based on money, not God.

 11. “The wrong empire”

Broadcast 29 May 2001 and covering 1750–1800. The series is the exhilarating and terrible story of how the British Empire came into being through its early settlements—the Caribbean through the sugar plantations (and helped by slavery), the land that later became the United States and India through the British East India Company–and how it eventually came to dominate the world. A story of exploration and daring, but also one of exploitation, conflict, and loss.

12. “Forces of nature”

Broadcast 28 May 2002 and covering 1780–1832. Britain never had the kind of revolution experienced by France in 1789, but it did come close. In the mid-1770s the country was intoxicated by a great surge of political energy. Re-discovering England’s wildernesses, the intellectuals of the “romantic generation” also discovered the plight of the common man, turning nature into a revolutionary force.

13. “Victoria and her sisters”

Broadcast 4 June 2002 and covering 1830–1910. As the Victorian era began, the massive advance of technology and industrialisation was rapidly reshaping both the landscape and the social structure of the whole country. To a much greater extent than ever before women would take a centre-stage role in shaping society.

14. “The empire of good intentions”

Broadcast 11 June 2002 and covering 1830–1925. This episode charts the chequered life of the liberal empire from Ireland to India – the promise of civilisation and material betterment and the delivery of coercion and famine.

15. “The two Winstons”

Broadcast 18 June 2002 and covering 1910–65. In the final episode, Schama examines the overwhelming presence of the past in the British twentieth century and the struggle of leaders to find a way to make a different national future. As towering figures of the twentieth century, Churchill and Orwell (through his 1984 character Winston Smith) in their different ways exemplify lives spent brooding and acting on that imperial past, and most movingly for us, writing and shaping its history. …”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_History_of_Britain_(TV_series)

 

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A History of Britain: Episodes 9 Revolutions, 10 Britannia Incorporated, 11 The Wrong Empire, 12 Forces of Nature–Videos 

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I,Psychopath–Sam Vaknin–Documentary–Videos

Posted on September 28, 2010. Filed under: Biology, Blogroll, Chemistry, Communications, Culture, Health Care, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Psychology, Rants, Raves, Resources, Science, Security, Video | Tags: , , , |

I,Psychopath – Sam Vaknin – Documentary – [part 1]

 

I,Psychopath – Sam Vaknin – Documentary – [part 2]

 

I,Psychopath – Sam Vaknin – Documentary – [part 3]

 

I,Psychopath – Sam Vaknin – Documentary – [part 4]

 

I,Psychopath – Sam Vaknin – Documentary – [part 5]

 

Background Articles and Videos

Barack Obama – Narcissist or Merely Narcissistic?

NARCISSISTIC – POMPOUS – OBAMA – REVEALS HIS ELITIST PERSONA !!!

 

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