Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until               USDL-15-0325
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, March 6, 2015

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- FEBRUARY 2015


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 295,000 in February, and the 
unemployment rate edged down to 5.5 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today. Job gains occurred in food services and drinking places, 
professional and business services, construction, health care, and in 
transportation and warehousing. Employment in mining was down over the month.

Household Survey Data

Both the unemployment rate (5.5 percent) and the number of unemployed persons (8.7 
million) edged down in February. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number 
of unemployed persons were down by 1.2 percentage points and 1.7 million, respectively. 
(See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for teenagers decreased by 1.7 
percentage points to 17.1 percent in February. The jobless rates for adult men (5.2 
percent), adult women (4.9 percent), whites (4.7 percent), blacks (10.4 percent), 
Asians (4.0 percent), and Hispanics (6.6 percent) showed little or no change. (See 
tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little 
changed at 2.7 million in February. These individuals accounted for 31.1 percent 
of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed 
is down by 1.1 million. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate, at 62.8 percent, changed little in 
February and has remained within a narrow range of 62.7 to 62.9 percent since 
April 2014. The employment-population ratio was unchanged at 59.3 percent in 
February but is up by 0.5 percentage point over the year. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred 
to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in February at 6.6 million. 
These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working 
part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to 
find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In February, 2.2 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, 
little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) 
These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for 
work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not 
counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks 
preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 732,000 discouraged workers in 
February, little different from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work 
because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million 
persons marginally attached to the labor force in February had not searched 
for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. 
(See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 295,000 in February, compared with 
an average monthly gain of 266,000 over the prior 12 months. Job gains occurred 
in food services and drinking places, professional and business services, 
construction, health care, and in transportation and warehousing. Employment 
in mining declined over the month. (See table B-1.)

In February, food services and drinking places added 59,000 jobs. The industry 
had added an average of 35,000 jobs per month over the prior 12 months.

Employment in professional and business services increased by 51,000 in February 
and has risen by 660,000 over the year. In February, employment continued to 
trend up in management and technical consulting services (+7,000), computer 
systems design and related services (+5,000), and architectural and engineering 
services (+5,000).

Construction added 29,000 jobs in February. Employment in specialty trade 
contractors rose by 27,000, mostly in the residential component. Over the past 
12 months, construction has added 321,000 jobs.

In February, employment in health care rose by 24,000, with gains in ambulatory 
care services (+20,000) and hospitals (+9,000). Health care had added an average 
of 29,000 jobs per month over the prior 12 months.

Transportation and warehousing added 19,000 jobs in February, with most of the 
gain occurring in couriers and messengers (+12,000). Employment in transportation
and warehousing grew by an average of 14,000 per month over the prior 12 months.

Employment in retail trade continued to trend up in February (+32,000) and has 
grown by 319,000 over the year.

Manufacturing employment continued to trend up in February (+8,000). Within the 
industry, petroleum and coal products lost 6,000 jobs, largely due to a strike.

Employment in mining decreased by 9,000 in February, with most of the decline in 
support activities for mining (-7,000). 

Employment in other major industries, including wholesale trade, information, 
financial activities, and government, showed little change over the month.

In February, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
was 34.6 hours for the fifth month in a row. The manufacturing workweek was 
unchanged at 41.0 hours in February, and factory overtime edged down by 0.1 hour 
to 3.4 hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on 
private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 33.8 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In February, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
rose by 3 cents to $24.78. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.0
percent. In February, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and 
nonsupervisory employees were unchanged at $20.80. (See tables B-3 and B-8.) 

After revision, the change in total nonfarm payroll employment for December 
remained at +329,000, and the change for January was revised from +257,000 to 
+239,000. With these revisions, employment gains in December and January were 
18,000 lower than previously reported. Over the past 3 months, job gains have 
averaged 288,000 per month.

_____________	
The Employment Situation for March is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
April 3, 2015, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).



HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted

[Numbers in thousands]
Category Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Change from:
Jan.
2015-
Feb.
2015

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

247,085 249,027 249,723 249,899 176

Civilian labor force

155,688 156,129 157,180 157,002 -178

Participation rate

63.0 62.7 62.9 62.8 -0.1

Employed

145,301 147,442 148,201 148,297 96

Employment-population ratio

58.8 59.2 59.3 59.3 0.0

Unemployed

10,387 8,688 8,979 8,705 -274

Unemployment rate

6.7 5.6 5.7 5.5 -0.2

Not in labor force

91,398 92,898 92,544 92,898 354

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

6.7 5.6 5.7 5.5 -0.2

Adult men (20 years and over)

6.3 5.3 5.3 5.2 -0.1

Adult women (20 years and over)

5.9 5.0 5.1 4.9 -0.2

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

21.3 16.8 18.8 17.1 -1.7

White

5.8 4.8 4.9 4.7 -0.2

Black or African American

12.0 10.4 10.3 10.4 0.1

Asian

5.9 4.2 4.0 4.0 0.0

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

8.1 6.5 6.7 6.6 -0.1

Total, 25 years and over

5.4 4.5 4.6 4.5 -0.1

Less than a high school diploma

9.8 8.6 8.5 8.4 -0.1

High school graduates, no college

6.4 5.3 5.4 5.4 0.0

Some college or associate degree

6.0 4.9 5.2 5.1 -0.1

Bachelor’s degree and higher

3.4 2.9 2.8 2.7 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5,403 4,325 4,242 4,180 -62

Job leavers

816 798 851 884 33

Reentrants

2,972 2,701 2,829 2,655 -174

New entrants

1,232 971 1,033 972 -61

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,388 2,375 2,383 2,431 48

5 to 14 weeks

2,558 2,293 2,318 2,223 -95

15 to 26 weeks

1,597 1,274 1,380 1,335 -45

27 weeks and over

3,804 2,785 2,800 2,709 -91

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

7,204 6,790 6,810 6,635 -175

Slack work or business conditions

4,259 4,061 4,012 3,847 -165

Could only find part-time work

2,674 2,432 2,460 2,426 -34

Part time for noneconomic reasons

19,085 19,730 19,822 19,837 15

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,303 2,260 2,234 2,159 -

Discouraged workers

755 740 682 732 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

188 329 239 295

Total private

175 319 237 288

Goods-producing

47 64 64 29

Mining and logging

1 1 -6 -8

Construction

26 44 49 29

Manufacturing

20 19 21 8

Durable goods(1)

17 14 16 11

Motor vehicles and parts

12.5 2.2 3.8 0.8

Nondurable goods

3 5 5 -3

Private service-providing

128 255 173 259

Wholesale trade

8.5 14.3 14.0 11.7

Retail trade

-19.1 -0.2 27.8 32.0

Transportation and warehousing

-3.7 38.4 1.0 18.5

Utilities

-0.2 1.8 0.5 0.4

Information

-4 6 5 7

Financial activities

13 7 22 10

Professional and business services(1)

69 72 10 51

Temporary help services

16.9 21.0 -13.8 -7.8

Education and health services(1)

30 54 46 54

Health care and social assistance

19.1 47.5 52.5 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

32 56 39 66

Other services

2 6 7 9

Government

13 10 2 7

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

154 324 330 288

Total private

161 317 323 281

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private women employees

47.9 47.9 47.8 47.8

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.5 82.5 82.5

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.6 34.6 34.6

Average hourly earnings

$24.30 $24.62 $24.75 $24.78

Average weekly earnings

$835.92 $851.85 $856.35 $857.39

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

99.8 102.7 102.9 103.1

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

115.7 120.6 121.5 121.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 0.0 0.7 0.3

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (263 industries)

61.8 69.2 62.0 65.4

Manufacturing (80 industries)

55.0 64.4 61.3 64.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.



Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 143,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 588,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 105,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-55,000 to +155,000 (50,000 +/- 105,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.



HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age

[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

247,085 249,723 249,899 247,085 248,657 248,844 249,027 249,723 249,899

Civilian labor force

155,027 156,050 156,213 155,688 156,243 156,402 156,129 157,180 157,002

Participation rate

62.7 62.5 62.5 63.0 62.8 62.9 62.7 62.9 62.8

Employed

144,134 146,552 147,118 145,301 147,260 147,331 147,442 148,201 148,297

Employment-population ratio

58.3 58.7 58.9 58.8 59.2 59.2 59.2 59.3 59.3

Unemployed

10,893 9,498 9,095 10,387 8,983 9,071 8,688 8,979 8,705

Unemployment rate

7.0 6.1 5.8 6.7 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.7 5.5

Not in labor force

92,058 93,674 93,686 91,398 92,414 92,442 92,898 92,544 92,898

Persons who currently want a job

6,091 6,467 6,575 6,072 6,545 6,556 6,445 6,358 6,538

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,306 120,559 120,647 119,306 120,112 120,208 120,301 120,559 120,647

Civilian labor force

81,954 82,851 83,040 82,566 82,950 82,961 83,210 83,771 83,772

Participation rate

68.7 68.7 68.8 69.2 69.1 69.0 69.2 69.5 69.4

Employed

75,687 77,477 77,824 76,852 78,286 78,084 78,400 78,869 79,006

Employment-population ratio

63.4 64.3 64.5 64.4 65.2 65.0 65.2 65.4 65.5

Unemployed

6,267 5,374 5,216 5,714 4,664 4,877 4,810 4,903 4,766

Unemployment rate

7.6 6.5 6.3 6.9 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.7

Not in labor force

37,352 37,708 37,607 36,740 37,161 37,247 37,091 36,787 36,875

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

110,838 112,117 112,209 110,838 111,679 111,778 111,875 112,117 112,209

Civilian labor force

79,528 80,179 80,394 79,884 80,023 80,029 80,271 80,804 80,831

Participation rate

71.8 71.5 71.6 72.1 71.7 71.6 71.8 72.1 72.0

Employed

73,882 75,364 75,671 74,820 75,928 75,675 76,026 76,496 76,588

Employment-population ratio

66.7 67.2 67.4 67.5 68.0 67.7 68.0 68.2 68.3

Unemployed

5,645 4,815 4,723 5,064 4,094 4,354 4,245 4,308 4,243

Unemployment rate

7.1 6.0 5.9 6.3 5.1 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2

Not in labor force

31,310 31,938 31,816 30,954 31,656 31,749 31,603 31,313 31,379

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

127,779 129,165 129,252 127,779 128,545 128,637 128,726 129,165 129,252

Civilian labor force

73,073 73,199 73,173 73,122 73,293 73,442 72,919 73,408 73,230

Participation rate

57.2 56.7 56.6 57.2 57.0 57.1 56.6 56.8 56.7

Employed

68,446 69,075 69,294 68,449 68,974 69,247 69,042 69,332 69,291

Employment-population ratio

53.6 53.5 53.6 53.6 53.7 53.8 53.6 53.7 53.6

Unemployed

4,626 4,124 3,879 4,673 4,318 4,195 3,878 4,076 3,939

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.6 5.3 6.4 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.4

Not in labor force

54,707 55,966 56,079 54,657 55,253 55,195 55,807 55,756 56,023

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,583 120,970 121,060 119,583 120,370 120,465 120,557 120,970 121,060

Civilian labor force

70,493 70,554 70,526 70,323 70,354 70,599 70,111 70,558 70,370

Participation rate

58.9 58.3 58.3 58.8 58.4 58.6 58.2 58.3 58.1

Employed

66,319 66,894 67,058 66,168 66,560 66,894 66,632 66,983 66,901

Employment-population ratio

55.5 55.3 55.4 55.3 55.3 55.5 55.3 55.4 55.3

Unemployed

4,175 3,660 3,468 4,155 3,794 3,705 3,479 3,575 3,469

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.2 4.9 5.9 5.4 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.9

Not in labor force

49,089 50,416 50,534 49,260 50,016 49,866 50,446 50,412 50,690

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,664 16,636 16,630 16,664 16,608 16,602 16,595 16,636 16,630

Civilian labor force

5,006 5,317 5,293 5,480 5,866 5,775 5,747 5,817 5,801

Participation rate

30.0 32.0 31.8 32.9 35.3 34.8 34.6 35.0 34.9

Employed

3,933 4,294 4,389 4,312 4,772 4,762 4,784 4,722 4,808

Employment-population ratio

23.6 25.8 26.4 25.9 28.7 28.7 28.8 28.4 28.9

Unemployed

1,073 1,023 904 1,168 1,094 1,013 963 1,096 993

Unemployment rate

21.4 19.2 17.1 21.3 18.7 17.5 16.8 18.8 17.1

Not in labor force

11,658 11,320 11,337 11,184 10,742 10,827 10,849 10,819 10,829

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

195,029 196,307 196,392 195,029 195,896 195,995 196,091 196,307 196,392

Civilian labor force

122,928 123,199 123,224 123,554 123,287 123,391 123,058 124,119 123,875

Participation rate

63.0 62.8 62.7 63.4 62.9 63.0 62.8 63.2 63.1

Employed

115,312 116,637 116,944 116,425 117,300 117,307 117,186 118,035 117,992

Employment-population ratio

59.1 59.4 59.5 59.7 59.9 59.9 59.8 60.1 60.1

Unemployed

7,616 6,562 6,279 7,130 5,987 6,084 5,872 6,084 5,883

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.3 5.1 5.8 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.7

Not in labor force

72,101 73,109 73,169 71,474 72,609 72,604 73,033 72,189 72,517

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,185 64,377 64,559 64,531 64,234 64,339 64,392 64,871 64,920

Participation rate

72.2 71.9 72.0 72.6 71.8 71.9 71.9 72.4 72.4

Employed

60,178 61,016 61,228 61,013 61,507 61,388 61,551 61,953 62,015

Employment-population ratio

67.7 68.1 68.3 68.6 68.8 68.6 68.8 69.2 69.2

Unemployed

4,008 3,361 3,330 3,518 2,727 2,951 2,842 2,918 2,906

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.2 5.2 5.5 4.2 4.6 4.4 4.5 4.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,709 54,635 54,499 54,615 54,452 54,587 54,223 54,683 54,401

Participation rate

58.4 57.9 57.7 58.3 57.9 58.0 57.5 57.9 57.6

Employed

51,866 52,140 52,186 51,815 51,945 52,142 51,824 52,267 52,105

Employment-population ratio

55.4 55.2 55.3 55.3 55.2 55.4 55.0 55.4 55.2

Unemployed

2,843 2,495 2,312 2,800 2,507 2,445 2,399 2,416 2,296

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.6 4.2 5.1 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,033 4,186 4,166 4,408 4,601 4,466 4,443 4,565 4,554

Participation rate

32.5 33.9 33.8 35.5 37.2 36.2 36.0 37.0 36.9

Employed

3,268 3,481 3,529 3,596 3,848 3,777 3,811 3,814 3,872

Employment-population ratio

26.3 28.2 28.6 29.0 31.1 30.6 30.9 30.9 31.4

Unemployed

765 706 637 812 753 689 632 751 682

Unemployment rate

19.0 16.9 15.3 18.4 16.4 15.4 14.2 16.4 15.0

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,685 31,188 31,222 30,685 30,969 31,005 31,040 31,188 31,222

Civilian labor force

18,591 18,895 18,941 18,723 19,024 19,056 19,037 19,040 19,101

Participation rate

60.6 60.6 60.7 61.0 61.4 61.5 61.3 61.0 61.2

Employed

16,351 16,877 16,975 16,486 16,953 16,957 17,050 17,071 17,122

Employment-population ratio

53.3 54.1 54.4 53.7 54.7 54.7 54.9 54.7 54.8

Unemployed

2,240 2,018 1,966 2,238 2,071 2,099 1,986 1,969 1,979

Unemployment rate

12.0 10.7 10.4 12.0 10.9 11.0 10.4 10.3 10.4

Not in labor force

12,094 12,293 12,281 11,962 11,945 11,949 12,003 12,148 12,122

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,417 8,633 8,628 8,485 8,672 8,594 8,717 8,676 8,710

Participation rate

66.5 66.8 66.6 67.0 67.6 66.9 67.8 67.1 67.3

Employed

7,279 7,652 7,685 7,398 7,742 7,630 7,756 7,757 7,805

Employment-population ratio

57.5 59.2 59.4 58.4 60.4 59.4 60.3 60.0 60.3

Unemployed

1,138 981 943 1,087 930 964 962 919 905

Unemployment rate

13.5 11.4 10.9 12.8 10.7 11.2 11.0 10.6 10.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,611 9,638 9,656 9,616 9,624 9,709 9,598 9,667 9,665

Participation rate

62.0 61.2 61.2 62.0 61.5 61.9 61.2 61.3 61.3

Employed

8,687 8,792 8,820 8,669 8,720 8,786 8,812 8,824 8,809

Employment-population ratio

56.0 55.8 55.9 55.9 55.7 56.1 56.2 56.0 55.8

Unemployed

925 847 835 947 904 922 785 843 857

Unemployment rate

9.6 8.8 8.7 9.8 9.4 9.5 8.2 8.7 8.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

562 624 658 622 728 754 722 697 726

Participation rate

22.3 24.9 26.4 24.7 29.2 30.2 29.0 27.9 29.1

Employed

385 433 471 418 491 541 482 490 508

Employment-population ratio

15.3 17.3 18.8 16.6 19.7 21.7 19.4 19.6 20.4

Unemployed

177 191 188 204 237 213 240 207 218

Unemployment rate

31.5 30.6 28.5 32.8 32.5 28.2 33.2 29.7 30.0

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,738 14,253 14,291 13,738 13,782 13,927 13,886 14,253 14,291

Civilian labor force

8,797 8,895 9,042 8,805 8,782 8,768 8,771 8,899 9,038

Participation rate

64.0 62.4 63.3 64.1 63.7 63.0 63.2 62.4 63.2

Employed

8,270 8,530 8,672 8,289 8,340 8,353 8,398 8,540 8,680

Employment-population ratio

60.2 59.8 60.7 60.3 60.5 60.0 60.5 59.9 60.7

Unemployed

528 365 369 515 443 415 373 359 358

Unemployment rate

6.0 4.1 4.1 5.9 5.0 4.7 4.2 4.0 4.0

Not in labor force

4,941 5,359 5,249 4,934 5,000 5,159 5,115 5,355 5,253

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age

[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,053 39,165 39,244 38,053 38,679 38,760 38,839 39,165 39,244

Civilian labor force

25,019 25,956 25,850 25,155 25,665 25,655 25,644 26,047 25,962

Participation rate

65.7 66.3 65.9 66.1 66.4 66.2 66.0 66.5 66.2

Employed

22,836 23,998 23,975 23,112 23,931 23,963 23,988 24,305 24,238

Employment-population ratio

60.0 61.3 61.1 60.7 61.9 61.8 61.8 62.1 61.8

Unemployed

2,183 1,958 1,875 2,043 1,734 1,692 1,656 1,742 1,724

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.5 7.3 8.1 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.7 6.6

Not in labor force

13,033 13,208 13,395 12,897 13,013 13,105 13,196 13,118 13,282

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,821 14,426 14,388 13,918 14,218 14,258 14,264 14,479 14,465

Participation rate

80.4 81.8 81.4 80.9 81.2 81.3 81.1 82.1 81.8

Employed

12,806 13,413 13,397 13,011 13,458 13,432 13,507 13,647 13,601

Employment-population ratio

74.5 76.0 75.8 75.6 76.9 76.5 76.8 77.3 76.9

Unemployed

1,015 1,013 991 907 760 826 757 832 864

Unemployment rate

7.3 7.0 6.9 6.5 5.3 5.8 5.3 5.7 6.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,196 10,364 10,333 10,177 10,259 10,253 10,168 10,344 10,309

Participation rate

59.3 58.1 57.8 59.2 58.6 58.5 57.9 58.0 57.7

Employed

9,301 9,677 9,667 9,331 9,522 9,590 9,501 9,704 9,685

Employment-population ratio

54.1 54.3 54.1 54.2 54.4 54.7 54.1 54.4 54.2

Unemployed

895 687 666 846 737 663 667 640 625

Unemployment rate

8.8 6.6 6.4 8.3 7.2 6.5 6.6 6.2 6.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,002 1,165 1,129 1,060 1,187 1,144 1,211 1,224 1,187

Participation rate

27.5 31.6 30.6 29.1 32.3 31.1 32.9 33.2 32.2

Employed

729 908 911 770 950 942 980 954 952

Employment-population ratio

20.0 24.6 24.7 21.1 25.9 25.6 26.6 25.9 25.8

Unemployed

274 257 218 290 237 202 231 270 235

Unemployment rate

27.3 22.1 19.3 27.4 20.0 17.7 19.1 22.1 19.8

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment

[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,804 11,353 10,867 11,078 10,831 11,153 11,031 11,439 11,126

Participation rate

44.8 45.7 45.2 45.9 45.3 45.7 45.4 46.0 46.3

Employed

9,602 10,226 9,842 9,993 9,975 10,201 10,079 10,468 10,196

Employment-population ratio

39.8 41.1 41.0 41.4 41.7 41.8 41.5 42.1 42.4

Unemployed

1,203 1,126 1,025 1,084 856 952 952 971 929

Unemployment rate

11.1 9.9 9.4 9.8 7.9 8.5 8.6 8.5 8.4

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,050 35,238 35,142 36,227 36,183 35,478 35,164 35,418 35,371

Participation rate

58.4 57.6 57.0 58.6 58.0 57.8 57.5 57.9 57.4

Employed

33,482 33,083 33,037 33,903 34,127 33,476 33,310 33,492 33,464

Employment-population ratio

54.2 54.1 53.6 54.9 54.7 54.5 54.5 54.8 54.3

Unemployed

2,568 2,155 2,106 2,324 2,056 2,002 1,854 1,926 1,907

Unemployment rate

7.1 6.1 6.0 6.4 5.7 5.6 5.3 5.4 5.4

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,261 37,208 37,457 37,255 37,304 37,246 37,140 37,479 37,490

Participation rate

67.1 66.7 66.7 67.0 66.5 66.7 66.9 67.2 66.8

Employed

34,898 35,118 35,441 35,006 35,460 35,422 35,310 35,540 35,588

Employment-population ratio

62.8 63.0 63.1 63.0 63.2 63.5 63.6 63.8 63.4

Unemployed

2,363 2,090 2,015 2,249 1,843 1,824 1,831 1,939 1,902

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.6 5.4 6.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.1

Bachelor’s degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

50,522 51,695 51,996 50,169 50,471 51,222 51,772 51,550 51,583

Participation rate

75.6 74.7 74.9 75.1 74.6 74.7 74.6 74.4 74.4

Employed

48,796 50,212 50,576 48,468 48,937 49,608 50,290 50,084 50,172

Employment-population ratio

73.0 72.5 72.9 72.5 72.4 72.3 72.5 72.3 72.3

Unemployed

1,726 1,483 1,421 1,700 1,534 1,614 1,482 1,466 1,411

Unemployment rate

3.4 2.9 2.7 3.4 3.0 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor’s, master’s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted

[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,298 21,326 19,054 19,335 2,244 1,991

Civilian labor force

10,833 10,903 9,389 9,577 1,445 1,326

Participation rate

50.9 51.1 49.3 49.5 64.4 66.6

Employed

10,149 10,325 8,781 9,076 1,368 1,250

Employment-population ratio

47.7 48.4 46.1 46.9 61.0 62.8

Unemployed

684 578 608 502 76 76

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.3 6.5 5.2 5.3 5.7

Not in labor force

10,465 10,423 9,665 9,758 799 665

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,995 3,421 2,415 2,838 581 584

Civilian labor force

2,430 2,825 2,020 2,404 410 421

Participation rate

81.1 82.6 83.7 84.7 70.6 72.2

Employed

2,207 2,635 1,838 2,230 370 405

Employment-population ratio

73.7 77.0 76.1 78.6 63.7 69.3

Unemployed

223 190 183 174 40 17

Unemployment rate

9.2 6.7 9.0 7.2 9.9 4.0

Not in labor force

565 596 394 434 171 163

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,412 3,533 2,707 2,965 704 567

Civilian labor force

2,787 2,885 2,284 2,450 503 435

Participation rate

81.7 81.7 84.3 82.6 71.4 76.6

Employed

2,658 2,777 2,177 2,378 481 400

Employment-population ratio

77.9 78.6 80.4 80.2 68.3 70.5

Unemployed

128 107 107 72 22 35

Unemployment rate

4.6 3.7 4.7 2.9 4.3 8.1

Not in labor force

625 648 424 515 201 132

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,554 9,057 9,195 8,735 359 322

Civilian labor force

2,817 2,419 2,718 2,293 99 127

Participation rate

29.5 26.7 29.6 26.2 27.6 39.4

Employed

2,633 2,293 2,539 2,177 95 116

Employment-population ratio

27.6 25.3 27.6 24.9 26.4 36.0

Unemployed

184 126 179 115 4 11

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.2 6.6 5.0 4.4 8.5

Not in labor force

6,737 6,638 6,477 6,442 260 195

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,337 5,315 4,737 4,797 600 518

Civilian labor force

2,799 2,774 2,367 2,431 432 343

Participation rate

52.4 52.2 50.0 50.7 72.0 66.2

Employed

2,650 2,620 2,227 2,290 422 330

Employment-population ratio

49.6 49.3 47.0 47.7 70.4 63.7

Unemployed

149 154 140 141 10 13

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.6 5.9 5.8 2.2 3.9

Not in labor force

2,538 2,541 2,370 2,366 168 175

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

216,827 219,793 95,685 96,888 121,142 122,906

Civilian labor force

142,531 143,572 71,799 72,636 70,732 70,936

Participation rate

65.7 65.3 75.0 75.0 58.4 57.7

Employed

132,676 135,360 66,338 68,082 66,338 67,278

Employment-population ratio

61.2 61.6 69.3 70.3 54.8 54.7

Unemployed

9,854 8,212 5,460 4,554 4,394 3,658

Unemployment rate

6.9 5.7 7.6 6.3 6.2 5.2

Not in labor force

74,296 76,222 23,887 24,252 50,410 51,970

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted

[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,970 29,316 218,116 220,584

Civilian labor force

5,537 5,806 149,490 150,407

Participation rate

19.1 19.8 68.5 68.2

Employed

4,746 5,153 139,388 141,965

Employment-population ratio

16.4 17.6 63.9 64.4

Unemployed

792 653 10,102 8,442

Unemployment rate

14.3 11.2 6.8 5.6

Not in labor force

23,433 23,510 68,626 70,177

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,454 2,637 74,918 75,718

Participation rate

32.2 34.3 81.4 81.8

Employed

2,042 2,321 69,248 71,047

Employment-population ratio

26.8 30.1 75.3 76.8

Unemployed

412 316 5,670 4,671

Unemployment rate

16.8 12.0 7.6 6.2

Not in labor force

5,173 5,061 17,082 16,820

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,097 2,201 67,167 66,993

Participation rate

26.8 28.0 70.5 69.9

Employed

1,762 1,925 63,048 63,564

Employment-population ratio

22.6 24.5 66.2 66.3

Unemployed

334 276 4,119 3,429

Unemployment rate

15.9 12.5 6.1 5.1

Not in labor force

5,719 5,647 28,074 28,886

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

986 967 7,405 7,696

Participation rate

7.3 7.0 24.0 23.9

Employed

941 907 7,092 7,354

Employment-population ratio

7.0 6.6 23.0 22.9

Unemployed

45 60 313 342

Unemployment rate

4.6 6.2 4.2 4.4

Not in labor force

12,541 12,802 23,470 24,471

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted

[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,188 40,300 18,429 19,540 19,759 20,760

Civilian labor force

25,421 26,276 14,612 15,233 10,809 11,043

Participation rate

66.6 65.2 79.3 78.0 54.7 53.2

Employed

23,658 24,741 13,693 14,326 9,964 10,414

Employment-population ratio

61.9 61.4 74.3 73.3 50.4 50.2

Unemployed

1,763 1,536 919 907 845 629

Unemployment rate

6.9 5.8 6.3 6.0 7.8 5.7

Not in labor force

12,768 14,023 3,817 4,306 8,951 9,717

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

208,897 209,600 100,877 101,108 108,020 108,492

Civilian labor force

129,606 129,937 67,342 67,807 62,264 62,130

Participation rate

62.0 62.0 66.8 67.1 57.6 57.3

Employed

120,476 122,378 61,994 63,497 58,482 58,880

Employment-population ratio

57.7 58.4 61.5 62.8 54.1 54.3

Unemployed

9,130 7,559 5,348 4,309 3,782 3,250

Unemployment rate

7.0 5.8 7.9 6.4 6.1 5.2

Not in labor force

79,291 79,663 33,535 33,301 45,756 46,362

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status

[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

1,973 2,234 2,234 2,148 2,402 2,392 2,358 2,419 2,430

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,225 1,410 1,397 1,379 1,581 1,621 1,506 1,566 1,572

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

732 802 808 765 784 749 815 835 833

Unpaid family workers

16 22 29 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

142,160 144,317 144,884 143,196 144,982 144,939 145,101 145,743 145,880

Wage and salary workers(1)

133,551 135,748 136,577 134,482 136,016 136,093 136,415 136,949 137,447

Government

20,517 20,555 20,893 20,255 19,885 19,956 19,956 20,330 20,582

Private industries

113,033 115,193 115,683 114,239 116,059 116,144 116,469 116,664 116,890

Private households

822 937 817 - - - - - -

Other industries

112,211 114,257 114,866 113,388 115,281 115,361 115,676 115,724 116,042

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,529 8,512 8,238 8,693 8,908 8,794 8,660 8,725 8,386

Unpaid family workers

81 57 69 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,397 7,269 6,772 7,204 7,012 6,851 6,790 6,810 6,635

Slack work or business conditions

4,506 4,450 4,011 4,259 4,215 4,068 4,061 4,012 3,847

Could only find part-time work

2,598 2,353 2,355 2,674 2,437 2,447 2,432 2,460 2,426

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,651 20,033 20,437 19,085 19,793 19,971 19,730 19,822 19,837

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,269 7,125 6,669 7,091 6,911 6,731 6,699 6,690 6,539

Slack work or business conditions

4,449 4,372 3,941 4,222 4,149 3,997 3,983 3,951 3,791

Could only find part-time work

2,565 2,338 2,345 2,638 2,407 2,412 2,411 2,432 2,415

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,290 19,681 20,079 18,723 19,443 19,594 19,416 19,446 19,505

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators

[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

144,134 146,552 147,118 145,301 147,260 147,331 147,442 148,201 148,297

16 to 19 years

3,933 4,294 4,389 4,312 4,772 4,762 4,784 4,722 4,808

16 to 17 years

1,309 1,474 1,433 1,492 1,626 1,663 1,678 1,651 1,637

18 to 19 years

2,624 2,819 2,956 2,841 3,141 3,065 3,090 3,058 3,186

20 years and over

140,201 142,258 142,729 140,989 142,488 142,569 142,658 143,480 143,489

20 to 24 years

13,424 13,618 13,833 13,715 14,088 13,939 13,847 14,011 14,114

25 years and over

126,777 128,640 128,896 127,307 128,522 128,673 128,860 129,435 129,349

25 to 54 years

94,666 95,834 96,086 95,242 95,772 95,856 95,975 96,464 96,565

25 to 34 years

31,673 32,309 32,559 31,856 32,228 32,271 32,354 32,574 32,682

35 to 44 years

30,840 31,005 30,909 31,003 30,994 31,018 31,021 31,157 31,071

45 to 54 years

32,154 32,520 32,618 32,382 32,550 32,567 32,600 32,734 32,812

55 years and over

32,111 32,806 32,810 32,065 32,750 32,817 32,885 32,971 32,784

Men, 16 years and over

75,687 77,477 77,824 76,852 78,286 78,084 78,400 78,869 79,006

16 to 19 years

1,805 2,113 2,153 2,032 2,358 2,409 2,374 2,372 2,418

16 to 17 years

568 692 666 667 785 847 828 802 791

18 to 19 years

1,237 1,420 1,487 1,376 1,584 1,552 1,531 1,560 1,636

20 years and over

73,882 75,364 75,671 74,820 75,928 75,675 76,026 76,496 76,588

20 to 24 years

6,791 6,915 7,102 7,021 7,337 7,114 7,167 7,198 7,324

25 years and over

67,092 68,449 68,569 67,757 68,673 68,593 68,890 69,248 69,190

25 to 54 years

50,232 51,186 51,312 50,827 51,327 51,282 51,448 51,809 51,860

25 to 34 years

17,004 17,458 17,560 17,214 17,367 17,336 17,534 17,722 17,743

35 to 44 years

16,455 16,641 16,595 16,622 16,802 16,784 16,748 16,807 16,760

45 to 54 years

16,773 17,087 17,157 16,991 17,159 17,162 17,166 17,281 17,357

55 years and over

16,860 17,263 17,256 16,930 17,346 17,311 17,441 17,439 17,330

Women, 16 years and over

68,446 69,075 69,294 68,449 68,974 69,247 69,042 69,332 69,291

16 to 19 years

2,128 2,181 2,236 2,281 2,414 2,353 2,410 2,349 2,389

16 to 17 years

740 782 767 825 841 816 850 849 846

18 to 19 years

1,388 1,399 1,470 1,465 1,557 1,513 1,559 1,499 1,550

20 years and over

66,319 66,894 67,058 66,168 66,560 66,894 66,632 66,983 66,901

20 to 24 years

6,633 6,703 6,731 6,694 6,751 6,825 6,680 6,813 6,790

25 years and over

59,685 60,191 60,328 59,551 59,849 60,080 59,970 60,187 60,159

25 to 54 years

44,435 44,648 44,774 44,415 44,445 44,574 44,527 44,655 44,705

25 to 34 years

14,669 14,852 14,999 14,642 14,861 14,935 14,820 14,852 14,939

35 to 44 years

14,385 14,364 14,314 14,381 14,192 14,234 14,273 14,350 14,311

45 to 54 years

15,381 15,432 15,461 15,392 15,391 15,406 15,434 15,453 15,456

55 years and over

15,251 15,543 15,553 15,136 15,404 15,506 15,443 15,532 15,453

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,889 44,555 44,575 44,281 44,380 44,267 44,588 44,934 44,951

Married women, spouse present

34,874 34,929 35,146 34,664 34,833 34,799 34,645 34,843 34,910

Women who maintain families

9,333 9,300 9,137 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

116,323 118,840 119,313 117,859 119,681 119,507 119,934 120,711 120,834

Part-time workers(2)

27,810 27,712 27,805 27,382 27,690 27,775 27,506 27,546 27,471

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,163 7,289 7,221 6,989 7,674 7,403 7,285 7,485 7,059

Percent of total employed

5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.1 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,385 5,483 5,425 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,261 9,315 9,047 9,458 9,692 9,543 9,475 9,560 9,220

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

10,387 8,979 8,705 6.7 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.7 5.5

16 to 19 years

1,168 1,096 993 21.3 18.7 17.5 16.8 18.8 17.1

16 to 17 years

416 411 374 21.8 22.3 17.8 18.8 19.9 18.6

18 to 19 years

747 678 625 20.8 16.8 17.6 15.4 18.2 16.4

20 years and over

9,219 7,883 7,712 6.1 5.2 5.4 5.1 5.2 5.1

20 to 24 years

1,850 1,517 1,563 11.9 10.5 10.9 10.8 9.8 10.0

25 years and over

7,325 6,273 6,124 5.4 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.5

25 to 54 years

5,764 4,870 4,634 5.7 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.6

25 to 34 years

2,409 2,029 1,869 7.0 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.4

35 to 44 years

1,655 1,436 1,452 5.1 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.5

45 to 54 years

1,700 1,405 1,312 5.0 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.1 3.8

55 years and over

1,551 1,417 1,479 4.6 4.1 4.5 3.9 4.1 4.3

Men, 16 years and over

5,714 4,903 4,766 6.9 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.7

16 to 19 years

650 595 523 24.2 19.5 17.8 19.2 20.0 17.8

16 to 17 years

218 211 188 24.7 25.5 20.1 20.0 20.8 19.2

18 to 19 years

432 374 343 23.9 16.7 16.6 18.2 19.4 17.3

20 years and over

5,064 4,308 4,243 6.3 5.1 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2

20 to 24 years

1,085 933 891 13.4 10.4 11.8 11.6 11.5 10.9

25 years and over

3,921 3,325 3,321 5.5 4.6 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.6

25 to 54 years

3,090 2,571 2,494 5.7 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6

25 to 34 years

1,275 1,092 1,045 6.9 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.8 5.6

35 to 44 years

893 780 753 5.1 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.3

45 to 54 years

922 699 696 5.1 3.8 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.9

55 years and over

831 754 827 4.7 4.3 4.7 4.2 4.1 4.6

Women, 16 years and over

4,673 4,076 3,939 6.4 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.4

16 to 19 years

518 501 470 18.5 17.8 17.2 14.2 17.6 16.4

16 to 17 years

197 200 186 19.3 19.0 15.2 17.6 19.0 18.0

18 to 19 years

316 304 282 17.7 17.0 18.6 12.4 16.9 15.4

20 years and over

4,155 3,575 3,469 5.9 5.4 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.9

20 to 24 years

764 584 671 10.2 10.7 10.0 9.9 7.9 9.0

25 years and over

3,404 2,949 2,803 5.4 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.7 4.5

25 to 54 years

2,673 2,299 2,140 5.7 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.9 4.6

25 to 34 years

1,134 937 824 7.2 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.2

35 to 44 years

762 655 699 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.7

45 to 54 years

778 706 617 4.8 4.3 4.0 3.9 4.4 3.8

55 years and over

710 670 644 4.5 3.7 4.2 3.7 4.1 4.0

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,735 1,356 1,405 3.8 3.0 3.2 3.0 2.9 3.0

Married women, spouse present

1,520 1,206 1,167 4.2 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.2

Women who maintain families(1)

935 824 760 9.1 8.7 8.2 7.8 8.1 7.7

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

8,783 7,525 7,275 6.9 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.7

Part-time workers(3)

1,609 1,433 1,405 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment

[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,024 4,912 4,721 5,403 4,349 4,480 4,325 4,242 4,180

On temporary layoff

1,341 1,328 1,349 1,037 847 1,070 959 902 1,021

Not on temporary layoff

4,682 3,584 3,372 4,366 3,501 3,410 3,366 3,339 3,158

Permanent job losers

3,366 2,491 2,316 3,190 2,505 2,446 2,388 2,371 2,212

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,316 1,093 1,056 1,177 997 964 977 968 946

Job leavers

813 868 894 816 782 835 798 851 884

Reentrants

2,974 2,832 2,635 2,972 2,856 2,761 2,701 2,829 2,655

New entrants

1,083 885 845 1,232 1,058 1,045 971 1,033 972

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

55.3 51.7 51.9 51.8 48.1 49.1 49.2 47.4 48.1

On temporary layoff

12.3 14.0 14.8 10.0 9.4 11.7 10.9 10.1 11.7

Not on temporary layoff

43.0 37.7 37.1 41.9 38.7 37.4 38.3 37.3 36.3

Job leavers

7.5 9.1 9.8 7.8 8.6 9.2 9.1 9.5 10.2

Reentrants

27.3 29.8 29.0 28.5 31.6 30.3 30.7 31.6 30.5

New entrants

9.9 9.3 9.3 11.8 11.7 11.5 11.0 11.5 11.2

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3.9 3.1 3.0 3.5 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7

Job leavers

0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6

Reentrants

1.9 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7

New entrants

0.7 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment

[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,145 2,780 2,185 2,388 2,455 2,505 2,375 2,383 2,431

5 to 14 weeks

3,091 2,468 2,662 2,558 2,322 2,378 2,293 2,318 2,223

15 weeks and over

5,657 4,250 4,248 5,402 4,321 4,225 4,059 4,180 4,044

15 to 26 weeks

1,771 1,396 1,485 1,597 1,416 1,403 1,274 1,380 1,335

27 weeks and over

3,886 2,853 2,763 3,804 2,904 2,822 2,785 2,800 2,709

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

36.3 30.3 31.1 36.9 32.9 33.0 32.8 32.3 31.7

Median duration, in weeks

16.0 12.3 13.1 16.2 13.5 12.8 12.6 13.4 13.1

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

19.7 29.3 24.0 23.1 27.0 27.5 27.2 26.8 27.9

5 to 14 weeks

28.4 26.0 29.3 24.7 25.5 26.1 26.3 26.1 25.6

15 weeks and over

51.9 44.7 46.7 52.2 47.5 46.4 46.5 47.1 46.5

15 to 26 weeks

16.3 14.7 16.3 15.4 15.6 15.4 14.6 15.5 15.4

27 weeks and over

35.7 30.0 30.4 36.8 31.9 31.0 31.9 31.5 31.1

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted

[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

144,134 147,118 10,893 9,095 7.0 5.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

55,501 57,596 1,845 1,601 3.2 2.7

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,664 23,630 838 674 3.6 2.8

Professional and related occupations

32,838 33,966 1,007 927 3.0 2.7

Service occupations

25,007 24,802 2,249 1,971 8.3 7.4

Sales and office occupations

33,667 34,054 2,522 1,821 7.0 5.1

Sales and related occupations

15,799 15,838 1,322 868 7.7 5.2

Office and administrative support occupations

17,868 18,216 1,200 953 6.3 5.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,148 13,258 1,487 1,454 10.2 9.9

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

905 966 115 170 11.3 15.0

Construction and extraction occupations

7,409 7,323 1,114 959 13.1 11.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,833 4,968 257 325 5.0 6.1

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,811 17,409 1,671 1,380 9.0 7.3

Production occupations

8,198 8,481 692 639 7.8 7.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,613 8,928 978 741 10.2 7.7

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

10,893 9,095 7.0 5.8

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

8,479 7,046 7.0 5.7

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

98 90 8.0 8.6

Construction

1,098 906 12.8 10.6

Manufacturing

843 814 5.5 5.2

Durable goods

454 456 4.6 4.7

Nondurable goods

389 357 6.9 6.2

Wholesale and retail trade

1,571 1,193 7.6 5.7

Transportation and utilities

412 308 6.6 5.0

Information

145 130 4.8 4.5

Financial activities

400 292 4.2 3.1

Professional and business services

1,324 911 8.6 5.8

Education and health services

893 794 4.0 3.5

Leisure and hospitality

1,336 1,165 10.3 8.8

Other services

359 443 5.9 6.7

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

153 196 11.4 12.7

Government workers

683 513 3.2 2.4

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

496 495 5.0 5.1

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization

[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.6 2.7 2.7 3.5 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.9 3.1 3.0 3.5 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

7.0 6.1 5.8 6.7 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.7 5.5

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

7.5 6.5 6.3 7.1 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.1 6.0

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

8.4 7.4 7.1 8.0 7.1 7.1 6.9 7.0 6.8

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

13.1 12.0 11.4 12.6 11.5 11.4 11.2 11.3 11.0

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted

[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2015

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

92,058 93,686 37,352 37,607 54,707 56,079

Persons who currently want a job

6,091 6,575 2,984 3,054 3,107 3,521

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,303 2,159 1,295 1,108 1,008 1,052

Discouraged workers(2)

755 732 466 430 289 302

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,548 1,428 829 678 719 750

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,163 7,221 3,466 3,585 3,697 3,636

Percent of total employed

5.0 4.9 4.6 4.6 5.4 5.2

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,702 3,824 1,974 2,105 1,728 1,720

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,973 1,983 680 687 1,293 1,296

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

275 231 166 143 109 88

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,154 1,132 619 621 535 511

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail

[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)
Change from:
Jan.2015 – Feb.2015(p)

Total nonfarm

136,257 141,484 138,663 139,566 137,830 140,592 140,831 141,126 295

Total private

114,147 119,223 116,898 117,365 116,006 118,690 118,927 119,215 288

Goods-producing

18,491 19,389 19,033 19,050 19,031 19,489 19,553 19,582 29

Mining and logging

860 912 893 880 877 913 907 899 -8

Logging

49.9 53.6 52.9 52.5 51.6 53.0 53.5 54.1 0.6

Mining

810.3 858.3 840.5 827.4 825.5 859.6 853.8 844.5 -9.3

Oil and gas extraction

194.5 201.9 199.2 197.1 195.4 201.2 199.4 198.3 -1.1

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

199.7 203.7 197.9 196.5 208.7 207.0 206.6 205.8 -0.8

Coal mining

74.8 72.1 70.9 70.2 74.9 72.0 71.4 70.7 -0.7

Support activities for mining

416.1 452.7 443.4 433.8 421.4 451.4 447.8 440.4 -7.4

Construction

5,612 6,175 5,926 5,935 6,032 6,275 6,324 6,353 29

Construction of buildings

1,267.9 1,381.2 1,348.5 1,343.5 1,333.4 1,388.0 1,405.1 1,410.3 5.2

Residential building

609.0 673.9 658.7 652.6 642.6 677.4 688.4 687.9 -0.5

Nonresidential building

658.9 707.3 689.8 690.9 690.8 710.6 716.7 722.4 5.7

Heavy and civil engineering construction

793.5 897.6 833.6 830.2 899.7 932.7 939.1 935.4 -3.7

Specialty trade contractors

3,550.6 3,896.4 3,743.8 3,761.5 3,798.5 3,954.3 3,979.9 4,007.1 27.2

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,509.9 1,685.8 1,616.8 1,628.9 1,625.4 1,719.2 1,730.7 1,747.9 17.2

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,040.7 2,210.6 2,127.0 2,132.6 2,173.1 2,235.1 2,249.2 2,259.2 10.0

Manufacturing

12,019 12,302 12,214 12,235 12,122 12,301 12,322 12,330 8

Durable goods

7,564 7,786 7,743 7,762 7,614 7,782 7,798 7,809 11

Wood products

360.0 374.6 373.4 373.1 365.9 376.8 380.1 378.9 -1.2

Nonmetallic mineral products

361.8 392.6 382.0 382.1 377.1 396.3 396.8 397.7 0.9

Primary metals

395.1 408.2 407.5 406.8 397.1 407.9 407.8 408.1 0.3

Fabricated metal products

1,436.6 1,474.6 1,464.9 1,469.2 1,446.9 1,473.3 1,475.3 1,478.0 2.7

Machinery

1,111.7 1,143.7 1,142.0 1,145.1 1,113.5 1,144.0 1,146.1 1,147.8 1.7

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,046.4 1,055.6 1,052.7 1,055.0 1,050.5 1,054.8 1,056.6 1,059.0 2.4

Computer and peripheral equipment

158.2 168.3 167.6 168.0 158.9 167.8 167.9 168.5 0.6

Communications equipment

95.2 91.7 90.2 90.2 95.4 91.4 90.2 90.5 0.3

Semiconductors and electronic components

369.0 369.2 369.5 370.4 369.9 369.1 371.0 371.4 0.4

Electronic instruments

386.6 388.0 387.5 389.7 388.5 388.7 389.6 391.5 1.9

Electrical equipment and appliances

376.0 372.6 371.0 371.8 376.5 371.8 371.8 372.5 0.7

Transportation equipment(1)

1,537.0 1,595.7 1,587.6 1,596.0 1,539.7 1,591.0 1,594.6 1,596.8 2.2

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

858.4 907.6 903.2 906.7 858.8 902.5 906.3 907.1 0.8

Furniture and related products

361.1 382.0 379.1 380.2 365.8 382.6 384.2 385.4 1.2

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

578.6 586.1 582.4 582.2 581.0 583.9 584.7 584.7 0.0

Nondurable goods

4,455 4,516 4,471 4,473 4,508 4,519 4,524 4,521 -3

Food manufacturing

1,463.0 1,483.6 1,465.0 1,468.2 1,492.9 1,484.6 1,493.5 1,494.5 1.0

Textile mills

116.7 118.3 117.7 118.5 117.4 118.3 119.4 119.1 -0.3

Textile product mills

111.9 116.9 112.9 113.3 113.3 115.9 114.6 114.8 0.2

Apparel

143.1 138.4 138.7 138.0 142.5 137.8 138.3 137.0 -1.3

Paper and paper products

372.8 368.2 365.2 363.8 374.7 367.6 366.1 365.4 -0.7

Printing and related support activities

451.4 452.2 444.6 445.6 453.7 450.2 447.2 447.8 0.6

Petroleum and coal products

106.5 109.6 108.4 102.8 110.3 111.7 112.2 106.5 -5.7

Chemicals

795.0 811.6 806.3 809.5 797.0 811.6 808.6 811.3 2.7

Plastics and rubber products

668.2 681.6 679.9 681.2 672.3 682.6 684.1 684.7 0.6

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

226.7 235.9 232.6 231.9 234.1 238.9 239.6 239.4 -0.2

Private service-providing

95,656 99,834 97,865 98,315 96,975 99,201 99,374 99,633 259

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,743 27,402 26,540 26,384 26,141 26,669 26,713 26,775 62

Wholesale trade

5,738.9 5,882.1 5,837.6 5,853.7 5,787.8 5,875.5 5,889.5 5,901.2 11.7

Durable goods

2,872.9 2,936.4 2,922.5 2,930.1 2,889.7 2,935.4 2,940.2 2,947.3 7.1

Nondurable goods

1,984.1 2,031.3 2,010.3 2,017.7 2,009.2 2,031.1 2,036.3 2,041.3 5.0

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

881.9 914.4 904.8 905.9 888.9 909.0 913.0 912.6 -0.4

Retail trade

14,946.1 16,058.6 15,428.5 15,260.2 15,238.2 15,497.3 15,525.1 15,557.1 32.0

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,811.9 1,882.3 1,874.6 1,884.4 1,838.0 1,894.0 1,902.5 1,907.7 5.2

Automobile dealers

1,159.9 1,203.7 1,200.8 1,204.8 1,170.1 1,208.1 1,211.6 1,213.4 1.8

Furniture and home furnishings stores

445.4 482.4 462.3 458.9 450.1 457.4 460.0 464.1 4.1

Electronics and appliance stores

489.4 523.3 514.0 489.6 492.8 491.9 493.6 492.7 -0.9

Building material and garden supply stores

1,175.7 1,208.6 1,184.5 1,205.5 1,226.5 1,246.6 1,250.5 1,256.2 5.7

Food and beverage stores

2,940.8 3,049.2 3,011.2 2,996.0 2,972.1 3,020.5 3,026.1 3,029.0 2.9

Health and personal care stores

1,004.8 1,045.5 1,031.2 1,022.4 1,008.9 1,025.9 1,028.1 1,027.2 -0.9

Gasoline stations

858.4 886.1 881.7 881.0 875.3 889.1 893.6 896.5 2.9

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,328.0 1,536.2 1,375.9 1,326.5 1,380.4 1,370.7 1,369.4 1,377.0 7.6

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

588.8 688.3 613.5 601.9 603.9 626.2 616.0 620.2 4.2

General merchandise stores(1)

3,025.8 3,368.5 3,157.3 3,076.2 3,092.2 3,138.6 3,142.9 3,143.7 0.8

Department stores

1,318.7 1,501.6 1,365.9 1,307.3 1,349.8 1,342.8 1,342.2 1,339.3 -2.9

Miscellaneous store retailers

797.0 836.1 802.9 802.3 809.6 821.7 821.7 818.1 -3.6

Nonstore retailers

480.1 552.1 519.4 515.5 488.4 514.7 520.7 524.7 4.0

Transportation and warehousing

4,511.6 4,903.7 4,716.5 4,713.6 4,565.8 4,738.5 4,739.5 4,758.0 18.5

Air transportation

437.0 442.0 442.0 441.4 440.2 443.3 444.3 444.6 0.3

Rail transportation

229.6 241.4 239.4 239.8 231.3 241.3 240.4 241.2 0.8

Water transportation

65.2 66.8 65.0 64.8 66.9 67.4 66.9 66.5 -0.4

Truck transportation

1,361.2 1,437.6 1,413.8 1,413.6 1,395.3 1,441.1 1,443.6 1,446.2 2.6

Transit and ground passenger transportation

473.0 488.6 485.1 482.0 460.0 471.1 472.2 469.6 -2.6

Pipeline transportation

46.4 47.6 47.3 47.9 46.3 47.6 47.4 47.8 0.4

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

23.1 25.9 23.7 24.6 30.0 30.6 31.0 31.3 0.3

Support activities for transportation

611.6 636.8 630.0 630.3 614.0 632.3 631.8 632.7 0.9

Couriers and messengers

545.6 752.1 628.2 625.5 553.2 616.6 612.8 625.1 12.3

Warehousing and storage

718.9 764.9 742.0 743.7 728.6 747.2 749.1 753.0 3.9

Utilities

546.8 557.2 557.1 556.4 549.1 557.9 558.4 558.8 0.4

Information

2,707 2,775 2,737 2,770 2,720 2,767 2,772 2,779 7

Publishing industries, except Internet

723.8 724.8 718.4 717.3 727.3 721.4 721.2 720.5 -0.7

Motion picture and sound recording industries

371.5 377.5 351.1 386.3 378.3 381.4 380.6 388.5 7.9

Broadcasting, except Internet

281.0 288.9 284.9 285.3 282.2 287.5 286.3 286.5 0.2

Telecommunications

849.0 865.6 861.0 861.0 847.8 861.5 860.8 860.7 -0.1

Data processing, hosting and related services

273.3 288.2 288.9 290.2 274.8 286.5 290.2 291.7 1.5

Other information services

208.2 229.9 233.0 230.0 209.5 228.5 232.5 231.3 -1.2

Financial activities

7,879 8,059 8,018 8,029 7,931 8,049 8,071 8,081 10

Finance and insurance

5,896.7 5,994.8 5,988.9 5,994.6 5,907.9 5,978.9 5,997.8 6,004.7 6.9

Monetary authorities – central bank

18.3 18.5 18.4 18.4 18.5 18.5 18.6 18.6 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,571.0 2,573.6 2,567.4 2,563.3 2,575.3 2,565.9 2,568.6 2,567.0 -1.6

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,715.2 1,702.2 1,701.5 1,696.6 1,717.3 1,700.2 1,699.9 1,698.3 -1.6

Commercial banking

1,301.8 1,285.7 1,285.8 1,281.6 1,302.4 1,284.5 1,283.8 1,281.7 -2.1

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

872.3 888.6 889.9 892.5 873.9 888.0 893.1 894.3 1.2

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,435.1 2,514.1 2,513.2 2,520.4 2,440.2 2,506.5 2,517.5 2,524.8 7.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,982.4 2,064.2 2,028.8 2,034.8 2,023.2 2,070.5 2,072.9 2,076.5 3.6

Real estate

1,451.6 1,503.5 1,479.3 1,482.7 1,474.9 1,501.2 1,504.0 1,506.1 2.1

Rental and leasing services

507.5 536.9 526.7 529.2 524.7 545.9 545.6 547.2 1.6

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.3 23.8 22.8 22.9 23.6 23.4 23.3 23.2 -0.1

Professional and business services

18,562 19,519 19,112 19,228 18,840 19,439 19,449 19,500 51

Professional and technical services(1)

8,303.8 8,526.7 8,510.3 8,601.8 8,241.6 8,489.5 8,506.2 8,538.0 31.8

Legal services

1,114.6 1,124.2 1,109.8 1,114.7 1,121.8 1,120.0 1,118.2 1,121.3 3.1

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,069.1 981.3 1,059.5 1,117.0 941.7 980.9 982.1 988.2 6.1

Architectural and engineering services

1,339.5 1,403.3 1,391.3 1,392.6 1,359.5 1,403.9 1,408.7 1,413.6 4.9

Computer systems design and related services

1,743.3 1,818.9 1,817.3 1,821.6 1,748.8 1,814.4 1,821.8 1,827.0 5.2

Management and technical consulting services

1,203.8 1,295.4 1,266.6 1,279.0 1,214.8 1,280.1 1,283.8 1,290.9 7.1

Management of companies and enterprises

2,138.1 2,195.0 2,180.6 2,179.3 2,150.2 2,190.5 2,187.1 2,191.0 3.9

Administrative and waste services

8,119.6 8,797.1 8,421.5 8,446.8 8,448.4 8,759.4 8,755.2 8,771.1 15.9

Administrative and support services(1)

7,747.0 8,412.0 8,039.7 8,064.9 8,066.7 8,370.4 8,366.6 8,380.5 13.9

Employment services(1)

3,198.0 3,638.5 3,377.6 3,384.7 3,334.7 3,537.7 3,521.9 3,520.5 -1.4

Temporary help services

2,580.0 2,957.9 2,731.1 2,726.6 2,700.6 2,863.3 2,849.5 2,841.7 -7.8

Business support services

875.2 926.6 906.8 908.2 873.7 900.3 903.4 905.9 2.5

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,765.8 1,871.2 1,797.8 1,801.7 1,929.2 1,952.0 1,961.6 1,964.3 2.7

Waste management and remediation services

372.6 385.1 381.8 381.9 381.7 389.0 388.6 390.6 2.0

Education and health services

21,374 21,893 21,634 21,916 21,279 21,718 21,764 21,818 54

Educational services

3,529.8 3,545.3 3,342.9 3,595.1 3,389.5 3,439.9 3,433.8 3,455.1 21.3

Health care and social assistance

17,844.6 18,347.4 18,291.1 18,321.3 17,889.3 18,277.7 18,330.2 18,363.0 32.8

Health care(3)

14,522.3 14,914.6 14,865.4 14,881.6 14,572.0 14,863.7 14,903.8 14,927.6 23.8

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,532.8 6,794.5 6,771.0 6,787.8 6,556.9 6,766.9 6,788.5 6,808.4 19.9

Offices of physicians

2,441.8 2,516.6 2,513.8 2,518.4 2,448.9 2,501.8 2,515.2 2,522.5 7.3

Outpatient care centers

696.9 728.6 728.1 728.3 697.8 726.5 729.0 728.8 -0.2

Home health care services

1,233.6 1,297.5 1,284.9 1,285.6 1,241.2 1,289.6 1,291.5 1,294.7 3.2

Hospitals

4,758.1 4,825.9 4,820.0 4,828.9 4,766.5 4,815.6 4,827.4 4,836.1 8.7

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,231.4 3,294.2 3,274.4 3,264.9 3,248.6 3,281.2 3,287.9 3,283.1 -4.8

Nursing care facilities

1,641.0 1,657.2 1,649.6 1,643.2 1,651.2 1,653.4 1,656.8 1,653.6 -3.2

Social assistance(1)

3,322.3 3,432.8 3,425.7 3,439.7 3,317.3 3,414.0 3,426.4 3,435.4 9.0

Child day care services

859.1 874.0 872.0 875.9 845.1 860.4 862.3 861.9 -0.4

Leisure and hospitality

13,908 14,597 14,274 14,415 14,526 14,948 14,987 15,053 66

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,873.8 1,967.2 1,892.9 1,923.5 2,080.0 2,133.2 2,129.1 2,135.3 6.2

Performing arts and spectator sports

405.1 440.6 406.6 423.2 436.3 459.3 454.5 456.9 2.4

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

134.0 138.5 133.7 133.0 144.9 145.2 145.4 144.3 -1.1

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,334.7 1,388.1 1,352.6 1,367.3 1,498.8 1,528.7 1,529.2 1,534.1 4.9

Accommodation and food services

12,034.0 12,629.3 12,380.8 12,491.9 12,446.2 12,814.7 12,857.6 12,917.8 60.2

Accommodation

1,791.8 1,829.1 1,802.7 1,816.2 1,881.8 1,896.9 1,902.4 1,903.9 1.5

Food services and drinking places

10,242.2 10,800.2 10,578.1 10,675.7 10,564.4 10,917.8 10,955.2 11,013.9 58.7

Other services

5,483 5,589 5,550 5,573 5,538 5,611 5,618 5,627 9

Repair and maintenance

1,217.7 1,243.0 1,244.1 1,256.3 1,230.0 1,253.3 1,259.6 1,267.2 7.6

Personal and laundry services

1,337.5 1,380.9 1,365.6 1,363.1 1,354.3 1,380.7 1,383.4 1,380.6 -2.8

Membership associations and organizations

2,927.5 2,965.3 2,940.0 2,953.8 2,953.3 2,976.5 2,975.0 2,978.8 3.8

Government

22,110 22,261 21,765 22,201 21,824 21,902 21,904 21,911 7

Federal

2,712.0 2,744.0 2,717.0 2,716.0 2,730.0 2,732.0 2,730.0 2,730.0 0.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,124.6 2,133.0 2,124.8 2,122.9 2,139.7 2,134.6 2,138.3 2,135.2 -3.1

U.S. Postal Service

587.6 611.3 592.6 593.1 590.5 597.6 591.4 595.0 3.6

State government

5,182.0 5,194.0 4,984.0 5,211.0 5,061.0 5,079.0 5,080.0 5,083.0 3.0

State government education

2,539.7 2,555.0 2,350.5 2,578.4 2,408.0 2,430.5 2,434.3 2,438.7 4.4

State government, excluding education

2,642.5 2,639.1 2,633.8 2,632.6 2,652.6 2,648.9 2,646.0 2,644.1 -1.9

Local government

14,216.0 14,323.0 14,064.0 14,274.0 14,033.0 14,091.0 14,094.0 14,098.0 4.0

Local government education

8,069.7 8,109.7 7,901.8 8,101.2 7,765.4 7,796.7 7,799.0 7,800.2 1.2

Local government, excluding education

6,145.9 6,213.5 6,161.9 6,172.7 6,267.7 6,294.1 6,294.9 6,297.5 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.6 34.6 34.6

Goods-producing

40.3 40.6 40.5 40.7

Mining and logging

45.1 44.9 44.7 44.6

Construction

38.5 39.2 39.0 39.6

Manufacturing

40.8 40.9 41.0 41.0

Durable goods

41.3 41.4 41.5 41.4

Nondurable goods

40.0 40.2 40.2 40.3

Private service-providing

33.2 33.4 33.4 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.3 34.6 34.6 34.6

Wholesale trade

38.7 38.9 38.9 38.9

Retail trade

31.1 31.4 31.4 31.4

Transportation and warehousing

38.6 39.0 38.8 38.9

Utilities

42.2 42.2 42.3 42.2

Information

36.8 36.3 36.5 36.5

Financial activities

37.2 37.4 37.4 37.4

Professional and business services

36.1 36.3 36.2 36.2

Education and health services

32.7 32.7 32.8 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

26.1 26.3 26.4 26.4

Other services

31.7 31.8 31.9 31.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.4 3.6 3.5 3.4

Durable goods

3.4 3.6 3.5 3.4

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.5 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)

Total private

$24.30 $24.62 $24.75 $24.78 $835.92 $851.85 $856.35 $857.39

Goods-producing

25.57 25.77 25.88 25.90 1,030.47 1,046.26 1,048.14 1,054.13

Mining and logging

30.74 30.70 30.66 30.73 1,386.37 1,378.43 1,370.50 1,370.56

Construction

26.55 26.81 26.98 26.91 1,022.18 1,050.95 1,052.22 1,065.64

Manufacturing

24.70 24.87 24.97 25.01 1,007.76 1,017.18 1,023.77 1,025.41

Durable goods

26.12 26.21 26.28 26.37 1,078.76 1,085.09 1,090.62 1,091.72

Nondurable goods

22.23 22.49 22.62 22.60 889.20 904.10 909.32 910.78

Private service-providing

23.99 24.34 24.48 24.52 796.47 812.96 817.63 818.97

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.27 21.49 21.64 21.66 729.56 743.55 748.74 749.44

Wholesale trade

27.93 28.19 28.37 28.32 1,080.89 1,096.59 1,103.59 1,101.65

Retail trade

16.85 17.12 17.32 17.33 524.04 537.57 543.85 544.16

Transportation and warehousing

22.79 22.88 22.84 22.94 879.69 892.32 886.19 892.37

Utilities

35.90 35.94 36.05 36.42 1,514.98 1,516.67 1,524.92 1,536.92

Information

33.42 34.35 34.40 34.47 1,229.86 1,246.91 1,255.60 1,258.16

Financial activities

30.48 31.05 31.18 31.27 1,133.86 1,161.27 1,166.13 1,169.50

Professional and business services

29.04 29.48 29.74 29.78 1,048.34 1,070.12 1,076.59 1,078.04

Education and health services

24.57 24.90 25.02 25.04 803.44 814.23 820.66 821.31

Leisure and hospitality

13.79 14.10 14.17 14.23 359.92 370.83 374.09 375.67

Other services

21.77 22.17 22.25 22.30 690.11 705.01 709.78 711.37

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted

[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2015 – Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2015 – Feb.
2015(p)

Total private

99.8 102.7 102.9 103.1 0.2 115.7 120.6 121.5 121.9 0.3

Goods-producing

87.4 90.1 90.2 90.8 0.7 101.0 105.0 105.5 106.3 0.8

Mining and logging

124.3 128.8 127.4 126.0 -1.1 153.4 158.8 156.8 155.4 -0.9

Construction

80.1 84.8 85.0 86.7 2.0 92.3 98.8 99.7 101.4 1.7

Manufacturing

89.0 90.5 90.9 90.9 0.0 102.2 104.7 105.5 105.8 0.3

Durable goods

88.5 90.7 91.1 91.0 -0.1 102.7 105.6 106.3 106.6 0.3

Nondurable goods

90.0 90.7 90.8 90.9 0.1 101.5 103.5 104.2 104.3 0.1

Private service-providing

103.0 106.0 106.2 106.5 0.3 119.8 125.1 126.1 126.6 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97.5 100.4 100.5 100.8 0.3 111.6 116.1 117.1 117.5 0.3

Wholesale trade

97.7 99.7 100.0 100.2 0.2 113.9 117.3 118.3 118.4 0.1

Retail trade

96.3 98.8 99.0 99.2 0.2 107.2 111.9 113.4 113.7 0.3

Transportation and warehousing

100.9 105.8 105.2 105.9 0.7 116.7 122.8 122.0 123.3 1.1

Utilities

100.3 101.9 102.2 102.0 -0.2 118.9 121.0 121.7 122.8 0.9

Information

91.4 91.7 92.4 92.6 0.2 108.8 112.2 113.2 113.7 0.4

Financial activities

96.6 98.6 98.9 99.0 0.1 114.9 119.4 120.2 120.7 0.4

Professional and business services

107.0 111.0 110.7 111.0 0.3 125.9 132.6 133.4 133.9 0.4

Education and health services

111.7 114.0 114.6 114.9 0.3 129.3 133.7 135.0 135.5 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

108.2 112.2 112.9 113.4 0.4 120.4 127.6 129.1 130.2 0.9

Other services

97.3 98.9 99.3 99.5 0.2 120.2 124.4 125.4 125.9 0.4

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

68,062 69,330 69,413 69,575 49.4 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private

55,608 56,809 56,893 57,044 47.9 47.9 47.8 47.8

Goods-producing

4,171 4,265 4,269 4,270 21.9 21.9 21.8 21.8

Mining and logging

115 123 123 123 13.1 13.5 13.6 13.7

Construction

763 796 799 799 12.6 12.7 12.6 12.6

Manufacturing

3,293 3,346 3,347 3,348 27.2 27.2 27.2 27.2

Durable goods

1,754 1,798 1,804 1,807 23.0 23.1 23.1 23.1

Nondurable goods

1,539 1,548 1,543 1,541 34.1 34.3 34.1 34.1

Private service-providing

51,437 52,544 52,624 52,774 53.0 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,594 10,780 10,802 10,839 40.5 40.4 40.4 40.5

Wholesale trade

1,715.2 1,715.0 1,718.5 1,728.3 29.6 29.2 29.2 29.3

Retail trade

7,668.3 7,816.5 7,830.7 7,852.1 50.3 50.4 50.4 50.5

Transportation and warehousing

1,076.2 1,114.0 1,118.3 1,124.6 23.6 23.5 23.6 23.6

Utilities

134.1 134.1 134.2 133.6 24.4 24.0 24.0 23.9

Information

1,090 1,112 1,115 1,117 40.1 40.2 40.2 40.2

Financial activities

4,558 4,611 4,615 4,615 57.5 57.3 57.2 57.1

Professional and business services

8,408 8,658 8,648 8,671 44.6 44.5 44.5 44.5

Education and health services

16,341 16,695 16,729 16,777 76.8 76.9 76.9 76.9

Leisure and hospitality

7,554 7,750 7,773 7,814 52.0 51.8 51.9 51.9

Other services

2,892 2,938 2,942 2,941 52.2 52.4 52.4 52.3

Government

12,454 12,521 12,520 12,531 57.1 57.2 57.2 57.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)

[In thousands]
Industry Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)

Total private

95,860 97,923 98,086 98,339

Goods-producing

13,721 14,051 14,102 14,138

Mining and logging

645 669 664 660

Construction

4,564 4,719 4,760 4,792

Manufacturing

8,512 8,663 8,678 8,686

Durable goods

5,241 5,361 5,372 5,382

Nondurable goods

3,271 3,302 3,306 3,304

Private service-providing

82,139 83,872 83,984 84,201

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,108 22,478 22,499 22,571

Wholesale trade

4,674.0 4,740.9 4,749.2 4,760.5

Retail trade

13,039.8 13,186.9 13,200.8 13,240.0

Transportation and warehousing

3,949.2 4,100.2 4,099.3 4,120.4

Utilities

444.9 450.0 449.8 449.6

Information

2,203 2,245 2,250 2,256

Financial activities

6,114 6,213 6,227 6,234

Professional and business services

15,602 16,025 16,039 16,063

Education and health services

18,688 19,069 19,105 19,152

Leisure and hospitality

12,813 13,172 13,189 13,247

Other services

4,611 4,670 4,675 4,678

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.5 33.8 33.8 33.8

Goods-producing

40.9 41.6 41.4 41.5

Mining and logging

47.5 47.6 46.8 46.7

Construction

38.6 39.9 39.4 40.0

Manufacturing

41.6 42.1 42.1 42.0

Durable goods

42.1 42.4 42.4 42.3

Nondurable goods

40.9 41.6 41.5 41.5

Private service-providing

32.3 32.5 32.5 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.3 33.9 33.7 33.8

Wholesale trade

38.5 38.6 38.7 38.7

Retail trade

29.7 30.3 30.1 30.2

Transportation and warehousing

38.2 39.0 38.3 38.7

Utilities

42.2 42.2 42.2 42.0

Information

36.0 35.8 36.0 36.0

Financial activities

36.6 36.8 36.8 36.9

Professional and business services

35.4 35.7 35.6 35.6

Education and health services

31.9 32.0 32.1 32.0

Leisure and hospitality

25.1 25.2 25.2 25.3

Other services

30.6 30.8 30.7 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.3 4.6 4.4 4.3

Durable goods

4.5 4.7 4.4 4.3

Nondurable goods

4.1 4.4 4.4 4.4

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)

Total private

$20.48 $20.72 $20.80 $20.80 $686.08 $700.34 $703.04 $703.04

Goods-producing

21.46 21.66 21.72 21.70 877.71 901.06 899.21 900.55

Mining and logging

26.71 26.63 26.60 26.33 1,268.73 1,267.59 1,244.88 1,229.61

Construction

24.55 24.78 24.90 24.76 947.63 988.72 981.06 990.40

Manufacturing

19.48 19.62 19.67 19.69 810.37 826.00 828.11 826.98

Durable goods

20.56 20.69 20.72 20.78 865.58 877.26 878.53 878.99

Nondurable goods

17.68 17.86 17.92 17.90 723.11 742.98 743.68 742.85

Private service-providing

20.27 20.52 20.61 20.61 654.72 666.90 669.83 669.83

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.12 18.36 18.48 18.47 603.40 622.40 622.78 624.29

Wholesale trade

23.09 23.31 23.36 23.31 888.97 899.77 904.03 902.10

Retail trade

14.25 14.43 14.65 14.65 423.23 437.23 440.97 442.43

Transportation and warehousing

20.30 20.74 20.71 20.68 775.46 808.86 793.19 800.32

Utilities

32.95 33.16 33.10 33.45 1,390.49 1,399.35 1,396.82 1,404.90

Information

28.66 28.46 28.40 28.45 1,031.76 1,018.87 1,022.40 1,024.20

Financial activities

24.42 25.00 25.08 25.15 893.77 920.00 922.94 928.04

Professional and business services

24.19 24.32 24.42 24.43 856.33 868.22 869.35 869.71

Education and health services

21.54 21.83 21.90 21.93 687.13 698.56 702.99 701.76

Leisure and hospitality

11.95 12.29 12.30 12.32 299.95 309.71 309.96 311.70

Other services

18.39 18.71 18.78 18.82 562.73 576.27 576.55 579.66

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)

[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2015 – Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Feb.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2015 – Feb.
2015(p)

Total private

107.0 110.3 110.5 110.8 0.3 146.5 152.7 153.6 154.0 0.3

Goods-producing

85.8 89.3 89.2 89.7 0.6 112.7 118.5 118.7 119.1 0.3

Mining and logging

162.8 169.2 165.1 163.8 -0.8 252.9 262.1 255.5 250.8 -1.8

Construction

88.2 94.3 93.9 96.0 2.2 116.9 126.1 126.3 128.3 1.6

Manufacturing

81.3 83.7 83.9 83.7 -0.2 103.6 107.4 107.9 107.8 -0.1

Durable goods

82.9 85.4 85.6 85.5 -0.1 106.4 110.3 110.7 111.0 0.3

Nondurable goods

78.8 80.9 80.8 80.8 0.0 98.5 102.1 102.4 102.2 -0.2

Private service-providing

113.0 116.1 116.3 116.6 0.3 157.1 163.4 164.3 164.7 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

102.6 106.2 105.7 106.4 0.7 132.7 139.1 139.3 140.1 0.6

Wholesale trade

106.0 107.8 108.2 108.5 0.3 144.1 148.0 148.9 149.0 0.1

Retail trade

98.0 101.1 100.6 101.2 0.6 119.7 125.1 126.3 127.1 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

113.6 120.4 118.2 120.0 1.5 146.2 158.4 155.3 157.5 1.4

Utilities

96.0 97.1 97.1 96.6 -0.5 132.1 134.4 134.1 134.8 0.5

Information

90.5 91.7 92.4 92.7 0.3 128.4 129.2 130.0 130.6 0.5

Financial activities

105.3 107.6 107.9 108.3 0.4 158.3 165.5 166.5 167.6 0.7

Professional and business services

123.8 128.2 128.0 128.2 0.2 178.2 185.6 186.0 186.3 0.2

Education and health services

127.2 130.2 130.9 130.8 -0.1 180.8 187.6 189.1 189.3 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

117.8 121.6 121.7 122.8 0.9 159.9 169.7 170.1 171.8 1.0

Other services

99.0 100.9 100.7 101.0 0.3 132.6 137.5 137.7 138.6 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

Last Modified Date: March 06, 2015