Archive for March, 2012

Unemployed Youth Not Likely To Vote For Obama–The Obama Deception Not Working–Videos

Posted on March 31, 2012. Filed under: American History, Blogroll, Business, College, Communications, Economics, Education, Employment, Federal Government, Fiscal Policy, Inflation, Investments, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, Monetary Policy, People, Philosophy, Rants, Raves, Taxes, Unemployment, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , |

Unemployment Rate – 16-19 yrs.

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
1948 8.5 10.0 10.5 9.5 7.0 9.3 9.7 9.6 8.8 8.5 9.1 8.5
1949 10.0 10.6 11.9 13.2 13.4 13.8 14.3 15.0 14.6 15.8 14.0 15.4
1950 15.2 15.2 14.3 12.0 13.3 12.2 11.2 10.7 10.9 10.3 9.5 11.1
1951 8.5 8.1 8.3 7.9 6.7 8.3 8.7 8.2 8.3 7.7 9.5 7.6
1952 9.3 8.3 8.2 7.6 8.9 8.4 8.8 8.5 8.9 8.4 8.2 7.6
1953 6.9 6.7 6.7 7.1 6.4 6.9 7.3 7.4 7.3 9.7 8.6 11.8
1954 12.1 13.5 13.0 13.6 13.4 10.5 12.9 14.0 14.0 12.2 11.4 12.6
1955 11.7 11.3 11.0 10.7 10.9 10.8 10.4 11.5 11.3 11.0 11.7 11.0
1956 10.6 11.4 11.5 10.9 11.9 12.2 11.2 10.1 9.8 10.1 12.6 9.7
1957 11.6 10.5 11.2 11.1 11.4 11.7 11.8 11.5 11.0 10.9 13.4 13.1
1958 14.4 14.6 14.7 17.2 16.3 15.4 17.9 16.0 17.9 16.0 15.9 14.9
1959 14.0 12.9 13.6 15.0 14.3 13.9 14.5 16.1 14.9 15.8 15.1 15.3
1960 14.6 13.1 15.6 14.2 13.9 14.6 13.9 15.3 14.5 16.1 14.7 16.4
1961 17.1 17.4 17.1 16.4 15.8 16.6 17.3 17.1 18.0 16.9 16.0 15.3
1962 16.2 16.0 15.1 15.1 14.2 13.6 13.9 14.1 14.5 14.3 16.3 14.4
1963 15.8 17.7 17.1 16.8 18.7 17.2 18.1 16.1 17.4 17.1 17.7 16.3
1964 16.7 15.8 16.3 17.0 16.4 16.8 14.7 16.7 15.7 15.8 15.6 17.1
1965 16.8 16.7 15.8 16.2 14.8 15.3 14.5 13.9 14.7 14.5 13.0 13.3
1966 13.0 12.4 13.1 13.0 13.6 13.0 12.9 12.4 12.8 12.6 11.8 12.1
1967 11.9 12.9 11.6 12.1 12.8 12.9 13.0 13.4 12.9 13.7 13.8 13.0
1968 12.0 12.9 12.7 11.8 12.5 13.9 13.8 12.0 12.0 11.8 12.2 12.7
1969 12.0 11.9 12.3 12.0 12.4 12.2 12.8 12.2 12.6 12.6 11.6 11.8
1970 13.5 13.3 13.4 14.7 14.2 16.3 14.7 15.7 16.2 16.7 17.4 17.1
1971 16.8 16.3 16.9 16.3 16.8 17.7 17.7 16.8 16.7 16.9 16.9 16.9
1972 16.9 18.0 17.2 16.5 15.3 15.9 15.6 16.5 16.3 15.8 15.7 15.6
1973 13.7 15.3 14.3 15.5 14.9 13.8 14.3 14.0 14.7 14.4 15.0 14.6
1974 14.6 14.9 14.9 14.3 15.4 16.3 16.8 14.9 17.0 17.2 17.8 18.2
1975 19.5 19.4 19.9 19.9 20.4 20.9 20.7 20.7 19.5 19.8 19.0 19.8
1976 19.6 19.0 18.9 19.5 18.6 18.5 18.3 19.6 18.6 19.0 19.2 19.1
1977 18.9 18.4 18.6 18.0 17.8 18.8 17.5 17.4 18.0 17.2 17.2 15.5
1978 16.7 17.2 17.3 16.6 16.0 15.4 16.5 15.7 16.4 16.1 16.3 16.7
1979 16.1 16.1 15.9 16.3 16.1 15.7 15.6 16.5 16.5 16.5 15.9 16.2
1980 16.5 16.6 16.3 16.2 18.6 18.9 19.1 18.9 18.0 18.4 18.5 17.6
1981 19.1 19.3 19.2 18.8 19.1 19.8 18.6 18.8 19.7 20.3 21.3 21.1
1982 22.0 22.6 21.8 22.8 22.8 22.9 24.0 23.7 23.6 23.7 24.1 24.1
1983 23.1 22.8 23.5 23.4 22.8 24.0 22.8 22.9 21.7 21.4 20.2 19.9
1984 19.5 19.4 19.8 19.2 18.7 18.2 18.8 18.7 19.2 18.6 17.7 18.8
1985 18.8 18.3 18.2 17.5 18.5 18.5 20.2 17.9 17.9 20.0 18.3 19.1
1986 18.1 18.8 18.2 19.2 18.6 19.2 18.4 18.0 18.4 17.7 18.1 17.5
1987 17.7 18.0 17.9 17.3 17.4 16.5 15.8 15.9 16.2 17.3 16.6 16.0
1988 16.1 15.6 16.6 16.0 15.3 14.2 14.8 15.4 15.5 15.1 13.9 14.8
1989 16.4 15.0 13.9 14.6 14.8 15.7 14.2 14.6 15.2 15.0 15.5 15.3
1990 14.8 15.0 14.3 14.7 15.0 14.3 15.0 16.3 16.4 16.5 17.1 17.4
1991 18.6 17.4 18.3 17.8 18.8 18.5 19.4 18.9 18.8 19.1 19.0 20.3
1992 19.2 20.1 20.3 18.5 20.1 23.0 20.8 19.9 21.0 18.3 20.5 19.8
1993 19.9 19.7 19.7 19.5 19.8 19.9 18.4 18.4 18.2 18.7 18.5 17.9
1994 18.3 18.0 18.0 19.1 18.0 17.6 17.6 17.3 17.5 17.5 15.6 17.0
1995 16.5 17.4 16.1 17.5 17.5 17.1 18.2 17.3 17.6 17.4 17.5 18.0
1996 17.7 16.8 17.1 17.1 16.8 16.2 17.1 16.8 15.6 16.3 16.8 16.6
1997 16.8 17.1 16.4 15.9 16.0 16.8 17.1 16.1 16.1 15.1 14.8 14.0
1998 13.9 14.5 14.8 13.5 14.8 14.9 14.6 14.7 15.0 15.7 14.7 13.5
1999 15.2 13.9 14.2 14.2 13.3 13.9 13.4 13.3 14.8 13.8 13.9 13.4
2000 12.7 13.8 13.3 12.6 12.8 12.3 13.4 14.0 13.0 12.8 13.0 13.2
2001 13.8 13.7 13.8 13.9 13.4 14.2 14.4 15.6 15.2 16.0 15.9 17.0
2002 16.5 16.0 16.6 16.7 16.6 16.7 16.8 17.0 16.3 15.1 17.1 16.9
2003 17.2 17.2 17.8 17.7 17.9 19.0 18.2 16.6 17.6 17.2 15.7 16.2
2004 17.0 16.5 16.8 16.6 17.1 17.0 17.8 16.7 16.6 17.4 16.4 17.6
2005 16.2 17.5 17.1 17.8 17.8 16.3 16.1 16.1 15.5 16.1 17.0 14.9
2006 15.1 15.3 16.1 14.6 14.0 15.8 15.9 16.0 16.3 15.2 14.8 14.6
2007 14.8 14.9 14.9 15.9 15.9 16.3 15.3 15.9 15.9 15.4 16.2 16.8
2008 17.7 16.7 16.1 15.9 19.0 19.2 20.7 18.6 19.1 19.9 20.3 20.6
2009 20.7 22.2 22.2 22.3 23.4 24.7 24.3 25.1 25.9 27.0 26.8 26.7
2010 25.9 25.4 26.2 25.7 26.7 25.9 25.9 25.8 25.8 27.0 24.5 25.2
2011 25.4 23.9 24.5 24.9 24.1 24.6 24.9 25.3 24.5 24.0 23.7 23.1
2012 23.2 23.8

http://www.bls.gov/data/#unemployment

The Obama Deception HQ Full length version

Obama Campus Fervor Losing to Apathy as Students Sour on 2012

“…‘More Apathetic’

‘…“There’s definitely a significant sense that this generation are more apathetic headed into the 2012 election than they were in 2008,” John Della Volpe, director of polling for Harvard University’s Institute of Politics, said in a phone interview.

Obama’s approval rating among college students dropped to 46 percent last December from 58 percent in November 2009, according to a Harvard University poll. Fifty percent of people between the ages of 18 and 24 said they would “definitely” be voting, an 11 percentage-point decrease from the fall of 2007. A third of respondents said they approved of Democrats in Congress, and 24 percent approved of Republicans. Just 12 percent said the nation was headed in the right direction

“The turnout will not be great,” Curtis Gans, director of the Center for the Study of the American Electorate inWashington, said in a phone interview. The war in Afghanistan, a lack of progress on closing Guantanamo Bay and a dismal job picture taint Obama’s prospects, he said. The unemployment rate among 18- to 24-year-olds was 16.3 percent at the end of last year, the highest since record-keeping began in 1948, according to a February Pew Research Center report.

“There’s not the sense that four more years of Obama will change the world for the better,” Gans said. Still, Obama stands a “reasonably good chance” of winning, he said. …”

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-03-30/obama-campus-fervor-losing-to-apathy-as-students-sour-on-2012.html

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Population Reduction–Videos

Posted on March 31, 2012. Filed under: American History, Biology, Blogroll, Business, Chemistry, College, Communications, Demographics, Economics, Education, Employment, Energy, Federal Government, Federal Government Budget, Fiscal Policy, Foreign Policy, government spending, history, Investments, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, People, Philosophy, Politics, Public Sector, Rants, Raves, Regulations, Resources, Science, Security, Talk Radio, Unemployment, Unions, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , |

Population Reduction 2012 part 1 of 12

Population Reduction 2012 part 2 of 12

Population Reduction 2012 part 3 of 12

Population Reduction 2012 part 4 of 12

Population Reduction 2012 part 5 of 12

Population Reduction 2012 part 6 of 12

Population Reduction 2012 part 7 of 12

Population Reduction 2012 part 8 of 12

Population Reduction 2012 part 9 of 12

Population Reduction 2012 part 10 of 12

Population Reduction 2012 part 11 of 12

Population Reduction 2012 part 12 of 12

George Carlin – Saving the Planet

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Yummy Yummy Yummy–I Got Love in My Tummy–Eat The Rich–Videos

Posted on March 31, 2012. Filed under: American History, Blogroll, College, Communications, Demographics, Economics, Education, Employment, Federal Government, Federal Government Budget, Fiscal Policy, government spending, Health Care, history, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, Music, People, Philosophy, Politics, Rants, Raves, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , |

Yummy Yummy Yummy

OHIO EXPRESS – Yummy Yummy Yummy (1968)

Ohio Express – Chewy Chewy 2008

EAT THE RICH! 

I’M TALKING TO YOU 

A VOTERS’ GUIDE TO REPUBLICANS 

Aerosmith – Eat The Rich

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Rise of the Caliphate–Videos

Posted on March 30, 2012. Filed under: Blogroll, College, Communications, Culture, Demographics, Diasters, Economics, Education, Employment, Energy, Federal Government, Fiscal Policy, government, government spending, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, Mobile Phones, Monetary Policy, Natural Gas, Nuclear Power, Oil, People, Philosophy, Politics, Rants, Raves, Regulations, Religion, Resources, Strategy, Talk Radio, Taxes, Technology, Unemployment, Video, War, Wealth, Weapons | Tags: , , , , , , |

Glenn Beck expresses fear of new caliphate

THE UMMAH  THE ISLAMIC SUPER STATE IS COMING 

Rise of the Caliphate 1 of 9

Rise of the Caliphate 2 of 9

Rise of the Caliphate 3 of 9

Rise of the Caliphate 4 of 9

Rise of the Caliphate 5 of 9

Rise of the Caliphate 6 of 9

Rise of the Caliphate 7 of 9

Rise of the Caliphate 8 of 9

Rise of the Caliphate 9 of 9

Background Articles and Videos

The Islamic Super-state, the Caliphate, is coming

2011 Protests – Khilafah IS IN SIGHT!!! 

How  the Islamic state was destroyed: Documentary

Related Posts On Pronk Palisades

Shariah Law’s Threat To The United States and American People–Videos

Discovery Of 70 Ancient Metal Books, The Book of Revelation and The Twelth Iman Mahdi–Videos

New World Orders–Crony Capitalism, Communism, Caliphate and The 12th Iman and Nuclear Weapons–Videos

Joel C. Rosenberg–The Twelfth Iman–Videos

Soros’ and Obama’s Government Intervention Middle East Foreign Policy–Videos

Soros’s International Crisis Group Generating Chaos?–Videos

The Truth And Consequences About Undeclared Wars–Real Strange Bedfellows–Obama Allies U.S. with Libyan Rebels Including Islamic Jihadists, Moslem Brotherhood, and Al-Qaeda!–Give Peace A Chance–AC-130 Gunship–A-10 Warthogs– Videos

Obama Moves Right–Neocons Move Left–Meet Me In Libya To Lynch Muammar Gaddafi–Obama Wags The Dog–Videos

America Goes To War, Obama Goes On Vacation–America’s Unconstitional and Undeclared Preventive War For Libya’s Oil and Natural Gas For France, Great Britain and Italy–United (Nations) We Stand Or Fall With The Warfare and Welfare Economy and State!–Videos

F-15 Fighter Crashes Near Benghazi, Libya–Pilots Ejected and Rescued–Video

One Unconstitutional and Undeclared War Too Many: The Great Pretender, Peace Candidate And Noble Peace Prize Winner, President Barack Obama Undeclared War On Libya’s Muammar Ghaddafi In Defense Of Libyian Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) Rebels Linked To al-Qaeda and The BP Libyian Oil Deal Linked To Obama Campaign Contributions–A Political Payoff!–Obama Has To Go In 2012–Videos

Pattern Recognition and Connecting The Dots On The Muslim Brotherhood–Videos

Shariah, the Threat–The Team B II Report–Videos

Understanding Jihad–Videos

The Third Jihad: Radical Islam’s Vision for America–Videos

CAIR Launches National PSA Campaign–Videos

Robert Spencer: Stealth Jihad: Islam’s War against the West–Videos

Andrew McCarthy–The Grand Jihad: How Islam and the Left Sabotaged America–Videos

Andrew C. McCarthy–America’s War on Terror…or is It?–Videos

Stealth Jihad–Terror From Within–Videos

Steve Emerson–American Jihad: The Terrorist Living Among Us–Videos

Robert Spencer–Stealth Jihad–Videos

Robert Spencer–The Truth About Muhammad–Videos

Terrorists Among Us: Jihad in America–Videos

Obsession: Radical Islams War Against the West–Videos

An Affront and Threat To The American People–The Ground Zero Mosque–Remembering 9/11 and The Unknown Falling Man

Just Because You Can Build A Mosque At Ground Zero Does Not Mean You Should: The Two Faces of President Obama–Let Me Be Clear–I Am An Agent Provocateur

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Soros Socialist Strategy–Soros Storm–Videos

Posted on March 30, 2012. Filed under: American History, Blogroll, Communications, Economics, Education, Employment, Federal Government, Fiscal Policy, government spending, history, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Public Sector, Rants, Raves, Religion, Security, Strategy, Taxes, Unemployment, Unions, Video, War, Wealth, Weapons, Wisdom | Tags: , , |

GBTV:  How Soros takes over

GBTV:  The Perfect Storm 

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The Great Pretender–Barack Obama–The Big Liar–The Big Fail–Nobody For Obama The Narcissist–Videos

Posted on March 30, 2012. Filed under: American History, Babies, Blogroll, Books, Business, College, Communications, Economics, Education, Employment, Energy, Federal Government, Fiscal Policy, government, government spending, history, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, Narcissism, People, Philosophy, Politics, Psychology, Public Sector, Raves, Tax Policy, Unemployment, Unions, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , |

The Great Pretender

Obama: Narcissist’s Reaction to Failure and Defeat

Firewall Obama’s Narcissism: On the Path to Decompensation and Acting Out

Afterburner with Bill Whittle: Merchants of Despair

The Stunning Narcissism of President Obama

Obama Failed

President Obama’s Leadership Failure 

Obama — Worst President Ever 

Very Best of Barack Hussein Obama: The Great Pretender 

The Platters   The Great Pretender 

OBAMA SINGS THE GREAT PRETENDER

Not-So-Smooth Operator

Obama increasingly comes across as devious and dishonest.

By PEGGY NOONAN

“…The shift started on Jan. 20, with the mandate that agencies of the Catholic Church would have to provide services the church finds morally repugnant. The public reaction? “You’re kidding me. That’s not just bad judgment and a lack of civic tact, it’s not even constitutional!” Faced with the blowback, the president offered a so-called accommodation that even its supporters recognized as devious. Not ill-advised, devious. Then his operatives flooded the airwaves with dishonest—not wrongheaded, dishonest—charges that those who defend the church’s religious liberties are trying to take away your contraceptives.

What a sour taste this all left. How shocking it was, including for those in the church who’d been in touch with the administration and were murmuring about having been misled.

Events of just the past 10 days have contributed to the shift. There was the open-mic conversation with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev in which Mr. Obama pleaded for “space” and said he will have “more flexibility” in his negotiations once the election is over and those pesky voters have done their thing. On tape it looked so bush-league, so faux-sophisticated. When he knew he’d been caught, the president tried to laugh it off by comically covering a mic in a following meeting. It was all so . . . creepy.

Next, a boy of 17 is shot and killed under disputed and unclear circumstances. The whole issue is racially charged, emotions are high, and the only memorable words from the president’s response were, “If I had a son he’d look like Trayvon” At first it seemed OK—not great, but all right—but as the story continued and suddenly there were death threats and tweeted addresses and congressmen in hoodies, it seemed insufficient to the moment. At the end of the day, the public reaction seemed to be: “Hey buddy, we don’t need you to personalize what is already too dramatic, it’s not about you.”

Now this week the Supreme Court arguments on ObamaCare, which have made that law look so hollow, so careless, that it amounts to a characterological indictment of the administration. The constitutional law professor from the University of Chicago didn’t notice the centerpiece of his agenda was not constitutional? How did that happen?

Maybe a stinging decision is coming, maybe not, but in a purely political sense this is how it looks: We were in crisis in 2009—we still are—and instead of doing something strong and pertinent about our economic woes, the president wasted history’s time. He wasted time that was precious—the debt clock is still ticking!—by following an imaginary bunny that disappeared down a rabbit hole.

The high court’s hearings gave off an overall air not of political misfeasance but malfeasance. …”

http://online.wsj.com/article/declarations.html

Barack Obama The Narcissist Is A Flawed Design-Reads Own Book To Schoolchildren

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Appeaser Obama Betrays Israel and American Jews And Christians To Islamic Religious Fanatics–Videos

Obama’s Favorite Folk Song–In My Country There Is A Problem–Video

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Edward Klein–The Amateur: Barack Obama in The White House–Obama Crony Eric Whitaker Tried to Bribe Jeremiah Wright in 2008 to Keep His Mouth Shut –Videos

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Luigi Colani–3-D Philosopher–Videos

Posted on March 29, 2012. Filed under: Art, Biology, Blogroll, Business, Communications, Culture, Economics, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Resources, Science, Strategy, Technology, Video, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , |

Moscow Design Week 2011 – Day 2 – Colani Bio

Luigi Colani exhibition at Design Museum London

Luigi Colani Bio Design Codex Show / Milano 2011  

The fluidity of form 

Future Cars Luigi Colani Speed Cars 

Future Trucks (big rigs)

Colani trucks  

Luigi Colani Rotor House

 

Luigi Colani Interview part 1/4 

Luigi Colani Interview part 2/4

Luigi Colani Interview part 3/4

Luigi Colani Interview part 4/4

 

Luigi Colani

“…Luigi Colani, (born in Berlin on 2 August 1928 as Lutz Colani), is a Swiss-born German industrial designer[1] whose father came from Madulain near St. Moritz in Switzerland.

The prime characteristic of his designs are the rounded, organic forms, which he terms “biodynamic” and claims are ergonomically superior to traditional designs. His “kitchen satellite” from 1969 is the most prominent example of this school of thought. Many of his designs for small appliances are being mass-produced and marketed, but his larger designs have not been built, “a whole host of futuristic concepts that will have us living in pods and driving cars so flat that leg amputation is the only option.”[2]

The earth is round, all the heavenly bodies are round; they all move on round or elliptical orbits. This same image of circular globe-shaped mini worlds orbiting around each other follows us right down to the microcosmos. We are even aroused by round forms in species propagation related eroticism. Why should I join the straying mass who want to make everything angular? I am going to pursue Galileo Galilei’s philosophy: my world is also round. — Luigi Colani[3]

He has received numerous design awards.

Colani currently resides in Karlsruhe, Germany. His son Solon Luigi Lutz also works as a designer. He lives in Berlin, Germany. …”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luigi_Colani

Elite Find of the Day: Futuristic Striking Designs by Luigi Colani

“…Since ‘40s, Germany-based industrial designer Luigi Colani was engaged in giving a revolutionary meaning to future by offering a curved, streamlined appeal to sedans and trucks, kitchens, spacecraft, furniture, and any sundry thing that he had dreamt of. You may call him a designer, but the title that befits him well is that of a “3-D philosopher,” the one coined by him. Sticking to the concept of round shape of earth and heavenly bodies, Colani wishes to follow Galileo Galilei’s philosophy and declares: “My world is also round.”

http://elitechoice.org/2008/05/28/elite-find-of-the-day-futuristic-striking-designs-by-luigi-colani/

Colani Trading AG

http://www.colani.ch/index.html

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Paul’s Jolt: Peace and Prosperity Full Employment Economy with Balanced Budgets vs. Obama’s Volt: Welfare and Warfare Economy With High Unemployment and Rising Debts and Prices–Videos

Posted on March 29, 2012. Filed under: Agriculture, American History, Babies, Banking, Blogroll, Books, Business, College, Communications, Demographics, Diasters, Economics, Education, Employment, Federal Government, Fiscal Policy, Foreign Policy, government, government spending, Health Care, history, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, Macroeconomics, media, Microeconomics, Monetary Policy, Money, People, Philosophy, Politics, Rants, Raves, Unemployment, Unions, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

http://www.federalbudget.com/chartinfo.html

Fiscal Year 2013 Historical Tables Budget of the U.S. Government

http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/budget/fy2013/assets/hist.pdf

Department of Treasury, Monthly Treasury Statement

http://www.fms.treas.gov/mts/index.html

Reality Check: Ron Paul’s Budget Plan

CNN: Ron Paul is the JOLT America needs 

Ron Paul Plan to Balance Budget and End Government Overspending

Ron Paul Ad – Plan 

It’s Simple to Balance The Budget Without Higher Taxes

Ronald Reagan Talks About Balancing the Budget on “The Tonight

President Obama: When I leave the White House, I’m buying a Volt

The President’s Budget in 62 Seconds 

Obama’s Budget compared to Bush’s Last One

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In Four Years Barack Obama Bankrupts American People With $5 Trillion In Budget Deficits and Increased Debt–Fiscal Year 2013 Budget Dead On Arrival–Videos

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The Wild and Wise Ideas of Ron Paul–Follow The Constitution, Stop Printing Money, Don’t Fight Undeclared Wars–Videos

Posted on March 29, 2012. Filed under: American History, Banking, Blogroll, Business, Communications, Economics, Education, Energy, Federal Government, Federal Government Budget, Fiscal Policy, Foreign Policy, government spending, Health Care, history, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, Macroeconomics, media, Monetary Policy, Money, People, Philosophy, Politics, Psychology, Rants, Raves, Taxes, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , |

CNN: Ron Paul is the JOLT America needs

Ron Paul’s “Wild Ideas”: Follow the Constitution, Stop Printing Money, Don’t Fight Undeclared Wars

New Ron Paul ad-DESTROYS Obama and Romney

Ron Paul: Romney Listens to Me – But We Disagree on the Issues

Ron Paul: I’ll Unite Republicans & Democrats to Cut Spending 

Ron Paul: Real Unemployment at 20% 

Ron Paul “food for thought” 

Ron Paul Revolution! How It All Began 

Ron Paul Revolution 2012

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U.S. Supreme Court Oral Arguments: Obamacare Mandates Or Forces American People To Buy Government Approved Insurance That They May Neither Need, Want or Afford–Young To Subsidize The Sick And Old–Unconstitutional And Illegal Power–Videos

Posted on March 27, 2012. Filed under: American History, Blogroll, Business, Communications, Economics, Employment, Federal Government, Fiscal Policy, government, government spending, Health Care, history, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Raves, Security, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

SCOTUS Obamacare Individual Mandate Oral Arguments March 27, 2012

Obamacare, Mandates and Regulatory Confusion: Reason-Rupe Poll Results with Emily Ekins

32 Percent Favorable of New Health Care Law; 50 Percent Unfavorable

Emily Ekins | March 28, 2012

http://reason.com/poll/2012/03/28/32-favorable-of-new-health-care-law-50-u

Reason-Rupe Public Opinion Poll March 2012

http://reason.com/assets/db/13327241811317.pdf

AFTERBURNER: How to Steal Power 

Yaron Answers: Should the Supreme Court Overturn Obamacare?

Special Report Examines ‘Substantial’ Cost Increase For President’s Health Law 

Andrew Napolitano Predicts 5-4 Obamacare Defeat!

Ron Paul Exposes Obamacare on Freedom Watch

Andrew Napolitano – Commerce Clause Gone Wild 

David Rivkin Explains the Problem with ObamaCare’s Individual Mandate

Is Health Law’s Individual Mandate Constitutional? Legal Scholars Debate

Audio From Supreme Court Oral Arguments on Healthcare Mandate – Obamacare Part 1

Audio From Supreme Court Oral Arguments on Healthcare Mandate – Obamacare Part 2

Audio From Supreme Court Oral Arguments on Healthcare Mandate – Obamacare Part 3

Audio From Supreme Court Oral Arguments on Healthcare Mandate – Obamacare Part 4

Toobin: Obama healthcare reform law ‘in grave, grave trouble’

By Daniel Strauss – 03/27/12

“…A top legal analyst predicted Tuesday that the Obama administration’s healthcare reform legislation seemed likely to be struck down by the Supreme Court.

Jeffrey Toobin, a lawyer and legal analyst, who writes about legal topics for The New Yorker said the law looked to be in “trouble.” He called it a “trainwreck for the Obama administration.”

“This law looks like it’s going to be struck down. I’m telling you, all of the predictions, including mine, that the justices would not have a problem with this law were wrong,” Toobin said Tuesday on CNN. “I think this law is in grave, grave trouble.”

Toobin’s observation came on the second day of oral arguments at the Supreme Court over the constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act.

Earlier that day, Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy, who could be the deciding vote on whether to uphold the law, told Solicitor General Donald Verrilli that there appeared to be a “very heavy burden of justification” on aspects of the law, according to The Wall Street Journal.

Toobin described Kennedy as “enormously skeptical” during the arguments Tuesday. …”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=69Yu7PFwBZo

The Insurance Mandate in Peril

First Congress said it was a regulation of commerce. Now it’s supposed to be a tax. Neither claim will survive Supreme Court scrutiny.

By RANDY E. BARNETT

“…”tell” in poker is a subtle but detectable change in a player’s behavior or demeanor that reveals clues about the player’s assessment of his hand. Something similar has happened with regard to the insurance mandate at the core of last month’s health reform legislation. Congress justified its authority to enact the mandate on the grounds that it is a regulation of commerce. But as this justification came under heavy constitutional fire, the mandate’s defenders changed the argument—now claiming constitutional authority under Congress’s power to tax.

This switch in constitutional theories is a tell: Defenders of the bill lack confidence in their commerce power theory. The switch also comes too late. When the mandate’s constitutionality comes up for review as part of the state attorneys general lawsuit, the Supreme Court will not consider the penalty enforcing the mandate to be a tax because, in the provision that actually defines and imposes the mandate and penalty, Congress did not call it a tax and did not treat it as a tax.

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (aka ObamaCare) includes what it calls an “individual responsibility requirement” that all persons buy health insurance from a private company. Congress justified this mandate under its power to regulate commerce among the several states: “The individual responsibility requirement provided for in this section,” the law says, “. . . is commercial and economic in nature, and substantially affects interstate commerce, as a result of the effects described in paragraph (2).” Paragraph (2) then begins: “The requirement regulates activity that is commercial and economic in nature: economic and financial decisions about how and when health care is paid for, and when health insurance is purchased.”

In this way, the statute speciously tries to convert inactivity into the “activity” of making a “decision.” By this reasoning, your “decision” not to take a job, not to sell your house, or not to buy a Chevrolet is an “activity that is commercial and economic in nature” that can be mandated by Congress.

It is true that the Supreme Court has interpreted the Commerce Clause broadly enough to reach wholly intrastate economic “activity” that substantially affects interstate commerce. But the Court has never upheld a requirement that individuals who are doing nothing must engage in economic activity by entering into a contractual relationship with a private company. Such a claim of power is literally unprecedented. …”

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704446704575206502199257916.html

Birth-Control Mandate: Unconstitutional and Illegal

It violates the First Amendment and the 1993 Religious Freedom Restoration Act.

By DAVID B. RIVKIN JR.
AND EDWARD WHELAN

“…The refusal, for religious reasons, to provide birth-control coverage is clearly an exercise of religious freedom under the Constitution. The “exercise of religion” extends to performing, or refusing to perform, actions on religious grounds—and it is definitely not confined to religious institutions or acts of worship. Leading Supreme Court cases in this area, for example, involve a worker who refused to work on the Sabbath (Sherbert v. Verner, 1963) and parents who refused to send their teenage children to a public high school (Wisconsin v. Yoder, 1972).

In the high-school case, the Supreme Court found that even a $5 fine on the parents substantially burdened the free exercise of their religion. Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, employers who fail to comply with the birth-control mandate will incur an annual penalty of roughly $2,000 per employee. So it is clearly a substantial burden.

Objecting employers could, of course, avoid the fine by choosing to go out of business. But as the Supreme Court noted in Sherbert v. Verner, “governmental imposition of such a choice puts the same kind of burden upon the free exercise of religion as would a fine imposed against” noncompliant parties.

The birth-control mandate also fails the Religious Freedom Restoration Act’s “compelling governmental interest” and “least restrictive means” tests. …”

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204795304577223003824714664.html?mod=googlenews_wsj

ObamaCare and the Limits of Government

By David B. Rivkin Jr. & Lee A. Casey

“…The Constitution limits federal power by granting Congress authority in certain defined areas, such as the regulation of interstate and foreign commerce. Those powers not specifically vested in the federal government by the Constitution or, as stated in the 10th Amendment, “prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.” The court will now determine whether those words still have meaning.

The President’s health-care law faces a Constitutional reckoning, Daniel Henninger discusses on Opinion Journal.

As we argued two years ago in these pages, the Patient Protection and Affordable Health Care Act (aka ObamaCare) is unconstitutional. First and foremost, the law requires virtually every American to have health insurance. Congress purported to impose this unprecedented “individual mandate” pursuant to its constitutional power to regulate interstate commerce, but the requirement is not limited to those who engage in any particular commercial or economic activity (or any activity at all). Rather, the mandate applies to everyone lawfully present in the United States who does not fall within one of the law’s narrow exclusions.

Under our Constitution’s system of dual sovereignty, only states have the authority to impose health and safety regulations on individuals simply because they are present. The Supreme Court has ruled many times that the Constitution denies to the federal government this type of “general police power.” Federal legislation must be grounded in one of the “enumerated” powers the Constitution grants to Congress—such as the power to regulate interstate commerce. Although the Supreme Court has interpreted that power broadly (especially since the 1940s), it has consistently held that the Commerce Clause has limits.

If Congress can require individuals to buy or otherwise obtain and maintain health insurance simply because they may be said to impact commerce by their very existence, without regard to any particular activity in which they have chosen to engage, then there is no limit on federal power. For example, if Congress can require you to buy health insurance because your lack of insurance may, at some point in the future, impose costs on the wider economy, then on the same theory it can require the purchase (or sale) of virtually any good or service, since the failure to have or use the relevant product can always be said to have some economic impact. …”

http://multistatelawsuit.com/

Obamacare Mandates Justified by ‘Interstate Commerce’?The administration’s argument before the Supreme Court recycles an old trick.

By Thomas Sowell

“…Roscoe Filburn was an Ohio farmer who grew some wheat to feed his family and some farm animals. But the U.S. Department of Agriculture fined him for growing more wheat than he was allowed to grow under the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, which was passed under Congress’s power to regulate interstate commerce.

Filburn pointed out that his wheat wasn’t sold, so that it didn’t enter any commerce, interstate or otherwise. Therefore the federal governmenthad no right to tell him how much wheat (which never left his own farm) he could grow.

a href=”http://ad.doubleclick.net/jump/nro.com/;pos=middle;tile=4;sz=300×250;ord=123456789?&#8221; target=”_blank” ><img src=”http://ad.doubleclick.net/ad/nro.com/;pos=middle;tile=4;sz=300×250;ord=123456789?&#8221; border=”0″ alt=”” /></a>

The Tenth Amendment to the Constitution says that all powers not explicitly given to the federal government belong to the states or to the people. So you might think that Filburn was right.

But the Supreme Court said otherwise. Even though the wheat on Filburn’s farm never entered the market, just the fact that “it supplies a need of the man who grew it which would otherwise be reflected by purchases in the open market” meant that it affected interstate commerce. So did the fact that the home-grown wheat could potentially enter the market.

The implications of this kind of reasoning reached far beyond farmers and wheat. Once it was established that the federal government could regulate not only interstate commerce itself, but anything with any potential effect on interstate commerce, the Tenth Amendment’s limitations on the powers of the federal government virtually disappeared.

Over the years, “interstate commerce” became magic words to justify almost any expansion of the federal government’s power, in defiance of the Tenth Amendment. That is what the Obama administration is depending on to get today’s Supreme Court to uphold the administration’s power to tell people that they have to buy the particular health insurance specified by the federal government. …”

“…Since virtually everything affects virtually everything else, however remotely, “interstate commerce” can by this kind of sophistry justify virtually any expansion of government power.

The principle that the legal authority to regulate X implies the authority to regulate anything that can affect X is a huge and dangerous leap of logic in a world where all sorts of things have some effect on all sorts of other things.

As an example, take a law that liberals, conservatives, and everybody else would agree is valid — namely, that cars have to stop at red lights. Local governments certainly have the right to pass such laws and to punish those who disobey them. No doubt people who are tired or drowsy are more likely to run through a red light than people who are rested and alert. But does that mean that local governments should have the power to order people when to go to bed and when to get up, because their tiredness can have an effect on the likelihood of their driving through a red light?

The power to regulate indirect effects is not a slippery slope. It is the disastrous loss of freedom that lies at the bottom of a slippery slope. …”

http://www.nationalreview.com/articles/294623/obamacare-mandates-justified-interstate-commerce-thomas-sowell

Background Articles and Videos

Wheat, Weed, and ObamaCare: How the Commerce Clause Made Congress All-Powerful

The Consitutionality of the Individual Mandate

Cato’s Michael F. Cannon Discusses ObamaCare’s Individual Mandate

Jagadeesh Gokhale Details ObamaCare’s Medicaid Cost Increases  

The Constitutionality of the Individual Mandate 1-7-11

Thomas Sowell on the ineffectiveness of federal agencies 

Thomas Sowell and a Conflict of Visions 

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )

Ron Paul Ad: Etch A Sketch President and Big Government Progressive Neocons–No More Games–No More Unbalanced Big Government Budgets–No More Bailouts–No More Unemployment–No More Wars-No More Phony Conservatives–Videos

Posted on March 25, 2012. Filed under: American History, Blogroll, Communications, Foreign Policy, government, government spending, history, Immigration, Investments, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Private Sector, Programming, Rants, Raves, Taxes, Unions, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , |

The Four Etch A Sketch Candidates For President
Big Government Progressives

 

Ron Paul – Three of a Kind

Ron Paul Ad: Etch A Sketch

Ron Paul: I’ll Unite Republicans & Democrats to Cut Spending

Ron Paul Ad – Plan

Newt Gingrich: Serial Hypocrisy 

Ron Paul Ad – Betrayal 

New Ron Paul Ad – BIG DOG 

Romney: The Etch A Sketch Candidate

Rick Santorum Reacts To Romney Adviser Etch-a-Sketch Comments 

Newt – Etch-A-Sketch and Ice Bucket Speeches

Mitt Romney: Some Things You Can’t Shake Off 

Still Voting For ‘Mitt Romney’? 

Rockefeller Owns Romney and Gingrich

“…Aired May 23, 1966. Mitt’s Romney’s father was George Romney, Governor of Michigan. He was a progressive, establishment Rockefeller Republican who viciously opposed to the Conservative wing of the party led by Barry Goldwater and Ronald Reagan. This is very apparent in the video as they praise Senator Jacob Javits, an arch-liberal Republican who led the effort to legalise abortion.”

Mitt Romney reacts to ‘Etch A Sketch’ comment 

George Romney Brainwash interview on WKBD-TV

“This is a video of an interview done in 1967 on WKBD-TV (channel 50) by Lou Gordon of former Michigan Governor George Romney (father of presidential candidate Mitt Romney) in which he made the comment that he was brainwashed and changed is mind and stated that he is now against the war in Vietnam.”

George Romney was brainwashed and Mitt Romney was etch a sketched.

Both were big government progressive neocons.

Ron Paul: Neocons Are Not Conservatives

Congressman Ron Paul, MD – We’ve Been NeoConned

Chinese Troops Invade the Heart of Texas – Ron Paul

 

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( 1 so far )

Jesse Jackson–“‘If it is growing, it is living.”–“Abortion is genocide.”–Blacks Are Under Attack— By Planned Parenthood–Eugenics–Black Genocide–Videos

Posted on March 24, 2012. Filed under: American History, Blogroll, College, Communications, Demographics, Economics, Education, Fiscal Policy, government spending, Health Care, history, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Rants, Raves, Religion, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , |

 “…What happens to the mind of a person, and the moral fabric of a nation, that accepts the aborting of the life of a baby without a pang of conscience? What kind of a person, and what kind of a society will we have 20 years hence if life can be taken so casually?”

Jessee Jackson

BLACK GENOCIDE — The Negro Project — Pastor Clenard Childress, Jr.

Maafa 21: Black Genocide in 21st Century America

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 1/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 2/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 3/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 4/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 5/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 6/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 7/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 8/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 9/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 10/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 11/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 12/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 13/13)

How Planned Parenthood Works

How Planned Parenthood Works (1 of 4)

How Planned Parenthood Works (2 of 4)

How Planned Parenthood Works (3 of 4)

How Planned Parenthood Works (4 of 4)

War on the Weak: Eugenics in America

Gates of Hell

“…In 2014, abortion will be banned across the United States. An electrifying documentary from the year 2016, “Gates of Hell” explains how and why. …”

Alveda King hits President Obama, Jesse Jackson and Occupy 

How we respect life is the over-riding moral issue

By Jesse Jackson

“…Those advocates of taking. life prior to birth do not call it killing or murder; they call it abortion. They further never talk about aborting a baby because that would imply something human. Rather they talk about aborting the fetus. Fetus sounds less than human and therefore can be justified.

In conclusion, even if one does take life by aborting the baby, as a minister of Jesus Christ I must also inform and-or remind you that there is a doctrine of forgiveness. The God I serve is a forgiving God. The men who killed President John F. Kennedy and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. can be forgiven. Everyone can come to the mercy seat and find forgiveness and acceptance. But, and this may be the essence of my argument, suppose one is so hard-hearted and so in-different to life until he assumes that there is nothing for which to be forgiven. What happens to the mind of a person, and the moral fabric of a nation, that accepts the aborting of the life of a baby without a pang of conscience? What kind of a person, and what kind of a society will we have 20 years hence if life can be taken so casually?

http://groups.csail.mit.edu/mac/users/rauch/nvp/consistent/jackson.html

Jackson’s Reversal On Abortion

by Colman McCarthy

“…If Jesse Jackson of the 1970s were to debate the Jesse Jackson of 1988 on abortion, the old would flatten the new and leave him mumbling pro-choice slogans. As Jackson now does: ”Women must have freedom of choice over what to do over their bodies.” The 1977 Jackson would repeat his still-sound conviction: ”Some argue, suppose the woman does not want to have the baby. They say the very fact that she does not want the baby means that the psychological damage to the child is enough to abort the baby. I disagree. The solution to that problem is not to kill the innocent baby but to deal with her values and her attitude toward life — that which has allowed her not to want the baby.”

Jackson of 1988 says abortion is acceptable because ”it is not right to impose private, religious and moral positions on public policy.” The 1977 Jackson handily dismissed the privacy argument: ”If one accepts the position that life is private, and therefore you have the right to do with it as you please, one must also accept the conclusion of that logic. That was the premise of slavery. You could not protest the existence or treatment of slaves on the plantation because that was private and therefore outside your right to be concerned.”

None of Jackson’s six Democratic opponents made an issue of his desertions. Perhaps they saw him ”maturing,” which is said of Jackson’s ’88 campaign. A pro-abortion party can embrace Jackson, but it is getting a defective product. Jackson has become the kind of politician he warned about a decade ago, one whose pro-abortion arguments ”take precedence over human value and human life.” Or as the word master could say: Don’t agonize, compromise. …”

http://groups.csail.mit.edu/mac/users/rauch/nvp/consistent/mccarthy_jackson.html

Background Articles and Videos

Population Control: The Eugenics Connection – Part 1

Population Control: The Eugenics Connection – Part 2

Population Control: The Eugenics Connection – Part 3

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )

Ralph Raico–The Case For An America First Foreign Policy–Videos

Posted on March 23, 2012. Filed under: American History, Blogroll, College, Communications, Economics, Education, Federal Government, Federal Government Budget, Fiscal Policy, Foreign Policy, government, government spending, history, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Rants, Raves, Tax Policy, Unemployment, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , |

Ralph Raico at FFF Conference, Part 1 of 7

Ralph Raico at FFF Conference, Part 2 of 7

Ralph Raico at FFF Conference, Part 3 of 7

Ralph Raico at FFF Conference, Part 4 of 7

Ralph Raico at FFF Conference, Part 5 of 7

Ralph Raico at FFF Conference, Part 6 of 7

Ralph Raico at FFF Conference, Part 7 of 7

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )

Remembering Friedrich August Hayek–Video

Posted on March 23, 2012. Filed under: American History, Blogroll, College, Communications, Economics, Education, Employment, government, government spending, history, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Raves, Unemployment, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , |

Revised and Updated April 16, 2015

Friedrich August Hayek

(8 May 1899-23 March 1992)

The Life & Thought of Friedrich Hayek

F.A. Hayek – The Hayek Prophecies Trailer

F A Hayek – Unemployment And The Free Market

Friedrich Hayek: How to Lower Unemployment

Friedrich Hayek on Redistribution of Wealth

Friedrich von Hayek and Axel Leijonhufvud – Nov 1978

F A Hayek – Social Justice

From Firing Line, William F Buckley Jr hosts a discussion on social justice with George Roche III (Hillsdale College) and Noble Laureate economist F. A. Hayek.

Friedrich A. von Hayek – Is There a Case for Private Property? 1/4

Friedrich A. von Hayek – Is There a Case for Private Property? 2/4

Friedrich A. von Hayek – Is There a Case for Private Property? 3/4

Friedrich A. von Hayek – Is There a Case for Private Property? 4/4

A video about Friedrich Hayek

Masters of Money (1/3) – 《John Maynard Keynes》

Masters of Money (2/3) – 《Friedrich August von Hayek》

Hayek on Keynes (1978)

Hayek vs. Keynes P1

Hayek vs. Keynes P2

Hayek vs. Keynes P3

Friedrich von Hayek: His Life and Thought

Inside the Hayek Equation: An Interview with Friedrich von Hayek

Bork and Hayek on so-called “Intellectuals”

F. A. Hayek on Social Evolution and the Origins of Tradition

The Levin interviews – Friedrich Hayek

Friedrich Hayek and James Buchanan: Pattern Prediction and Scientism

Hayek – Evolution and Spontaneous Order

Austrian Economics | Friedrich von Hayek

The History of Austrian Economics with Israel Kirzner

The Mises Circle: Memoirs of Hayek in Chicago and Rothbard in New York | Ralph Raico

Milton Friedman on Hayek’s “Road to Serfdom” 1994 Interview 1 of 2

Milton Friedman on Hayek’s “Road to Serfdom” 1994 Interview 2 of 2

Friedrich von Hayek: Fighting the Planners

The Levin interviews – Friedrich Hayek

Would Hayek Have Approved Obamacare?

Glenn Beck Presents F A Hayek’s “The Road to Serfdom” (Part 1)

Glenn Beck Presents: F.A. Hayek’s “The Road to Serfdom” (Part 2)

Glenn Beck Presents: F.A.Hayek’s “The Road to Serfdom” (Part 3)

The Ideas and Impact of F. A. Hayek

Hayekian Insights on Economic Development

The Continuing Relevance of Austrian Capital Theory | Nicolai Foss

Hayek’s Gift

Fear the Boom and Bust” a Hayek vs. Keynes Rap Anthem

Fight of the Century: Keynes vs. Hayek Round Two

The Road from Serfdom

Forseeing the Fall

Thomas W. Hazlett from the July 1992 issue

“…Reason: Are you optimistic about the future of freedom?

Hayek: Yes. A qualified optimism. I think there is an intellectual reversion on the way, and there is a good chance it may come in time before the movement in the opposite direction becomes irreversible. I am more optimistic than I was 20 years ago, when nearly all the leaders of opinion wanted to move in the socialist direction. This has particularly changed in the younger generation. So, if the change comes in time, there still is hope. …”

http://reason.com/archives/1992/07/01/the-road-from-serfdom/singlepage

Friedrich August Hayek

“…Friedrich August Hayek CH (German pronunciation: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈaʊ̯ɡʊst ˈhaɪ̯ɛk]) (8 May 1899 – 23 March 1992), born in Austria-Hungary as Friedrich August von Hayek, was an economist and philosopher best known for his defense of classical liberalism and free-market capitalism against socialist and collectivist thought. In 1974, Hayek shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (with his political rival, Gunnar Myrdal) for his “pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and… penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena”. He considered the efficient allocation of capital to be the most important factor leading to sustainable and optimal GDP growth, and warned of harms from monetary authority manipulation of interest rates. Interest rates should be set naturally by equilibrium between consumption of goods or capital stock.[1]

Hayek is considered to be a major economist and political philosopher of the twentieth century.[2][3] Along with his mentor Ludwig von Mises, he was an important contributor to the Austrian school of economic thought. Hayek’s account of how changing prices communicate information which enable individuals to coordinate their plans is widely regarded as an important achievement in economics.[4] He also contributed to the fields of systems thinking, jurisprudence, neuroscience and the history of ideas.

Hayek served in World War I and said that his experience in the war and his desire to help avoid the mistakes that had led to the war (see below) led him to his career. Hayek lived in Austria, Great Britain, the United States and Germany, and became a British subject in 1938. He spent most of his academic life at the London School of Economics (LSE), the University of Chicago, and the University of Freiburg.

In 1984, he was appointed as a member of the Order of the Companions of Honour by Queen Elizabeth II on the advice of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher for his “services to the study of economics.”[5] He also received the US Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1991 from president George H. W. Bush.[6] In 2011, his article The Use of Knowledge in Society was selected as one of the top 20 articles published in the American Economic Review during its first 100 years.[7] …”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_Hayek

Friedrich Hayek

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Friedrich Hayek
Friedrich Hayek portrait.jpg
Born 8 May 1899
Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Died 23 March 1992 (aged 92)
Freiburg, Germany
Nationality
  • Austrian
  • British
Institution
Field
School or tradition
Austrian School
Alma mater
Influences
Influenced
Contributions
Awards
Signature Friedrich von Hayek signature.gif
Information at IDEAS / RePEc

Friedrich Hayek CH (German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈaʊ̯ɡʊst ˈhaɪ̯ɛk]; 8 May 1899 – 23 March 1992), born in Austria-Hungary asFriedrich August von Hayek and frequently referred to as F. A. Hayek, was an Austrian, later British,[1] economist[2]and philosopher best known for his defence of classical liberalism. Hayek shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (with Gunnar Myrdal) for his “pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuationsand … penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena”.[3]

Hayek was a major social theorist and political philosopher of the twentieth century,[4][5] and his account of howchanging prices communicate information which enables individuals to co-ordinate their plans is widely regarded as an important achievement in economics.[6]

Hayek served in World War I and said that his experience in the war and his desire to help avoid the mistakes that had led to the war led him to his career. Hayek lived in Austria, Great Britain, the United States and Germany, and became a British subject in 1938. He spent most of his academic life at the London School of Economics (LSE), theUniversity of Chicago, and the University of Freiburg.

In 1984, he was appointed a member of the Order of the Companions of Honour by Queen Elizabeth II on the advice of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher for his “services to the study of economics”.[7] He was the first recipient of theHanns Martin Schleyer Prize in 1984.[8] He also received the US Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1991 from President George H. W. Bush.[9] In 2011, his article “The Use of Knowledge in Society” was selected as one of the top 20 articles published in The American Economic Review during its first 100 years.[10]

Early life

Hayek was born in Vienna. The son of August von Hayek, a Prussian doctor in the municipal health service. Hayek’s grandfathers were prominent academics working in the fields of statistics and biology. His paternal line had been raised to the ranks of the Bohemian nobility for its services to the state.[11] Similarly, a generation before his maternal forebears had also been raised to the lower noble rank. However, after 1919 titles of nobility were banned by law in Austria, and the “von Hayek” family became simply the Hayek family. Hence, after 1919, Hayek’s legal name became “Friedrich Hayek”, not “Friedrich von Hayek”. Hayek’s father turned his work on regional botany into a highly esteemed botanical treatise, continuing the family’s scholarly traditions.[citation needed]

On his mother’s side, Hayek was second cousin to the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein. His mother often played with Wittgenstein’s sisters, and had known Ludwig well. As a result of their family relationship, Hayek became one of the first to read Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus when the book was published in its original German edition in 1921. Although Hayek met Wittgenstein on only a few occasions, Hayek said that Wittgenstein’s philosophy and methods of analysis had a profound influence on his own life and thought.[12] In his later years, Hayek recalled a discussion of philosophy with Wittgenstein, when both were officers during World War I.[13] After Wittgenstein’s death, Hayek had intended to write a biography of Wittgenstein and worked on collecting family materials; and he later assisted biographers of Wittgenstein.[14]

At his father’s suggestion, Hayek, as a teenager, read the genetic and evolutionary works of Hugo de Vries and the philosophical works of Ludwig Feuerbach.[15] In school Hayek was much taken by one instructor’s lectures on Aristotle’s ethics.

In 1917, Hayek joined an artillery regiment in the Austro-Hungarian Army and fought on the Italian front. Much of Hayek’s combat experience was spent as a spotter in an aeroplane. Hayek suffered damage to his hearing in his left ear during the war,[16] and was decorated for bravery. During this time Hayek also survived the1918 flu pandemic.[17]

Hayek then decided to pursue an academic career, determined to help avoid the mistakes that had led to the war. Hayek said of his experience, “The decisive influence was really World War I. It’s bound to draw your attention to the problems of political organization.” He vowed to work for a better world.[18]

Education and career

At the University of Vienna, Hayek earned doctorates in law and political science in 1921 and 1923 respectively; and he also studied philosophy, psychology, and economics. For a short time, when the University of Vienna closed, Hayek studied in Constantin von Monakow‘s Institute of Brain Anatomy, where Hayek spent much of his time staining brain cells. Hayek’s time in Monakow’s lab, and his deep interest in the work of Ernst Mach, inspired Hayek’s first intellectual project, eventually published as The Sensory Order (1952). It located connective learning at the physical and neurological levels, rejecting the “sense data” associationism[clarification needed] of the empiricists and logical positivists. Hayek presented his work to the private seminar he had created with Herbert Furth called the Geistkreis.[19]

During Hayek’s years at the University of Vienna, Carl Menger‘s work on the explanatory strategy of social science and Friedrich von Wieser‘s commanding presence in the classroom left a lasting influence on him.[20] Upon the completion of his examinations, Hayek was hired by Ludwig von Mises on the recommendation of Wieser as a specialist for the Austrian government working on the legal and economic details of the Treaty of Saint Germain. Between 1923 and 1924 Hayek worked as a research assistant to Prof. Jeremiah Jenks of New York University, compiling macroeconomic data on the American economy and the operations of the US Federal Reserve.[21]

Initially sympathetic to Wieser’s democratic socialism, Hayek’s economic thinking shifted away from socialism and toward the classical liberalism of Carl Menger after reading von Mises’ book Socialism. It was sometime after readingSocialism that Hayek began attending von Mises’ private seminars, joining several of his university friends, includingFritz Machlup, Alfred Schutz, Felix Kaufmann, and Gottfried Haberler, who were also participating in Hayek’s own, more general, private seminar. It was during this time that he also encountered and befriended noted political philosopher Eric Voegelin, with whom he retained a long-standing relationship.[22]

With the help of Mises, in the late 1920s Hayek founded and served as director of the Austrian Institute for Business Cycle Research, before joining the faculty of the London School of Economics (LSE) in 1931 at the behest of Lionel Robbins. Upon his arrival in London, Hayek was quickly recognised as one of the leading economic theorists in the world, and his development of the economics of processes in time and the co-ordination function of prices inspired the ground-breaking work of John Hicks, Abba Lerner, and many others in the development of modern microeconomics.[23]

In 1932, Hayek suggested that private investment in the public markets was a better road to wealth and economic co-ordination in Britain than government spending programs, as argued in a letter he co-signed with Lionel Robbins and others in an exchange of letters with John Maynard Keynes in The Times.[24][25] The nearly decade long deflationary depression in Britain dating from Churchill’s decision in 1925 to return Britain to the gold standard at the old pre-war, pre-inflationary par was the public policy backdrop for Hayek’s single public engagement with Keynes over British monetary and fiscal policy, otherwise Hayek and Keynes agreed on many theoretical matters, and their economic disagreements were fundamentally theoretical, having to do almost exclusively with the relation of the economics of extending the length of production to the economics of labour inputs.

Economists who studied with Hayek at the LSE in the 1930s and the 1940s include Arthur Lewis, Ronald Coase, John Kenneth Galbraith, Abba Lerner, Nicholas Kaldor, George Shackle, Thomas Balogh, Vera Smith, L. K. Jha, Arthur Seldon, Paul Rosenstein-Rodan, and Oskar Lange.[26][27][28] Hayek also taught or tutored many other LSE students, including David Rockefeller.[29]

Unwilling to return to Austria after the Anschluss brought it under the control of Nazi Germany in 1938, Hayek remained in Britain and became a British subject in 1938. He held this status for the remainder of his life, but he did not live in Great Britain after 1950. He lived in the United States from 1950 to 1962 and then mostly in Germany but also briefly in Austria.[30]

The Road to Serfdom

Main article: The Road to Serfdom

Hayek was concerned about the general view in Britain’s academia that fascism was a capitalist reaction to socialism and The Road to Serfdom arose from those concerns. It was written between 1940 and 1943. The title was inspired by the French classical liberal thinker Alexis de Tocqueville‘s writings on the “road to servitude”.[31] It was first published in Britain by Routledge in March 1944 and was quite popular, leading Hayek to call it “that unobtainable book”, also due in part to wartime paper rationing.[32] When it was published in the United States by the University of Chicago in September of that year, it achieved greater popularity than in Britain.[33] At the arrangement of editor Max Eastman, the American magazine Reader’s Digest also published an abridged version in April 1945, enabling The Road to Serfdomto reach a far wider audience than academics. The book is widely popular among those advocating individualism andclassical liberalism.[citation needed]

Chicago[edit]

In 1950, Hayek left the London School of Economics for the University of Chicago, where he became a professor in theCommittee on Social Thought. Senior university officials at Chicago wanted the Economics Department to hire him but they declined to do so. Hayek’s friend Milton Friedman was highly critical of Hayek’s economics writings, Prices and Production and his book on capital theory.[34] Hayek at the time was working in political theory, not economics, and was hostile to the positivist approach the Department embraced. Hayek had frequent contacts with some members of the Department of Economics, and his political views resembled those of many of the Chicago School activists. In terms of ideology, said Friedman, the majority of the Chicago economics department “was on Hayek’s side.”[35] Hayek actively promoted Aaron Director, who was active in the Chicago School in helping to fund and establish what became the “Law and Society” program in the University of Chicago Law School.[36] Hayek, Frank Knight, Friedman and George Stiglerworked together in forming the Mont Pèlerin Society, an international forum for libertarian economists. Hayek and Friedman cooperated in support of the Intercollegiate Society of Individualists, later renamed the Intercollegiate Studies Institute, an American student organisation devoted to libertarian ideas.[37][38]

Hayek’s first class at Chicago was a faculty seminar on the philosophy of science attended by many of the University’s most notable scientists of the time, including Enrico Fermi, Sewall Wright and Leó Szilárd. During his time at Chicago, Hayek worked on the philosophy of science, economics, political philosophy, and the history of ideas. Hayek’s economics notes from this period have yet to be published. Hayek received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1954.[39]

After editing a book on John Stuart Mill‘s letters he planned to publish two books on the liberal order, The Constitution of Liberty and “The Creative Powers of a Free Civilization” (eventually the title for the second chapter of The Constitution of Liberty).[40] He completed The Constitution of Liberty in May 1959, with publication in February 1960. Hayek was concerned “with that condition of men in which coercion of some by others is reduced as much as is possible in society”.[41] Hayek was disappointed that the book did not receive the same enthusiastic general reception as The Road to Serfdom had sixteen years before.[42]

Freiburg, Los Angeles, and Salzburg

From 1962 until his retirement in 1968, he was a professor at the University of Freiburg, West Germany, where he began work on his next book, Law, Legislation and Liberty. Hayek regarded his years at Freiburg as “very fruitful”.[43] Following his retirement, Hayek spent a year as a visiting professor of philosophy at theUniversity of California, Los Angeles, where he continued work on Law, Legislation and Liberty, teaching a graduate seminar by the same name and another on the philosophy of social science. Primary drafts of the book were completed by 1970, but Hayek chose to rework his drafts and finally brought the book to publication in three volumes in 1973, 1976 and 1979.

He became a professor at the University of Salzburg from 1969 to 1977; he then returned to Freiburg, where he spent the rest of his days. When Hayek left Salzburg in 1977, he wrote, “I made a mistake in moving to Salzburg.” The economics department was small, and the library facilities were inadequate.[44]

Nobel laureate

On 9 October 1974, it was announced that Hayek would be awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics, along with Swedish socialist economist Gunnar Myrdal. The reasons for the two of them winning the prize are described in the Nobel committee’s press release.[45] He was surprised at being given the award and believed that he was given it with Myrdal to balance the award with someone from the opposite side of the political spectrum.[46]

During the Nobel ceremony in December 1974, Hayek met the Russian dissident Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. Hayek later sent him a Russian translation of The Road to Serfdom.[46] Although he spoke with apprehension at his award speech about the danger which the authority of the prize would lend to an economist,[47] the prize brought much greater public awareness of Hayek and has been described by his biographer as “the great rejuvenating event in his life”.[48]

Later years

United Kingdom politics

In February 1975, Margaret Thatcher was elected leader of the British Conservative Party. The Institute of Economic Affairs arranged a meeting between Hayek and Thatcher in London soon after.[49] During Thatcher’s only visit to theConservative Research Department in the summer of 1975, a speaker had prepared a paper on why the “middle way” was the pragmatic path the Conservative Party should take, avoiding the extremes of left and right. Before he had finished, Thatcher “reached into her briefcase and took out a book. It was Hayek’s The Constitution of Liberty. Interrupting our pragmatist, she held the book up for all of us to see. ‘This’, she said sternly, ‘is what we believe’, and banged Hayek down on the table”.[50]

In 1977, Hayek was critical of the Lib-Lab pact, in which the British Liberal Party agreed to keep the British Labour government in office. Writing to The Times, Hayek said, “May one who has devoted a large part of his life to the study of the history and the principles of liberalism point out that a party that keeps a socialist government in power has lost all title to the name ‘Liberal’. Certainly no liberal can in future vote ‘Liberal'”.[51] Hayek was criticised by Liberal politicians Gladwyn Jebb and Andrew Phillips, who both claimed that the purpose of the pact was to discourage socialist legislation.

Lord Gladwyn pointed out that the German Free Democrats were in coalition with the German Social Democrats.[52] Hayek was defended by Professor Antony Flewwho stated that the German Social Democrats, unlike the British Labour Party, had, since the late 1950s, abandoned public ownership of the means of production, distribution and exchange and had instead embraced the social market economy.[53]

In 1978, Hayek came into conflict with the Liberal Party leader, David Steel, who claimed that liberty was possible only with “social justice and an equitable distribution of wealth and power, which in turn require a degree of active government intervention” and that the Conservative Party were more concerned with the connection between liberty and private enterprise than between liberty and democracy. Hayek claimed that a limited democracy might be better than other forms of limited government at protecting liberty but that an unlimited democracy was worse than other forms of unlimited government because “its government loses the power even to do what it thinks right if any group on which its majority depends thinks otherwise”.

Hayek stated that if the Conservative leader had said “that free choice is to be exercised more in the market place than in the ballot box, she has merely uttered the truism that the first is indispensable for individual freedom while the second is not: free choice can at least exist under a dictatorship that can limit itself but not under the government of an unlimited democracy which cannot”.[54]

Influence on central European politics

US President Ronald Reagan listed Hayek as among the two or three people who most influenced his philosophy and welcomed Hayek to the White House as a special guest.[55] In the 1970s and 1980s, the writings of Hayek were also a major influence on many of the leaders of the “velvet” revolution in Central Europe during the collapse of the old Soviet Empire. Here are some supporting examples:

There is no figure who had more of an influence, no person had more of an influence on the intellectuals behind the Iron Curtain than Friedrich Hayek. His books were translated and published by the underground and black market editions, read widely, and undoubtedly influenced the climate of opinion that ultimately brought about the collapse of the Soviet Union.[56]
Milton Friedman (Hoover Institution)
The most interesting among the courageous dissenters of the 1980s were the classical liberals, disciples of F. A. Hayek, from whom they had learned about the crucial importance of economic freedom and about the often-ignored conceptual difference between liberalism and democracy.[57]
Andrzej Walicki (History, Notre Dame)
Estonian Prime Minister Mart Laar came to my office the other day to recount his country’s remarkable transformation. He described a nation of people who are harder-working, more virtuous – yes, more virtuous, because the market punishes immorality – and more hopeful about the future than they’ve ever been in their history. I asked Mr. Laar where his government got the idea for these reforms. Do you know what he replied? He said, “We read Milton Friedman and F. A. Hayek.”[58]
—US Representative Dick Armey
I was 25 years old and pursuing my doctorate in economics when I was allowed to spend six months of post-graduate studies in Naples, Italy. I read the Western economic textbooks and also the more general work of people like Hayek. By the time I returned to Czechoslovakia, I had an understanding of the principles of the market. In 1968, I was glad at the political liberalism of the Dubcek Prague Spring, but was very critical of the Third Way they pursued in economics.[59]
Václav Klaus (former President of the Czech Republic)

Recognition

In 1980, Hayek, a non-practicing Roman Catholic,[60] was one of twelve Nobel laureates to meet with Pope John Paul II, “to dialogue, discuss views in their fields, communicate regarding the relationship between Catholicism and science, and ‘bring to the Pontiff’s attention the problems which the Nobel Prize Winners, in their respective fields of study, consider to be the most urgent for contemporary man'”.[61]

In 1984, he was appointed as a member of the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom on the advice of the British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher for his “services to the study of economics”.[7] Hayek had hoped to receive a baronetcy, and after he was awarded the CH he sent a letter to his friends requesting that he be called the English version of Friedrich (Frederick) from now on. After his 20 min audience with the Queen, he was “absolutely besotted” with her according to his daughter-in-law, Esca Hayek. Hayek said a year later that he was “amazed by her. That ease and skill, as if she’d known me all my life.” The audience with the Queen was followed by a dinner with family and friends at the Institute of Economic Affairs. When, later that evening, Hayek was dropped off at the Reform Club, he commented: “I’ve just had the happiest day of my life.”[62]

In 1991, US President George H. W. Bush awarded Hayek the Presidential Medal of Freedom, one of the two highest civilian awards in the United States, for a “lifetime of looking beyond the horizon”. Hayek died in 1992 in Freiburg, Germany, and was buried in the Neustift am Wald cemetery in the northern outskirts of Vienna.[63] In 2011, his article The Use of Knowledge in Society was selected as one of the top 20 articles published in the American Economic Review during its first 100 years.[10]

The New York University Journal of Law and Liberty holds an annual lecture in his honour.[64]

Work

The business cycle

Hayek’s principal investigations in economics concerned capital, money, and the business cycle. Mises had earlier applied the concept of marginal utility to the value of money in his Theory of Money and Credit (1912), in which he also proposed an explanation for “industrial fluctuations” based on the ideas of the old British Currency School and of Swedish economist Knut Wicksell. Hayek used this body of work as a starting point for his own interpretation of the business cycle, elaborating what later became known as the “Austrian Theory of the Business Cycle“. Hayek spelled out the Austrian approach in more detail in his book, published in 1929, an English translation of which appeared in 1933 as Monetary Theory and the Trade Cycle. There he argued for a monetary approach to the origins of the cycle. In his Prices and Production (1931), Hayek argued that the business cycle resulted from the central bank‘s inflationary credit expansion and its transmission over time, leading to a capital misallocation caused by the artificially low interest rates. Hayek claimed that “the past instability of the market economy is the consequence of the exclusion of the most important regulator of the market mechanism, money, from itself being regulated by the market process”.

Hayek’s analysis was based on Böhm-Bawerk‘s concept of the “average period of production”[65] and on the effects that monetary policy could have upon it. In accordance with the reasoning later outlined in his essay The Use of Knowledge in Society (1945), Hayek argued that a monopolistic governmental agency like a central bank can neither possess the relevant information which should govern supply of money, nor have the ability to use it correctly.[66]

In 1929, Lionel Robbins assumed the helm of the London School of Economics (LSE). Eager to promote alternatives to what he regarded as the narrow approach of the school of economic thought that then dominated the English-speaking academic world (centred at the University of Cambridge and deriving largely from the work of Alfred Marshall), Robbins invited Hayek to join the faculty at LSE, which he did in 1931. According to Nicholas Kaldor, Hayek’s theory of the time-structure of capital and of the business cycle initially “fascinated the academic world” and appeared to offer a less “facile and superficial” understanding of macroeconomics than the Cambridge school’s.[67]

Also in 1931, Hayek critiqued Keynes’s Treatise on Money (1930) in his “Reflections on the pure theory of Mr. J. M. Keynes”[68] and published his lectures at the LSE in book form as Prices and Production.[69] Unemployment and idle resources are, for Keynes, caused by a lack of effective demand; for Hayek, they stem from a previous, unsustainable episode of easy money and artificially low interest rates.

The economic calculation problem

Building on the earlier work of Ludwig von Mises and others, Hayek also argued that while in centrally planned economies an individual or a select group of individuals must determine the distribution of resources, these planners will never have enough information to carry out this allocation reliably. This argument, first proposed by Max Weber, says that the efficient exchange and use of resources can be maintained only through the price mechanism in free markets (see economic calculation problem).

In 1935, Hayek published Collectivist Economic Planning, a collection of essays from an earlier debate that had been initiated by Ludwig von Mises. Hayek included Mises’s essay, in which Mises argued that rational planning was impossible under socialism.

Some socialists such as H. D. Dickinson and Oskar Lange, responded by invoking general equilibrium theory, which they argued disproved Mises’s thesis. They noted that the difference between a planned and a free market system lay in who was responsible for solving the equations. They argued, if some of the prices chosen by socialist managers were wrong, gluts or shortages would appear, signalling them to adjust the prices up or down, just as in a free market. Through such a trial and error, a socialist economy could mimic the efficiency of a free market system, while avoiding its many problems.

Hayek challenged this vision in a series of contributions. In “Economics and Knowledge” (1937), he pointed out that the standard equilibrium theory assumed that all agents have full and correct information. In the real world, however, different individuals have different bits of knowledge, and furthermore, some of what they believe is wrong.

In The Use of Knowledge in Society (1945), Hayek argued that the price mechanism serves to share and synchronise local and personal knowledge, allowing society’s members to achieve diverse, complicated ends through a principle of spontaneous self-organization. He contrasted the use of the price mechanism with central planning, arguing that the former allows for more rapid adaptation to changes in particular circumstances of time and place.[70] Thus, he set the stage forOliver Williamson‘s later contrast between markets and hierarchies as alternative co-ordination mechanisms for economic transactions.[71] He used the termcatallaxy to describe a “self-organizing system of voluntary co-operation”. Hayek’s research into this argument was specifically cited by the Nobel Committee in its press release awarding Hayek the Nobel prize.[45]

Against collectivism

Hayek was one of the leading academic critics of collectivism in the 20th century. Hayek argued that all forms of collectivism (even those theoretically based on voluntary co-operation) could only be maintained by a central authority of some kind. In Hayek’s view, the central role of the state should be to maintain the rule of law, with as little arbitrary intervention as possible. In his popular book, The Road to Serfdom (1944) and in subsequent academic works, Hayek argued that socialism required central economic planning and that such planning in turn leads towards totalitarianism.

From The Road to Serfdom:

Although our modern socialists’ promise of greater freedom is genuine and sincere, in recent years observer after observer has been impressed by the unforeseen consequences of socialism, the extraordinary similarity in many respects of the conditions under “communism” and “fascism”.[72]

Hayek posited that a central planning authority would have to be endowed with powers that would impact and ultimately control social life, because the knowledge required for centrally planning an economy is inherently decentralised, and would need to be brought under control.

Though Hayek did argue that the state should provide law centrally, others have pointed out that this contradicts his arguments about the role of judges in “discovering” the law, suggesting that Hayek would have supported decentralized provision of legal services.[73]

Hayek also wrote that the state can play a role in the economy, and specifically, in creating a “safety net”. He wrote, “There is no reason why, in a society which has reached the general level of wealth ours has, the first kind of security should not be guaranteed to all without endangering general freedom; that is: some minimum of food, shelter and clothing, sufficient to preserve health. Nor is there any reason why the state should not help to organize a comprehensive system of social insurance in providing for those common hazards of life against which few can make adequate provision.”[74]

Investment and choice

Perhaps more fully than any other economist, Hayek investigated the choice theory of investment. He examined the inter-relations between non-permanentproduction goods and “latent” or potentially economic permanent resources – building on the choice theoretical insight that, “processes that take more time will evidently not be adopted unless they yield a greater return than those that take less time”.[75]

Hayek’s work on the microeconomics of the choice theoretics of investment, non-permanent goods, potential permanent resources, and economically-adaptedpermanent resources mark a central dividing point between his work in areas of macroeconomics and that of most all other economists. Hayek’s work on the macroeconomic subjects of central planning, trade cycle theory, the division of knowledge, and entrepreneurial adaptation especially, differ greatly from the opinions of macroeconomic “Marshallian” economists in the tradition of John Maynard Keynes and the microeconomic “Walrasian” economists in the tradition of Abba Lerner.

Philosophy of science

During the World War II, Hayek started doing the ‘Abuse of Reason’ project. His goal was to show how a number of then-popular doctrines and beliefs, doctrines with which he disagreed, had a common origin in some fundamental misconceptions about the social science.[76] In his philosophy of science, which has much in common with that of his good friend Karl Popper, Hayek was highly critical of what he termed scientism: a false understanding of the methods of science that has been mistakenly forced upon the social sciences, but that is contrary to the practices of genuine science. Usually, scientism involves combining the philosophers’ ancient demand for demonstrative justification with the associationists’ false view that all scientific explanations are simple two-variable linear relationships. Hayek points out that much of science involves the explanation of complex multivariable and nonlinear phenomena, and the social science of economics and undesigned order compares favourably with such complex sciences as Darwinian biology. These ideas were developed in The Counter-Revolution of Science: Studies in the Abuse of Reason, 1952 and in some of Hayek’s later essays in the philosophy of science such as “Degrees of Explanation” and “The Theory of Complex Phenomena”.

Psychology

In The Sensory Order: An Inquiry into the Foundations of Theoretical Psychology (1952), Hayek independently developed a “Hebbian learning” model of learning and memory – an idea which he first conceived in 1920, prior to his study of economics. Hayek’s expansion of the “Hebbian synapse” construction into a global brain theory has received continued attention[77][78][79][80] in neuroscience, cognitive science, computer science, behavioural science, and evolutionary psychology, by scientists such as Gerald Edelman, and Joaquin Fuster.

Hayek posited two orders, the sensory order that we experience, and the natural order that natural science has revealed. Hayek thought that the sensory order is in fact a product of the brain. He characterized the brain as a highly complex but self-ordering, hierarchical classification system, a huge network of connections.

Spontaneous order

Main article: Spontaneous order

Hayek viewed the free price system not as a conscious invention (that which is intentionally designed by man), but as spontaneous order or what he referred to as “that which is the result of human action but not of human design”. Thus, Hayek put the price mechanism on the same level as, for example, language.

Hayek attributed the birth of civilisation to private property in his book The Fatal Conceit (1988). He explained that price signals are the only means of enabling each economic decision maker to communicate tacit knowledge or dispersed knowledge to each other, to solve the economic calculation problem.

Social and political philosophy

In the latter half of his career Hayek made a number of contributions to social and political philosophy, which he based on his views on the limits of human knowledge,[81] and the idea of spontaneous order in social institutions. He argues in favour of a society organised around a market order, in which the apparatus of state is employed almost (though not entirely) exclusively to enforce the legal order (consisting of abstract rules, and not particular commands) necessary for a market of free individuals to function. These ideas were informed by a moral philosophy derived from epistemological concerns regarding the inherent limits of human knowledge. Hayek argued that his ideal individualistic, free-market polity would be self-regulating to such a degree that it would be ‘a society which does not depend for its functioning on our finding good men for running it’.[82]

Hayek disapproved of the notion of ‘social justice‘. He compared the market to a game in which ‘there is no point in calling the outcome just or unjust’[83] and argued that ‘social justice is an empty phrase with no determinable content';[84] likewise “the results of the individual’s efforts are necessarily unpredictable, and the question as to whether the resulting distribution of incomes is just has no meaning”.[85] He generally regarded government redistribution of income or capital as an unacceptable intrusion upon individual freedom: “the principle of distributive justice, once introduced, would not be fulfilled until the whole of society was organized in accordance with it. This would produce a kind of society which in all essential respects would be the opposite of a free society.”[84]

With regard to a safety net, Hayek advocated “some provision for those threatened by the extremes of indigence or starvation, be it only in the interest of those who require protection against acts of desperation on the part of the needy”.[86] As referenced in the section on “The economic calculation problem“, Hayek wrote that “there is no reason why… the state should not help to organize a comprehensive system of social insurance”. Summarizing on this topic, Wapshott[87] writes “[Hayek] advocated mandatory universal health care and unemployment insurance, enforced, if not directly provided, by the state.” Bernard Harcourt says that “Hayek was adamant about this.”[88] In the 1973 Law, Legislation, and Liberty, Hayek wrote:

There is no reason why in a free society government should not assure to all, protection against severe deprivation in the form of an assured minimum income, or a floor below which nobody need descend. To enter into such an insurance against extreme misfortune may well be in the interest of all; or it may be felt to be a clear moral duty of all to assist, within the organised community, those who cannot help themselves. So long as such a uniform minimum income is provided outside the market to all those who, for any reason, are unable to earn in the market an adequate maintenance, this need not lead to a restriction of freedom, or conflict with the Rule of Law.[89]

And in The Road to Serfdom:

Nor is there any reason why the state should not assist the individuals in providing for those common hazards of life against which, because of their uncertainty, few individuals can make adequate provision. Where, as in the case of sickness and accident, neither the desire to avoid such calamities nor the efforts to overcome their consequences are as a rule weakened by the provision of assistance – where, in short, we deal with genuinely insurable risks – the case for the state’s helping to organize a comprehensive system of social insurance is very strong…. Wherever communal action can mitigate disasters against which the individual can neither attempt to guard himself nor make the provision for the consequences, such communal action should undoubtedly be taken.[72]

Critiques

Business cycle critiques

Keynes asked his friend Piero Sraffa to respond publicly to Hayek’s challenge;[clarification needed] instead of formulating an alternative theory, Sraffa elaborated on the logical inconsistencies of Hayek’s argument, especially concerning the effect of inflation-induced “forced savings” on the capital sector and about the definition of a “natural” interest rate in a growing economy.[90] Others who responded negatively to Hayek’s work on the business cycle included John Hicks, Frank Knight, andGunnar Myrdal.[91] Kaldor later wrote that Hayek’s Prices and Production had produced “a remarkable crop of critics” and that the total number of pages in British and American journals dedicated to the resulting debate “could rarely have been equalled in the economic controversies of the past.”[67]

Hayek continued his research on monetary and capital theory, revising his theories of the relations between credit cycles and capital structure in Profits, Interest and Investment (1939) and The Pure Theory of Capital (1941), but his reputation as an economic theorist had by then fallen so much that those works were largely ignored, except for scathing critiques by Nicholas Kaldor.[67][92] Lionel Robbins himself, who had embraced the Austrian theory of the business cycle in The Great Depression (1934), later regretted having written that book and accepted many of the Keynesian counter-arguments.[93]

Hayek never produced the book-length treatment of “the dynamics of capital” that he had promised in the Pure Theory of Capital. After 1941, he continued to publish works on the economics of information, political philosophy, the theory of law, and psychology, but seldom on macroeconomics. At the University of Chicago, Hayek was not part of the economics department and did not influence the rebirth of neoclassical theory which took place there (see Chicago school of economics). When, in 1974, he shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics with Gunnar Myrdal, the latter complained about being paired with an “ideologue”. Milton Friedman declared himself “an enormous admirer of Hayek, but not for his economics. I think Prices and Production is a very flawed book. I think his [Pure Theory of Capital] is unreadable. On the other hand, The Road to Serfdom is one of the great books of our time.”[93]

Critiques of his concept of collectivist rationalism

Arthur M. Diamond argues Hayek’s problems arise when he goes beyond claims that can be evaluated within economic science. Diamond argued that: “The human mind, Hayek says, is not just limited in its ability to synthesize a vast array of concrete facts, it is also limited in its ability to give a deductively sound ground to ethics. Here is where the tension develops, for he also wants to give a reasoned moral defense of the free market. He is an intellectual skeptic who wants to give political philosophy a secure intellectual foundation. It is thus not too surprising that what results is confused and contradictory.”[94]

Chandran Kukathas argues that Hayek’s defence of liberalism is unsuccessful because it rests on presuppositions which are incompatible. The unresolved dilemma of his political philosophy is how to mount a systematic defence of liberalism if one emphasizes the limited capacity of reason.[95]

Norman P. Barry similarly notes that the “critical rationalism” in Hayek’s writings appears incompatible with “a certain kind of fatalism, that we must wait for evolution to pronounce its verdict.”[96]

New Right critiques

Alain de Benoist of the Nouvelle Droite (New Right) produced a highly critical essay on Hayek’s work in an issue of Telos, citing the flawed assumptions behind Hayek’s idea of “spontaneous order” and the authoritarian, totalising implications of his free-market ideology.[97]

Hayek’s views on dictatorship

Hayek had sent António de Oliveira Salazar a copy of Hayek’s The Constitution of Liberty (1960) in 1962. Hayek hopes that his book—this “preliminary sketch of new constitutional principles”—“may assist” Salazar “in his endeavour to design a constitution which is proof against the abuses of democracy.”

Hayek visited Chile in the 1970s and 1980s during the Government Junta of general Augusto Pinochet and accepted being named Honorary Chairman of theCentro de Estudios Públicos, the think tank formed by the economists who transformed Chile into a free market economy.

Asked about the liberal, non-democratic rule by a Chilean interviewer, Hayek is translated from German to Spanish to English as having said, “As long term institutions, I am totally against dictatorships. But a dictatorship may be a necessary system for a transitional period. […] Personally I prefer a liberal dictatorship to democratic government devoid of liberalism. My personal impression – and this is valid for South America – is that in Chile, for example, we will witness a transition from a dictatorial government to a liberal government.” In a letter to the London Times, he defended the Pinochet regime and said that he had “not been able to find a single person even in much maligned Chile who did not agree that personal freedom was much greater under Pinochet than it had been under Allende.”[98][99]Hayek admitted that “it is not very likely that this will succeed, even if, at a particular point in time, it may be the only hope there is.”, he explained, however, “It is not certain hope, because it will always depend on the goodwill of an individual, and there are very few individuals one can trust. But if it is the sole opportunity which exists at a particular moment it may be the best solution despite this. And only if and when the dictatorial government is visibly directing its steps towards limited democracy”.

For Hayek, the supposedly stark difference between authoritarianism and totalitarianism has much importance and Hayek places heavy weight on this distinction in his defence of transitional dictatorship. For example, when Hayek visited Venezuela in May 1981, he was asked to comment on the prevalence of “totalitarian” regimes in Latin America. In reply, Hayek warned against confusing “totalitarianism with authoritarianism,” and said that he was unaware of “any totalitarian governments in Latin America. The only one was Chile under Allende”. For Hayek, however, the word ‘totalitarian’ signifies something very specific: the want to “organize the whole of society” to attain a “definite social goal” —which is stark in contrast to “liberalism and individualism”.[100]

Influence and recognition

Hayek’s influence on the development of economics is widely acknowledged. Hayek is the second-most frequently cited economist[citation needed] (after Kenneth Arrow) in the Nobel lectures of the prize winners in economics, particularly since his lecture was critical of the field of orthodox economics and neo-classical modelisation. A number of Nobel Laureates in economics, such as Vernon Smith and Herbert A. Simon, recognise Hayek as the greatest modern economist.[citation needed] Another Nobel winner, Paul Samuelson, believed that Hayek was worthy of his award but nevertheless claimed that “there were good historical reasons for fading memories of Hayek within the mainstream last half of the twentieth century economist fraternity. In 1931, Hayek’s Prices and Productionhad enjoyed an ultra-short Byronic success. In retrospect hindsight tells us that its mumbo-jumbo about the period of production grossly misdiagnosed the macroeconomics of the 1927–1931 (and the 1931–2007) historical scene”.[101] Despite this comment, Samuelson spent the last 50 years of his life obsessed with the problems of capital theory identified by Hayek and Böhm-Bawerk, and Samuelson flatly judged Hayek to have been right and his own teacher, Joseph Schumpeter, to have been wrong on the central economic question of the 20th century, the feasibility of socialist economic planning in a production goods dominated economy.[102]

Hayek is widely recognised for having introduced the time dimension to the equilibrium construction and for his key role in helping inspire the fields of growth theory,information economics, and the theory of spontaneous order. The “informal” economics presented in Milton Friedman’s massively influential popular work Free to Choose (1980), is explicitly Hayekian in its account of the price system as a system for transmitting and co-ordinating knowledge. This can be explained by the fact that Friedman taught Hayek’s famous paper “The Use of Knowledge in Society” (1945) in his graduate seminars.

In 1944 he was elected as a Fellow of the British Academy,[103] after he was nominated for membership by Keynes.[104]

Harvard economist and former Harvard University President Lawrence Summers explains Hayek’s place in modern economics: “What’s the single most important thing to learn from an economics course today? What I tried to leave my students with is the view that the invisible hand is more powerful than the [un]hidden hand. Things will happen in well-organized efforts without direction, controls, plans. That’s the consensus among economists. That’s the Hayek legacy.”[105]

By 1947, Hayek was an organiser of the Mont Pelerin Society, a group of classical liberals who sought to oppose what they saw as socialism in various areas. He was also instrumental in the founding of the Institute of Economic Affairs, the free-market think tank that inspired Thatcherism. He was in addition a member of thePhiladelphia Society.[106]

Hayek had a long-standing and close friendship with philosopher of science Karl Popper, also from Vienna. In a letter to Hayek in 1944, Popper stated, “I think I have learnt more from you than from any other living thinker, except perhaps Alfred Tarski.” (See Hacohen, 2000). Popper dedicated his Conjectures and Refutations to Hayek. For his part, Hayek dedicated a collection of papers, Studies in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics, to Popper and, in 1982, said that “ever since his Logik der Forschung first came out in 1934, I have been a complete adherent to his general theory of methodology”.[107] Popper also participated in the inaugural meeting of the Mont Pelerin Society. Their friendship and mutual admiration, however, do not change the fact that there are important differences between their ideas.[108]

Hayek also played a central role in Milton Friedman’s intellectual development. Friedman wrote:

“My interest in public policy and political philosophy was rather casual before I joined the faculty of the University of Chicago. Informal discussions with colleagues and friends stimulated a greater interest, which was reinforced by Friedrich Hayek’s powerful book The Road to Serfdom, by my attendance at the first meeting of the Mont Pelerin Society in 1947, and by discussions with Hayek after he joined the university faculty in 1950. In addition, Hayek attracted an exceptionally able group of students who were dedicated to a libertarian ideology. They started a student publication, The New Individualist Review, which was the outstanding libertarian journal of opinion for some years. I served as an adviser to the journal and published a number of articles in it….”[109]

Hayek’s greatest intellectual debt was to Carl Menger, who pioneered an approach to social explanation similar to that developed in Britain by Bernard Mandevilleand the Scottish moral philosophers in the Scottish Enlightenment. He had a wide-reaching influence on contemporary economics, politics, philosophy, sociology, psychology and anthropology. For example, Hayek’s discussion in The Road to Serfdom (1944) about truth, falsehood and the use of language influenced some later opponents of postmodernism.[110]

Hayek and conservatism

Hayek received new attention in the 1980s and 1990s with the rise of conservative governments in the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada. After winning the United Kingdom general election, 1979, Margaret Thatcher appointed Keith Joseph, the director of the Hayekian Centre for Policy Studies, as her secretary of state for industry in an effort to redirect parliament’s economic strategies. Likewise, David Stockman, Ronald Reagan’s most influential financial official in 1981 was an acknowledged follower of Hayek.[111]

Hayek wrote an essay, “Why I Am Not a Conservative”[112] (included as an appendix to The Constitution of Liberty), in which he disparaged conservatism for its inability to adapt to changing human realities or to offer a positive political program, remarking, “Conservatism is only as good as what it conserves”. Although he noted that modern day conservatism shares many opinions on economics with classical liberals, particularly a belief in the free market, he believed it’s because conservatism wants to “stand still”, whereas liberalism embraces the free market because it “wants to go somewhere”. Hayek identified himself as a classical liberal but noted that in the United States it had become almost impossible to use “liberal” in its original definition, and the term “libertarian” has been used instead.

However, for his part, Hayek found this term “singularly unattractive” and offered the term “Old Whig” (a phrase borrowed from Edmund Burke) instead. In his later life, he said, “I am becoming a Burkean Whig.” However, Whiggery as a political doctrine had little affinity for classical political economy, the tabernacle of the Manchester School and William Gladstone.[113] His essay has served as an inspiration to other liberal-minded economists wishing to distinguish themselves from conservative thinkers, for example James M. Buchanan‘s essay “Why I, Too, Am Not a Conservative: The Normative Vision of Classical Liberalism”.

A common term in much of the world for what Hayek espoused is “neoliberalism“. A British scholar, Samuel Brittan, concluded in 2010, “Hayek’s book [The Constitution of Liberty] is still probably the most comprehensive statement of the underlying ideas of the moderate free market philosophy espoused by neoliberals.”[114] Brittan adds that although Raymond Plant (2009) comes out in the end against Hayek’s doctrines, Plant gives The Constitution of Liberty a “more thorough and fair-minded analysis than it has received even from its professed adherents”.[114]

In Why F A Hayek is a Conservative,[115] British policy analyst Madsen Pirie believes Hayek mistakes the nature of the conservative outlook. Conservatives, he says, are not averse to change – but like Hayek, they are highly averse to change being imposed on the social order by people in authority who think they know how to run things better. They wish to allow the market to function smoothly and give it the freedom to change and develop. It is an outlook, says Pirie, that Hayek and conservatives both share.

Personal life

In August 1926, Hayek married Helen Berta Maria von Fritsch (1901–1960), a secretary at the civil service office where Hayek worked. They had two children together.[116] Friedrich and Helen divorced in July 1950 and he married Helene Bitterlich (1900–1996)[117] just a few weeks later, moving to Arkansas to take advantage of permissive divorce laws.[118]

Hayek was an agnostic.[119]

Legacy and honours

Even after his death, Hayek’s intellectual presence is noticeable, especially in the universities where he had taught: the London School of Economics, the University of Chicago, and the University of Freiburg. A number of tributes have resulted, many posthumous:

Selected bibliography

Volume I. Rules and Order, 1973.[123]
Volume II. The Mirage of Social Justice, 1976.[124]
Volume III. The Political Order of a Free People, 1979.[125]
  • The Fatal Conceit: The Errors of Socialism, 1988. Note: The authorship of The Fatal Conceit is under scholarly dispute.[126] The book in its published form may actually have been written entirely by its editor W.W. Bartley, III, not by Hayek.[127]

See also

Notes

  1. Jump up^ Hayek’s daughter-in Law, Esca Hayek, stated that he had “chosen to be British”:“Hayek”. Masters of Money. Episode 2. 16 October 2012. 40 minutes in. BBC.
  2. Jump up^ Steven Pressman, Fifty major economists (2nd edition), Routledge, 2006, p. viii
  3. Jump up^ Bank of Sweden (1974). “The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1974″.
  4. Jump up^ Edward Feser (2006). “The Cambridge Companion to Hayek (Introduction)”.Cambridge University Press. among the most important economists and political philosophers of the twentieth century. … [He was] almost certainly the most consequential thinker of the mainstream political right in the twentieth century. It is just possible that he was the most consequential twentieth century political thinker, right or left, period.
  5. Jump up^ Schrepel, Thibault (January 2015). “Friedrich Hayek’s Contribution to Antitrust Law and Its Modern Application”. ICC Global Antitrust Review: 199–216.
  6. Jump up^ Skarbek, David (March 2009). “F. A. Hayek’s Influence on Nobel Prize Winners”. Review of Austrian Economics 22 (1): 109. doi:10.1007/s11138-008-0069-x.
  7. ^ Jump up to:a b Alan O. Ebenstein. (2003) Friedrich Hayek: A biography. p. 305. University of Chicago Press, 2003
  8. Jump up^ http://www.schleyer-stiftung.de/preise/hms_preis/preise_schleyer_preistraeger_e.html
  9. Jump up^ George H. W. Bush (18 November 1991). “Remarks on Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom Awards”.
  10. ^ Jump up to:a b Arrow, Kenneth J., B. Douglas Bernheim, Martin S. Feldstein, Daniel L. McFadden, James M. Poterba, and Robert M. Solow. 2011. “100 Years of the American Economic Review: The Top 20 Articles.” American Economic Review, 101(1): 1–8.
  11. Jump up^ https://archive.org/stream/genealogischest00vongoog#page/n323/mode/2up
  12. Jump up^ Ebenstein, p. 245
  13. Jump up^ Hayek on Hayek: an autobiographical dialogue, By Friedrich August Hayek, Routledge, 1994, p. 51
  14. Jump up^ Young Ludwig: Wittgenstein’s life, 1889–1921, Brian McGuinness, Oxford University Press, 2005 p. xii
  15. Jump up^ “UCLA Oral History 1978 Interviews with Friedrich Hayek, pp. 32–38″. Archive.org. 10 March 2001. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  16. Jump up^ https://mises.org/daily/3458
  17. Jump up^ Adam James Tebble, F.A. Hayek (Continuum, 2010), p. 2, ISBN 978-0826435996
  18. Jump up^ Deirdre N. McCloskey (2000). How to Be Human: Though an Economist. U of Michigan Press. p. 33. ISBN 0472067443.
  19. Jump up^ “The Viennese Connection: Alfred Schutz and the Austrian School” by Peter Kurrild-Klitgaard.
  20. Jump up^ “UCLA Oral History 1978 Interviews with Friedrich Hayek”. Archive.org. 10 March 2001. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  21. Jump up^ A. J. Tebble, F.A. Hayek, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2010, pp. 4–5
  22. Jump up^ Federici, Michael. Eric Voegelin: The Restoration of Order, ISI Books, 2002, p. 1
  23. Jump up^ Baxendale, Toby (25 October 2010). “The Battle of the Letters: Keynes v Hayek 1932, Skidelsky v Besley 2010″. The Cobden Centre. Retrieved 14 September2011.
  24. Jump up^ http://thinkmarkets.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/keynes-hayek-1932-cambridgelse.pdf
  25. Jump up^ Malcolm Perrine McNair, Richard Stockton Meriam, Problems in business economics, McGraw-Hill, 1941, p. 504
  26. Jump up^ Galbraith, J. K. (1991). “Nicholas Kaldor Remembered”. Nicholas Kaldor and Mainstream Economics: Confrontation or Convergence?. New York: St. Martin’s Press. ISBN 0312053568.
  27. Jump up^ “Sir Arthur Lewis Autobiography”. Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 14 September2011.
  28. Jump up^ Ebenstein, Alan (2001). Friedrich Hayek: a biography (1st ed.). Palgrave, New York: University of Chicago Press. pp. 62, 248, 284. ISBN 978-0-312-23344-0.
  29. Jump up^ Interview with David Rockefeller[dead link]
  30. Jump up^ Samuel Brittan, ‘Hayek, Friedrich August (1899–1992)‘, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, accessed 28 April 2009.
  31. Jump up^ Ebenstein, p. 116.
  32. Jump up^ Ebenstein, p. 128.
  33. Jump up^ A. J. Tebble, F.A. Hayek, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2010, p. 8
  34. Jump up^ Ebenstein, Alan. Friedrich Hayek, A Biography. Univ of Chicago Press. p. 81.
  35. Jump up^ Alan Ebenstein, Friedrich Hayek: A Biography (2001) pp. 174, 271, see also pp. 167–83
  36. Jump up^ Ross B. Emmett (2010). The Elgar Companion to the Chicago School of Economics. Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 164, 200, 266–67.
  37. Jump up^ Samuel Brittan, “Hayek, Friedrich August (1899–1992)”, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 16 June 2013
  38. Jump up^ Johan Van Overtveldt, The Chicago School: How the University of Chicago Assembled the Thinkers Who Revolutionized Economics and Business(2006) pp. 7, 341–46
  39. Jump up^ Biography at LibertyStory.net
  40. Jump up^ Ebenstein, p. 195.
  41. Jump up^ F. A. Hayek, The Constitution of Liberty (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1960), p. 11.
  42. Jump up^ Ebenstein, p. 203.
  43. Jump up^ Ebenstein, p. 218.
  44. Jump up^ Ebenstein, p. 254.
  45. ^ Jump up to:a b “The Prize in Economics 1974 – Press Release”. Nobelprize.org. 9 October 1974. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  46. ^ Jump up to:a b Ebenstein, p. 263.
  47. Jump up^ “Friedrich August von Hayek – Banquet Speech”. Nobelprize.org. 10 December 1974. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  48. Jump up^ Ebenstein, p. 261.
  49. Jump up^ Richard Cockett, Thinking the Unthinkable. Think-Tanks and the Economic Counter-Revolution, 1931–1983 (Fontana, 1995), pp. 174–6.
  50. Jump up^ John Ranelagh, Thatcher’s People: An Insider’s Account of the Politics, the Power, and the Personalities (Fontana, 1992), p. ix.
  51. Jump up^ “Letters to the Editor: Liberal pact with Labour”, The Times (31 March 1977), p. 15.
  52. Jump up^ “Letters to the Editor: Liberal pact with Labour”, The Times (2 April 1977), p. 15.
  53. Jump up^ “Letters to the Editor: German socialist aims”, The Times (13 April 1977), p. 13.
  54. Jump up^ “Letters to the Editor: The dangers to personal liberty”, The Times (11 July 1978), p. 15.
  55. Jump up^ Martin Anderson, “Revolution” (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1988), p. 164
  56. Jump up^ “Transcript for: Friedrich Hayek”. pbs.org. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  57. Jump up^ Andrzy Walicki, “Liberalism in Poland”, Critical Review, Winter, 1988, p. 9.
  58. Jump up^ Dick Armey, “Address at the Dedication of the Hayek Auditorium”, Cato Institute, Washington, D.C., 9 May 1995.
  59. Jump up^ Vaclav Klaus, “No Third Way Out: Creating a Capitalist Czechoslovakia”, Reason, 1990, (June): 28–31.
  60. Jump up^ “CATO INSTITUTE BOOK FORUM – FRIEDRICH HAYEK: A BIOGRAPHY”(PDF). 8 May 2001. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  61. Jump up^ Ebenstein, p. 301.
  62. Jump up^ Ebenstein, p. 305.
  63. Jump up^ Ebenstein, p. 317.
  64. Jump up^ New York University Journal of Law and Liberty: About
  65. Jump up^ See the chapter “The collaboration with Keynes and the controversy with Hayek,”, Heinz D. Kurz and Neri Salvadori, “Piero Sraffa’s contributions to economics,” in Critical Essays on Piero Sraffa’s Legacy in Economics, ed. H. D. Kurz, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), pp. 3–24. ISBN 978-0-521-58089-2
  66. Jump up^ Hayek, Friedrich (1989). The Collected Works of F.A. Hayek. University of Chicago Press. p. 202. ISBN 978-0-226-32097-7.
  67. ^ Jump up to:a b c Nicholas Kaldor (1942). “Professor Hayek and the Concertina-Effect”.Economica 9 (36): 359–382. doi:10.2307/2550326. JSTOR 2550326.
  68. Jump up^ F. A. Hayek, “Reflection on the pure theory of money of Mr. J. M. Keynes,”Economica, 11, S. 270–95 (1931).
  69. Jump up^ F. A. Hayek, Prices and Production, (London: Routledge, 1931).
  70. Jump up^ Hein Schreuder, “Coase, Hayek and Hierarchy”, In: S. Lindenberg et Hein Schreuder, dir., Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Organization Studies, Pergamon Press
  71. Jump up^ Douma, Sytse and Hein Schreuder, 2013. “Economic Approaches to Organizations”. 5th edition. London: Pearson [1] ISBN 0273735292ISBN 9780273735298
  72. ^ Jump up to:a b Hayek, FA. The Road to Serfdom, Ch. 9
  73. Jump up^ Stringham, Edward; Zywicki, Todd (January 20, 2011). “Hayekian Anarchism”.George Mason University Law and Economics Research Paper Series 11 (6).
  74. Jump up^ “Hayek on Social Insurance”. The Washington Post.
  75. Jump up^ The Pure Theory of Capital (pdf), Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1941/2007 (Vol. 12 of the Collected Works): p. 90.
  76. Jump up^ Caldwell, Bruce. “Hayek, Friedrich August von (1899–1992).” The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. Second Edition. Eds. Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume. Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.
  77. Jump up^ Gerald Edelman, Neural Darwinism, 1987, p. 25
  78. Jump up^ Joaquin Fuster, Memory in the Cerebral Cortex: An Empirical Approach to Neural Networks in the Human and Nonhuman Primate. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1995, p. 87
  79. Jump up^ Joaquin Fuster, Memory in the Cerebral Cortex: An Empirical Approach to Neural Networks in the Human and Nonhuman Primate. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1995, p. 88
  80. Jump up^ Joauin Fuster, “Network Memory”, Trends in Neuroscience, 1997. Vol. 20, No. 10. (Oct .): 451–459.
  81. Jump up^ “The Use of Knowledge in Society – A selected essay reprint”. Econlib.org. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  82. Jump up^ Individualism and Economic Order, p. 11
  83. Jump up^ The Mirage of Social Justice, chap. 10
  84. ^ Jump up to:a b The Mirage of Social Justice, chap. 12
  85. Jump up^ The Constitution of Liberty, chap. 6
  86. Jump up^ The Constitution of Liberty, chap. 19
  87. Jump up^ Keynes Hayek, N. Wapshott, Norton, 2011, p. 291.
  88. Jump up^ Bernard Harcourt (12 September 2012). How Paul Ryan enslaves Friedrich Hayek’s The Road to Serfdom. The Guardian. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  89. Jump up^ Law, Legislation and Liberty, Volume 2, (Chicago, 1982) p. 87
  90. Jump up^ P. Sraffa, “Dr. Hayek on Money and Capital,” Economic Journal, 42, S. 42–53 (1932).
  91. Jump up^ Bruce Caldwell, Hayek’s Challenge: An Intellectual Biography of F. A. Hayek(Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004), p. 179. ISBN 0-226-09193-7
  92. Jump up^ Nicholas Kaldor (1939). “Capital Intensity and the Trade Cycle”. Economica 6(21): 40–66. doi:10.2307/2549077.
  93. ^ Jump up to:a b R. W. Garrison, “F. A. Hayek as ‘Mr. Fluctooations:’ In Defense of Hayek’s ‘Technical Economics'”, Hayek Society Journal (LSE), 5(2), 1 (2003).
  94. Jump up^ Diamond, Arthur M. (Fall 1980). “F. A. Hayek on Constructivism and Ethics”. The Journal of Libertarian Studies IV/4: 353–365.
  95. Jump up^ Kukathas, Chandran (1990). Hayek and Modern Liberalism. Oxford University Press. p. 215.
  96. Jump up^ N. P. Barry(1994), “The road to freedom—Hayek’s social and economic philosophy,” in Birner, J., and van Zijp, R. (eds) Hayek, Co-ordination and Evolution—His Legacy in Philosophy, Politics, Economics and the History of Ideas, pp. 141–63. London: Routledge.
  97. Jump up^ de Benoist, Alain (1998). “Hayek: A Critique”. Telos (110).
  98. Jump up^ Greg Grandin, professor of history, New York University, Empire’s Workshop: Latin America, the United States, and the Rise of the New Imperialism, pp. 172–173, Metropolitan, 2006, ISBN 0-8050-7738-3.
  99. Jump up^ Dan Avnôn, Liberalism and its Practice, p. 56, Routledge, 1999, ISBN 0-415-19354-0.
  100. Jump up^ Preventing the “Abuses” of Democracy: Hayek, the “Military Usurper” and Transitional Dictatorship in Chile?, The American Journal of Economics and Sociology
  101. Jump up^ http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6V8F-4SXH9WK-2-1&_cdi=5869&_user=10&_orig=browse&_coverDate=01%2F31%2F2009&_sk=999309998&view=c&wchp=dGLbVtz-zSkWb&_valck=1&md5=315883b6b470270d5a44f2c6211f5ad4&ie=/sdarticle.pdf
  102. Jump up^ The collected scientific papers of Paul A. Samuelson, Volume 5, p. 315.
  103. Jump up^ Fritz Machlup, Essays on Hayek, Routledge, 2003. p. 14.
  104. Jump up^ Sylvia Nasar, Grand Pursuit: The Story of Economic Genius, Simon and Schuster, 2011, p. 402
  105. Jump up^ Lawrence Summers, quoted in The Commanding Heights: The Battle Between Government and the Marketplace that Is Remaking the Modern World, by Daniel Yergin and Joseph Stanislaw. New York: Simon & Schuster. 1998, pp. 150–151.
  106. Jump up^ http://phillysoc.org/DistinguishedMembers.pdf
  107. Jump up^ See Weimer and Palermo, 1982
  108. Jump up^ See Birner, 2001, and for the mutual influence they had on each other’s ideas on evolution, Birner 2009
  109. Jump up^ Milton & Rose Friedman, Two Lucky People: Memoirs (U. of Chicago Press), 1998. p. 333
  110. Jump up^ e.g., Wolin 2004
  111. Jump up^ Kenneth R. Hoover, Economics as Ideology: Keynes, Laski, Hayek, and the Creation of Contemporary Politics (2003), p. 213
  112. Jump up^ “Why I Am Not a Conservative”. LewRockwell.com. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
  113. Jump up^ E. H. H. Green, Ideologies of Conservatism. Conservative Political Ideas in the Twentieth Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), p. 259.
  114. ^ Jump up to:a b Samuel Brittan, “The many faces of liberalism,” ft.com, 22 January 2010
  115. Jump up^ “Why F A Hayek is a Conservative” Eamonn Butler and Madsen Pirie (eds) Hayek on the Fabric of Human Society (Adam Smith Institute, 1987)
  116. Jump up^ Ebenstein, p. 44.
  117. Jump up^ Ebenstein, p. 169.
  118. Jump up^ Ebenstein, p. 155.
  119. Jump up^ Ebenstein, p. 224.
  120. Jump up^ “Hayek Fund for Scholars | Institute For Humane Studies”. Theihs.org. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  121. Jump up^ “Hayekfund.com”. Hayekfund.com. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  122. Jump up^ “Reply to a parliamentary question” (pdf) (in German). p. 885. Retrieved24 February 2013.
  123. Jump up^ Law, Legislation and Liberty, Volume … – Google Books. Books.google.com. 15 February 1978. ISBN 978-0-226-32086-1. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  124. Jump up^ Law, Legislation and Liberty, Volume … – Google Books. Books.google.com. 15 October 1978. ISBN 978-0-226-32083-0. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  125. Jump up^ Hayek, F. A (15 March 1981). “Law, Legislation and Liberty, Volume 3: The Political Order of a Free People”. ISBN 9780226320908.
  126. Jump up^ Alan Ebenstein: Investigation: The Fatal Deceit. Liberty 19:3 (March 2005)
  127. Jump up^ Ian Jarvie (Editor), Karl Milford (Editor), David Miller (Editor) (2006), Karl Popper: a Centenary Assessment Vol. 1: Life and Times, and Values in a World of Facts, p. 120. pp. 295, ISBN 978-0754653752

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  • Vanberg, V. (2001). “Hayek, Friedrich A von (1899–1992),” International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, pp. 6482–6486. sciencedirect.com
  • Vernon, Richard (1976). “The ‘Great Society’ and the ‘Open Society': Liberalism in Hayek and Popper.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 9(2): 261–276.ISSN 0008-4239 Fulltext: in Jstor
  • Wapshott, Nicholas (2011). Keynes Hayek: The Clash That Defined Modern Economics, (W.W. Norton & Company) 382 pages ISBN 978-0-393-07748-3; covers the debate with Keynes in letters, articles, conversation, and by the two economists’ disciples.
  • Weimer, W., and Palermo, D., eds. (1982). Cognition and the Symbolic Processes. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Contains Hayek’s essay, “The Sensory Orderafter 25 Years” with “Discussion.”
  • Wolin, Robert. (2004). The Seduction of Unreason: The Intellectual Romance with Fascism from Nietzsche to Postmodernism. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Primary sources

External links

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_Hayek

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Ryan’s Long And Winding Road To U.S. Bankruptcy and Default–A Balanced Budget in 2040!–Tea Party Demands Better–Dead On Arrival–Ditto Obama’s Budget–Videos

Posted on March 22, 2012. Filed under: Babies, Communications, Economics, Fiscal Policy, history, Inflation, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Public Sector, Rants, Raves, Regulations, Strategy, Taxes, Unemployment, Unions, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , |

THE BEATLES – THE LONG AND WINDING ROAD [w/ lyrics]

House Budget Trailer: America Deserves A Better Path

Tim Geithner to Paul Ryan: “We don’t have a definitive solution… We just don’t like yours”

 S-1 Fy 2013 Path to Prosperity

http://budget.house.gov/UploadedFiles/summary_tables.pdf

Fiscal Year 2013 Historical Tables Budget of the U.S. Government

http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/budget/fy2013/assets/hist.pdf

U.S. Debt Clock

http://www.usdebtclock.org/

The Path to Prosperity Budget: Your Country. Your Future. Your Choice. 

Democratic Party Budget Proposals

S-1 FY2013 President’s Budget

(Nominal Dollars in Billions)

Fiscal Year Outlays Revenues Deficits Debt Held By Public
2012 3,796 2,469 -1,327 11,578
2013 3,803 2,902 -901 12,637
2014 3,883 3,215 -668 13,445
2015 4,060 3,450 -610 14,198
2016 4,329 3,680 -649 14,980
2017 4,532 3,919 -612 15,713
2018 4,728 4,153 -575 16,404
2019 5,004 4,379 -626 17,137
2020 5,262 4,604 -658 17,897
2021 5,537 4,857 -681 18,678
2022 5,820 5,151 -704 19,486
2012-2022 46,995 40,274 -6,664

http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/budget/fy2013/assets/tables.pdf

Republican Party Budget Proposals

S-1 FY2013 Path to Prosperity

(Nominal Dollars in Billions)

Fiscal Year Outlays Revenues Deficits Debt Held By Public
2012 3,624 2,440 -1,180 11,355
2013 3,530 2,734 -797 12,261
2014 3,476 2,980 -496 12,861
2015 3,536 3,232 -304 13,260
2016 3,690 3,449 -241 13,597
2017 3,824 3,642 -182 13,874
2018 3,977 3,811 -166 14,126
2019 4,199 3,986 -213 14,417
2020 4,409 4,184 -225 14,717
2021 4,605 4,388 -217 15,005
2022 4,888 4,601 -287 15,364
2013-2021 40,135 37,008 -3,127

http://budget.house.gov/UploadedFiles/summary_tables.pdf

Tea Party Budget Proposals

S-1 FY2013 Tea Party’s Balanced/Surplus Budget(Nominal Dollars in Billions)
Fiscal Year Outlays Revenues Surpluses Debt Held By Public
2013 2,300 2,300 0 11,300
2014 2,400 2,400 0 11,300
2015 2,500 2,500 0 11,300
2016 2,600 2,600 0 11,300
2017 2,700 2,700 0 11,300
2018 2,800 2,900 100 11,200
2019 2,900 3,100 200 11,000
2020 3,000 3,300 300 10,700
2021 3,100 3,500 400 10,300
2022 3,200 3,700 500 9,800
2013-2022 27,500 29,000 1,500 n.a.

Tea Party Budget Based Upon:

The Pronk Plan for A Peace and Prosperity Economy–Videos

 

Economic Collapse | Depression 2012 | Get self employed

Is Washington Bankrupting America? 

The Rahn Curve and the Growth-Maximizing Level of Government

The American Form of Government

It’s Simple to Balance The Budget Without Higher Taxes

Ron Paul: Paul Ryan’s budget doesn’t cut anything of substance – Cavuto, Fox Business

Ron Paul July 19th – If the debt is the problem, how do you solve it with more debt?

Nick Gillespie Talks Paul Ryan/GOP 2013 Budget on Varney & Co.

The Laura Ingraham Show – Sen. Jim Demint: Ryan budget a “modest proposal” 

Health On The Hill: Analyzing Ryan’s New Budget Proposal 

    Paul Ryan’s GOP balanced budget plan is a disaster that would create $4.3

Immoral Move: Faith Leaders Condemn Rep. Paul Ryan’s ‘Cruel Radical Budget’ 

MSM: Ryan Budget, War Trumps Diplomacy 

The President’s Budget in 62 Seconds

Paul Ryan: President’s Budget is a Stunning Dereliction of Duty 

Paul Ryan on Meet the Press: The Serious Consequences of the President’s Unserious Budget 

Paul Ryan: President’s Budget Doesn’t Even Pretend To Fix Our Debt Crisis 

Dan Mitchell Discussing Dishonest Budget Numbers with John Stossel 

Taxes and Spending: Daniel J. Mitchell on the Libertarian State of the Union

Daniel J. Mitchell On Balancing The Budget

Taxman

The Beatles I’m A Loser (2009 Stereo Remaster) 

Both the Democratic and Republican Parties are killing the American Dream.

 Ryan’s and Obama’s  budgets are delusional and fiscally irresponsible.

Budget to revenues not to budget baselines.

Dan Mitchell Exposing DC’s Fake Spending-Cut Scam with Judge Napolitano

“Cut, Cap and Balance,” the Debt Ceiling and Federal Spending

Underwhelming Spending Cuts from Congress and Obama

Otherwise when interest rates on Treasury securities move up by 2 to 3 percent, interest on the debt will force Congress to actually cut the budget.

The Crash – The Coming Financial Collapse of America

 The Republican Party has become the party of warfare supported by the conservative movement.

 The Democratic Party has become the party of welfare supported by the progressive movement.

Both parties and movements are destroying America.

The result is no longer a republican government but a democracy of collectivists with a warfare and welfare state.

Time for a new political party and movement to restore a limited constitutional government with a peace and prosperity economy.

“Every great cause begins as a movement, becomes a business, and eventually degenerates into a racket.”

~  Eric Hoffer,  The True Believer: Thoughts on the Nature of Mass Movements

George Carlin -“Who Really Controls America”

“Inside every cynical person, there is a disappointed idealist.”

“Always do whatever’s next.”

~George Carlin

Related Posts On Pronk Palisades

Obama’s U. S Federal Government Fiscal Year 2013 Budget–Dead On Arrival–Total Fiscal Irresponsibility–Videos

Ron Paul Would Cut $1 Trillion In Spending and Balance The Budget In Three Year–Republican Party Establishment Paul Ryan’s Budget Runs $1 Trillion Deficit In Fiscal Year 2012 and Would Balance The Budget In 25 Years–Video

Fiscally Responsible Republicans Number Only 22 In The House of Representatives–Time For The Fiscal Responsibility Pledge– Videos

Tea Party Democrats, Republicans, and Independents Betrayed–Tell The Democratic and Republican Establishments To Balance The Budget and Cut The Debt Ceiling–Just Say No To Obama, Reid, Boehner and Ryan Unbalanced Budgets–Videos

The Pronk Plan for A Peace and Prosperity Economy–Videos

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Obama Panics Over Soaring Gas Prices And Plummeting Popularity–Now Favors All Forms of Energy Including Oil and Natural Gas And Pipelines!–Unbelieveable–Videos

Posted on March 22, 2012. Filed under: Blogroll, Business, Communications, Economics, Energy, Natural Gas, Oil, Raves, Resources, Strategy, Taxes, Video, War, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , |

http://news.investors.com/article/604303/201203141303/oil-abundant-in-the-united-states.htm

Myth: The World is Running Out of Oil (Peak Oil) 

Eagle Ford & Bakken Shale Oil: The New Rush For Black Gold 

Oil Shale, Enough Oil for Over 150 Years! 

Unlocking the Bakken: North Dakota’s Future in Meeting World Energy Needs

http://news.investors.com/article/604030/201203121828/poll-shows-drilling-support-obama-defensive.htm

#ObamaGap Between Words & Actions on Energy 

Hoeven:President Obama’s Cushing Visit Highlights His Continuing Obstruction of KXL 

Senator Blumenthal calls for action against excessive oil speculation that inflates gas prices.

Regulations on Speculation Weak, But Better Than Nothing 

Speculation and Watered Down Regulation 

Secret Exemptions Allowed Speculators to Distort Futures Markets 

How Wall St Speculation Drives Up Gas Prices 

What are futures? – MoneyWeek investment tutorial 

What are ‘contango’ and ‘backwardation’?

Contango & backwardation in commodity forward markets 

President to Announce Support for Part of Keystone Pipeline

Obama To Fast-Track Permit For Keystone Oil Pipeline

Bill Johnson: Pres Obama’s Energy Policies are Failing America

Senator: Obama blocking Keystone didn’t send wrong message to Wall Street 

Limbaugh: As Gas Prices Rise, Obama Pushes His Green Energy Money Laundering Operation

Democrats Have No Plan to Bring Down Rising Gas Prices, But They Do Have a Plan to Make Them Go Up 

(3.22.12) Obama Defends Handling of Keystone Pipeline 

Fox News Blames Obama For Gas Prices 

Background Articles and Videos

Scarce Oil? U.S. Has 60 Times More Than Obama Claims

By JOHN MERLINE, INVESTOR’S BUSINESS DAILY

“…U.S. Awash In Oil

But the figure Obama uses — proved oil reserves — vastly undercounts how much oil the U.S. actually contains. In fact, far from being oil-poor, the country is awash in vast quantities — enough to meet all the country’s oil needs for hundreds of years.

The U.S. has 22.3 billion barrels of proved reserves, a little less than 2% of the entire world’s proved reserves, according to the Energy Information Administration. But as the EIA explains, proved reserves “are a small subset of recoverable resources,” because they only count oil that companies are currently drilling for in existing fields.

When you look at the whole picture, it turns out that there are vast supplies of oil in the U.S., according to various government reports. Among them:

At least 86 billion barrels of oil in the Outer Continental Shelf yet to be discovered, according to the government’s Bureau of Ocean Energy Management.

About 24 billion barrels in shale deposits in the lower 48 states, according to EIA.

Up to 2 billion barrels of oil in shale deposits in Alaska’s North Slope, says the U.S. Geological Survey.

Up to 12 billion barrels in ANWR, according to the USGS.

As much as 19 billion barrels in the Utah tar sands, according to the Bureau of Land Management.

Then, there’s the massive Green River Formation in Wyoming, which according to the USGS contains a stunning 1.4 trillion barrels of oil shale — a type of oil released from sedimentary rock after it’s heated.

http://news.investors.com/article/604303/201203141303/oil-abundant-in-the-united-states.htm

Poll: Public Anger Over Gasoline Prices Hurting Obama

    By SEAN HIGGINS, INVESTOR’S BUSINESS DAILY

“…”Most Americans do not give President Obama good grades for handling rising gasoline prices. Only 24% give him an A or B; 46% give him a D or F,” said Raghavan Mayur, president of TechnoMetrica Market Intelligence, which conducted the poll.

Just 8% gave him an excellent grade on the issue; 32% said his actions are unacceptable.

Americans back drilling in Alaska’s Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, 54%-38%, drilling in American territorial waters, 66%-25%, and hydraulic fracturing shale rock for crude in the Mountain West and elsewhere, 67%-22%.

Such numbers clearly have the White House worried. It conceded as much in a statement Monday: “Today’s high gas prices are a painful reminder that there’s much more work to do to free ourselves from our dependence on foreign oil and take control of our energy future.”

The administration did note that domestic oil and natural gas production are at an eight-year high. Republicans counter that this is the Bush administration’s work. Just last week the administration successfully lobbied Senate Democrats to filibuster a bill that would have opened the Keystone XL pipeline to America. That was the second time the White House has killed it. …”

http://news.investors.com/article/604030/201203121828/poll-shows-drilling-support-obama-defensive.htm

US sees lower 2011 oil use, becomes net exporter

03.01.2012                     |

                    US oil demand in all of 2011 dropped 1.8%, or by 345,000 bpd, from 2010 to a two-year low of 18.835 million bpd, government data released Wednesday show. US oil output climbed 7.4% to 5.877 million bpd, the highest level since 1999.

By DAVID BIRD

“…US oil demand in all of 2011 dropped 1.8%, or by 345,000 bpd, from 2010 to a two-year low of 18.835 million bpd, government data released Wednesday show.
Demand dropped for the fifth of the past six years, and followed a 2.2% drop a year ago, data from the Energy Information Administration show.
Demand for gasoline, the most widely used petroleum product in the world’s biggest oil-consuming nation, fell 2.9%, to a 10-year low of 8.736 million bpd.

The drop came as the nationwide average retail price of regular gasoline for all of 2011 set a record at $3.521/gal, up 26.6% from the prior year, EIA data show.
US oil output climbed 7.4% to 5.877 million bpd, the highest level since 1999.

Production rose for a third straight year, which is the longest string of annual increases since the early 1980s. …”

http://www.hydrocarbonprocessing.com/Article/2988223/US-sees-lower-2011-oil-use-becomes-net-exporter.html

US Oil Use Down 1.2% in 2011

“…U.S. oil demand fell 1.2 percent to 18.9 million barrels a day last year, trade group American Petroleum Institute said Friday.

Early data from the federal Energy Information Administration issued Jan. 10 showed a 1.6 percent, or 310,000 barrels a day, drop to 18.87 million barrels a day. The International Energy Agency, the oil-market watchdog for the major industrialized nations, such as the U.S., that make up the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, this week estimated a decline of 1.8 percent, or 340,000 barrels a day, in U.S. demand, to 18.84 million barrels a day.

The API said its estimate for 2011 showed that, except for 2008, the drop in demand was the most in the last decade. December 2011 U.S. petroleum deliveries, a measure of demand, were down 5.9 percent from a year earlier, to a 15-year low of 18.6 million barrels a day.

Demand for gasoline, the most widely used U.S. petroleum product, fell 4.3 percent in December from a year ago, to 8.531 million barrels a day. Annual demand was 2.1 percent lower, at 8.803 million barrels a day.

“The weakness in gasoline demand in 2011 reflected the overall weakness in consumer spending,” said John Felmy, API chief economist. Despite the decline in demand for refined products, supplies remained ample, with gasoline production for the year averaging a record high of 9.1 million barrels a day, up 0.5 percent from 2010. Distillate production, at 4.5 million barrels a day, was up 6.1 percent for the year. Refinery inputs fell by 1.5 percent in 2011 compared with 2010.

Demand for distillate fuel–diesel fuel and heating oil–rose 3.2 percent in 2011, to 3.921 million barrels a day. Within that figure, demand for ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel rose 5.3 percent. Ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel accounts for 90 percent of distillate demand.

Total petroleum imports dropped 5.6 percent in 2011, API said. Although up slightly in December, crude-oil imports for the year fell by 3.4 percent. Imports of refined products dropped 14 percent for the year and were down more than 33 percent for December.

Total petroleum exports–almost all of which were product exports–jumped 25.5 percent in 2011 compared with 2010. …”

http://peakoil.com/consumption/us-oil-use-down-1-2-in-2011/

Obama’s Oil Lies & His Contempt for the USA pt1

Obama’s Oil Lies & His Contempt for the USA pt2.

Obama’s Oil Lies & His Contempt for the USA pt3

Obama’s Oil Lies & His Contempt for the USA pt4

Obama’s Oil Lies & His Contempt for the USA pt5

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Planned Parenthood’s Inconvenient Truth–Videos

Posted on March 21, 2012. Filed under: American History, Babies, Blogroll, Books, Business, Communications, Culture, Demographics, Economics, Employment, Federal Government, Fiscal Policy, Foreign Policy, government, government spending, history, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Psychology, Rants, Raves, Video, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |


Planned Parenthood has a deep dark secret—an inconvenient truth.

The American Birth Control League (ABCL) was founded in 1921 by Margret Sanger (1879-1966). ABCL together with other groups became the Planned Parenthood Federation of America in 1942.

Sanger was a progressive proponent of population control and eugenics. Eugenics is a racist ideology and pseudoscience that believes the human race can be improved by encouraging the reproduction of the “fit” (positive eugenics) and discouraging the reproduction of the “unfit” with genetic defects or undesirable traits (negative eugenics).

The essence of the eugenics movement was control by an enlightened elite over the masses in determining who was fit and who was unfit. Sanger was insistent that contraception not be called family planning but birth control. Sanger said, “birth control is nothing more or less than the facilitation of the process of weeding out the unfit, of preventing the birth of defectives or of those who will become defective.” A popular slogan of the eugenics movement was “Quality not quantity.”

A master race could be created by controlling who had children and who did not. This could be achieved by birth control through the use of condoms, contraceptives, sterilization and segregation. When birth control fails, abortion could be used to stop the birth of “unfit” babies.

In 1939 Sanger initiated the Negro Project with the goal of slowing and reversing the growth of the black population in America. Planned Parenthood cannot deny the inconvenient truth that its founder was a eugenicist.

“Margaret Sanger’s Eugenic Legacy: The Control of Female Fertility” by Angela Franks provides a detailed history and analysis of Sanger’s eugenic ideology. Edwin Black’s “The War against the Weak: Eugenics and America’s Campaign to Create a Master Race” chronicles the history of the eugenics movement and its funding by the Carnegie, Harriman and Rockefeller fortunes.

Three excellent documentaries that can be viewed on YouTube are Maafa 21: Black Genocide in 21st Century America, How Planned Parenthood Works and Racism: A History.

Maafa 21: Black Genocide in 21st Century America

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 1/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 2/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 3/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 4/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 5/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 6/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 7/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 8/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 9/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 10/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 11/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 12/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 13/13)

How Planned Parenthood Works

How Planned Parenthood Works (1 of 4)

How Planned Parenthood Works (2 of 4)

How Planned Parenthood Works (3 of 4)

How Planned Parenthood Works (4 of 4)

Racism: A History

Racism: A History [2007] – 1/3

Racism: A History [2007] – 2/3

Racism: A History [2007] – 3/3

BLACK GENOCIDE — The Negro Project — Pastor Clenard Childress, Jr.

Planned Parenthood has been successful in achieving Sanger’s Negro Project goals. More than 54 million babies have been aborted since the 1973 Supreme Court Roe v. Wade decision that legalized abortion in the United States according to numberofabortions.com website. The two leading sources of information about abortions are the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the Guttmacher Institute, once part of Planned Parenthood.

Since 1973 more than 15 million black, 10 million Hispanic and 20 million white babies have been aborted. Across America Planned Parenthood clinics have aborted more than 6 million babies since 1973. Planned Parenthood’s primary target market has always been the poor, especially blacks and Hispanics. Minority babies are disproportionately targets for abortion.

Credit: http://www.abort73.com/abortion/abortion_and_race/

Notes: “Other” includes Asians, Pacific Islanders, Native Americans and those of mixed race. These numbers add to 101% because of a small overlap among the Hispanic, black and other categories.

Credit: Guttmacher Institute, 2008, http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/gpr/11/3/gpr110302.html

Killing babies for profit is big business and Planned Parenthood is the industry leader. Planned Parenthood markets its abortion services to both federal and state governments. Like any big business, its executives lobby and make campaign contributions to progressive politicians of both political parties who support their eugenics population control agenda.

Every abortion or baby killed saves the federal government and state governments thousands of dollars annually in education, health care and welfare expenditures for poor black, Hispanic and white babies who did not make it out of their mother’s womb alive.

Today abortion is no longer rare but commonplace. Abortion is a public private partnership. Abortion is not an equal opportunity killer. Abortion is womb lynching. Abortion is death by government—genocide.

[Raymond Thomas Pronk is host of the Pronk Pops Show on KDUX web radio from 3-5 p.m. Wednesdays and author of the companion blog http://www.pronkpops.wordpress.com

Background Articles and Videos

A Dark Past
Contraception, abortion, and the eugenics movement.

By Jonah Goldberg

“…In 1939 Sanger created the above-mentioned “Negro Project,” which aimed to get blacks to adopt birth control. Through the Birth Control Federation, she hired black ministers (including the Reverend Adam Clayton Powell Sr.), doctors, and other leaders to help pare down the supposedly surplus black population. The project’s racist intent is beyond doubt. “The mass of significant Negroes,” read the project’s report, “still breed carelessly and disastrously, with the result that the increase among Negroes…is [in] that portion of the population least intelligent and fit.” Sanger’s intent is shocking today, but she recognized its extreme radicalism even then. “We do not want word to go out,” she wrote to a colleague, “that we want to exterminate the Negro population, and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members.”

It is possible that Sanger didn’t really want to “exterminate” the Negro population so much as merely limit its growth. Still, many in the black community saw it that way and remained rightly suspicious of the Progressives’ motives. It wasn’t difficult to see that middle-class whites who consistently spoke of “race suicide” at the hands of dark, subhuman savages might not have the best interests of blacks in mind. This skepticism persisted within the black community for decades. Someone who saw the relationship between abortion and race from a less trusting perspective telegrammed Congress in 1977 to tell them that abortion amounted to “genocide against the black race.” And he added, in block letters, “AS A MATTER OF CONSCIENCE I MUST OPPOSE THE USE OF FEDERAL FUNDS FOR A POLICY OF KILLING INFANTS.” This was Jesse Jackson, who changed his position when he decided to seek the Democratic nomination.

Just a few years ago, the racial eugenic “bonus” of abortion rights was something one could only admit among those fully committed to the cause, and even then in politically correct whispers. No more. Increasingly, this argument is acceptable on the left, as are arguments in favor of eugenics generally. …”

http://www.nationalreview.com/articles/224136/dark-past/jonah-goldberg

Fit vs. UnFit, Eugenics, Planned Parenthood & Psychology

Eugenics: The End of Humanity with Host Aaron Dykes – Infowars Nightly News

Eugenics In America

Eugenics Movement in US w/ Wanda Franz

Barack Obama and Margaret Sanger’s “Negro Project”

Margaret Sanger, Planned Parenthood’s Racist Founder

Margaret Sanger and Her Reproductive Revolution

Obama: Babies are a “punishment”

Barack Obama Promises to Sign FOCA

“…Last year before the Planned Parenthood Action Fund, Barack Obama told pro-abortion activists: “The first thing I’d do as President is sign the Freedom of Choice Act.”

FOCA would establish the right to abortion as a fundamental right (like the right to free speech) and wipe away every restriction on abortion nationwide.

It will eradicate state and federal abortion laws that the majority of Americans support and prevent states from enacting similar protective measures in the future. …”

Barack Obama Addresses Planned Parenthood

OBAMA SUPPORTED INFANTICIDE IN 02 AS SENATOR…

Obama And Infanticide – Part 1 – 45 Minutes / Documentary Video / Why Was There The Need For The Born

Obama And Infanticide – Part 2 – 23 Minutes / Documentary Video / The Evidence Against Obama / Illinois

Abortion Inc: Promoting Black Genocide in US?

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Obama’s war on Texas woman, children and religious freedom–Videos

Posted on March 19, 2012. Filed under: American History, Babies, Blogroll, Business, College, Communications, Culture, Demographics, Economics, Education, Federal Government, government, government spending, Health Care, history, Investments, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Raves, Video, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Women’s health affected by political decision

Battle Over Women’s Health in Texas

Texas Health Providers

Video: Kathleen Sebelius visits Houston 

Marcia Ball Is Seeing Red

Abby Johnson

Women’s Health Care Caught in Texas Vs. Gov’t Showdown

Dispute may cut health services for TX women

Bitter debate over Planned Parenthood participation in health program

“Don’t Mess With Texas Women” Planned Parenthood rally, Austin, Texas

Women’s Health Program – YNN

Gov. Rick Perry on Planned Parenthood and Women’s Health in Texas

Joe Pojman, Ph.D., Executive Director

Beverly Nuckols MD, FAAFP, Family Physician

Carol Everett

John Zerwas on Abortion and Women’s Health Programs

BLACK  DIGNITY.org – What is the #1 cause of death in the African-American community?

We Have a Cure for the Leading Cause of Death in America

How “The Pill” works as an Abortifacient

Baby Screams for help during an abortion procedure! THIS VIDEO WILL CHANGE YOUR LIFE FOREVER!

President Barack Obama’s popularity with women is falling in the polls as gas prices rise and unemployment remains high. Unless this is reversed quickly, Obama is going to lose in November.

For weeks now, Obama, the Democratic Party and their supporters in the media peddled the propaganda of a Republican Party war on women. This distraction is simply not working.

Laura Ingraham Exposes the Phony War On Women 

Why? Propaganda works when people trust or believe you. Many Americans simply do not trust or believe Obama, anymore. Case in point is the Texas Woman Health Program (WHP).

The Obama administration announced on March 15 that it will be terminating federal Medicaid funding of WHP. An estimated 130,000 of the state’s poorest low-income women who are between 18 and 44 and who do not otherwise qualify for Medicaid are covered by the program. Established in 2006, this research and demonstration program provides family planning services, physical exams, gynecological exams, breast and cervical cancer screening, diabetes testing, Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) screenings and contraceptive services. Texas is the first state to have the federal funding cancelled for this type of demonstration program.

Many Texans think if there is a war on women, Obama started the war.

Texas law prohibits public funding of health care provider clinics with affiliates that offer abortions. According to the Texas Health and Human Service Commission (THHSC) website:

“Section 32.0248, Human Resources Code, prohibits payment of WHP funds to a provider that performs elective abortions. A provider that performs elective abortions (through either surgical or medical methods) for any patient is ineligible to serve WHP clients and cannot be reimbursed for those services. This prohibition has been in effect since Sept. 1, 2005. The Health and Human Services Commission (HHSC) may recoup WHP funds that it determines were paid to providers that have performed elective abortions.”

Texas Attorney General Greg Abbott issued Opinion No. GA-0844 letter dated Feb. 17, 2011 on the Constitutionality of subsection 32.0248(h), Human Resources Code, which prohibits the THHSC from contracting under the WHP with entities that perform or promote elective abortions or with affiliates of such entities. The opinion summary stated:

“Human Resources Code section 32.0248(h), which applies to women’s health care demonstration project services, provides that the Health and Human Services Commission may not contract with entities that are affiliates of entities that perform or promote elective abortions. This provision is not preempted by federal law.”

The opinion letter points out that Medicaid was established under Title XIX of the Social Security Act and under Title 42, section 1396a(p) of the United States Code:

“(1) In addition to any other authority, a State may exclude any individual or entity for purposes of participating under the State plan under this subchapter for any reason for which the Secretary could exclude the individual or entity from participation in a program under subchapter XVIII of this chapter under section 1320a-7, 1320a-7a, or 1395cc (b) (2) of this title.”

Without these restrictions on abortions, the WHP would not exist because the Texas Legislature would have not have created and funded the program.

There are more than 2,500 qualified providers that offer health care but do not promote or provide elective abortions, according to the THHSC. Planned Parenthood is a qualified provider with 44 clinics in Texas, making it the largest abortion chain in Texas. Federal regulation mandates that patients can pick any qualified provider participating in Medicaid. Texas requested a waiver from the regulation for the first time in 2011.

Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Kathleen Sebelius decided to decline Texas’ waiver request solely because Texas law prohibits taxpayer dollars from being allocated to entities that perform or promote elective abortions. On March 16, the Texas attorney general, Gregg Abbot, filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas, Waco Division, challenging Sebelius’ decision. The lawsuit alleges that:

“The Secretary’s action violates the Administrative Procedure Act because it is arbitrary, capricious, an abuse of discretion, and “not in accordance with law.” See 5 U.S.C. § 706(2)(A). It also violates the Constitution of the United States by seeking to commandeer and coerce the States’ lawmaking processes into awarding taxpayer subsidies to elective abortion providers.”

The program is funded 10 percent by the state and 90 percent by the federal government. Administrative costs are split 50 percent by the state and 50 percent by the federal government. For 2012 Texas provided $3.3 million and the federal government $29.8 million for the WHP.

This funding will be phased out over the next three months, according to Cindy Mann, Director for Medicaid and State Operations, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). This federal division is responsible for overseeing and administering the Medicaid law for HHS. She said, “We don’t have a choice. Medicaid law is clear: Patients, not the state, are able to choose the doctors and health care providers that can best serve them.”  Texas Gov. Rick Perry vowed that Texas will find state funding to replace the $30 million from the federal government.

Planned Parenthood has endorsed and supports Obama for president. In an election year, the funding of Planned Parenthood’s abortion clinics apparently takes priority over the health care needs of Texas woman. For additional background information about Planned Parenthood see the sidebar commentary below.

On Jan. 20 HHS mandated that nonprofit religious employers that provide a health care plan for their employees must provide free contraceptives, sterilization procedures and abortifacients (abortion-inducing drugs) without the insured paying a co-pay, co-insurance or deductible.

Most group insurance employer-based plans do cover so-called “reproductive services,” namely contraceptives, sterilization procedures, abortifacients and abortions. However, employers in the past were allowed to select a health insurance plan that excluded these reproductive services.

The Obama administration is now forcing all employers including nonprofit religious employers to provide these services even if it is against the religious beliefs and convictions of employers and their employees. This includes both group insurance employer-based plans as well as employer self-funded plans where the employer funds or pays for all claims and a third party such as an insurance company is administering the plan.

The issue is not whether “reproductive services” are included in health insurance plans, but religious freedom. Obama’s war on women, children and religious freedom is a direct assault on the American people, their religious beliefs and the U.S. Constitution.

The American dream cannot long survive if we abandon our poor, murder our children and lose our faith. Obama and his progressive supporters need to be reminded of the words of Martin Luther King Jr. who said “The Negro cannot win as long as he is willing to sacrifice the lives of his children for comfort and safety.”

[Raymond Thomas Pronk is host of the Pronk Pops Show on KDUX web radio from 3-5 p.m. Wednesdays and author of the companion blog http://www.pronkpops.wordpress.com

Planned Parenthood’s Inconvenient Truth

Planned Parenthood has a deep dark secret—an inconvenient truth.

The American Birth Control League (ABCL) was founded in 1921 by Margret Sanger (1879-1966). ABCL together with other groups became the Planned Parenthood Federation of America in 1942.

Sanger was a progressive proponent of population control and eugenics. Eugenics is a racist ideology and pseudoscience that believes the human race can be improved by encouraging the reproduction of the “fit” (positive eugenics) and discouraging the reproduction of the “unfit” with genetic defects or undesirable traits (negative eugenics).

The essence of the eugenics movement was control by an enlightened elite over the masses in determining who was fit and who was unfit.  Sanger was insistent that contraception not be called family planning but birth control. Sanger said, “birth control is nothing more or less than the facilitation of the process of weeding out the unfit, of preventing the birth of defectives or of those who will become defective.” A popular slogan of the eugenics movement was “Quality not quantity.”

A master race could be created by controlling who had children and who did not. This could be achieved by birth control through the use of condoms, contraceptives, sterilization and segregation. When birth control fails, abortion could be used to stop the birth of “unfit” babies.

In 1939 Sanger initiated the Negro Project with the goal of slowing and reversing the growth of the black population in America. Planned Parenthood cannot deny the inconvenient truth that its founder was a eugenicist.

“Margaret Sanger’s Eugenic Legacy: The Control of Female Fertility” by Angela Franks provides a detailed history and analysis of Sanger’s eugenic ideology. Edwin Black’s “The War against the Weak: Eugenics and America’s Campaign to Create a Master Race” chronicles the history of the eugenics movement and its funding by the Carnegie, Harriman and Rockefeller fortunes.

Three excellent documentaries that can be viewed on YouTube are “Maafa 21: Black Genocide in 21st Century America,” “How Planned Parenthood Works” and “Racism: A History.”

Margaret Sanger and Her Reproductive Revolution

Four excellent documentaries that can be viewed on YouTube are Maafa 21: Black Genocide in 21st Century America, How Planned Parenthood Works and Racism: A History, and BLACK GENOCIDE — The Negro Project — Pastor Clenard Childress,

Jr.:

Maafa 21: Black Genocide in 21st Century America

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 1/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 2/13) 

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 3/13) 

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 4/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 5/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 6/13) 

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 7/13) 

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 8/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 9/13) 

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 10/13) 

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 11/13) 

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 12/13) 

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 13/13) 

How Planned Parenthood Works

How Planned Parenthood Works (1 of 4)

How Planned Parenthood Works (2 of 4)

How Planned Parenthood Works (3 of 4)

How Planned Parenthood Works (4 of 4)

Racism: A History

Racism: A History [2007] – 1/3

Racism: A History [2007] – 2/3 

Racism: A History [2007] – 3/3

BLACK GENOCIDE — The Negro Project — Pastor Clenard Childress, Jr.

Alveda King hits President Obama, Jesse Jackson and Occupy

Planned Parenthood has been successful in achieving Sanger’s Negro Project goals. More than 54 million babies have been aborted since the 1973 Supreme Court Roe v. Wade decision that legalized abortion in the United States according to numberofabortions.com website. The two leading sources of information about abortions are the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the Guttmacher Institute, once part of Planned Parenthood.

Since 1973 more than 15 million black, 10 million Hispanic and 20 million white babies have been aborted.  Across America Planned Parenthood clinics have aborted more than 6 million babies since 1973. Planned Parenthood’s primary target market has always been the poor, especially blacks and Hispanics. Minority babies are disproportionately targets for abortion.

Credit: http://www.abort73.com/abortion/abortion_and_race/

Notes: “Other” includes Asians, Pacific Islanders, Native Americans and those of mixed race. These numbers add to 101% because of a small overlap among the Hispanic, black and other categories.

Credit: Guttmacher Institute, 2008, http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/gpr/11/3/gpr110302.html

Killing babies for profit is big business and Planned Parenthood is the industry leader. Planned Parenthood markets its abortion services to both federal and state governments. Like any big business, its executives lobby and make campaign contributions to progressive politicians of both political parties who support their eugenics population control agenda.

Every abortion or baby killed saves the federal government and state governments thousands of dollars annually in education, health care and welfare expenditures for poor black, Hispanic and white babies who did not make it out of their mother’s womb alive.

Today abortion is no longer rare but commonplace. Abortion is a public private partnership. Abortion is not an equal opportunity killer. Abortion is womb lynching. Abortion is death by government—genocide.

[Raymond Thomas Pronk is host of the Pronk Pops Show on KDUX web radio from 3-5 p.m. Wednesdays and author of the companion blog http://www.pronkpops.wordpress.com

Background Articles and Videos

HHS Messes with Texas
Obama’s real agenda is clear: abortion.

By Patrick Brennan

“…Recently, Texas conservatives have taken dramatic strides to ensure that federal women’s health-care funding didn’t specifically fund or encourage abortion — and thus dealt serious blows to the abortion industry in Texas. Over the past year, with legal help from advocacy groups such as Texas Right to Life, the Texas legislature has continually redirected “family planning” funds away from health-care providers that provide or refer for abortions to other clinics.

The legislature’s rules and funding priorities have reduced the federal funding for abortion providers in Texas by 37 percent over the past year, resulting in the closure of twelve Planned Parenthood branches. The funding has been merely redirected, and thus has in no way restricted poor women’s access to necessary and preventive care (as abortion proponents might have claimed).

But the redirections have put a serious financial strain on abortion providers. Planned Parenthood and other groups are thus loath to see more of their federal dollars snatched away, and, as Graham puts it, consider any more restrictions as “salt in the wound.” It looks now as if the federal government is stepping in specifically in order to bail them out. The state of Texas has done an exemplary job of proving that liberal concern for “women’s health” has as much to do with support for abortion providers as it does with ensuring equity and access.

HHS’s recent contraception mandate, its most infamous policy, isn’t primarily concerned with “women’s health,” despite claims to the contrary. Claims that free coverage of birth control is an essential health benefit because women take it for other hormonal or prescriptive reasons ring hollow, since, if the administration were actually so concerned with protecting particular women’s health issues, it could require coverage of all the relevant treatments, such as other treatments for certain kinds of cancer, rather than just those that happen to double as contraception. The HHS mandate is thus, on closer inspection, another politically tinged program trumpeted as a groundbreaking expansion of women’s health care. …”

http://www.nationalreview.com/articles/294129/hhs-messes-texas-patrick-brennan

Eugenics: The End of Humanity with Host Aaron Dykes – Infowars Nightly News

Eugenics In America 

Eugenics Movement in US w/ Wanda Franz

Barack Obama and Margaret Sanger’s “Negro Project”

Margaret Sanger, Planned Parenthood’s Racist Founder

Obama: Babies are a “punishment”

Barack Obama Promises to Sign FOCA

“…Last year before the Planned Parenthood Action Fund, Barack Obama told pro-abortion activists: “The first thing I’d do as President is sign the Freedom of Choice Act.”

FOCA would establish the right to abortion as a fundamental right (like the right to free speech) and wipe away every restriction on abortion nationwide.

It will eradicate state and federal abortion laws that the majority of Americans support and prevent states from enacting similar protective measures in the future. …”

Barack Obama Addresses Planned Parenthood

OBAMA SUPPORTED INFANTICIDE IN 02 AS SENATOR…

Obama And Infanticide – Part 1 – 45 Minutes / Documentary Video / Why Was There The Need For The Born

Obama And Infanticide – Part 2 – 23 Minutes / Documentary Video / The Evidence Against Obama / Illinois

Abortion Inc: Promoting Black Genocide in US?

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Ron Paul: The Movie–Video

Posted on March 19, 2012. Filed under: American History, Banking, Blogroll, College, Communications, Economics, Education, Federal Government Budget, Fiscal Policy, government spending, history, Immigration, Inflation, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, Macroeconomics, media, Monetary Policy, People, Philosophy, Politics, Public Sector, Raves, Strategy, Tax Policy, Unemployment, Unions, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , |

Ron Paul: The Movie

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Rick Santorium Declares Mitt Romney Is A Conservative–Actually Both Santorium and Romney Are Big Government Progressive Neocons–Videos

Posted on March 19, 2012. Filed under: Blogroll, Communications, Economics, Education, Employment, Fiscal Policy, Inflation, Investments, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, Monetary Policy, People, Philosophy, Politics, Rants, Raves, Security, Strategy, Unemployment, Video, War, Wealth, Weapons, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , |

Our Favorite

Mitt Romney: I’m Progressive 

[youtubehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K2XkKK1mio4]

Still Voting For ‘Mitt Romney’? 

 

Rick Santorum’s “Real Concerns” About The Tea Party 

Rick Santorum Doesn’t Believe in … Freedom?

Congressman Ron Paul, MD – We’ve Been NeoConned

Ron Paul: The Movie

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Ron Paul: He Is One Of Us Not One Of Them!–Videos

Posted on March 19, 2012. Filed under: American History, Blogroll, College, Communications, Economics, Education, Employment, Federal Government, Federal Government Budget, Fiscal Policy, government spending, history, Inflation, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Rants, Raves, Security, Taxes, Technology, Video, War, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , |

Ron Paul: Dollar Goes Down – Gas Price Goes Up 

“The Black Swan” author Nassim Taleb Cheers Ron Paul’s Economic Platform on CNBC 

Amazing Ron Paul Rally at Kansas University 

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The Boss’ Speech–Bruce Springsteen’s Keynote Speech at South By South West Festival, SXSW, Austin, Texas, March, 2012–Videos

Posted on March 17, 2012. Filed under: Communications, Culture, Economics, Education, Employment, Entertainment, liberty, Life, Links, media, Music, People, Philosophy, Politics, Radio, Raves, Video, Wealth | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Bruce Springsteen’s keynote speech at the SXSW Festival, Austin, Texas

Keynote speech at the South by South West Festival in Austin, Texas. Bruce comes in after 4 minutes. It’s almost an hour long, but if you have the time, definitely worth watching.

Bruce Springsteen – Dancing In The Dark

Bruce Springsteen – Born To Run

We Take Care Of Our Own – Bruce Springsteen

Bruce Springsteen-Jack of all trades

 

I’ll mow your lawn, clean the leaves out your drain

I’ll mend your roof to keep out the rain

 I’ll take the work that god provides

I’m a jack of all trades, honey, we’ll be alright

I’ll hammer the nails, and i’ll set the stone

 I’ll harvest your crops when they’re ripe and grown

 I’ll pull that engine apart and patch her up ’til she’s running right

 I’m a jack of all trades, we’ll be alright

A hurricane blows, brings a hard rain

 When the blue sky breaks, feels like the world’s gonna change

 We’ll start caring for each other like jesus said that we might

 I’m a jack of all trades, we’ll be alright

The banker man grows fatter, the working man grows thin

 It’s all happened before and it’ll happen again

 It’ll happen again, they’ll bet your life

 I’m a jack of all trades and, darling, we’ll be alright

Now sometimes tomorrow comes soaked in treasure and blood

Here we stood the drought, now we’ll stand the flood

 There’s a new world coming, i can see the light

 I’m a jack of all trades, we’ll be alright

So you use what you’ve got, and you learn to make do

 You take the old, you make it new

 If i had me a gun, i’d find the bastards and shoot ’em on sight

 I’m a jack of all trades, we’ll be alright

 I’m a jack of all trades, we’ll be alright

Related Posts On Pronk Palisades

Abba–Videos

Adele–Videos

The Animals–Videos

Joan Baez–Videos

The Beach Boys–Videos

The Beatles–Videos

Bee Gees–Videos

The Byrds–Videos

Mariah Carey–Videos

Johnny Cash–Videos

Eva Cassidy–Videos

Ray Charles–Videos

Joe Cocker–Videos

Nat King Cole–Videos

Judy Collins–Videos

Perry Como–Videos

Sam Cooke–Videos

Doris Day–Videos

Sandy Denny–Videos

John Denver–Videos

Celine Dion–Videos

The Doors–Videos

Bob Dylan–Videos

Eagles–Video

Marianne Faithfull–Videos

Roberta Flack–Videos

Aretha Franklin–Videos

Marvin Gaye-Videos

Whitney Houston–Videos

Janis Ian–Videos

Michael Jackson and Jackson Five–Videos

Elton John–Videos

Janis Joplan–Videos

The Kinks–Videos

Led Zeppelin–Videos

Little Richard–Videos

The Lovin’ Spoonful–Videos

The Mamas and Papas–Videos

Barry Manilow–Videos

Johnny Mathis–Videos

Don McLean–Videos

Bette Midler–Videos

Joni Mitchell–Videos

Olivia Newton-John–Videos

Roy Orbison–Videos

The Platters–Videos

Elvis Presley–Videos

Queen–Videos

Otis Redding–Videos

Lionel Richie–Videos

The Righteous Brothers–Videos

The Rolling Stones–Videos

Linda Ronstadt–Videos

Sam & Dave–Videos

Neil Sedaka–Videos

Bob Seger–Videos

Diana Ross and The Supremes–Videos

Carly Simon–Videos

Simon & Garfunkel–Videos

Frank Sinatra–Videos

Dusty Springfield–Videos

Bruce Springsteen–Videos

Rod Stewart–Videos

Barbra Streisand–Videos

Songs

Singers and Songs: Musical Artists–Videos

Donna Summer–Videos

Switchfoot–Videos

James Taylor–Videos

Tina Turner–Videos

Shania Twain–Videos

Village People–Videos

Hayley Westenra–Videos

Steve Winwood–Videos

Stevie Wonder–Videos

Tammy Wynette–Videos

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Gas Prices on the Rise and Students Dropping Out–Videos

Posted on March 16, 2012. Filed under: American History, Blogroll, Business, College, Communications, Economics, Education, Employment, Energy, Federal Government, Food, Foreign Policy, government spending, history, Inflation, Investments, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, Macroeconomics, media, Microeconomics, Natural Gas, Oil, People, Philosophy, Politics, Public Sector, Raves, Resources, Science, Security, Strategy, Taxes, Technology, Unemployment, Unions, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , |

Dallas Texas, Dallas Community College District, Richland College, Sabine Hall,

$5 dollar gas dfw dallas

gas prices on the rise and students dropping out

February 29th ChronicleTV News Update

Gas Prices Explained ∞ Dollar Down Inflation Up Ron Paul End the Fed

Obama’s Shifting Energy Policies

Why Gas Prices Are Rising

How Uncertainty, Speculation Factor Into Gas Prices

What’s Behind Gas Price Spike

“No First Strike Against Iran” Says NYT Ad

OBAMA TALKS $12-A-GALLON FOR GAS

Speculation and Watered Down Regulation

Regulations on Speculation Weak, But Better Than Nothing

Secret Exemptions Allowed Speculators to Distort Futures Markets

Iran Sanctions, War, Israel & Gas Prices

Higher Gas Prices in USA, and the War with Iran hasn’t even started

What Will Happen to the US If Israel Attacks Iran?

By BRIAN ROSS (@brianross)

March 5, 2012

 “…President Obama is meeting with Prime Minister Netanyahu of Israel at the White House today, and will try to talk him out of an immediate strike on Iran’s nuclear sites.

If Israel does decide to bomb Iran, however, what will it mean for the United States? According to former White House counterterrorism official Richard Clarke, Americans should brace for a painful impact. Within a week of the first Israeli attack, says Clarke, a worst case scenario would bring soaring gas prices, terror attacks in U.S. cities, worldwide cyberwar, dead and wounded U.S. sailors, and the real possibility of broad American military involvement. …”

http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/israel-attacks-iran-gas-prices-cyberwar-terror-threat/story?id=15848522

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Woodrow Wilson Won Democratic Presidential Nomination on 46th Ballot–Will Ron Paul Be The Black Swan Republican Nominee?–Videos

Posted on March 15, 2012. Filed under: Blogroll, Business, College, Communications, Economics, Education, Employment, Inflation, Investments, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Psychology, Public Sector, Raves, Talk Radio, Taxes, Unemployment, Unions, Video, War, Wealth | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

United States presidential election of 1912  

“…The United States presidential election of 1912 was a rare four-way contest.[1] Incumbent President William Howard Taft was renominated by the Republican Party with the support of its conservative wing. After former President Theodore Roosevelt failed to receive the Republican nomination, he called his own convention and created the Progressive Party (nicknamed the “Bull Moose Party”). It nominated Roosevelt and ran candidates for other offices in major states. Democrat Woodrow Wilson was finally nominated on the 46th ballot of a contentious convention, thanks to the support of William Jennings Bryan, the three-time Democratic presidential candidate who still had a large and loyal following in 1912. Eugene V. Debs was the nominee of the Socialist Party of America.

Wilson defeated Taft, Roosevelt, and Debs in the general election, winning a huge majority in the Electoral College and 42% of the popular vote, while his nearest rival, Roosevelt, won only 27%. Wilson became the only elected president from the Democratic Party between 1892 and 1932. He was the second of only two Democrats to be elected president between 1860 and 1932. This was the last election in which a candidate who was not a Republican or Democrat came second in either the popular vote or the Electoral College and the first election in which all 48 states of the continental United States participated. …”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_election,_1912

10 Bull Moose Party, 1912 Campaign

“The Black Swan” author Nassim Taleb Cheers Ron Paul’s Economic Platform on CNBC

RON PAUL HAS GOT THE BIGGEST CAUCUS!

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Gas Prices Soar–President’s Popularity Plummets–Stop Wall Street Excessive Speculation Now!

Posted on March 13, 2012. Filed under: American History, Blogroll, Business, Communications, Crime, Economics, Education, Employment, Energy, Enivornment, Federal Government, Federal Government Budget, Fiscal Policy, Foreign Policy, government, government spending, history, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, Macroeconomics, media, Monetary Policy, Natural Gas, People, Philosophy, Politics, Rants, Raves, Regulations, Tax Policy, Taxes, Video, War, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Courtney calls on CFTC to issue rules limiting the role of oil speculators

The Price Of Oil

‘We’ll see $5 at the pump in 2012′ – Oil Tycoon

Oil Cartel and speculators readying to push up oil prices

Facts About What is Driving High Gas Prices

CHHS Director discusses excessive speculation in oil markets

Oil Speculation

Gas prices in Dallas hit $3.80 per gallon and nationally averaged $3.95 per gallon.

When President Obama was sworn in in January 2009, gas prices were around $1.90.

In just over three years, gas prices have more than doubled and increased by over $2 per gallon.

In a CBS poll, 4 out of 5 Americans or 80 percent now believe they are not better off than they were when Obama took office.

President Obama’s job approval has now hit a new time low of 41 percent.

What has Obama done to lower gas price–next to nothing.

Obama lobbied against the Keystone XL pipeline that would have created nearly 100,000 jobs and supplied over 400,000 barrels of oil per day.

Obama faces backlash over Keystone pipeline

Barack Obama rejects Keystone XL oil pipeline from Canada

Obama refused to lift the ban or moratorium on deep water oil exploration and drilling in the Gulf coast.

Voices from the Gulf

Bill Cassidy Address Obama’s Moratorium on Deep Water Drilling

Obama is destroying jobs not creating them.

Obama refused to lease land in ANWR in Alaska for oil exploration and drilling.

ANWR Drilling

Truth About ANWR

Myth: The World is Running Out of Oil (Peak Oil)

Obama’s deficit spending will add over $5 trillion to the national debt in just four years.

The value of the U.S. dollar has declined in value making the cost of all imports including crude oil, significantly more expensive.

Ron Paul ∞ Silver Price of Gas 10¢ a Gallon vs Fiat Dollar Lunatics Run the World Your a Slave !

The single most important thing to do to reduce gas prices is to reduce, if not eliminate excessive speculation in the futures contract commodities market.

Obama and both the Democratic and Republican parties have failed to stop this excessive speculation by hedge funds and investment banks such as Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley.

Goldman Sachs Shares Fall After Greg Smith Resignation and Op-Ed

Can You Feel Sorry for Goldman?

The Real TRUTH Behind The OIL PRICES

CHHS Director on CNBC’s “Goldman Sachs: Power and Peril”

Goldman Sachs speculators take $1 for every gallon of gasoline you buy

Secret Exemptions Allowed Speculators to Distort Futures Markets

Will CFTC Limit Excessive Speculation?

Weekly recap: What is behind rising gas prices?

Sen. Rand Paul Questions Energy Sec. Chu

Why?

The executives of these financial institutions are a major source of campaign contributions to both political parties.

As gas prices rise and unemployment remains above 8 percent, the chances of Barack Obama being re-elected become slim and none.

A Mere 80% Say They’re Not Better Off Than Four Years Ago

In today’s CBS News poll:

Compared to four years ago, is your family’s financial situation better today, worse today, or about the same?

The survey finds 20 percent say better today, 37 percent say worse today, and 43 percent say “about the same.”

Adjusted for Inflation, Gas Prices Look Even Worse

:…While the peak in the summer of 2008 was $4.27, the March 12 average of $3.83 surpasses everything else before it – from the beginning of the chart in 1920 (when only a small fraction of Americans owned cars!) and through the Great Depression and through the 1973 oil crisis and through the late 1970s and 1980s, the Persian Gulf War, and after 9/11. Note that every other spike in prices tends to coincide with economic hard times.In other words, adjusted for inflation, today’s gas prices – in March! — are worse than during every preceding gas pricespike, except the peak of summer in 2008. So what will the peak price be this summer?In March 2008, the national average was $3.20 per gallon. By June it was $4.08.The usually great Phil Klein says, “gas prices are highly volatile and it’s often hard to differentiate short-term fluctuations from long-term trends.” True enough, but there are a couple of factors driving up the price that aren’t likely to be alleviated between now and November: global demand, tensions with Iran, a weak dollar, industry fears that the administration is eager to impose new costs upon them, regulatory obstacles to expanding refinery capacity, etc. Then throw in the traditional increase in demand as summer approaches (which will slide as autumn arrives), and we’ll be enduring, at the very least, a long hot summer of high gas prices, even if autumn isn’t quite so bad. …”

http://www.nationalreview.com/campaign-spot/293313/adjusted-inflation-gas-prices-look-even-worse

Flashback – Obama on Gas Prices

Related Posts On Pronk Pops

Pronk Pops Show 65, March 9, 2012: Segment 2: Barack Obama Out of Silver Bullets In Reducing Gas Prices–Target Excessive Speculation In Crude Oil Future Contracts–The Silver Bullets–Overall Volume Limits, Individual Position Limits and Higher Margin Requirements–A Belt Load of Silver Bullets–Any Questions Mr. President?–Videos

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U-3 Unemployment Rate of 8.3% Unchanged in February–New Jobs 227,000–Labor Force Participation Rate Up .2% to 63.9%–Videos

Posted on March 11, 2012. Filed under: Business, Communications, Demographics, Economics, Employment, Federal Government, Fiscal Policy, government, government spending, Inflation, Investments, Law, liberty, Life, Links, Macroeconomics, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Rants, Raves, Unemployment, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , |

 

February 2012 Employment Report: 227,000 New Jobs Unemployment Rate Unchanged

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The Fascist Plot to Overthrow FDR–American Liberty League–General Smedley Butler–Videos

Posted on March 11, 2012. Filed under: American History, Blogroll, Business, Communications, Economics, Employment, Federal Government, Fiscal Policy, government, government spending, history, Investments, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Public Sector, Raves, Taxes, Unemployment, Unions, Video, War, Wealth, Weapons, Wisdom | Tags: , , |

 

 

The Fascist Plot to Overthrow FDR (FULL)

 

 

The Fascist Plot to Overthrow FDR (1 of 4) 

The Fascist Plot to Overthrow FDR (2 of 4) 

The Fascist Plot to Overthrow FDR (3 of 4) 

The Fascist Plot to Overthrow FDR (4 of 4)

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The Real KONY 2012–Obama 2012–Stop Genocide Now–The Silent Scream–Videos

Posted on March 11, 2012. Filed under: American History, Babies, Blogroll, Business, College, Communications, Crime, Cult, Culture, Economics, Education, Federal Government, government spending, Health Care, High School, history, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Raves, Science, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , |

United States Abortion Statistics

54,559,615 abortions 1973–2011

Reported abortions in the United States, by year

The Alan Guttmacher Institute (a special affiliate to Planned Parenthood), which actively collects the abortion data directly from providers.  All numbers reported are voluntary; there are no laws requiring abortionists to report to any national agency the numbers of abortions they perform. 2009-2011 are estimates of 1,212,400 annually.

http://www.mccl.org/Page.aspx?pid=400

Black Genocide

Make It Plain: Black Genocide and Maafa

Barack Obama Abortion Montage

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 1/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 2/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 3/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 4/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 5/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 6/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 7/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 8/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 9/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 10/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 11/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 12/13)

Abortion: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (Part 13/13)

Margaret Sanger, Planned Parenthood’s Racist Founder

The Silent Scream Part 1 2 3 4 5 COMPLETE VERSION

Obama for Born Alive Abortion – Is Obama a BABY KILLER ? 

Obama: Babies are a “punishment” 

Barack Obama on Abortion in his own words 

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The Smoking Gun: Barack Obama a.k.a. Barry Soetoro At Occidental College Claimed He Was A Foreign Citizen On Financial Aid Application!–Videos

Posted on March 10, 2012. Filed under: Babies, Blogroll, Communications, Investments, Language, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Rants, Raves, Security, Video, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , |

2012 Candidate Obama Hasn’t Proven Eligibility for President

Obama birth certificate a fake – claims Arizona sheriff Joe Arpaio 

Obama Is Not A Natural Born U.S. Citizen And Is Ineligible For The Presidency / Video

Obama Does Not Want You To See This Video 

Phil Berg Tells us.. obama was not born in America – major proof

The most dangerous Barack Obama video ever!!!

Occidental College transcripts provides concrete evidence to annul Obama presidency

“…VERY QUIETLY OBAMA’S CITIZENSHIP CASE REACHES THE SUPREME COURT AP – WASHINGTON D.C.

In a move certain to fuel the debate over Obama’s qualifications for the presidency, the group “Americans for Freedom of Information” has Released copies of President Obama’s college transcripts from Occidental College … Released today, the transcript school indicates that Obama, under the name Barry Soetoro, received financial aid as a foreign student from Indonesia as an undergraduate. The transcript was released by Occidental College in compliance with a court order in a suit brought by the group in the Superior Court of California. The transcript shows that Obama (Soetoro) applied for financial aid and was awarded a fellowship for foreign students from the Fulbright Foundation Scholarship program. To qualify, for the scholarship, a student must claim foreign citizenship.

This document would seem to provide the smoking gun that many of Obama’s detractors have been seeking. Along with the evidence that he was first born in Kenya and there is no record of him ever applying for US citizenship, this is looking pretty grim. The news has created a firestorm at the White House as the release casts increasing doubt about Obama’s legitimacy and qualification to serve as President article titled, “Obama Eligibility Questioned,” leading some to speculate that the story may overshadow economic issues on Obama’s first official visit to the U.K. In a related matter, under growing pressure from several groups, Justice Antonin Scalia announced that the Supreme Court agreed on Tuesday to hear arguments concerning Obama’s legal eligibility to serve as President in a case brought by Leo Donofrio of New Jersey . This lawsuit claims Obama’s dual citizenship disqualified him from serving as president.. Donofrio’s case is just one of 18 suits brought by citizens demanding proof of Obama’s citizenship or qualification to serve as president.

Gary Kreep of the United States Justice Foundation has released the results of their investigation of Obama’s campaign spending. This study estimates that Obama has spent upwards of $950,000 in campaign funds in the past year with eleven law firms in 12 states for legal resources to block disclosure of any of his personal records. Mr. Kreep indicated that the investigation is still ongoing but that the final report will be provided to the U.S. Attorney general, Eric Holder. Mr. Holder has refused to comment on the matter…”

http://www.truth24.co.za/alternative-world-news-media-info-warrior-truth-conspiracy-syndicator/03/10/12/tarpley-feed-kony-2012-a-new-recruiting-tool-for-us-uk-aggressions-and-genocide-in-africa-film-demands-aid-for-ugandan-army-the-main-imperialist-force-in-region-from-peaceniks-to-warmongers-for-obama/12706.html

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Barack Obama a.k.a. Barry Soetero Was A Foreign Student At Occidental College and Columbia University?–Demand Obama Release His College Records and Transcripts!–Videos

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KONY 2012 Theme Song–I’m Your Boogie Man!–Videos

Posted on March 10, 2012. Filed under: American History, Babies, Blogroll, Business, College, Communications, Culture, Economics, Education, Foreign Policy, government spending, history, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, Music, Narcissism, People, Philosophy, Politics, Psychology, Rants, Raves, Talk Radio, Technology, Unemployment, Video, War, Wealth, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Joseph Kony Theme Song

I’m your boogie man that’s what I am

I’m here to do whatever I can

Be it early mornin’ late afternoon

Or at midnight it’s never too soon

To wanna please you to wanna please you

To wanna do it raw awhaw

I wanna be your be your Rubber Ball

I wanna be the one ya’ love most of all – oh yeah

 I’m your boogie man

I’m your boogie man

Turn me on

I’m your boogie man

I’m your boogie man

Do what you want

I’m your boogie man

I’m your boogie man

Turn me on

I’m your boogie man

I’m your boogie man

Do what you want I’m your boogie man that’s what I am

I’m here to do whatever I can

Be it early mornin’ late afternoon

Or at midnight it’s never too soon

To wanna take you to wanna hold you

I wanna give my all, all to you

And I want you to completely understand

Just where I’m at that’s where I am – oh yeah I’m your boogie man I’m your boogie man,

Turn me on I’m your boogie

I’m your boogie man

Do what you want I’m your boogie man

I’m your boogie man turn me on

I’m your boogie man

Do what you want I’m your boogie man that’s what I am

I’m here to do whatever I can

Be it early mornin’ late afternoon

Or at midnight aww it’s never too soon

I wanna be with you I wanna be with you

Yeah we’ll be together you and me

I wanna see you ah get near you

I wanna love you up from sundown sunup –

oh yeah oh yeah I’m your boogie man that’s what I am

I’m here to do whatever I can

Be it early mornin’ late afternoon

Or at midnight it’s never too soon

To wanna please you to wanna hold you

To wanna do it all all for you

I wanna be your be your rubber ball

I wanna be the one ya love most of all

I’m your boogie man aha …

I’m your boogie man aha …

I’m your boogie man aha …

I’m your boogie man aha …

BOOGIE SHOES by kc & sunshine band

Girl, To Be With You Is My Fav’rite Thing Uh Huh

 And I Can’t Wait Til I See You Again Yeah,

Yeah I Want To Put On My My My My My Boogie Shoes

 Just To Boogie With You,

 Yeah I Want To Put On My My My My My Boogie Shoe

s Just To Boogie With You,Uh Huh

 I Want To Do It ’til The Sun Comes Up Uh Huh,

And I Want To Do It ’til I Can’t Get Enough,

 Yeah, Yeah I Want To Put On My My My My My Boogie Shoes

 Just To Boogie With You, Yeah

 I Want To Put On My My My My My Boogie Shoes

 Just To Boogie With You Uh Huh, Yeah Yeah

 I Want To Put On My My My My My Boogie Shoes

 Just To Boogie, With You,

Yeah I Want To Put On My My My My My Boogie Shoes

 Just To Boogie With You, Yeah

Invisible Children are liars and Kony 2012 is a scam

KONY 2012

http://s3.amazonaws.com/kony2012/kony_5.html

TEDxSanDiego 2011 – Jason Russell – Joseph Kony 2012

How Cults Work (MUST SEE) 

KONY 2012 SCAM – Ron Paul Speaks Out Against Brainwashing

Stop Kony Now – Discussion !!

Uganda Genocide

Congo 20 million dead the role US and its allies played

CONGO 20 MILLION DIE AND THE WORLD SILENT: The role that the America/Isreal and its allies, Rwanda/Uganda, have played in the greatest humanitarian crisis at the dawn of the 21st century

KONY 2012 Exposed: African Invasion Psyop: Infowars Nightly News

KONY 2012 Exposed: Dr. Webster Tarpley Reports 1/3

KONY 2012 Exposed: Dr. Webster Tarpley Reports 2/3 

KONY 2012 Exposed: Dr. Webster Tarpley Reports 3/3 

[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PM2LZ3W1D2Q&feature=related]

Obama’s Great African Military Safari with Patrick Henningsen 1/2

Obama’s Great African Military Safari with Patrick Henningsen 2/2

BEWARE KONY 2012!

KONY 2012 HOAX

Kony 2012 Video is Misleading

Invisible Children and Kony 2012: Avoiding Scams and Irresponsible Donations

Is Kony 2012 FRAUD? Just Asking Questions!

The TRUTH About “Invisible Children org” & “KONY 2012 Campaign”

KC & The Sunshine Band – Keep It Comin’ Love

kc and the sunshine band – get down tonight

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KONY 2012–Joseph Kony and Lord’s Resistence Army (LRA)–Soros Funds Obama Election Youth Distraction To Protect Oil Investments–Occupy Uganda–Wag The Dog Movie?–SONY 2012 Cult!–Videos

The Real KONY 2012–Obama 2012–Stop Genocide Now–The Silent Scream–Videos

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