Archive for January 12th, 2010

Unions At The White House–Dividing Up The Pie–Sticking It To The American Taxpayer!

Posted on January 12, 2010. Filed under: Blogroll, Communications, Culture, Demographics, Fiscal Policy, government spending, Investments, Law, liberty, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Rants, Raves, Regulations, Technology, Video, Wisdom | Tags: , , , |

Glenn Beck Show – January 12, 2009 – Pt 1 of 7

Glenn Beck Show – January 12, 2009 – Pt 2 of 7


Glenn Beck Show – January 12, 2009 – Pt 3 of 7

Glenn Beck Show – January 12, 2009 – Pt 4 of 7

Glenn Beck Show – January 12, 2009 – Pt 5 of 7

Glenn Beck Show – January 12, 2009 – Pt 6 of 7

Glenn Beck Show – January 12, 2009 – Pt 7 of 7


Background Articles and Videos

Summary of Latest Federal Individual Income Tax Data

by Gerald Prante 

Fiscal Fact No. 183 

“…The Internal Revenue Service has released new data on individual income taxes, reporting on calendar year 2007, a year in which the economy remained healthy and continued to grow. Individual income tax collections increased substantially that year, while the overall average effective tax rate remained about the same.

In 2007, the top 1 percent of tax returns paid 40.4 percent of all federal individual income taxes and earned 22.8 percent of adjusted gross income. Both of those figures—share of income and share of taxes paid—are significantly higher than they were in 2004 when the top 1 percent earned 19 percent of adjusted gross income (AGI) and paid 36.9 percent of federal individual income taxes.

The 2007 numbers show that the top 1 percent’s income and tax shares reached all-time highs for the third year in a row. That is likely to reverse direction when data from recessionary 2008 is published a year from now. …”

Table 1

Summary of Federal Individual Income Tax Data, 2007

(Updated July 2009)

  Number of Returns with Positive AGI AGI
($ millions)
Income Taxes Paid
($ millions)
Group’s Share of Total AGI Group’s Share of Income Taxes Income Split Point Average Tax Rate
All Taxpayers 141,070,971 $8,798,500 $1,115,504 100% 100% 12.68%
Top 1% 1,410,710 $2,008,259 $450,926 22.83% 40.42% > $410,096 22.45%
Top 2-5% 5,642,839 $1,286,283 $225,367 14.62% 20.20% 17.52%
Top 5% 7,053,549 $3,294,542 $676,293 37.44% 60.63% > $160,041 20.53%
Top 6-10% 7,053,548 $933,297 $118,139 10.61% 10.59% 12.66%
Top 10% 14,107,097 $4,227,839 $794,432 48.05% 71.22% > $113,018 18.79%
Top 11-25% 21,160,646 $1,817,515 $171,443 20.66% 15.37% 9.43%
Top 25% 35,267,743 $6,045,354 $965,875 68.71% 86.59% > $66,532 15.98%
Top 26-50% 35,267,743 $1,674,859 $117,368 19.04% 10.52% 7.01%
Top 50% 70,535,486 $7,720,213 $1,083,243 87.74% 97.11% > $32,879 14.03%
Bottom 50% 70,535,485 $1,078,287 $32,261 12.26% 2.89% < $32,879 2.99%
Source: Internal Revenue Service


The Top 1% Pays More Income Tax Than the Bottom 95%

“…The Tax Foundation’s Tax Policy Blog:  Tax Burden of Top 1% Now Exceeds That of Bottom 95%, by Scott A. Hodge:

Newly released data from the IRS clearly debunks the conventional Beltway rhetoric that the “rich” are not paying their fair share of taxes. Indeed, the IRS data shows that in 2007—the most recent data available—the top 1% of taxpayers paid 40.4% of the total income taxes collected by the federal government. This is the highest percentage in modern history. …

Remarkably, the share of the tax burden borne by the top 1% now exceeds the share paid by the bottom 95% of taxpayers combined. In 2007, the bottom 95 percent paid 39.4% of the income tax burden. This is down from the 58% of the total income tax burden they paid twenty years ago. To put this in perspective, the top 1 percent is comprised of just 1.4 million taxpayers and they pay a larger share of the income tax burden now than the bottom 134 million taxpayers combined. …”

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Breaking News–Morehead City Port Closed–Highly Explosive Material (Pentaerythritol tetranitrate or PETN) Nine Containers Punctured, Leaking and Spilled!

Posted on January 12, 2010. Filed under: Blogroll, Law, liberty, Life, Links, People, Philosophy, Politics, Rants, Raves, Security, Video, War | Tags: , , , |


Damaged container of explosives shuts down NC port

“…Officials shut down a North Carolina port and urged people to leave the area Tuesday after a forklift operator punctured at least one container filled with a powerful explosive.

The material was pentaerythritol tetranitrate, but it’s not clear what form it was in, Mayor Jerry Jones said.

The chemical is also known as PETN, the substance authorities say was part of a device a Nigerian man used to try to bring down a Detroit-bound Northwest flight on Christmas Day. PETN is often used in military explosives and found inside blasting caps. It is also the primary ingredient in detonating cords used for industrial explosions.

Jones said the damage appeared to be an accident and there were no concerns about terrorism. He said a dock worker punctured a container as he was unloading barrels of the chemical.

Any accident involving hazardous materials must be reported immediately to the Morehead City Fire Department.

“That’s how we found out about it,” he said. “We don’t think there’s a danger. Everything is under control. But you have to be careful.” …”

Potential for explosion closes Morehead City port

“…Morehead City, N.C. — Authorities closed the port at Morehead City on Tuesday morning after nine containers filled with “highly explosive materials” were punctured.

U.S. Highway 70 between Radio Island and 5th Street in Morehead City was closed to traffic and pedestrians, officials said.

The Morehead City police and fire departments and the Cherry Point emergency operations division were responding to the situation.

Officials recommended that people evacuate downtown Morehead City, and they urged anyone who chose to stay in the area to remain away from windows and doors. …”

Port of Morehead City closed by explosives incident

“…MOREHEAD CITY, NC (WTVD) — Authorities say they’ve shut down the Port of Morehead City after containers carrying explosives were punctured.

They’ve not yet said how it happened, but they said 9 containers were involved. 

There have been no injuries and the problem has been contained to land. There is nothing in the water. 

Morehead City Police said explosives experts from Cherry Point EOD were on scene with Morehead City firefighters and the Coast Guard to deal with the situation. 

Highway 70 is closed from 4th St in Morehead City to the Morehead-Beaufort high rise bridge. 

Also, officials were recommending a voluntary evacuation of the downtown Morehead City area and telling people to stay away from windows and doors. No foot or vehicle traffic was permitted in the port area. …”

CNN – Examination of PETN explosive



Pentaerythritol tetranitrate

“…Pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN, also known as PENT, PENTA, TEN, corpent, pentrite, or rarely and primarily in German as nitropenta or pentrit)[2] is one of the most powerful high explosives known, with a relative effectiveness factor (R.E. factor) of 1.66. In addition to being used as a plastic explosive, as reported by The Washington Post, The New York Times, CNN, The Independent, and The Globe and Mail,[3][4][5][6][7] it is also used as a medical drug to treat heart conditions. Dr. Greg Dicinoski of the University of Tasmania is working on creating a small portable unit that will detect the plastic explosive.[8]

The most common use of PETN is as an explosive with high brisance. It is more difficult to detonate than primary explosives, so dropping or igniting it will typically not cause an explosion (at atmospheric pressure it is difficult to ignite and burns relatively slowly), but is more sensitive than other high explosives such as TNT or tetryl to shock and friction.[9] Under certain conditions deflagration to detonation transition can occur.

It is rarely used alone, but primarily used in booster and bursting charges of small caliber ammunition, in upper charges of detonators in some land mines and shells, and as the explosive core of detonation cord.[10] PETN is the least stable of the common military explosives, but can be stored without significant deterioration for longer than nitroglycerin or nitrocellulose.[11] It is also used in exploding bridgewire detonators, either alone or with a subsequent booster charge. In spark detonators, PETN is used to avoid need for primary explosives; the energy needed for a successful direct initiation of PETN by an electric spark ranges between 10-60 mJ.

Its basic explosion characteristics are:

Explosion energy: 5810 kJ/kg (1390 kcal/kg)
Detonation velocity: 8350 m/s (1.73 g/cm3), 7910 m/s (1.62 g/cm3), 7420 m/s (1.5 g/cm3), 8500 m/s (pressed in a steel tube)
Volume of gases produced: 790 dm3/kg (other value: 768 dm3/kg)
Explosion temperature: 4230 °C
Oxygen balance: -6.31 atom -g/kg
Melting point: 141.3°C (pure), 140-141°C (technical)
Trauzl block test: 523 cm3 (other values: 500 cm3 when sealed with sand, or 560 cm3 when sealed with water)
Critical diameter (minimal diameter of a rod that can sustain detonation propagation): 0.9 mm for PETN at 1 g/cm3, smaller for higher densities (other value: 1.5 mm)
PETN is used in a number of compositions. It is a major ingredient of the Semtex plastic explosive. It is also used as a component of pentolite, a 50/50 blend with TNT; a shaped charge of 8 oz of pentolite, used in the M9A1 (bazooka) rockets, can penetrate up to 5 inches of armor.[12] The XTX8003 extrudable explosive, used in the W68 and W76 nuclear warheads, is a mixture of 80% PETN and 20% of Sylgard 182, a silicone rubber.[13] It is often flegmatized by addition of 5-40% of wax, or by polymers (producing polymer-bonded explosives); in this form it is used in some cannon shells up to 30mm caliber, though unsuitable for higher calibers. It is also used as a component of some gun propellants and solid rocket propellants. Nonflegmatized PETN is stored and handled with approximately 10% water content.

PETN alone can not be cast as it explosively decomposes slightly above its melting point, but it can be mixed with other explosives to form castable mixtures.

PETN can be initiated by a laser. A pulse with duration of 25 nanoseconds and 0.5-4.2 joules of energy from a Q-switched ruby laser can initiate detonation of a PETN surface coated with a 100nm thick aluminium layer in less than half microsecond.

Neutron radiation degrades PETN, producing carbon dioxide and some pentaerythritol dinitrate and trinitrate. Gamma radiation increases the thermal decomposition sensitivity of PETN, lowers melting point by few degrees C and causes swelling of the samples.

Like other nitrate esters, the primary degradation mechanism is the loss of nitrogen dioxide; this reaction is autocatalytic. The subsequent step is loss of formaldehyde. Studies were performed on thermal decomposition of PETN.[14]

PETN has been replaced in many application by RDX, which is thermally more stable and has longer shelf life.[15]

PETN can be used in some ram accelerator types.[16]

PETN is practically insoluble in water (0.01 g/100 ml at 50°C), weakly soluble in common nonpolar solvents like aliphatic hydrocarbons or tetrachloromethane but soluble in some other organic solvents, particularly in acetone (about 15 g/100 g of the solution at 20°C, 55 g/100 g at 60°C) and dimethylformamide (40 g/100 g of the solution at 40°C, 70 g/100 g at 70°C). PETN forms eutectic mixtures with some liquid or molten aromatic nitro compounds, e.g. trinitrotoluene or tetryl. Due to its highly symmetrical structure PETN is resistant to attack by many chemical reagents; it does not hydrolyze in water at room temperature or in weaker alkaline aqueous solutions. Water at 100° or above causes hydrolysis to dinitrate; presence of 0.1% nitric acid accelerates the reaction. Addition of TNT and other aromatic nitroderivates lowers thermal stability of PETN.

PETN is manufactured by numerous manufacturers as a powder, or together with nitrocellulose and plasticizer as thin plasticized sheets (e.g. Primasheet 1000 or Detasheet). Its residues are easily detectable in hair of people handling it.[17] The highest residue retention is on black hair; some residues remain present even after washing.[18]

Like the related explosive nitroglycerin (glyceryl trinitrate), PETN is also used medically as a vasodilator in the treatment of heart conditions. These drugs work by releasing the signaling gas nitric oxide in the body. The heart medicine Lentonitrat is nearly pure PETN.[19]

In the environment PETN undergoes biodegradation. Some bacteria denitrate PETN to trinitrate and then dinitrate, which is then further degraded.[20] PETN has low volatility and low solubility in water, therefore has low bioavailability for most organisms. Its toxicity is relatively low. Its transdermal absorption also seems to be low.[21] It poses threat for aquatic organism. It can be degraded to pentaerythritol by elementary iron.[22]

Replacement of the central carbon atom with silicon produces Si-PETN, which is extremely sensitive.[23][24]

[edit] Production
PETN’s preparation involves the nitration of pentaerythritol with a mixture of concentrated nitric and sulfuric acid. The preferred method of nitration is the ICI method, which utilizes concentrated nitric acid (98%+) alone, as mixed acid can create unstable sulfonated by-products.

C(CH2OH)4 + 4 HNO3 → C(CH2ONO2)4 + 4 H2O
The pentaerythritol is poured into the concentrated acid, while the temperature is kept below 25 °C; PETN precipitates near the end of the reaction. The reaction mixture is poured into cold water, the precipitated fine white crystals are filtered and washed with sodium carbonate solution until alkaline reaction. Crude wet PETN is then dissolved in acetone with small amount of sodium carbonate, and in multiple steps diluted with water and heated up to 100 °C, while purified PETN is precipitated; acetone vapors are recycled. Recrystallized PETN can be flegmatized with montan wax; water at 85°C, PETN, dye and wax are sequentially added into the flegmatizer, mixed for about 10 minutes, then cooled to 70 °C and filtered, then washed with cold water and dried by warm air at 70 °C. Nonflegmatized PETN, used for manufacture of explosive compositions, is stored and handled wet with about 10% water content.[6]

A thermally stabilized PETN can be prepared by dissolving PETN in a suitable solvent together with a stabilizer, e.g. polyvinylpyrrolidone, and precipitating it by pouring into rapidly stirred ethanol or water. …”

History and misuse

Penthrite was first synthesized in 1891 by German chemist Bernhard Tollens and P. Wiegand by nitration of pentaerythritol. In 1912, after being patented by the German government, the production of PETN started. PETN was used by the German Army in World War I.[25]

In 1983 the “Maison de France” house in Berlin was brought to a partial, almost total, collapse by the detonation of 24 kg of pentaerythritol tetranitrate by terrorist Johannes Weinrich.[26]

In December 2001 al-Qaeda member Richard Reid used PETN in his unsuccessful attempt to blow up American Airlines Flight 63 from Paris to Miami.[27] He had intended to use the solid triacetone triperoxide (TATP) as a detonator.[9]

On 28 August 2009 PETN was used in an attempt to murder the Saudi Arabian Deputy Minister of Interior Prince Muhammad bin Nayef by a Saudi suicide-bomber (Abdullah Hassan al Asiri) linked to an al-Qaeda cell based in Yemen. The target survived, and the bomber died in the blast. The PETN was hidden in the bomber’s rectum[28] or sewn into his underwear.[29].

On 25 December 2009, PETN was found in the possession of Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, a 23-year-old Nigerian with links to an al-Qaeda cell based in Yemen.[30] According to US law enforcement officials,[31] he had attempted to blow up Northwest Airlines Flight 253 while approaching Detroit from Amsterdam.[32] Abdulmutallab had tried, unsuccessfully, to detonate approximately 80 grams [33] of PETN sewn into his underwear by adding liquid from a syringe; however only a small fire resulted.[9]


Background Articles and Videos


U.S. Route 70 – Morehead City, NC (part 1)


U.S. Route 70 – Morehead City, NC (part 2)

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