Niall Ferguson — The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of The World, Financial Crisis, Empire, Descent of Money and Beyond The War of The World — Videos

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The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of The World by Niall Ferguson Epsd 1 5 Full Documentary

Professor Niall Ferguson – The Descent of Money

Niall Ferguson on importance of civil institutions and more, at Norwegian Nobel Institute

Niall Ferguson on the recent financial meltdown

Niall Ferguson – The Ascent of Money

Niall Ferguson at Charlie Rose 2011

[BBC Parliament] Niall Ferguson Lecture on his new book, The Ascent of Money – 14-12-08

Niall Ferguson Interview: Books, Financial History, Cash Nexus, Economics, Ascent of Money (2004)

Ferguson: Fiscal Crises and Imperial Collapses

Niall Ferguson: Fiscal Crises and Imperial Collapses: Historical Perspective on Current Predicaments

China and the West: Divergence and Convergence

NEED TO KNOW Niall Ferguson on the Tea Party, budget cuts and the economy

Niall Ferguson – Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World – Why Britain? 1/5

Niall Ferguson – Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World – Why Britain? 2/5

Niall Ferguson – Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World – Why Britain? 3/5

Niall Ferguson – Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World – Why Britain? 4/5

Niall Ferguson – Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World – Why Britain? 5/5

Conversations with History: Niall Ferguson

war of the world

The War of the World — Episode 1

The War of the World — Episode 2

The War of the World — Episode 3

The War of the World — Episode 4

The War of the World — Episode 5

The War of the World — Episode 6


Niall Ferguson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Not to be confused with Niels Ferguson.
Niall Ferguson
Born Niall Campbell Douglas Ferguson
18 April 1964 (age 50)
Glasgow, Scotland
Nationality British
Fields International history, economic history, American and British imperial history
Institutions Harvard University
New York University
New College of the Humanities
Jesus College, Oxford
Alma mater Magdalen College, Oxford
Known for Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World
Influences Thomas Hobbes, Norman Stone,A. J. P. Taylor, Kenneth Clark,Adam Smith, Friedrich Hayek,Milton Friedman, John Maynard Keynes, David Landes
Spouse Sue Douglas (1987–2011)
Ayaan Hirsi Ali (2011–present)

Niall Campbell Douglas Ferguson (/ˈnl ˈfɜr.ɡə.sən/; born 18 April 1964)[1] is a Scottish historian. He is the Laurence A. Tisch Professor of History at Harvard University. He is also a Senior Research Fellow of Jesus College, University of Oxford, a Senior Fellow of the Hoover Institution, Stanford University and visiting professor at the New College of the Humanities. His specialties are international history, economic history, particularly hyperinflation and the bond markets, and British and Americanimperialism.[2] He is known for his provocative, contrarian views.[3]

Ferguson’s books include Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World, The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World and Civilization: The West and the Rest, all of which he has presented as Channel 4 television series.

In 2004, he was named as one of the 100 most influential people in the world by Time magazine. Since 2011,[dated info] he has been a contributing editor for Bloomberg Television[4][5] and a columnist for Newsweek.

Ferguson was an advisor to John McCain’s U.S. presidential campaign in 2008, and announced his support for Mitt Romney in 2012 and has been a vocal critic of Barack Obama.[6][7]

Early life

Ferguson was born in Glasgow, Scotland, on 18 April 1964. His father was a doctor and his mother a physics teacher.[8][9] He attended The Glasgow Academy.[10] He was brought up as, and remains, an atheist.[11]

Ferguson cites his father as instilling in him a strong sense of self-discipline and of the moral value of work, while his mother encouraged his creative side.[12] His journalist maternal grandfather encouraged him to write.[12] Unable to decide on studying an English or a history degree at university, Ferguson cites his reading of War and Peace as persuading him towards history.[9]

University of Oxford

Ferguson received a Demyship (half-scholarship) at Magdalen College, Oxford.[13] While there he wrote the 90 minute student film ‘The Labours of Hercules Sprote’ and became best friends with Andrew Sullivan, based on a shared affinity for right-wing politics and punk music.[14] He had become a Thatcherite by 1982, identifying the position with “the Sex Pistols‘ position in 1977: it was a rebellion against the stuffy corporatism of the 70s.”[9] While at university “He was very much a Scot on the make … Niall was a witty, belligerent bloke who seemed to have come from an entirely different planet,” according to Simon Winder.[14]Ferguson has stated that “I was surrounded by insufferable Etonians with fake Cockney accents who imagined themselves to be working-class heroes in solidarity with the striking miners. It wasn’t long before it became clear that the really funny and interesting people on campus were Thatcherites.”[14]

He graduated with a first-class honours degree in history in 1985.[13] He received his D.Phil from Magdalen College in 1989, and his dissertation was entitled “Business and Politics in the German Inflation: Hamburg 1914–1924”.[15]


Academic career

Ferguson is a Senior Research Fellow of Jesus College, University of Oxford, and a Senior Fellow of the Hoover Institution, Stanford University. He is a resident faculty member of the Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies, and an advisory fellow of the Barsanti Military History Center at the University of North Texas.

In May 2010, he announced that the Education Secretary Michael Gove in the UK’s Conservative/Lib Dem government had invited him to advise on the development of a new history syllabus—”history as a connected narrative”—for schools in England and Wales.[17][18] In June 2011, he joined other academics to set up the New College of the Humanities, a private college in London.[19]

Fellow academics have questioned Ferguson’s commitment to scholarship. Benjamin Wallace-Wells, an editor of The Washington Monthly, comments that

The House of Rothschild remains Ferguson’s only major work to have received prizes and wide acclaim from other historians. Research restrains sweeping, absolute claims: Rothschild is the last book Ferguson wrote for which he did original archival work, and his detailed knowledge of his subject meant that his arguments for it couldn’t be too grand.”[20]

John Lewis Gaddis, a Cold War era historian, characterised Ferguson as having unrivaled “range, productivity and visibility” at the same time as criticising his work as being “unpersuasive”. Gaddis goes on to state that “several of Ferguson’s claims, moreover, are contradictory”.[21]

Marxist historian Eric Hobsbawm has praised Ferguson as an excellent historian.[22] However, he has also criticised Ferguson, saying, on the BBC Radio programme Start the Week, that he was a “nostalgist for empire”.[23] Ferguson responded to the above criticisms in a Washington Post “Live Discussions” online forum in 2006.[24] [clarification needed]

Business career

In 2007, Ferguson was appointed as an investment management consultant by GLG Partners, focusing on geopolitical risk as well as current structural issues in economic behaviour relating to investment decisions.[25] GLG is a UK-based hedge fund management firm headed by Noam Gottesman.[26]

Career as commentator

In October 2007, Ferguson left The Sunday Telegraph to join the Financial Times where he was a contributing editor.[27][28] He also writes for Newsweek.[17]

Ferguson has often described the European Union as a disaster waiting to happen,[29] and has criticised President Vladimir Putin of Russia for authoritarianism. In Ferguson’s view, certain of Putin’s policies, if they continue, may stand to lead Russia to catastrophes equivalent to those that befell Germany during the Nazi era.[30]


The Cash Nexus

In his 2001 book, The Cash Nexus, which he wrote following a year as Houblon-Norman Fellow at the Bank of England,[28] Ferguson argues that the popular saying, “money makes the world go ’round”, is wrong; instead he presented a case for human actions in history motivated by far more than just economic concerns.

Colossus and Empire

In his books Colossus and Empire, Ferguson presents a reinterpretation of the history of the British Empire and in conclusion proposes that the modern policies of the United Kingdom and the United States, in taking a more active role in resolving conflict arising from the failure of states, are analogous to the ‘Anglicization’ policies adopted by the British Empire throughout the 19th century.[31][32] In Colossus, Ferguson explores the United States’ hegemony in foreign affairs and its future role in the world.[33][34]

War of the World

The War of the World, published in 2006, had been ten years in the making and is a comprehensive analysis of the savagery of the 20th century. Ferguson shows how a combination of economic volatility, decaying empires, psychopathic dictators, and racially/ethnically motivated (and institutionalised) violence resulted in the wars and the genocides of what he calls “History’s Age of Hatred”. The New York Times Book Reviewnamed War of the World one of the 100 Notable Books of the Year in 2006, while the International Herald Tribune called it “one of the most intriguing attempts by an historian to explain man’s inhumanity to man“.[35]Ferguson addresses the paradox that, though the 20th century was “so bloody”, it was also “a time of unparalleled [economic] progress”. As with his earlier work Empire,[36] War of the World was accompanied by aChannel 4 television series presented by Ferguson.[37]

The Ascent of Money

Published in 2008, The Ascent of Money examines the long history of money, credit, and banking. In it he predicts a financial crisis as a result of the world economy and in particular the United States using too much credit. Specifically he cites the ChinaAmerica dynamic which he refers to as Chimerica where an Asian “savings glut” helped create the subprime mortgage crisis with an influx of easy money.[38] While researching this book, in early 2007, he attended a conference in Las Vegas where a hedge fund manager stated there would never be another recession, Ferguson stood up and challenged him on it. Later the 2 agreed a 7 to 1 bet, that there would be another recession, for $14,000, with Ferguson paying that amount if he lost and winning $98,000. “I said, ‘Never is a very bad timeframe,'” Ferguson said. “‘Let’s say five years.'” Ferguson collected his winnings as he knew having researched the book and written several papers on economics in history, so knew another recession would definitely occur and with this bet placed a timeline of it occurring before 2012.[39]


Published in 2011, Civilization: The West and the Rest examines what Ferguson calls the most “interesting question” of our day: “Why, beginning around 1500, did a few small polities on the western end of the Eurasian landmass come to dominate the rest of the world?” He attributes this divergence to the West’s development of six “killer apps” largely missing elsewhere in the world – “competition, science, the rule of law, medicine, consumerism and the work ethic”.[17] A related documentary Civilization: Is the West History? was broadcast as a six-part series on Channel 4 in March and April 2011.[40]

Opinions and research

World War I

In 1998, Ferguson published the critically acclaimed The Pity of War: Explaining World War One, which with the help of research assistants he was able to write in just five months.[13][14] This is an analytic account of what Ferguson considered to be the ten great myths of the Great War. The book generated much controversy, particularly Ferguson’s suggestion that it might have proved more beneficial for Europe if Britain had stayed out of the First World War in 1914, thereby allowing Germany to win.[41] Ferguson has argued that the British decision to intervene was what stopped a German victory in 1914–15. Furthermore, Ferguson expressed disagreement with the Sonderweg interpretation of German history championed by some German historians such as Fritz Fischer, Hans-Ulrich Wehler, Hans Mommsen and Wolfgang Mommsen, who argued that the German Empire deliberately started an aggressive war in 1914. Likewise, Ferguson has often attacked the work of the German historian Michael Stürmer, who argued that it was Germany’s geographical situation in Central Europe that determined the course of German history.

On the contrary, Ferguson maintained that Germany waged a preventive war in 1914, a war largely forced on the Germans by reckless and irresponsible British diplomacy. In particular, Ferguson accused the British Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey of maintaining an ambiguous attitude to the question of whether Britain would enter the war or not, and thus confusing Berlin over just what was the British attitude towards the question of intervention in the war.[42] Ferguson accused London of unnecessarily allowing a regional war in Europe to escalate into a world war. Moreover, Ferguson denied that the origins of National Socialismcould be traced back to Imperial Germany; instead Ferguson asserted the origins of Nazism could only be traced back to the First World War and its aftermath.

Ferguson attacked a number of ideas which he called “myths” in the book. They are listed here, (with his counter-arguments in parentheses):

  • Germany was a highly militarist country before 1914. (Ferguson argued that Germany was Europe’s most anti-militarist country when compared to countries like Britain and France.)[43]
  • The naval threat posed by Germany drove Britain into an informal alliance with France and Russia before 1914. (Ferguson argues that the British decided to align themselves with Russia and France seeing them as more influential and powerful than Germany.)[44]
  • British policy was due to a legitimate fear of Germany. (Ferguson shows how Germany posed no significant threat to Britain and British fears were driven by propaganda and economic self interest.)[45]
  • The pre-1914 arms race was consuming increasingly larger portions of national budgets at an unsustainable rate. (Ferguson demonstrates using actual budget information of the European powers that the only limitations on more military spending before 1914 were political, not economic.)[46]
  • That World War I was an act of aggression on the part of Germany that provoked the British to stop Germany from conquering Europe. (Ferguson infers that if Germany had been victorious over France and Russia, something like the European Union would have been created in 1914. It would have been for the best if Britain had chosen to opt out of war in 1914, as Germany just wanted its “place in the sun.”)[47]
  • Most people were enthusiastic when the war started in 1914. (Ferguson claims that most Europeans were saddened by the start of war, especially when it dragged on long after it was supposed to end.)[48]
  • That propaganda was successful in making men wish to fight. (Ferguson states that propaganda was not nearly as effective as most experts argue.)[49]
  • The Allies utilized their economic resources to the fullest. (Ferguson argues that the allies made poor use of their vast economic resources such as those coming from their colonies as well as corruption in the war time governments. France and Britain both possessed huge colonial possessions that offered a plethora of resources as well as man power.)[50]
  • That the British and the French possessed better armies than the central powers. (Ferguson claims that the German Army was superior, with better equipment and leadership.)[51]
  • The Allies were better at killing Germans throughout the war. (Ferguson statistically shows that the Germans were actually far superior in exacting casualties than the Allies, this is due to German strategy and use of poison gas.)[52]
  • The majority of soldiers hated fighting in the war due to intolerable conditions. (Ferguson asserts that most soldiers fought due to nationalism and a sense of duty.)[53]
  • The British treated German prisoners more humanely than the Germans did. (Ferguson cites numerous occasions in which British officers ordered the killing of German prisoners of war.)[54]
  • Germany was faced with reparations that could not be paid except at the expense of the German economy. (Ferguson attempts to prove that Germany could have paid reparations if they had been willing.)[55]

Another controversial aspect of The Pity of War is Ferguson’s use of counterfactual history also known as “speculative” or “hypothetical” history. In the book, Ferguson presents a hypothetical version of Europe being, under Imperial German domination, a peaceful, prosperous, democratic continent, without ideologies like communism or fascism.[56] In Ferguson’s view, had Germany won World War I, then the lives of millions would have been saved, something like the European Union would have been founded in 1914, and Britain would have remained an empire as well as the world’s dominant financial power.[56]


Ferguson wrote two volumes about the prominent Rothschild family:

  • The House of Rothschild: Volume 1: Money’s Prophets: 1798–1848[57]
  • The House of Rothschild: Volume 2: The World’s Banker: 1849–1999[58]

The books won the Wadsworth Prize for Business History and were also short-listed for the Jewish Quarterly-Wingate Literary Award and the American National Jewish Book Award.[28]

Counterfactual history

Ferguson sometimes champions counterfactual history, also known as “speculative” or “hypothetical” history, and edited a collection of essays, titled Virtual History: Alternatives and Counterfactuals (1997), exploring the subject.

Ferguson likes to imagine alternative outcomes as a way of stressing the contingent aspects of history. For Ferguson, great forces don’t make history; individuals do, and nothing is predetermined. Thus, for Ferguson, there are no paths in history that will determine how things will work out. The world is neither progressing nor regressing; only the actions of individuals determine whether we will live in a better or worse world.

His championing of the method has been controversial within the field.[59]

In a 2011 review of Ferguson’s book Civilization: The West and the Rest, Noel Malcolm (Senior Research Fellow in History at All Souls College at Oxford University) stated that: “Students may find this an intriguing introduction to a wide range of human history; but they will get an odd idea of how historical argument is to be conducted, if they learn it from this book.”[60]

Henry Kissinger

In 2003, former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger provided Ferguson with access to his White House diaries, letters, and archives for what Ferguson calls a “warts-and-all biography” of Kissinger.[61]


Ferguson is critical of what he calls the “self-flagellation” that he says characterises modern European thought.

“The moral simplification urge is an extraordinarily powerful one, especially in this country, where imperial guilt can lead to self-flagellation,” he told a reporter. “And it leads to very simplistic judgments. The rulers of western Africa prior to the European empires were not running some kind of scout camp. They were engaged in the slave trade. They showed zero sign of developing the country’s economic resources. Did Senegal ultimately benefit from French rule? Yes, it’s clear. And the counterfactual idea that somehow the indigenous rulers would have been more successful in economic development doesn’t have any credibility at all.”[17]

Richard Drayton, Rhodes Professor of Imperial History at the University of London, has stated that it is correct to associate “Ferguson with an attempt to ‘rehabilitate empire’ in the service of contemporary great power interests”.[62]

Bernard Porter attacked Empire in The London Review of Books as a “panegyric to British colonialism”.[63] Ferguson in response to this drew Porter’s attention to the conclusion of the book, where he writes: “No one would claim that the record of the British Empire was unblemished. On the contrary, I have tried to show how often it failed to live up to its own ideal of individual liberty, particularly in the early era of enslavement, transportation and the ‘ethnic cleansing’ of indigenous peoples.” Ferguson argues however that the British Empire was preferable to the alternatives:

‘The 19th-century empire undeniably pioneered free trade, free capital movements and, with the abolition of slavery, free labour. It invested immense sums in developing a global network of modern communications. It spread and enforced the rule of law over vast areas. Though it fought many small wars, the empire maintained a global peace unmatched before or since. In the 20th century too the empire more than justified its own existence. For the alternatives to British rule represented by the German and Japanese empires were clearly – and they admitted it themselves – far worse. And without its empire, it is inconceivable that Britain could have withstood them.’[63]

Exchange with Pankaj Mishra

In November 2011 Pankaj Mishra reviewed Civilisation: The West and the Rest unfavourably in the London Review of Books.[64] Ferguson demanded an apology and threatened to sue Mishra on charges of libel due to allegations of racism.[65]

Islam and “Eurabia”

Matthew Carr wrote in Race & Class that

“Niall Ferguson, the conservative English [sic] historian and enthusiastic advocate of a new American empire, has also embraced the Eurabian idea in a widely reproduced article entitled ‘Eurabia?’,”[66]

in which he laments the ‘de-Christianization of Europe’ and its culture of secularism that leaves the continent ‘weak in the face of fanaticism’.” Carr adds that

“Ferguson sees the recent establishment of a department of Islamic studies in his Oxford college as another symptom of ‘the creeping Islamicization of a decadent Christendom”,

and that in a 2004 lecture at the American Enterprise Institute entitled ‘The End of Europe?’,[67]

“Ferguson struck a similarly Spenglerian note, conjuring the term ‘impire’ to depict a process in which a ‘political entity, instead of expanding outwards towards its periphery, exporting power, implodes – when the energies come from outside into that entity’. In Ferguson’s opinion, this process was already under way in a decadent ‘post-Christian’ Europe that was drifting inexorably towards the dark denouement of a vanquished civilisation and the fatal embrace of Islam.”[68]

Iraq War

Ferguson supported the 2003 Iraq War, and he is on record as not necessarily opposed to future western incursions around the world.

“It’s all very well for us to sit here in the West with our high incomes and cushy lives, and say it’s immoral to violate the sovereignty of another state. But if the effect of that is to bring people in that country economic and political freedom, to raise their standard of living, to increase their life expectancy, then don’t rule it out”.[17]

Economic policy

In its 15 August 2005 edition, The New Republic published “The New New Deal”, an essay by Ferguson and Laurence J. Kotlikoff, a professor of economics at Boston University. The two scholars called for the following changes to the American government’s fiscal and income security policies:

  • Replacing the personal income tax, corporate income tax, Federal Insurance Contributions Act tax (FICA), estate tax, and gift tax with a 33% Federal Retail Sales Tax (FRST), plus a monthly rebate, amounting to the amount of FRST that a household with similar demographics would pay if its income were at the poverty line. See also: FairTax
  • Replacing the old age benefits paid under Social Security with a Personal Security System, consisting of private retirement accounts for all citizens, plus a government benefit payable to those whose savings were insufficient to afford a minimum retirement income
  • Replacing Medicare and Medicaid with a Medical Security System that would provide health insurance vouchers to all citizens, the value of which would be determined by one’s health
  • Cutting federal discretionary spending by 20%

In November 2012, Ferguson stated in a video with CNN that the U.S. has enough energy resources to move towards energy independence and could possibly enter a new economic golden age due to the related socio-economic growth—coming out of the post-world economic recession doldrums.[69]

Ferguson was an attendee of the 2012 Bilderberg Group meeting, where he was a speaker on economic policy.[70]

Exchanges with Paul Krugman

In May 2009, Ferguson became involved in a high-profile exchange of views with economist Paul Krugman (2008 Nobel Laureate in Economics) arising out of a panel discussion hosted by PEN/New York Review on 30 April 2009, regarding the U.S. economy. Ferguson contended that the Obama administration’s policies are simultaneously Keynesian and monetarist, in an “incoherent” mix, and specifically claimed that the government’s issuance of a multitude of new bonds would cause an increase in interest rates.[71]

Krugman argued that Ferguson’s view is “resurrecting 75-year old fallacies” and full of “basic errors”. He also stated that Ferguson is a “poseur” who “hasn’t bothered to understand the basics, relying on snide comments and surface cleverness to convey the impression of wisdom. It’s all style, no comprehension of substance.”[72][73][74][75]

In 2012, Jonathan Portes, the director of the National Institute of Economic and Social Research, said that subsequent events had shown Ferguson to be wrong: “As we all know, since then both the US and UK have had deficits running at historically extremely high levels, and long-term interest rates at historic lows: as Krugman has repeatedly pointed out, the (IS-LM) textbook has been spot on.”[76]

Later in 2012, after Ferguson wrote a cover story for Newsweek arguing that Mitt Romney should be elected in the upcoming US presidential election, Krugman wrote that there were multiple errors and misrepresentations in the story, concluding “We’re not talking about ideology or even economic analysis here – just a plain misrepresentation of the facts, with an august publication letting itself be used to misinform readers. The Times would require an abject correction if something like that slipped through. Will Newsweek?”[77] Ferguson denied that he had misrepresented the facts in an online rebuttal.[78] Matthew O’Briencountered that Ferguson was still distorting the meaning of the CBO report being discussed, and that the entire piece could be read as an effort to deceive.[79]

In 2013, Ferguson, naming Dean Baker, Josh Barro, Brad DeLong, Matthew O’Brien, Noah Smith, Matthew Yglesias and Justin Wolfers, attacked “Krugman and his acolytes,” in his three-part essay on why he hates Paul Krugman,[80] whose title is originally made by Noah Smith.[81]

Remarks on Keynes’ sexual orientation

At a May 2013 investment conference in Carlsbad, California, Ferguson was asked about his views on economist John Maynard Keynes‘s quotation that “in the long run we are all dead.” Ferguson stated that Keynes was indifferent to the future because he was gay and did not have children.[82]

The remarks were widely criticised for being offensive, factually inaccurate, and a distortion of Keynes’ ideas.[83][84]

Ferguson posted an apology for these statements shortly after reports of his words were widely disseminated, saying his comments were “as stupid as they were insensitive”.[85] In the apology, Ferguson stated: “My disagreements with Keynes’s economic philosophy have never had anything to do with his sexual orientation. It is simply false to suggest, as I did, that his approach to economic policy was inspired by any aspect of his personal life.”[86]

Personal life

Ferguson married journalist Susan Douglas, whom he met in 1987 when she was his editor at the Daily Mail. They have three children.[87]

In February 2010, news media reported that Ferguson had separated from Douglas and started dating former Dutch MP Ayaan Hirsi Ali.[88][89][90] Ferguson and Douglas divorced in 2011.

Ferguson married Hirsi Ali in September 2011[91] and Hirsi Ali gave birth to their son in December 2011.[92][93][94]

Ferguson dedicated his book Civilization to “Ayaan”. In an interview with The Guardian, Ferguson spoke about his love for Ali, who, he writes in the preface, “understands better than anyone I know what Western civilisation really means – and what it still has to offer the world”.[17] Ali, he continued,

…grew up in the Muslim world, was born in Somalia, spent time in Saudi Arabia, was a fundamentalist as a teenager. Her journey from the world of her childhood and family to where she is today is an odyssey that’s extremely hard for you or I [sic] to imagine. To see and hear how she understands western philosophy, how she understands the great thinkers of the Enlightenment, of the 19th-century liberal era, is a great privilege, because she sees it with a clarity and freshness of perspective that’s really hard for us to match. So much of liberalism in its classical sense is taken for granted in the west today and even disrespected. We take freedom for granted, and because of this we don’t understand how incredibly vulnerable it is.[17]

Ferguson’s self confessed workaholism has placed strains on his personal relations in the past. Ferguson has commented that:

…from 2002, the combination of making TV programmes and teaching at Harvard took me away from my children too much. You don’t get those years back. You have to ask yourself: “Was it a smart decision to do those things?” I think the success I have enjoyed since then has been bought at a significant price. In hindsight, there would have been a bunch of things that I would have said no to.[12]

Ferguson was the inspiration for Alan Bennett‘s play The History Boys (2004), particularly the character of Irwin, a history teacher who urges his pupils to find a counterintuitive angle, and goes on to become a television historian.[8] Bennett’s character “Irwin” gives the impression that “an entire career can be built on the trick of contrariness.”[8]



As contributor

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  • “A bolt from the blue? The City of London and the outbreak of the First World War”, in Wm. Roger Louis (ed.), Yet More Adventures with Britainnia: Personalities, Politics and Culture in Britain (I.B. Tauris, 2005), pp. 133–145
  • “The first ‘Eurobonds’: The Rothschilds and the financing of the Holy Alliance, 1818–1822”, in William N. Goetzmann and K. Geert Rouwenhorst (eds.), The Origins of Value: The Financial Innovations that Created Modern Capital Markets (Oxford University Press, 2005), pp. 311–323
  • “Prisoner taking and prisoner killing in the age of total war”, in George Kassemiris (ed.), The Barbarization of Warfare (New York University Press, 2006), pp. 126–158
  • “The Second World War as an economic disaster”, in Michael Oliver (ed.), Economic Disasters of the Twentieth Century (Edward Elgar, 2007), pp. 83–132
  • “The Problem of Conjecture: American Strategy after the Bush Doctrine”, in Melvyn Leffler and Jeff Legro (eds.), To Lead the World: American Strategy After the Bush Doctrine (Oxford University Press, 2008)

Television documentaries

BBC Reith Lectures

Niall Ferguson recording the third of his 2012 BBC Reith Lecture atGresham College

In May 2012 the BBC announced Niall Ferguson was to present its annual Reith Lectures – a prestigious series of radio lectures which were first broadcast in 1948. These four lectures, titled The Rule of Law and its Enemies, examine the role man-made institutions have played in the economic and political spheres.[96]

In the first lecture, held at the London School of Economics, titled The Human Hive, Ferguson argues for greater openness from governments, saying they should publish accounts which clearly state all assets and liabilities. Governments, he said, should also follow the lead of business and adopt the Generally Accepted Accounting Principlesand, above all, generational accounts should be prepared on a regular basis to make absolutely clear the inter-generational implications of current fiscal policy. In the lecture, Ferguson says young voters should be more supportive of government austerity measures if they do not wish to pay further down the line for the profligacy of the baby boomergeneration.[97]

In the second lecture, The Darwinian Economy, Ferguson reflects on the causes of the global financial crisis, and erroneous conclusions that many people have drawn from it about the role of regulation, such as whether it is in fact “the disease of which it purports to be the cure”.

The Landscape of Law was the third lecture, delivered at Gresham College. It examines the rule of law in comparative terms, asking how far the common law‘s claims to superiority over other systems are credible, and whether we are living through a time of ‘creeping legal degeneration’ in the English-speaking world.

The fourth and final lecture, Civil and Uncivil Societies, focuses on institutions (outside the political, economic and legal realms) designed to preserve and transmit particular knowledge and values. It asks whether the modern state is quietly killing civil society in the Western world, and what non-Western societies can do to build a vibrant civil society.

The first lecture was broadcast on BBC Radio 4 and the BBC World Service on Tuesday, 19 June 2012.[98] The series is available as a BBC podcast.[99]

See also



  1. Jump up^ Biography Niall Ferguson
  2. Jump up^ “Harvard University History Department — Faculty: Niall Ferguson”. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  3. Jump up^ “Turning Points”. The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September2013.
  4. Jump up^ “Niall Ferguson Says China `Hard Landing’ Unlikely”. 29 September 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  5. Jump up^ “Spain Bank Crisis Is Not Over, Niall Ferguson Says”. 11 June 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  6. Jump up^ “Why Obama Needs to Go,” Newsweek, 9 August 2012
  7. Jump up^ “Newsweek’s anti-Obama cover story: Has the magazine lost all credibility?” The Week, 21 August 2012
  8. ^ Jump up to:a b c Smith, David (18 June 2006). “Niall Ferguson: The empire rebuilder”. The Observer (Guardian News and Media).
  9. ^ Jump up to:a b c Templeton, Tom (18 January 2009). “This much I know: Niall Ferguson, historian, 44, London”. The Observer (Guardian News and Media).
  10. Jump up^ Tassel, Janet (2007). “The Global Empire of Niall Ferguson”.Harvard Magazine. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  11. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall (4 January 2008). “Niall Ferguson on Belief”. Big Think. Retrieved 17 June 2012. Recorded on: October 31, 2007
  12. ^ Jump up to:a b c Duncan, Alistair (19 March 2011). “Niall Ferguson: My family values”. The Guardian (Guardian News and Media).
  13. ^ Jump up to:a b c Niall Ferguson, Senior Fellow Hoover Institution, 30 November 2011
  14. ^ Jump up to:a b c d Robert Boynton Thinking the Unthinkable: A profile of Niall Ferguson The New Yorker, 12 April 1999
  15. Jump up^ Dissertation Abstracts International: The Humanities and Social sciences 53. University Microfilms. 1993. p. 3318.
  16. Jump up^ “LSE IDEAS appoints Professor Niall Ferguson to chair in international history”. London School of Economics. 25 March 2009. Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 17 June2012. Philippe Roman Chair in History and International Affairs, for 2010–2011
  17. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g William Skidelsky (20 February 2011). “Niall Ferguson: ‘Westerners don’t understand how vulnerable freedom is'”. The Observer (Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 24 February 2011.
  18. Jump up^ Higgins, Charlotte (31 May 2010). “Empire strikes back: rightwing historian to get curriculum role”. (Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 31 May 2010.
  19. Jump up^ Cook, Chris (5 June 2011). “Star professors set up humanities college”. Financial Times. Retrieved 17 June 2012.(registration required)
  20. Jump up^ Benjamin Wallace-Wells Right Man’s Burden Washington Monthly, June 204
  21. Jump up^ “The Last Empire, for Now”. New York Times. 25 July 2004. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  22. Jump up^ Globalisation, democracy and terrorism, Eric Hobsbawm (Abacus 2008)
  23. Jump up^ Start the Week BBC Radio 4, 12 June 2006
  24. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall (7 November 2006). “Book World Live”. The Washington Post. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
  25. Jump up^ “Meet The Hedge Fund Historian”. 30 September 2007. Retrieved 20 December 2008.
  26. Jump up^ “GLG Company Description”. Retrieved 20 December2008.[dead link]
  27. Jump up^ Tryhorn, Chris (23 October 2007). “Niall Ferguson joins FT”.MediaGuardian (Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 20 May 2010.
  28. ^ Jump up to:a b c “Niall Ferguson: Biography”. Retrieved 14 July 2008.[dead link]
  29. Jump up^ “The End of Europe?”. American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. 4 March 2004.
  30. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall (1 May 2005). “Look back at Weimar – and start to worry about Russia”. The Telegraph. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  31. Jump up^ Porter, Andrew (April 2003). “Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World”. Reviews in History. Institute of Historical Research, University of London. Retrieved 17 February 2011.
  32. Jump up^ Wilson, Jon (8 February 2003). “False and dangerous: Revisionist TV history of Britain’s empire is an attempt to justify the new imperial order”. (Guardian News and Media). Retrieved17 February 2011.
  33. Jump up^ Waslekar, Sundeep (July 2006). “A Review of: Colossus by Prof Niall Ferguson”. Strategic Foresight Group. Retrieved 17 February 2011.[dead link]
  34. Jump up^ Roberts, Adam (14 May 2004). “Colossus by Niall Ferguson: An empire in deep denial”. The Independent. Retrieved 17 February2011.
  35. Jump up^ “100 Notable Books of the Year”. The New York Times. 22 November 2006. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
  36. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall. “Empire and globalisation”. Channel 4. Retrieved14 July 2008.[dead link]
  37. ^ Jump up to:a b “The War of the World”. Channel 4. Retrieved 14 July2008.[dead link]
  38. Jump up^ McRae, Hamish (31 October 2008). “The Ascent of Money, By Niall Ferguson”. The Independent. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
  39. Jump up^
  40. Jump up^ “Civilization: Is the West History?”. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
  41. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 460–461
  42. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 154–156
  43. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 27–30
  44. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 52–55
  45. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 68–76
  46. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 87–101 & 118–125
  47. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 168–173
  48. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 197–205
  49. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 239–247
  50. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 267–277
  51. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 310–317
  52. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 336–338
  53. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 357–366
  54. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 380–388
  55. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 412–431
  56. ^ Jump up to:a b Ferguson, Niall The Pity of War, Basic Books: New York, 1998, 1999 pages 168–173 & 460–461
  57. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall (1999). The House of Rothschild: Money’s Prophets, 1798–1848. Volume 1. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-024084-5.
  58. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall (2000). The House of Rothschild: The World’s Banker 1849–1998. Volume 2. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-028662-4.
  59. Jump up^ Kreisler, Harry (3 November 2003). “Conversation with Niall Ferguson: Being a Historian”. Conversations with History. Regents of the University of California. Retrieved 15 July 2008.
  60. Jump up^ Malcolm, Noel (13 March 2011). “Civilisation: The West and the Rest by Niall Ferguson: review”. The Daily Telegraph. The patient testing of evidence must give way to startling statistics, gripping anecdotes and snappy phrase-making. Niall Ferguson is never unintelligent and certainly never dull. Students may find this an intriguing introduction to a wide range of human history; but they will get an odd idea of how historical argument is to be conducted, if they learn it from this book
  61. Jump up^ Hagan, Joe (27 November 2006). “The Once and Future Kissinger”. New York Magazine. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
  62. Jump up^ “Letters: The British empire and deaths in Kenya”. The Guardian. 16 June 2010.
  63. ^ Jump up to:a b Tell me where I’m wrong London Review of Books, 19 May 2005
  64. Jump up^ Mishra, Pankaj (3 November 2011). “Watch this man (review of ‘Civilisation’ by Niall Ferguson)”. London Review of Books 33 (21): 10–12. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  65. Jump up^ Beaumont, Peter (26 November 2011). “Niall Ferguson threatens to sue over accusation of racism”. The Guardian. Retrieved4 September 2012.
  66. Jump up^ Niall Ferguson The way we live now: 4-4-04; Eurabia? New York Times, 4 April 2004
  67. Jump up^ Niall Ferguson The end of Europe?[dead link] American Enterprise Institute Bradley Lecture, 1 March 2004
  68. Jump up^ Carr, M. (2006). “You are now entering Eurabia”. Race & Class 48: 1–0. doi:10.1177/0306396806066636. edit
  69. Jump up^ “Top News Today | New age of U.S. prosperity? | Home |”. 23 November 2012. Retrieved15 September 2013.
  70. Jump up^
  71. Jump up^ Joe Weisenthal (6 May 2013). “Niall Ferguson’s Horrible Track Record On Economics”. Business Insider. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
  72. Jump up^ Paul Krugman (2 May 2009). “Liquidity preference, loanable funds, and Niall Ferguson (wonkish)”. New York times.
  73. Jump up^ Paul Krugman (22 May 2009). “Gratuitous ignorance”. New York Times.
  74. Jump up^ The Conscience of a Liberal
  75. Jump up^ Paul Krugman (17 August 2009). “Black cats”. New York Times.
  76. Jump up^ Portes, Jonathan (25 June 2012). “Macroeconomics: what is it good for? [a response to Diane Coyle]”. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  77. Jump up^ Kavoussi, Bonnie. “Paul Krugman Bashes Niall Ferguson’s Newsweek Cover Story As ‘Unethical'”. The Huffington Post. Retrieved28 August 2012.
  78. Jump up^ Ferguson, Niall. “Ferguson’s Newsweek Cover Rebuttal: Paul Krugman Is Wrong”. The Daily Beast. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  79. Jump up^ O’Brien, Matthew. “The Age of Niallism: Ferguson and the Post-Fact World”. The Atlantic. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  80. Jump up^ Niall Ferguson, Krugtron the Invincible, Part 1, Krugtron the Invincible, Part 2, Krugtron the Invincible, Part 3
  81. Jump up^ Noah Smith, KrugTron the Invincible
  82. Jump up^ Paul Harris (4 May 2013): Niall Ferguson apologises for remarks about ‘gay and childless’ Keynes The Guardian, retrieved 7 May 2013
  83. Jump up^ Blodget, Henry. “Harvard’s Niall Ferguson Blamed Keynes’ Economic Philosophy On His Being Childless And Gay”.
  84. Jump up^ Kostigen, Tom. “Harvard Professor Trashes Keynes For Homosexuality”.
  85. Jump up^ Harris, Paul (4 May 2012). “Niall Ferguson apologises for remarks about ‘gay and childless’ Keynes”. Retrieved 5 May2013.
  86. Jump up^ Niall Ferguson (5 May 2013): An Unqualified Apology Homesite, retrieved 7 May 2013
  87. Jump up^ Lynn, Matthew (23 August 2009). “Professor Paul Krugman at war with Niall Ferguson over inflation”. Times Online. Retrieved25 October 2009.(subscription required)
  88. Jump up^ Gray, Sadie (14 February 2010). “PROFILE: Niall Ferguson”.Times Online.(subscription required)
  89. Jump up^ Hale, Beth (8 February 2010). “The historian, his wife and a mistress living under a fatwa”. Mail Online (Associated Newspapers).
  90. Jump up^ “Niall Ferguson and Ayaan Hirsi Ali”. The Independent. 25 February 2010.
  91. Jump up^ Eden, Richard (18 December 2011). “Henry Kissinger watches historian Niall Ferguson marry Ayaan Hirsi Ali under a fatwa”. The Telegraph. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  92. Jump up^ Numann, Jessica (30 December 2011). “Ayaan Hirsi Ali (42) bevalt van een zoon”. Elsevier. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  93. Jump up^ “Ayaan Hirsi Ali gives birth to baby boy”. (online magazine). 30 December 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
  94. Jump up^ “Ayaan Hirsi Ali is bevallen van zoon Thomas”. Volkskrant. 30 December 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
  95. Jump up^ “Brad DeLong : Keynesian Economics: The Gay Science?”. 7 May 2013. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  96. Jump up^ “BBC News — Historian Niall Ferguson named 2012 BBC Reith Lecturer”. 11 May 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  97. Jump up^ Niall, Prof (17 June 2012). “BBC News — Viewpoint: Why the young should welcome austerity”. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  98. Jump up^ BBC Radio 4 – The Reith Lectures
  99. Jump up^ BBC – Podcasts and Downloads – Reith Lectures

General references

External links


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“…Against the insidious wiles of foreign influence (I conjure you to believe me, fellow-citizens) the jealousy of a free people ought to be constantly awake, since history and experience prove that foreign influence is one of the most baneful foes of republican government. But that jealousy, to be useful, must be impartial, else it becomes the instrument of the very influence to be avoided, instead of a defense against it. Excessive partiality for one foreign nation and excessive dislike of another cause those whom they actuate to see danger only on one side, and serve to veil and even second the arts of influence on the other. Real patriots who may resist the intrigues of the favorite are liable to become suspected and odious, while its tools and dupes usurp the applause and confidence of the people to surrender their interests.

The great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is, in extending our commercial relations to have with them as little political connection as possible. So far as we have already formed engagements let them be fulfilled with perfect good faith. Here let us stop. …”

“…It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world, so far, I mean, as we are now at liberty to do it, for let me not be understood as capable of patronizing infidelity to existing engagements. I hold the maxim no less applicable to public than to private affairs that honesty is always the best policy. I repeat, therefore, let those engagements be observed in their genuine sense. But in my opinion it is unnecessary and would be unwise to extend them.

Taking care always to keep ourselves by suitable establishments on a respectable defensive posture, we may safely trust to temporary alliances for extraordinary emergencies. …”

~President George Washington

Farewell Address, 1796

Below is Glenn Beck’s hit piece on Ron Paul’s non-interventionist foreign policy.

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Apparently, Beck skipped over Washington’s warning and advice about “the insidious wiles of foreign influences” and “to steer clear of permanent alliance.”

Beck would be well advised to heed Washington’s advice.

Instead he has become a shill for Israel, the  Israel lobby and the neoconservatives.

Beck has said in the past that he was a libertarian.

Do not be fooled, he is a pro-Israel big government neoconservative.

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Suggest Beck and his followers read George Nash’s book, The Conservative Intellectual Movement in America.

I always had some doubts about Glenn Beck and frankly never completely trusted him.

He is not a libertarian when it comes to foreign policy, but a closet neoconservative, that pops out of the closet to relieve himself, usually on the champion of the U.S. Constitution, Ron Paul.

Beck is no friend to principled conservative and libertarian, Ron Paul.

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The only way Iran will not have a nuclear weapon is if Israel and the United States start a undeclared war with Iran and start World War III in the Middle East.

All Ron Paul is saying is follow the Constitution; go to Congress, make you case and if war is declared, win it.

Neither the progressives nor the neoconservatives want to do this for the simple reason the American people might say, “Are you nuts?”

Israel will most likely have to go it alone in attacking Iran.

The National Review has been captured by the neoconservatives and who did they put on their cover, Mitt Romney for president.

Ron Paul wants a  non-interventionist government policy both at home and abroad, as do I.

Beck actually agrees with Paul when he says that we should get out of the region, as do I.

Beck’s problem is he went to Israel and was given the “treatment” or “brainwashing” by the Government of Israel as have several other talk radio show host including Rush Limbaugh among several others.

The Communists used to do this with their carefully selected “useful” idiots.

I actually agree with Beck and Israel about the threat in the Middle East and Iran from radical Islam.

Iran has been at war with the United States using proxies for over thirty years.

Where we disagree is what to do about it.

Starting a world war by the United States attacking Iran is folly.

Ron Paul wants to bring the troops home from around the world,  dismantle the American empire of hundreds of military bases abroad and stop the U.S. government from empire or nation building and policing the world.

Let the people in these countries fight their own battles–Arabs against Iranians, Sunni against the Shia, Turkey against Syria and Iran, tribe against tribe, family against family.

America needs to simply mind its own business.

This is exactly what Washington and Paul are saying.

The majority of the American people are concluding after tens of thousands of American deaths and wounded and several trillions of dollars spent on undeclared wars that is would be far cheaper to bring the troops home and obtain our energy domestically.

Both the Democratic and Republican Party establishments and leaderships are deeply penetrated by both progressives and neoconservatives that want big government and a welfare and warfare economy that promotes collectivism and dependency on the government.

The progressive and neoconservatives are afraid of Ron Paul for the simple reason he might very well get elected President.

Question: Who is against Ron Paul?

Answer: Large U.S. banks, the military industrial complex, large U.S. corporation, unions, federal, state, and local governments and their bureaucracies, lawyers, accountants, lobbyists, many foreign governments who rely on U.S. for foreign aid, United Nations, progressives (including the  majority of the media and the academy) and neoconservatives including several radio talk show hosts and their regular guests (for example Bill Bennett and his neoconservative guests from the American Enterprise Institute).

Paul must be doing something right for he is scarring the hell out of both the Democratic and Republican establishment and their propagandist on the right, middle and center.

Reminds me of an old Barry Goldwater political ad:

Nikita Khrushchev Ad: Barry Goldwater 1964 Presidential Campaign Commercial

In your heart, you know Ron Paul is right.

I now consider Beck to be a “useful idiot” for the neoconservatives and the Israel lobby.

Beck at least in the past tired to connect the dots.

Beck’s weakness is he does not want to connect all the dots especially those that lead to advertisers such as large corporations.

It never occurs to Beck that if Ron Paul is so wise about the economy, why is he so wrong about foreign policy.

Here are three  very big clues for Beck:

Eisenhower warns us of the military industrial complex

Mind blowing speech by Robert Welch in 1958 predicting Insiders plans to destroy America

Ezra Taft Benson on The John Birch Society

“…This is an excerpt of an hour-long talk given in 1965 by Dwight D. Eisenhower’s Secretary of Agriculture, Ezra Taft Benson, just 4 years after having left the cabinet in Washington DC where he served the full 8 years (despite all predictions that he would be the first one in the cabinet to be removed given his severe anti-socialist policies). He sought to undo the bondage and destruction brought on by the New Deal as government now had moved far outside of it’s jurisdiction and constitutional bounds. Visit for more information about The John Birch Society. …”

Government interventionism at home and abroad resulted in the welfare and warfare economy with massive government spending and dependency.

Beck is confusing the American people.

Sound familiar.

The American people and Ron Paul are going in same direction.

Beck manifestly  lies when he says that Ron Paul is going in the same direction as Romney and Gingrich.

Both Romney and Gingrich want bigger government not one that is limited in size and scope.

Both Romney and Gingrich want an interventionist foreign policy with America policing the world and nation building.

Both Romney and Gingrich wanted a mandated health insurance plan before they discovered that the American people do not.

Giveme a break.

The progressives, neoconservatives and the Israel lobby support either Romney or Gingrich not Ron Paul!

Ron Paul opposes foreign aid to all nations including Israel.

As a result many Jewish Americans conclude he must be an anti-Semite and anti-Israel.

No he is not. Paul is against foreign aid and for a non-interventionist foreign policy.

I cannot think of one talk radio show host that has served in the military, not a single one.

Beck did not wear the uniform of an American soldier, but now goes on his television show to point out he is wearing the lapel pin of the flag of Israel.

If Beck wants to support Israel may I suggest Beck  go to Israel and enlist in the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF).

Shame on Beck for his truly pathetic piece of propaganda and attack on Ron Paul.

Ron Paul is the only candidate running for President that is a veteran.

Dr. Paul served five years in the Air Force as a flight surgeon.

I trust Ron Paul and will vote for him.

I do not trust Obama, Romney, Gingrich, or Perry or their supporters in broadcasting.

Should Romney win the nomination, then the American people could be replacing an incompetent progressive with a competent one.

Voting for the lesser of two evils is still evil.

Instead of attacking Paul, Beck should examine his premises and logic and support him.

The progressive do not care whether Obama, Romney, Perry or even Gingrich are elected president.

Both the progressives and neoconservatives fear the election of Ron Paul.


Paul’s message is resonating with the American people because it is true and principled

Paul will win the Republican nomination.

However, should he not win the Republican nomination, I hope and pray he will form a new party.

Whether as a Republican or an independent, Paul will be our next president with a landslide victory over Obama.

The Ron Paul Story

SA@TAC – Conservatives’ Military-Industrial Complex

SA@TAC – The Return of the Real Right

A Tale of Two Rights | by The Southern Avenger

FOX News is No Better than the “Liberal Media” | by The Southern Avenger

“THESE are the times that try men’s souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands by it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly: it is dearness only that gives every thing its value. Heaven knows how to put a proper price upon its goods; and it would be strange indeed if so celestial an article as FREEDOM should not be highly rated….”

~Thomas Paine, The Crisis, December 23, 1776

Background Articles and Videos

Is  Ron Paul an Antisemite? No

by               Walter Block

The ‘Israel Lobby’ Controversy

Elite Factionalism or Elite Conspiracy Theory?

by Will Banyan

“…Speaking in Washington DC in August 2006 as guests of CAIR, Walt made the point that they never said “the Israel lobby was all powerful.” It was “not some secret cabal that controls [U.S.] foreign policy”; rather, there were “countervailing forces out there, though they are much weaker, and the lobby doesn’t get its way on every single issue.” Walt’s important caveats highlight something missing from both the leftist analysis, exemplified by Zunes, and the more traditional conspiratorial analysis, both of which seem to contend that the ruling elites are monolithic and unfractured.


Among conspiracists, particularly those concerned with the New World Order, the dominant assumption is that all groups are so interconnected that the same objective—world government—must predominate. Any evidence to the contrary is usually dismissed as a contrivance designed to deceive the public, or as a grubby squabble for control of the same project. David Icke, for instance, assures us that most world leaders (Illuminati) “only appear to be in conflict for the purposes of deluding the people into a false reality” (Icke 477).


Yet indisputable evidence of elite factionalism—of the upper echelons of the food-chain chasing different agendas than world government —has long been apparent. In his magnum opus, Tragedy and Hope (1966), for example, Carroll Quigley had observed how, since the 1950s, Wall Street had been challenged by the “new wealth springing up outside the eastern cities, notably in the Southwest and Far West.” As early as 1964, the representatives of this “new wealth,” based in oil, aviation or armaments, had engaged in a financial struggle with the “old wealth” of the East for control of the political process—and ultimately of the White House—to ensure that high government spending on military and space continued (Quigley 1245-1246). This split between the so-called East Coast “Yankees” and the “Cowboys” of the Southwest was subsequently explored at length by Kirkpatrick Sale (1975) and Carl Oglesby (1977).


Seen through the prism of elite factionalism, The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy is a valuable addition to this neglected field. It highlights in some detail the workings and influence of yet another private grouping that subverts democratic processes in service of a narrow agenda. Of course, some caution is necessary as the outcry over its activities is driven by elite, rather than popular, angst at losing the initiative. But to disregard it, either out of fears of being labeled as anti-Semitic or because it conflicts with other pet theories, would be shortsighted.


Whether the invasion of Iraq was for oil, Israel, or even world government (a contention doggedly advocated by the John Birch Society) will no doubt occupy the minds of various researchers for decades to come. But what should be clear is that in taking issue with the workings of various elite groups, we should not privilege one over the other as targets of our disdain, but recognize that the assault on democracy takes many forms and comes from many quarters and is always at the expense of the powerless.

Documentary on the John Birch Society

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Glenn Beck On The Road To Global Socialism Through Global Chaos and Crisis–Videos

Posted on December 15, 2010. Filed under: Banking, Blogroll, Books, Climate, College, Communications, Demographics, Economics, Education, Federal Government, Fiscal Policy, Foreign Policy, government, government spending, history, Immigration, Investments, Language, liberty, Life, Links, media, Monetary Policy, People, Philosophy, Politics, Rants, Raves, Regulations, Resources, Security, Talk Radio, Taxes, Technology, Video, War, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , |

Glenn Beck-12/13/10-A


Glenn Beck-12/13/10-B


Glenn Beck-12/13/10-C


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Posted on November 30, 2010. Filed under: Banking, Blogroll, Communications, Economics, Employment, Farming, Federal Government, Fiscal Policy, government, government spending, history, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, Monetary Policy, Money, People, Philosophy, Politics, Rants, Raves, Regulations, Strategy, Technology, Uncategorized, Video, War, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , |

Glenn Beck-11/30/10-A


Glenn Beck-11/30/10-B


Glenn Beck-11/30/10-C









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Glenn Beck Crash Course Day 1–Economic Transformation–Videos

Posted on September 10, 2010. Filed under: Blogroll, Books, Communications, Demographics, Economics, Education, Employment, Federal Government, government, government spending, Health Care, history, Investments, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Quotations, Rants, Raves, Taxes, Video, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , |

PART 1 Glenn Beck: Crash Course, Day 1: Economic Transformation, 09-06-2010

PART 2 Glenn Beck: Crash Course, Day 1: Economic Transformation, 09-06-2010

PART 3 Glenn Beck: Crash Course, Day 1: Economic Transformation, 09-06-2010

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Glenn Beck On Crisis and The Coming Insurrection–Videos

Posted on May 3, 2010. Filed under: Blogroll, Books, Communications, Demographics, Economics, Education, Employment, Energy, Federal Government, Fiscal Policy, government, government spending, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, Monetary Policy, People, Philosophy, Politics, Quotations, Rants, Raves, Regulations, Resources, Science, Security, Taxes, Technology, Video, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

“Government is not reason; it is not eloquent; it is force. Like fire, it is a dangerous servant and a fearful master.”

~George Washington 

Glenn Beck-05/03/10-A

Glenn Beck-05/03/10-B


Glenn Beck-05/03/10-C

  Glenn Beck-05/03/10-D



“Firearms are second only to the Constitution in importance; they are the peoples’ liberty’s teeth. “

~George Washinton



Background Articles and Videos


The Coming Insurrection–Full Text In English

The Coming Insurrection

“…The Coming Insurrection is a Marxist-inspired work which hypothesizes on the “imminent collapse of capitalist culture”.[1] Written by The Invisible Committee, an anonymous group of contributors (attributed to the Tarnac Nine by the French police), the book was first published in 2007 by French company La Fabrique.


The book is divided into two parts. The first attempts a complete diagnosis of the totality of modern capitalist civilization, moving through what the Invisible Committee identify as the “seven circles” of alienation: “self, social relations, work, the economy, urbanity, the environment, and to close, civilization”[2]. The latter part of the book begins to offer a prescription for revolutionary struggle based on the formation of communes, or affinity group-style units, in an underground network that will build its forces outside of mainstream politics, and attack in moments of crisis – political, social, environmental – to push towards anti-capitalist revolution. The insurrection envisioned by the Invisible Commmittee will revolve around “the local appropriation of power by the people, of the physical blocking of the economy and of the annihilation of police forces”[3]

The book points to the late 2000s financial crisis, and environmental degradation as symptoms of capitalism’s decline. Also discussed are the Argentine economic crisis (1999-2002) and the piquetero movement which emerged from it, the 2005 riots and 2006 student protests in France, the 2006 Oaxaca protests and the grassroots relief work in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina as examples of breakdown in the modern social order which can give rise to partial insurrectionary situations.


A few of the Tarnac 9 were involved in producing Tiqqun, a French radical philosophy journal printed from 1999-2001. Tiqqun was steeped in the tradition of radical French intellectuals that includes Michel Foucault, George Bataille, the Situationist International and Deleuze and Guattari. The book bears traces of influence from the works of these philosophers, and also, most notably, Giorgio Agamben’s notions of the whatever singularity and being-in-common, and Alain Badiou’s ontology of the event and truth procedures. Its analysis of capitalist civilization is clearly informed by Foucault’s and Agamben’s notion of biopower, Guy Debord’s society of the spectacle, and Negri’s concept of Empire. The revolutionary strategy outlined in the latter part of the book is reminiscent in some ways of the “exodus” or “secession” strategy espoused by many autonomist Marxists like Antonio Negri and Jacques Camatte, as well as influenced by the concept of war machine in Deleuze and Guattari’s works.


The book was mentioned in the New York Times[4] and also in the anti-consumerist magazine Adbusters[5] in relation to the case of the Tarnac 9, a group of French leftists arrested on charges of railway sabotage in November 2008. Their alleged authorship of the book is the centerpiece of the government’s case. Fox News talk show host Glenn Beck also made it the subject of a monologue on July 1, 2009, and May 3, 2010[6] after reading the New York Times piece which described the guerrilla “book launch party” held by anarchists at the Union Square Barnes & Noble bookstore. In an interview with The Hollywood Reporter, Michael Moore mentioned the book as being the most recent one he had read.[7]

The book has created major interest in the anarchist movement and in particular the insurrectionary anarchist tendency, as well as among North American radical leftists in general. Bootleg editions of the work have been passed around extensively since before the Semiotext(e) edition. …”

We Are an Image From the Future: The Greek Revolt of December 2008

“…What causes a city, then a whole country, to explode? How did one neighborhood’s outrage over the tragic death of one teenager transform itself into a generalized insurrection against State and capital, paralyzing an entire nation for a month?

This is a book about the murder of fifteen-year-old Alexis Grigoropoulos, killed by the police in the Exarchia neighborhood of Athens on December 6th, 2008, and of the revolution in the streets that followed, bringing business as usual in Greece to a screeching, burning halt for three marvelous weeks, and putting the fear of history back into the bureaucrats of Fortress Europe and beyond.

We Are an Image From the Future delves into the December insurrection and its aftermath through interviews with those who witnessed and participated in it, alongside the communiqués and texts that circulated through the networks of revolt. It provides the on-the-ground facts needed to understand these historic events, and also dispels the myths activists outside of Greece have constructed around them. What emerges is not just the intensity of the riots, but the stories of organizing and solidarity, the questions of strategy and tactics: a desperately needed examination of the fabric of the Greek movements that made December possible. …”

Salbuchi – “WE, THE PEOPLE…” – THE INSURGENCY!! – Part 1

Salbuchi – “WE, THE PEOPLE…” – THE INSURGENCY!! – Part 2



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Cloward Piven Strategy–The Crisis Strategy Of Barack Obama — Videos

Posted on August 20, 2009. Filed under: Blogroll, Climate, Economics, Fiscal Policy, Health Care, Immigration, Monetary Policy, Quotations, Rants, Raves, Video, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Updated & Expanded

Cloward-Piven Collapse Is Coming

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Cloward Piven Strategy

“…Strategy for forcing political change through orchestrated crisis

First proposed in 1966 and named after Columbia University sociologists Richard Andrew Cloward and Frances Fox Piven, the “Cloward-Piven Strategy” seeks to hasten the fall of capitalism by overloading the government bureaucracy with a flood of impossible demands, thus pushing society into crisis and economic collapse.

Inspired by the August 1965 riots in the black district of Watts in Los Angeles (which erupted after police had used batons to subdue a black man suspected of drunk driving), Cloward and Piven published an article titled “The Weight of the Poor: A Strategy to End Poverty” in the May 2, 1966 issue of The Nation. Following its publication, The Nation sold an unprecedented 30,000 reprints. Activists were abuzz over the so-called “crisis strategy” or “Cloward-Piven Strategy,” as it came to be called. Many were eager to put it into effect.

In their 1966 article, Cloward and Piven charged that the ruling classes used welfare to weaken the poor; that by providing a social safety net, the rich doused the fires of rebellion. Poor people can advance only when “the rest of society is afraid of them,” Cloward told The New York Times on September 27, 1970. Rather than placating the poor with government hand-outs, wrote Cloward and Piven, activists should work to sabotage and destroy the welfare system; the collapse of the welfare state would ignite a political and financial crisis that would rock the nation; poor people would rise in revolt; only then would “the rest of society” accept their demands.

The key to sparking this rebellion would be to expose the inadequacy of the welfare state. Cloward-Piven’s early promoters cited radical organizer Saul Alinsky as their inspiration. “Make the enemy live up to their (sic) own book of rules,” Alinsky wrote in his 1972 book Rules for Radicals. When pressed to honor every word of every law and statute, every Judaeo-Christian moral tenet, and every implicit promise of the liberal social contract, human agencies inevitably fall short. The system’s failure to “live up” to its rule book can then be used to discredit it altogether, and to replace the capitalist “rule book” with a socialist one. …”

Background Articles and Videos

Cloward-Piven Strategy: Frances Fox Piven Responds to Glenn Beck (Part I)

Cloward-Piven Strategy: Frances Fox Piven Responds to Glenn Beck (Part II)

Frances Fox Piven PhD – Air date: 02-06-08

 Mark Levin: The Cloward-Piven & Obama strategy

CHANDLER: The Cloward-Piven strategy

Using the poor to tear down capitalism

“…There is plenty blame to go around for the financial crash. Yet, there is a distinct odor of the shadowy Cloward-Piven strategy as the taproot of abusive practices that triggered the crisis. The strategy’s goal is to bring about the fall of capitalism by overloading and undermining government bureaucracy.

Its supporting tactics include flooding government with impossible demands until it slowly cranks to a stop; overloading electoral systems with successive tidal waves of new voters, many of them bogus; shaking down banks, politicians in Congress, and the Department of Housing and Urban Development for affirmative-action borrowing; and, now, pulling down the national financial system by demanding exotic, subprime mortgages for low-income Americans with little hope of repaying their loans. These toxic mortgages are an important source of the foul smell engulfing the entire financial bailout.

Developed in the mid-1960s by two Columbia University sociologists, Andrew Cloward and Frances Fox Piven, much of their strategy was drawn from Saul Alinsky, Chicago’s notorious revolutionary Marxist community organizer. The Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN) succeeded the National Welfare Rights Organization in the execution of the Cloward-Piven grand tactics of using the poor as cannon fodder to tear down the capitalist system. It was low-income, mostly black and Hispanic people, who were used by ACORN guerrillas to take subprime toxic mortgages. …”

Cloward-Piven Strategy

“…The Cloward-Piven strategy refers to a political strategy outlined by Richard Cloward and Frances Fox Piven, then both sociologists and political activists at the Columbia University School of Social Work, in a 1966 article in The Nation. The two argued that many Americans who were eligible for welfare were not receiving benefits, and that a welfare enrollment drive would create a political crisis that would force U.S. politicians, particularly the Democratic Party, to enact legislation “establishing a guaranteed national income.”[1] …”

The Strategy

“…Cloward and Piven’s article is focused on forcing the Democratic Party, which in 1966 controlled the presidency and both houses of Congress, to take federal action to help the poor. They argued that full enrollment of those eligible for wellfare “would produce bureaucratic disruption in welfare agencies and fiscal disruption in local and state governments” that would “deepen existing divisions among elements in the big-city Democratic coalition: the remaining white middle class, the white working-class ethnic groups and the growing minority poor. To avoid a further weakening of that historic coalition, a national Democratic administration would be constrained to advance a federal solution to poverty that would override local welfare failures, local class and racial conflicts and local revenue dilemmas.”[2] They wrote “the ultimate objective of this strategy (is) to wipe out poverty by establishing a guaranteed annual income… (via)the outright redistribution of income.” …”

“…In its earliest form, the Cloward-Piven strategy applied Alinsky’s principle to the specific area of welfare entitlements. It counseled activists to create what might be called Trojan Horse movements – mass movements whose outward purpose seemed to be providing material help to the downtrodden, but whose real purpose was to draft poor people into service as revolutionary foot soldiers.


The specific function of these Trojan Horse movements was to mobilize poor people en masse to overwhelm government agencies with a flood of demands beyond the capacity of those agencies to meet. The flood of demands was calculated to break the budget, jam the bureaucratic gears into gridlock, and bring the system crashing down. Fear, turmoil, violence and economic collapse would accompany such a breakdown – providing perfect conditions for fostering radical change. That, at least, was the theory behind the Cloward-Piven strategy. …”

Truth & Consequences – There is no Right and Left, only Right and Wrong

Links to All Manufactured Crisis Articles in the Series


The Cloward-Piven Strategy, Part I: Manufactured Crisis

The Cloward-Piven Strategy Part, II: Barack Obama and the Strategy of Manufactured Crisis.

The Cloward-Piven Strategy, Part III: Conspiracy of the Lemmings.

Link to printable documents on the American Daughter website.

The Cloward Piven Strategy, Part IV: Manufactured Healthcare Crisis

The Cloward Piven Strategy, Part V: ACORN on the Ropes

Listen to the Brannon Howse interviews on the Cloward-Piven Strategy: here and here.


Cloward Piven Strategy

Obama and the coup détat on America_ The USSA part 1

Obama and the coup détat on America_ The USSA part 2

Obama and the coup détat on America_ The USSA part 3

Obama and the coup détat on America_ The USSA part 4

Obama and the coup détat on America_ The USSA part 5

Obama and the coup détat on America_ The USSA part 6

Frances Fox Piven: The weakness of labor unions and new forms of solidarity

GRITtv Daily Newsmaker, February 24, 2009: Frances Fox Piven

Frances Fox Piven PhD – Air date: 02-06-08

What happened on Super Tuesday=-4/5

Friedman and Sowell on Equality

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President Obama’s Cloward-Piven Strategy of Controlled Crisis Creation Crippling Capitalism–Coup D-Etat On America

Voters Beware: The Radical Rules of Saul Alinsky and Leftist Democrats

Rush Limbaugh: Obama is Destroying the Economy!–Videos

This Joker Is A Lost Cause: Keeping President Obama Honest on Health Care–Let’s But A Smile On That Face–Staying Alive

The American People Confront Obama’s Red Shirts (ACORN) and Purple Shirts (SEIU)–Bullhorns and Beatings Over Obama Care!

Obama’s Marching Orders For His Red Shirts (ACORN), Purple Shirts (SEIU) and Black Shirts (New Panther Party)–Progressive Radical Socialists

Obama Youth–Civilian National Security Force–National Socialism–Hitler Youth–Brownshirts– Redux?–Collectivism!

Discover The Left’s Organized Crime Network–Crime Pays–Organized Crimes Pays More–Apply for Census Taker Jobs!

ACORN Or Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now–Good Intentioned People Lead By Criminal Organizers–Demand A Special Prosecutor To Investigate!–Videos

ACORN–Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now–Obama’s Red Shirts

Obama–ACORN–CRA–Congress–Democratic Party–Fannie Mae–Barrack Obama’s Kansas Values–Killing Babies in Cold Blood?

Voters Beware: The Radical Rules of Saul Alinsky and Leftist Democrats

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( 38 so far )

Are You POed?–Pelosi Obama–Clueless Crisis Creators Cry Crisis Crisis Crisis–Gloom, Doom and Then Boom Boom Boom–When: After 2010 Elections–How Convenient!

Posted on February 22, 2009. Filed under: Blogroll, Economics, Employment, Investments, Law, Links, People, Politics, Quotations, Rants, Raves, Regulations, Resources, Strategy, Taxes, Video | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |


The whole aim of practical politics is to keep the populace alarmed (and hence clamorous to be led to safety) by menacing it with an endless series of hobgoblins, all of them imaginary.

~H.L. Mencken

Nancy Pelosi, Barney Frank, and Democrats are Clueless on Freddie Mac Fannie Mae and the financial credit crisis.

How The Democrats Caused The Financial Crisis: Starring Bill Clinton’s HUD Secretary Andrew Cuomo And Barack Obama; With Special Guest Appearances By Bill Clinton And Jimmy Carter

Encouragement from Obama? None!

President Obama Addresses Economic Crisis

Pres. Obama’s First Press Conference

Obama: This is a “Full-Blown Crisis”

“Show Us Hope, Barack !” : BILL CLINTON | Crisis Economy? | Interview GOOD MORNING AMERICA

Scenario Planning : Thinking The Unthinkable–More Doom, Gloom and Revolution

War Room: 2014 Financial Meltdown – Banks Nationalized – Unemployment 25% – DOW 2,800

War Room: 2014 Financial Meltdown – Banks Nationalized – Unemployment 25% – DOW 2,800 Pt.2

Glenn Beck- Who will lead the New World Order?

Glenn Beck Predicts What the ‘New World Powers’ Might Look Like Following Massive Global Upheaval

ELITE Pushing for WW3 and Accelerating NWO ENDGAME at Warp Speed

War Room: WWIII Glenn Beck and Panel Discuss the scenario that will create, The New World Order

WW News: Glenn Beck Lays Out The ‘Road To World War III’

Peter Schiff on CNBC 18th Feb 2009 1 of 2

Peter Schiff on Kudlow 02-18-09 (2/2)

Jim Rogers: Abolish The IMF & World Bank

Tom Woods on Glenn Beck “Meltdown” 02/09/2009

Rudyard Kipling’s Poem ”If” Read By Federer & Nadal

Typography: IF Rudyard Kipling

If you can keep your head when all about you Are losing theirs and blaming it on you; If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you, But make allowance for their doubting too; . . . If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster And treat those two impostors just the same . . . Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it.” – “If you can keep your head when all about you Are losing theirs and blaming it on you; If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you, But make allowance for their doubting too; . . . If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster And treat those two impostors just the same . . . Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it.’);”

~Rudyard Kipling

For the next 6-12 months the Democrats will be blaming the high unemployment rates of between 10% and 12% with over 15-18 million unemployed on the Bush Administration.

Then starting in 2010 the Democratic message will gradually change to one that the so-called stimulus package is working and they will take credit for any good news regarding the economy and the stock market, just in time for the 2010 elections.

The majority of the economic impact of the stimulus bill will be in 2011-2012 when the economy should be growing again, no thanks to the stimulus bill.

Unfortunately by then inflation will be exceeding 10% as the Federal Reserve decreases the money supply and raises interest rates to prevent rising inflation.

In economics and politics timing is everything and  lags happen.

If the timing is off, this can very easily result in a repeat of the Carter years with stagflation, little growth in the  economy, high unemployment  and  inflation rates.

The 2012 election will be a repeat of 1980.

Who will be the Ronald Reagan of 2o12–Former Speaker of the House–Newt Gingrich.

His running mate–Mitt Romney or Sarah Palin.

What concerns me and many others is that the so-called stimulus package was designed for political impact during the six to twelve months before the election of 2010 and not for immediate economic impact in the next six to twelve months.

President Obama and the Democratic Party are intentionally trying to scare people instead of doing something that would improve the economic situation.

The result will be millions and million of unemployed Americans with rising inflation rates two years out. This will hurt the poor and those on fixed income.

Should the misery index, the sum of  the unemployment rate and the inflation rate, rise above 15% both the Democrats and Obama will lose  in the 2010 and 2012 elections.

Misery index – era by U.S president

Index = Unemployment rate + Inflation rate
Rank President Time Period Index Average Low High
5 Harry Truman 1948–1952 7.87 Dec 1952 = 3.45 Jan 1948 = 13.63
1 Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953–1960 6.26 Jul 1953 = 2.97 Apr 1958 = 10.98
3 John F. Kennedy 1961–1962 7.27 Jul 1962 = 6.40 Jul 1961 = 8.38
2 Lyndon B. Johnson 1963–1968 6.78 Nov 1965 = 5.70 Jul 1968 = 8.19
7 Richard Nixon 1969–1973 9.98 Jan 1968 = 7.80 Dec 1973 = 13.61
10 Gerald Ford 1974–1976 15.93 Dec 1976 = 12.66 Jan 1975 = 19.90
11 Jimmy Carter 1977–1980 16.27 Apr 1978 = 12.60 Jun 1980 = 21.98
9 Ronald Reagan 1981–1988 12.19 Dec 1986 = 7.70 Sep 1981 = 19.33
8 George H. W. Bush 1989–1992 10.68 Sep 1989 = 9.64 Nov 1990 = 12.47
4 Bill Clinton 1993–2000 7.80 Apr 1998 = 5.74 Jan 1993 = 10.56
6 George W. Bush 2001 – 2008 8.10 Oct 2006 = 5.71 Aug 2008 = 11.47

The American people will rightfully feel betrayed by the political class or elites of both parties.

Ignore  the  crisis creators with their cries of crisis, they may know what they are doing politically, but economically they are destroying  jobs and wealth for the next two years.

For that they justily deserve to pay a very high price; they should be voted out of office.

What is very disturbing is President Obama is out and out lying about the economic situation and the so-called stimulus package and he knows it.

The President is being called out on his lies, but he does not give a damn and just repeats the lies.

Barack Obama America’s Puppet President Pinocchio –The Transparent Lies–Ears and Nose Are Growing?

The American elites of both politically parties could care less that million of americans are unemployed and losing their homes.

If they truly cared they would shut down the open borders, deport all illegal aliens, cut tax rates now,  cut government spending, and pass the Fair Tax just for starters.

Neither political party has the will, courage or wisdom to do the above.

The public interest be damned.

Both are playing politics as usual.

The choice in 2010 and 2012 will be one of the lesser of two evils, welfare socialism or national socialism, not much difference between the two.

When was the last time Federal spending was actually cut and Departments eliminated?

Instead each day we hear of a new “commissar” or “czar” for energy, cars, etc.

Who is to blame?

Look in the mirror.

Then join the second American Revolution.

March on Washington on Saturday, July 4, 2009:

American People’s Plan = 6 Month Tax Holiday + FairTax = Real Hope + Real Change!–Millions To March On Washington D.C. Saturday, July 4, 2009!

Tea Parties Take Off In Texas–Spreading Nationwide–Are You Going To Washington Fair? Millions Celebrate The Second American Revolution–Saturday, July 4, 2009

Baby Boomers and Politicians

Buffalo Springfield – For What It’s Worth (Monterey 1967)

Background Articles and Videos

Scenario Planning
“Scenario planning [or scenario thinking or scenario analysis] is a strategic planning method that some organizations use to make flexible long-term plans. It is in large part an adaptation and generalization of classic methods used by military intelligence.

The original method was that a group of analysts would generate simulation games for policy makers. The games combine known facts about the future, such as demographics, geography, military, political, industrial information, and mineral reserves, with plausible alternative social, technical, economic, environmental, educational, political and aesthetic (STEEEPA) trends which are key driving forces.

In business applications, the emphasis on gaming the behavior of opponents was reduced (shifting more toward a game against nature). At Royal Dutch/Shell for example, scenario planning was viewed as changing mindsets about the exogenous part of the world, prior to formulating specific strategies.

Scenario planning shines especially if it includes systems thinking, which recognizes that many factors may combine in complex ways to create sometime surprising futures (due to non-linear feedback loops). The method also allows the inclusion of factors that are difficult to formalize, such as novel insights about the future, deep shifts in values, unprecedented regulations or inventions. Systems thinking used in conjunction with scenario planning leads to plausible scenario story lines because the causal relationship between factors can be demonstrated. In these cases when scenario planning is integrated with a systems thinking approach to scenario development, it is sometimes referred to as structural dynamics. …”

US Unemployment Rates 1950-2005

US Unemployment Rates 1950-2005

Employment Situation Summary

Technical information:
  Household data:    (202) 691-6378    USDL 09-0117

  Establishment data:(202) 691-6555    Transmission of material in this release
      is embargoed until 8:30 A.M. (EST),
  Media contact:     (202) 691-5902    Friday, February 6, 2009.


   Nonfarm payroll employment fell sharply in January (-598,000) and the unem-
ployment rate rose from 7.2 to 7.6 percent, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of
the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  Payroll employment has declined
by 3.6 million since the start of the recession in December 2007; about one-
half of this decline occurred in the past 3 months.  In January, job losses
were large and widespread across nearly all major industry sectors.

Unemployment (Household Survey Data)

   Both the number of unemployed persons (11.6 million) and the unemployment
rate (7.6 percent) rose in January.  Over the past 12 months, the number of un-
employed persons has increased by 4.1 million and the unemployment rate has
risen by 2.7 percentage points.  (See table A-1.)

   The unemployment rate continued to trend upward in January for adult men
(7.6 percent), adult women (6.2 percent), whites (6.9 percent), blacks (12.6
percent), and Hispanics (9.7 percent).  The jobless rate for teenagers was un-
changed at 20.8 percent.  The unemployment rate for Asians was 6.2 percent in
January, not seasonally adjusted.  (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

   Among the unemployed, the number of job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs increased to 7.0 million in January.  This measure has grown
by 3.2 million during the last 12 months.  (See table A-8.)

   The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more)
was little changed at 2.6 million in January.  Over the past 12 months, the
number of long-term unemployed was up by 1.3 million.  The number of persons
unemployed less than 5 weeks rose to 3.7 million in January.  (See table A-9.)

Total Employment and the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)

   The civilian labor force participation rate, at 65.5 percent in January, has
edged down in recent months.  The employment-population ratio declined by 0.5
percentage point to 60.5 percent over the month, and by 2.4 percentage points
over the year.  (See table A-1.)

   The number of persons who worked part time for economic reasons (sometimes
referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged in
January at 7.8 million; however, this measure was up by 3.1 million over the
past 12 months.  Included in this category are persons who would like to work
full time but were working part time because their hours had been cut back or
because they were unable to find full-time jobs.  (See table A-5.)

Misery Index

“…The misery index is an economic indicator, created by economist Arthur Okun, and found by adding the unemployment rate to the inflation rate. It is assumed that both a higher rate of unemployment and a worsening of inflation create economic and social costs for a country.[1] It is often incorrectly attributed to Chicago economist Robert Barro in the 1970s, due to the Barro Misery Index that additionally includes GDP and the bank rate.[2]

During the Presidential campaign of 1976, Democratic candidate Jimmy Carter made frequent references to the Misery Index, which by the summer of 1976 was at 13.57%. Carter stated that no man responsible for giving a country a misery index that high had a right to even ask to be President. Carter won the 1976 election. However, by 1980, when President Carter was running for re-election against Ronald Reagan, the Misery Index had reached an all-time high of 21.98%. Carter lost the election to Reagan.

Tea Party U.S.A.: The movement grows

By Michelle Malkin

“…Seattle on Monday. Denver on Tuesday. Mesa AZ on Wednesday. Overland Park, Kansas today. What a week, huh? We got the anti-stimulus, anti-entitlement protest ball rolling — and now the movement, spurred further by CNBC host Rick Santelli’s call for a “Chicago Tea Party,” is really taking off.

David Hogberg at Investor’s Business Daily has a nice piece out today spotlighting the growing taxpayer revolt the rest of the MSM won’t cover. He interviewed our registered commenters Liberty Belle Keli Carender, who spearheaded the Seattle anti-pork protest, and HuskerGirl Amanda Grosserode, who organized today’s anti-stimulus demonstration against Democrat Rep. Dennis Moore in Overland Park, KS.

I’m happy to report on several new protest events now on the docket. …”

Rudyard Kipling


If you can keep your head when all about you
Are losing theirs and blaming it on you;
If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,
But make allowance for their doubting too;
If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,
Or, being lied about, don’t deal in lies,
Or, being hated, don’t give way to hating,
And yet don’t look too good, nor talk too wise;

If you can dream – and not make dreams your master;
If you can think – and not make thoughts your aim;
If you can meet with triumph and disaster
And treat those two imposters just the same;
If you can bear to hear the truth you’ve spoken
Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools,
Or watch the things you gave your life to broken,
And stoop and build ’em up with wornout tools;

If you can make one heap of all your winnings
And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss,
And lose, and start again at your beginnings
And never breath a word about your loss;
If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew
To serve your turn long after they are gone,
And so hold on when there is nothing in you
Except the Will which says to them: “Hold on”;

If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue,
Or walk with kings – nor lose the common touch;
If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you;
If all men count with you, but none too much;
If you can fill the unforgiving minute
With sixty seconds’ worth of distance run –
Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it,
And – which is more – you’ll be a Man my son!

 Related Post On Pronk Palisades

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Wealth, Income and Job Creation: Let A 1000 Microsofts Bloom

The Signed “Stimulus Package” Did Not Include Funding for E-Verify and Border Fence Construction–Less Jobs And Security for American Citizens

Inside the Meltdown: Who Was Withdrawing From Money Market Funds On September 16-18, 2008 and Why?

The Mother of All Bailouts–2 to 3 Trillion Dollars–$2,000,000,000–$3,000,000,000!–Rewarding Greed, Arrogance and Stupidity–Pay for Play!

Pattern Recognition: The Template Is Hitler’s Rise To Power Using National Socialism

Censorship Commissar for AM and Internet Talk Radio–Henry Waxman–The Face of Progressive Liberal Fascism!

President Obama’s–Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board–RAT Board–King Rat’s Chicago Corruption–The Fix is In The Stimulus Bill!

Bad Government Intervention Requires Bad Government Bank-The Road Map Out Of The World Economic Crisis–Stabilize–Stimulate–Strengthen–Simultaneously!

President Obama’s Sales Pitch–Buy My Government Dependency Package–I Won The Election!–No Sale–The American People Want Their Money Back!

President Barack Obama Peddling The Government Dependency Package (GDP) and Fear Mongering The Raw Deal!

Pelosi’s Porky Pigout Poison Package–Economy Wrecker and Job Destroyer–Have A Blue Christmas 2009!

BO’s Raw Deal: Obama’s Two Year Recession and Two Year Hyperinflation–Hopeless & Small Change!

Boycott Bailedout Businesses and Banks

Ban Bailouts–Stop Inflation Now (SIN)–Stop Socialism of Losses!

The Sovereign Wealth Fund Threat: Are Chinese Communists Behind Rush In Passing Bailout Bill?

The United States is Broke!–Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Time For GM and Ford Is Now!

Recession–Recession–Recession–Scaring People–Have A Hot Dog!

It Is Official–The U.S. Economy Has Been In A Recession for 11 Months and Continuing!

Wealth, Income and Job Creation: Let A 1000 Microsofts Bloom


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Biden Blows Backgrounder–Backlash Blowback

Posted on October 22, 2008. Filed under: Blogroll, Economics, Energy, Links, Politics, Quotations, Rants, Security, Strategy, Video, War | Tags: , , , , |


Joe Biden

Joe Biden

Joe Biden Gaffe (With Subtitles) Mark My Words… Barack Obama


Even Joe Biden does not believe in Barack Obama!


Sarah Palin on CNN: “Joe Biden Got a Pass”


The Biden Stunner


‘Generated Crisis’?


Presidential and Vice-Presidential candidates of both political parties periodically receive background intelligence briefings by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to get them up to speed as to what is happening around the world and where a future “crisis” may be developing.

Apparently such a briefing was on Senator Joe Biden’s mind when he spoke to a group of supporters.

Number one on the “generated crisis” hit lists is a war between Israel and Iran that could also include the United States and Russia.

Iran is rapdily approaching the completion of a nuclear weapon systems capability.

Israel must act soon to destroy this nuclear threat.

What did Senator Biden imply by his surprising disclosure?

If Senator Obama were elected President, is Senator Biden trying to signal that Obama would not support Israel if it came to a war between Israel and Iran over Iran’s nuclear weapons program.

If that was the case, then this would give Israel even more reason to launch an attack sooner rather than latter.

Maybe even before the US elections, although I think they will wait to late November.

Senator Biden knows he should have kept his big mouth shut.

Looks like the Senator is trying to cover his assets or he is in CYA mode.

Just another reason to vote for the McCain/Palin ticket.

The United States does not need a repeat of 1930s appeasement, another Bay of Pigs disaster or a thirteen day missle crisis.

The United States needs victory in Iraq and a nuclear weapon free Iran.

Senator McCain has the experience, vision and the will and Senator Obama is inexperienced, clueless, and an appeaser.

Senators Biden and Obama rival former President Clinton when he comes to telling out and out lies.

I simply do not believe anything either one of them says.  

Fox:Charles Krauthammer:I think Biden is a Republican plant

Iran Mess with McCain–No Way!

Iran Mess with Obama–Yes We Can!


Rice: Iran Using Stalling Tactics


Morning Joe: Iran Testing Long Range Missiles 7/9/08



The Catastrophic Potential Of Nuclear Iran


Obama-Biden and the Issue of Iran – Iran VNC – Iran Visual News Corps –


War with Iran is Inevitable



Obama Brushes Aside GOP Biden Criticism


Biden to Supporters: “Gird Your Loins”, For the Next President “It’s Like Cleaning Augean Stables”

“…”Mark my words,” the Democratic vice presidential nominee warned at the second of his two Seattle fundraisers Sunday. “It will not be six months before the world tests Barack Obama like they did John Kennedy. The world is looking. We’re about to elect a brilliant 47-year-old senator president of the United States of America. Remember I said it standing here if you don’t remember anything else I said. Watch, we’re gonna have an international crisis, a generated crisis, to test the mettle of this guy.”

“I can give you at least four or five scenarios from where it might originate,” Biden said to Emerald City supporters, mentioning the Middle East and Russia as possibilities. “And he’s gonna need help. And the kind of help he’s gonna need is, he’s gonna need you – not financially to help him – we’re gonna need you to use your influence, your influence within the community, to stand with him. Because it’s not gonna be apparent initially, it’s not gonna be apparent that we’re right.”

Not only will the next administration have to deal with foreign affairs issues, Biden warned, but also with the current economic crisis.

“Gird your loins,” Biden told the crowd. “We’re gonna win with your help, God willing, we’re gonna win, but this is not gonna be an easy ride. This president, the next president, is gonna be left with the most significant task. It’s like cleaning the Augean stables, man. This is more than just, this is more than – think about it, literally, think about it – this is more than just a capital crisis, this is more than just markets. This is a systemic problem we have with this economy.” …”


Biden’s Big Lies: All 14 of them

Rick Moran

The McCain campaign was out of the box quickly last night, releasing a damning list of 14 lies told by Joe Biden during the debate.

We highlighted below the biggest lie he uttered – that Obama would meet with the leaders of Iran without precondition. Now come 13 more Pinnochios that are breathtaking in their shamelessness:

Here are all 14 lies as compiled by the McCain campaign: 

1.    TAX VOTE: Biden said McCain voted “the exact same way” as Obama to increase taxes on Americans earning just $42,000, but McCain DID NOT VOTE THAT WAY.

2.    AHMEDINIJAD MEETING: Joe Biden lied when he said that Barack Obama never said that he would sit down unconditionally with Mahmoud Ahmedinijad of Iran. Barack Obama did say specifically, and Joe Biden attacked him for it.

3.    OFFSHORE OIL DRILLING: Biden said, “Drill we must.” But Biden has opposed offshore drilling and even compared offshore drilling to “raping” the Outer Continental Shelf.”

4.    TROOP FUNDING: Joe Biden lied when he indicated that John McCain and Barack Obama voted the same way against funding the troops in the field. John McCain opposed a bill that included a timeline, that the President of the United States had already said he would veto regardless of it’s passage.

5.    OPPOSING CLEAN COAL: Biden says he’s always been for clean coal, but he just told a voter that he is against clean coal and any new coal plants in America and has a record of voting against clean coal and coal in the U.S. Senate.

6.    ALERNATIVE ENERGY VOTES: According to, Biden is exaggerating and overstating John McCain’s record voting for alternative energy when he says he voted against it 23 times.

7.    HEALTH INSURANCE: Biden falsely said McCain will raise taxes on people’s health insurance coverage — they get a tax credit to offset any tax hike. Independent fact checkers have confirmed this attack is false

8.    OIL TAXES: Biden falsely said Palin supported a windfall profits tax in Alaska — she reformed the state tax and revenue system, it’s not a windfall profits tax.

9.    AFGHANISTAN / GEN. MCKIERNAN COMMENTS: Biden said that top military commander in Iraq said the principles of the surge could not be applied to Afghanistan, but the commander of NATO’s International Security Assistance Force Gen. David D. McKiernan said that there were principles of the surge strategy, including working with tribes, that could be applied in Afghanistan.

10. REGULATION: Biden falsely said McCain weakened regulation — he actually called for more regulation on Fannie and Freddie. …”


Obama’s campaign built on lies

By Richard Baehr

There have been many lies by Barack Obama in the 2008 campaign that he has tried to mask by shifting his recollections over time.  These include the extent of his relationship with Bill Ayers, what he heard Reverend Wright say during his near 20 year membership in Trinity Church, and his relationship with the vote fraud enterprise, otherwise  known as ACORN.  Barack Obama has made history and then “remade” it — and he has done so numerous times. 

But two lies in particular have been especially consequential: Obama’s pledge not to run for President in 2008, and his commitment to participate in federal financing for his general election campaign, with its consequent spending limits. The news this past Sunday that Obama raised $150 million for his campaign in September shows the significance of the second lie. …”


CIA Briefings of Presidential Candidate


Glenn Beck on Joe Biden: Hey, Obama—Not All Experience Is Equal



Biden Outs Barack Obama…


First Socialism. Now Communism…



Is Barack Obama a U.S. citizen…

Background Articles and Videos


Kristol: What Biden Implied

“…John McCain took note Monday of Joe Biden’s remarks the day before at a Seattle fundraiser (where Biden apparently didn’t realize at first there were media present). But there’s more McCain could say.

Here’s McCain, in Belton, Missouri:

Just last night, Senator Biden guaranteed that if Senator Obama is elected, we will have an international crisis to test America’s new President. We don’t want a President who invites testing from the world at a time when our economy is in crisis and Americans are already fighting in two wars.

What is more troubling is that Senator Biden told their campaign donors that when that crisis hits, they would have to stand with them because it wouldn’t be apparent Senator Obama would have the right response.

Forget apparent. Senator Obama won’t have the right response, and we know that because we’ve seen the wrong response from him over and over during this campaign. He opposed the surge strategy that is bringing us victory in Iraq and will bring us victory in Afghanistan. He said he would sit down unconditionally with the world’s worst dictators. When Russia invaded Georgia, Sen. Obama said the invaded country should show restraint.

McCain is right that the last part of Biden’s statement is the most troubling–that when Obama is tested, it won’t be apparent that his response is correct. But what does Biden mean by this? What kind of response by Obama is Biden forecasting? …”




By CARL CAMPANILE in Belton, Mo., and GEOFF EARLE in Orlando, Fla.

“…Mark my words,” Biden told donors at a Seattle fund-raiser Sunday night.

“It will not be six months before the world tests Barack Obama like they did John Kennedy. The world is looking. We’re about to elect a brilliant 47-year-old senator president of the United States of America.

“Watch. We’re going to have an international crisis, a generated crisis, to test the mettle of this guy.

“And he’s going to need help . . . to stand with him. Because it’s not going to be apparent initially; it’s not going to be apparent that we’re right.”  …”

“…The next president won’t have time to get used to the office. We face many challenges here at home and many enemies abroad in this dangerous world,” McCain said. “We don’t want a president who invites ‘testing’ from the world at a time when our economy is in crisis and Americans are already fighting two wars.”

McCain said it was even “more troubling” that Biden suggested supporters stick by Obama if the actions he takes are wrong or unpopular.

“Senator Obama won’t have the right response, and we know that because we’ve seen the wrong response from him over and over during this campaign,” he said. …”


Joe Biden’s Dated Notion of Crisis

Lee Cary

“…Biden knows that (1) several of our, let’s call them potential scenario initiators, talk among themselves: for example, Putin, Chavez and Ahmadinejad.  And, that (2) each has displayed the ability to leverage surrogate potential scenario initiators to further their aggression: Putin – Georgia’s South Ossetian separatists; Chavez – the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC); and Ahmadinejad – Hamas & Hezbollah. 

If you were they, wouldn’t you coordinate several near simultaneous crises to wreak maximum disorder on a fledgling Obama administration?

Here how that could play out:  We wake up one month and FARC has taken over the American Embassy in Caracas. Putin has troops massed on the Russian border with the Ukraine, or perhaps one or more of the Baltic States, threatening invasion for some trumped-up reason. Hamas and Hezbollah have launched heavy missile attacks against Israel.  Unidentified persons have blown up the American Embassy in Cairo. And, for good measure, North Korean commandos have ambushed and killed a small patrol of U.S. soldiers along the DMZ, on the South Korean side.

That’s five potential scenario initiations in quick succession, and doesn’t include the wild card of terrorist attacks in the U.S.  (NYPost columnist and former Army Colonel Ralph Peters offers a longer list of potential flash points here.)

Now what, Joe? …”


The President’s Daily Brief

By Thomas S. Blanton

“…Washington, D.C., 12 April 2004 – President Bush on Saturday, 10 April 2004, became the first sitting president ever to release publicly even a portion of his Daily Brief from the CIA. The page-and-a-half section of the President’s Daily Brief from 6 August 2001, headlined “Bin Ladin Determined To Strike in US,” had generated the most contentious questioning in last week’s testimony by national security adviser Condoleezza Rice before the commission investigating the September 11th attacks. Dr. Rice continued to insist that the Brief did not amount to a real warning, while several commissioners seemed to think otherwise. …”


Obama gets first intelligence briefing

“…We’ve begun to engage with the campaigns,” Fingar told an intelligence conference in Florida. “Sen. Obama received a briefing on Tuesday.” Intelligence officials would not discuss what topics were covered in Obama’s briefing.

The briefing was given in Chicago by Director of National Intelligence Michael McConnell — who normally briefs President George W. Bush six days a week — and other senior officials, an official familiar with the process said. 

McCain was to formally accept the Republican Party nomination for the November 4 election on Thursday evening. 

Obama’s briefing was probably tailored to his requests, the official said. Fingar said briefings would be “substantive,” but it would be inappropriate for a candidate to seek a copy of Bush’s. The eventual president-elect will receive similar briefings, he told reporters later. …” 


Bush gives state secrets to Obama

September 4, 2008 by Cliff Kincaid 

“…Because of his 30-year association with people who hate the United States, including communist Frank Marshall Davis., anti-American preacher Jeremiah Wright, and communist terrorists Bill Ayers and Bernardine Dohrn, it is highly doubtful that Obama could get a security clearance in the U.S. government he wants to lead.

But rather than raise this issue, the major media want to investigate Sarah Palin’s pregnant daughter and her husband’s driving record.

The federal government provides a “Questionnaire for National Security Positions” to people eligible for a security clearance. There are several requests for information that Obama might find difficult to answer. They include “Other names used” by applicant, “Citizenship of your relatives and associates,” “Your foreign activities,” and “Your use of illegal drugs and drug activity.”

But Obama doesn’t have to fill out any such form. He is above it all.

According to CNN, President Bush authorized the briefing for Obama. “President Bush has followed the practice of previous presidents in deciding that intelligence briefings will be made available to the presidential and vice presidential candidates of both major parties,” CNN reported.

This may be a traditional practice but what is its legal and rational basis? And why are the “major” candidates only given access to this information? …” 


Who’s “erratic?”

By Michelle Malkin

“…I think it’s time for Team McCain to throw a label boomerang right back at gaffetastic, erratic Biden.

Gird your loins, Joe.

And keep talkin’. …”




Bay of Pigs Invasion

“…The Bay of Pigs Invasion (aka Playa Girón), was an unsuccessful attempt by a U.S.-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade south-west Cuba and overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro. The invasion — planned and funded by the United States government beginning in 1960 — was launched in April 1961, several months after John F. Kennedy assumed the presidency in the United States. The Cuban military defeated the invading force in a matter of days and the event accelerated a rapid deterioration in Cuban-American relations, which was further worsened by the Cuban Missile Crisis the following year.[citation needed]

The invasion is named after the Bay of Pigs, inaccurately translated from the Spanish Bahía de Cochinos, the landing having taken place at the beach named Playa Girón. …”


Bay of Pigs Part 1 – Castro’s Revolution


Bay of Pigs – Part 2 – Invasion


Secrets of The CIA – Bay of Pigs


Cuban Missile Crisis

“The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation between the United States, the Soviet Union, and Cuba during the Cold War. In Russia, it is termed the “Caribbean Crisis,” (Russian: Карибский кризис, Karibskiy krizis) while in Cuba it is called the “October Crisis.” The crisis ranks with the Berlin Blockade as one of the major confrontations of the Cold War, and is often regarded as the moment in which the Cold War came closest to a nuclear war.

In Havana, there was fear of military intervention by the United States in Cuba.[1] In April 1961, the threat of invasion became real when a force of CIA-trained Cuban exiles opposed to Castro landed at the Bay of Pigs. The invasion was quickly terminated by Cuba’s military forces. Castro was convinced the United States would invade Cuba.[2] Shortly after routing the Bay of Pigs Invasion, Castro declared Cuba a socialist republic, established formal ties with the Soviet Union, and began to modernize Cuba’s military.

The United States feared any country’s adoption of communism or socialism, but for a Latin American country to openly ally with the USSR was regarded as unacceptable, given the Russo-American enmity dating from the end of the Second World War in 1945.

In late 1961, Kennedy engaged Operation Mongoose, a series of covert operations against Castro’s government which were to prove unsuccessful.[3]. More overtly, in February 1962, the United States launched an economic embargo against Cuba.[4]

The United States also considered direct military attack. Air Force Gen. Curtis LeMay presented to Kennedy a pre-invasion bombing plan in September, while spy flights and minor military harassment from the United States Guantanamo Naval Base were the subject of continual Cuban diplomatic complaints to the U.S. government.

By September 1962, Cuban observers fearing an imminent invasion would have seen increasing signs of American preparations for a possible confrontation, including a joint Congressional resolution authorizing the use of military force in Cuba if American interests were threatened,[5] and the announcement of an American military exercise in the Caribbean planned for the following month (Operation Ortsac).

The climax period of the crisis began on October 8, 1962. Later on October 14th, United States reconnaissance photographs taken by an American U-2 spy plane revealed missile bases being built in Cuba. The crisis ended two weeks later on October 28, 1962, when President of the United States John F. Kennedy and United Nations Secretary-General U Thant reached an agreement with the Soviets to dismantle the missiles in Cuba in exchange for a no invasion agreement and a secret removal of the Jupiter and Thor missiles in Turkey.

Kennedy, in his first public speech on the crisis, given on October 22 1962, gave the key warning,

It shall be the policy of this nation to regard any nuclear missile launched from Cuba against any nation in the Western Hemisphere as an attack on the United States, requiring a full retaliatory response upon the Soviet Union.[6]

This speech included other key policy statements, beginning with:

To halt this offensive buildup, a strict quarantine on all offensive military equipment under shipment to Cuba is being initiated. All ships of any kind bound for Cuba from whatever nation and port will, if found to contain cargoes of offensive weapons, be turned back. This quarantine will be extended, if needed, to other types of cargo and carriers. We are not at this time, however, denying the necessities of life as the Soviets attempted to do in their Berlin blockade of 1948.

He ordered intensified surveillance, and cited cooperation from the foreign ministers of the Organization of American States (OAS). Kennedy “directed the Armed Forces to prepare for any eventualities; and I trust that in the interest of both the Cuban people and the Soviet technicians at the sites, the hazards to all concerned of continuing the threat will be recognized.” He called for emergency meetings of the OAS and United Nations Security Council to deal with the matter.[6] …” 


The Cuban Missile Crisis – Part 1



The Cuban Missile Crisis – Part 2


U.S. Ambassador To UN Stevenson – Cuban Missile Crisis


Trailer Thirteen-Days


Thirteen Days


Thirteen Days – Cuban Missile Crisis


Thirteen Days – U-2 Shot down


George Carlin does John F. Kennedy


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