The Iranian Revolution and Regime–Videos

Posted on October 1, 2009. Filed under: Blogroll, Communications, government spending, Law, Life, Links, media, People, Philosophy, Politics, Quotations, Rants, Raves, Religion, Resources, Reviews, Science, Security, Strategy, Technology, Video, War, Wisdom | Tags: , , , , , , |


P1/6: The Man Who Changed The World


P2/6: The Man Who Changed The World


P3/6: The Man Who Changed The World


P4/6: The Man Who Changed The World


P5/6: The Man Who Changed The World


P6/6: The Man Who Changed The World


P1/6: The Pariah State


P2/6: The Pariah State


P3/6: The Pariah State


P4/6: The Pariah State


P5/6: The Pariah State


P6/6: The Pariah State


P1/6: Nuclear Confrontation


P2/6: Nuclear Confrontation


P3/6: Nuclear Confrontation


P4/6: Nuclear Confrontation


P5/6: Nuclear Confrontation


P6/6: Nuclear Confrontation


P1/6 Iran and Britain 

P2/6 Iran and Britain

P3/6 Iran and Britain

P4/6 Iran and Britain

P5/6 Iran and Britain

P6/6 Iran and Britain

P1/3: Our World: Iran, 30

P2/3: Our World: Iran, 30

P3/3: Our World: Iran, 30


Legacy of a Revolution – 9 Feb 09 – Part 1


Legacy of a Revolution – 9 Feb 09 – Part 2


Legacy of a Revolution – 9 Feb 09 – Part 3


Legacy of a Revolution – 9 Feb 09 – Part 4



Background Articles and Videos

Iranian Revolution

“…The Iranian Revolution of 1979 or 1979 Islamic Revolution (later known as the Islamic Revolution,[1][2][3][4][5][6] Persian: انقلاب اسلامی, Enghelābe Eslāmi) refers to events involving the overthrow of Iran’s monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and its replacement with an Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution. It has been called an event that “made Islamic fundamentalism a political force … from Morocco to Malaysia.”[7]

The first major demonstrations against the Shah began in January 1978.[8] Between August and December 1978 strikes and demonstrations paralyzed the country. The shah left Iran for exile in mid-January 1979, and two weeks later Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Tehran to a greeting by several million Iranians.[9] The royal regime collapsed shortly after on February 11 when guerrillas and rebel troops overwhelmed troops loyal to the Shah in armed street fighting. Iran voted by national referendum to become an Islamic Republic on April 1, 1979,[10] and to approve a new theocratic constitution whereby Khomeini became Supreme Leader of the country, in December 1979 The revolution was unique for the surprise it created throughout the world:[11] it lacked many of the customary causes of revolution (defeat at war, a financial crisis, peasant rebellion, or disgruntled military);[12] produced profound change at great speed;[13] was massively popular;[14] overthrew a regime heavily protected by a lavishly financed army and security services;[15][16] and replaced a monarchy with a theocracy based on Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists (or velayat-e faqih). Its outcome — an Islamic Republic “under the guidance of an 80-year-old exiled religious scholar from Qom” — was, as one scholar put it, “clearly an occurrence that had to be explained.”[17]

Not so unique but more intense is the dispute over the revolution’s results. For some it was an era of heroism and sacrifice that brought forth nothing less than the nucleus of a world Islamic state — “a perfect model of splendid, humane, and divine life… for all the peoples of the world.”[18] On the other hand, some Iranians explain the revolution as a time when “for a few years we all lost our minds”,[19] and which “promised us heaven, but… created a hell on earth.”[20]



History of the Islamic Republic of Iran

“…One of the most dramatic changes in government in Iran’s history was seen with the 1979 Iranian Revolution where Shah (king) Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was overthrown and replaced by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Autocratic monarchy was replaced by an Islamic Republic based on the principle of rule by Islamic jurists, (or “Velayat-e faqih“), where clerics serve as head of state and in many powerful governmental roles. A pro-Western, pro-American foreign policy was exchanged for one of “neither east nor west,” said to rest on the three “pillars” of mandatory veil (hijab) for women, and opposition to the United States and Israel.[1] A rapidly modernizing, capitalist economy was replaced by populist and Islamic economic and cultural policies.

The leader of the revolution and founder of the Islamic Republic, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, was Iran’s supreme leader until his death in 1989.[2] He was followed by Ali Khamenei.




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